• Title, Summary, Keyword: solution SBR

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Influence of Microstructure and Extender Oil on Cure Characteristics of Solution SBR Compounds

  • Ko, Eunah;Choi, Sung-Seen
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 2015
  • Cure characteristics of non-oil-extended solution SBR (S-SBR_NO) and oil-extended solution SBR (S-SBR_ EO) compounds reinforced with silica/carbon black were investigated. Minimum and maximum torques of S-SBR_ EO compounds were much smaller than those of S-SBR_NO ones. Delta torques of S-SBR_NO compounds were greater than those of S-SBR_EO ones, and that of S-SBR_NO compound increased with increase in the 1,2-unit content. Optimum cure time ($t_{90}$) of S-SBR compound decreased with increase in the 1,4-unit content, whereas it increased with increase in the 1,2-unit content. Cure rate index of S-SBR compound increased with increase in the 1,4-unit content, whereas it decreased with increase in the 1,2-unit content. Comparing cure characteristics of S-SBR_NO and S-SBR_EO compounds with the same 1,2-unit content, $t_{90}$s of S-SBR_EO compounds were longer than those of S-SBