• Title, Summary, Keyword: solubility

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Enhanced Solubility of Ibuprofen with Poloxamer 188 and Menthol (폴록사머 188 및 멘톨에 의한 이부프로펜의 용해도 증가)

  • Yong, Chul-Soon;Jung, Se-Hyun;Park, Sang-Man;Rhee, Jong-Dal;Choi, Han-Gon
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.57-60
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    • 2003
  • To enhance the solubility of poorly water-soluble ibuprofen with poloxamer and menthol, the effects of menthol and poloxamer 188 on the aqueous solubility of ibuprofen were investigated. In the absence and presence of additives such as ethanol and poloxamer 188, the solubility of ibuprofen increased until the ratio of menthol to ibuprofen increased from 0:10 to 4:6 followed by an abrupt decrease in solubility above the ratio of 4:6, indicating that 4 parts of ibuprofen formed eutetic mixture with 6 parts of menthol. In the presence of poloxamer, the solutions with the same ratio showed abrupt increase in the solubility of ibuprofen. Furthermore, in the presence of poloxamer, the solution with ratio of 4:6 showed more than 2.5- and 6-fold increase in the solubility of ibuprofen compared with that without additives and that without menthol, respectively. The solution with menthol/ibuprofen ratio of 1:9 and higher than 15% poloxamer 188 showed the maximum solubility of ibuprofen, 1.2 mg/ml. Thus, menthol gave the greatly enhanced solubility of ibuprofen with poloxamer 188.

Experimental Measurement and Correlation of two α-Amino Acids Solubility in Aqueous Salts Solutions from 298.15 to 323.15 K

  • Abualreish, Mustafa Jaipallah;Noubigh, Adel
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 2020
  • By the gravimetric method at atmospheric pressure, the solubility of two ${\alpha}$-amino acids was resolved over temperatures from (293.15 to 323.15) K. The ${\alpha}$-amino acids studied were L-arginine and L-histidine. Results showed a salting-out effect on the solubility of the tested amino compounds. It is obvious that there was an increase in the solubility, in aqueous chloride solutions, with the increasing temperature. Results were translated regarding the salt hydration shells and the ability of the solute to form hydrogen-bond with water. The solubility data was precisely associated with a semiempirical equation. The standard molar Gibbs free energies of transfer of selected α-amino compounds (${\Delta}_{tr}G^{o}$) from pure water to aqueous solutions of the chloride salts have been calculated from the solubility data. The decrease in solubility is correlated to the positive (${\Delta}_{tr}G^{o}$) value which is most part of the enthalpic origin.

Soluble Characteristics of Deer Young Antler, Deer antler, Oystershell, Crabshell and Eggshell to Organic Acid (녹용.녹각.굴껍질.게껍질.달걀껍질의 유기산에 대한 용해 특성)

  • Ann, Yong-Geun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2010
  • The 2%, 3% of deer young antler, deer antler, oystershell, crabshell, eggshell were add into the 5%, 10%, 15% solution of glacial acetic acid and vinegar and after incubating it for 4 days at $30^{\circ}C$ respectively, solubility was analyzed. The result shows the difference was minute between glacial acetic acid and vinegar. In the 2% content of deer young antler, solubility was 42~47%, in the 3% content of it, solubility was 41~47%, with the acid concentration becoming higher, solubility increased slightly. In the 2% content of deer antler, solubility was 59~63%, in the 15% content of acid, solubility rather decreased. In the 2% content of oystershell, solubility was 85~96%, in the 3% content, solubility was 95~98%, in the 15% of acid density, it decreased. In the 2% content of crabshell, solubility was 79~88%, in the 3% content, solubility was 81~95%, and in case that acid density was high, solubility increased rather slightly. In the 2% content of eggshell, solubility was 84~96%, in the 3% content, solubility was 84~93%. When young deer antler and deer antler were heated for two hours at $100^{\circ}C$, solubility increased 19~24%, and in the case of crabshell, 10~11% increased. The above result and condition, and the result of pH and acidity don't have much influence on solubility. Thus, the 5% of acidity was enough to melt the 3% of sample. Highest were glacial acetic acid and vinegar in solubility to the various organic acid, and wax gourd vinegar melted the 85% of oystershell, the 78% of crabshell, the 28% of the deer young antler, and in the precipitation was made. Citric acid melted the 57% of deer antler, but it was precipitated with all other samples. Ascorbic acid melted the 92% of eggshell, and did the 37~54% of other samples.

Solubility of celecoxib in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone + water mixtures at various temperatures: Experimental data and thermodynamic analysis

  • Nozohouri, Sarah;Shayanfar, Ali;Cardenas, Zaira Johanna;Martinez, Fleming;Jouyban, Abolghasem
    • The Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.1435-1443
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    • 2017
  • Solubility is one of the most significant physicochemical properties of drugs, and improving the solubility of drugs is still a challenging subject in pharmaceutical sciences due to requirements of enhancing their bioavailability. Celecoxib, according to the biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS), is a class 2 drug, possessing low water solubility (<$5{\mu}g{\cdot}mL^{-1}$) and high permeability. Increasing the solubility of this group can lead to improved bioavailability, dose reduction and subsequently, increased efficiency and reduced side effects. In this study, celecoxib solubility was determined in binary mixtures of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)+water at 293.2, 298.2, 303.2, 308.2 and 313.2 K. The solubility of celecoxib is increased with the addition of NMP to the aqueous solutions and reaches a maximum value in neat NMP. In addition, increased temperature leads to enhanced solubility of celecoxib in a given solvent composition. The solubility data of celecoxib in NMP+water at different temperatures were correlated using different mathematical models including, the Jouyban-Acree model and a combination of the Jouyban-Acree and van't Hoff models. Thermodynamic parameters, Gibbs energy, enthalpy and entropy of dissolution processes were performed based on Gibbs and van't Hoff equations. Thermodynamic analysis allowed observing two main entropy or enthalpy-driven dissolution mechanisms, varying according to the composition of aqueous mixtures. Moreover, preferential solvation of celecoxib by water is observed in water-rich mixtures but preferential solvation by NMP was seen in mixtures with similar composition and also in NMP-rich mixtures.

An Experimental Study Concerning the Solubility of Dental Cements (치과용(齒科用) CEMENT의 용해도(容解度)에 관(關)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Sun-Koog
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 1969
  • A major disadvantage of Dental cements is their solubility. So it is very important to measure the exact amount of solubility to select clinically suitable materials. The most common laboratory test for solubility is the measurement of disintegration in distilled water, as outlined in A.D.A. Specifications 8 and 9, In addition to the possible factors influencing the solubility, the experiments were all conducted in compliance with A.D.A. Specifications. The solubility of 2 Zinc Phosphate cements and 1 Silicate cement in time of dissolution, concentration of solute in dissolving medium, and type of dissolving medium were investigated. The following results were obtained. 1. Generally the materials were more soluble in organic acids than in distilled water. 2. The dissolution cements tends be minimized by tests utilizing prolonged storage in the same media. 3. In Acetic acid solution, Zinc Phosphate cements were more soluble than Silicate cement, and in Citric acid solution both were markedly more soluble. 4. Solubility was increased by continually presenting fresh liquid, unsaturated with solute, to the cement-water interface.

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Physical Solubility of Nitrous Oxide in Aqueous Amine Solutions

  • Park, Moon-Ki
    • Environmental Sciences Bulletin of The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 1999
  • One of the most important parameters required to model the absorption of CO2 into aqueous alkanolamine solutions is physical solubility. However, since CO2 reacts in amine solutions, its physical solubility cannot be measured directly. As a result, a nonreacting gas which is similar to CO2 has to be used such as N2O. The solubility of nitrous oxide (N2O) in aqueous solutions of 0wt%-50wt% MDEA, 0wt%-30wt% DEA, and 50wt % total amine with DEA/MDEA molar ratios of 0.05, 0.25, 0.5 and 0.67 was measured using a modified Zipperclave reactor over a temperature range of 293-353 K with near atmospheric partial pressures of N2O. the solubility data from this work were K with near atmospheric partial pressures of N2O. The solubility data from this work were found to be in good agreement with previously reported data where available.

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Effect of Deamidation with Neutrase on the Solubility of BSA, Egg Albumin, and Soy Protein Isolate (BSA, Egg Albumin, 분리대두단백질의 용해도에 미치는 Neutrase에 의한 탈아미드 효과)

  • 강영주;김효선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.811-815
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    • 1995
  • Effect of deamidation with Neutrase on the solubility of bovin serum albumin(BSA), egg albumin(EA), soy protein isolate(SPI) was investigated. Solubility of deamidated BSA in distilled water was decreased from 98% to 83% against native BSA at pH 4~8, minimum solubility of deamidated BSA was pH 6. Solubilities of native BSA and deamidated BSA in 0.2M NaCl solution were shown 100% as compared greately decreasing both solubilities in 1.0M NaCl at acidic pH. According to deamidation, solubility of EA in distilled water was increased below pH 4 and above pH 6, while solubility of EA in NaCl solution was decreased by deamidation at acidic pH. Solubility of SPI in distilled water was greately increased by deamidation at overall pH, deamidation was increased solubility in NaCl solution above pH 5. There was, however, no difference on solubility by deamidation below pH 5.

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A STUDY ON THE SOLUBILITY AND THE WATER SORPTION OF VARIOUS RESIN CEMENTS (수종의 레진 시멘트의 용해도와 수분흡착에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang Yu-Jin;Cho In-Ho;Lim Ju-Hwan;Lim Heon-Song
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2005
  • Statement of problem. Among the physical properties of adhesion luting cement, the aspect that requires the most important factor is the degree of solubility and water sorption. Dissolution or an inadequate due to excessive water sorption inside the oral cavity compromises the while concurrently increasing the susceptibility to secondary dental caries. Susceptibility to dissolution and difficulty of removing remnant cement from the gingival sulcus have hindered the use of dental resin cement in the clinical practice, but the improved characteristics of newer generation resin cements have interest in and enabled resin cements to be widely used in adhesion of fixed prosthesis, such as laminate veneers and all-ceramic crowns. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the degrees of solubility and water sorption of a variety of resin cements widely used for clinical purposes with different curing methods. Material and methods. Self-curing resin cements, $Avanto^{(R)}$, $C&B^{TM}$ CEMENT and Superbond C&B cements comprised group 1, 2 and 3. The dual-curing resin cements $Panavian^{TM}$ F, $Calibra^{(R)}$ and $Variolink^{(R)}$ II were divided into groups 4, 5, and 6, respectively. The investigation was carried out using disc-shaped specimens as specified by ANSI/ADA Specification No. 27. The degree of water sorption, water solubility and lactic acid solubility of each test group was analyzed statistically leading to the following conclusion. Results. The degree of water sorption was shown to increase in the following order : group 6, 5, 4, 2, 1 and 3. There were significant differences between the water sorption of each group. Results of the degree of water solubility were shown to increase in the following order : group 6, 5, 4, 2, 1 and 3. Statistically significant differences were found between each group, with the exception of groups 1 and 3. Finally, the degree of lactic acid solubility was found to increase in the following order : group 6,5,4,2,3 and 1. Significant differences were found between each group. In general dual-curing resin cements displayed substantially lower values than self-curing resin cements with regard to water sorption, water solubility, and lactic acid solubility. Conclusions. From the results of this study, dual-curing resin cements show a significantly lower degree of water sorption and solubility than their self-curing counterparts. Clinically, when selecting resin cements, the product with a lower degree of water sorption and solubility are preferred. The results of this study indicate that the use-of dual-curing resin cements is preferable to self-curing cements.

Study of Multi-layer Cleansing Oil Using Solubility Parameter (Solubility parameter를 이용한 다층 클렌징 오일에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chan-Ik;Kim, Bo-Ae;Yang, Jae-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.240-247
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a method to evaluate solubility parameter interactions of cosmetic ingredients in formulations. This experimentation relates to the fabrication of new multi-layer cleansing oil which can remove make-up products such as lipstick, foundation, mascara, eye shadow, etc., and also can wash away dirt and sebum from the skin just in one stage process. Solubility parameter and specific gravity of various cosmetic ingredients are measured to explain the cleanliness of interface, detergency of make-up cosmetics on the skin surface. The results suggest that it is possible for cosmetic chemists to use solubility parameter of cosmetic materials for fabrication of new formulation of 3-layer cleansing oil.

Analysis of the Esterification Process for Poly(ethylene terephthalate)

  • Ahn, Young-Cheol;Park, Soo-Myung
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.399-409
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    • 2003
  • The first esterification reactor in the continuous polymerization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) has been analyzed by solving the material balances for the two-phase system with respect to the solubility of terephthalic acid. The Newton-Raphson method was used to solve the material balance equations instead of the Simplex method that is frequently used for finding a minimum point of a residual rather than a solution of an equation. A solution for the material balance equations, with the constraint of non-zero liquid phase fraction, could not be obtained with the solubility data of Yamada et al., but could be obtained with solubilities over a minimum value that is larger than their data. Thus, the solubility data of Yamada et al. are considered to be too small. On the other hand, the solubility data of Baranova and Kremer are so large that they gave a solution with the liquid phase only. Based on our results, several typical solubility curves satisfying the constraint of a non-zero liquid phase fraction are suggested in this study; we studied the reaction characteristics of the system using these curves. A higher temperature and a lower pressure are preferred for reducing the content of diethylene glycol.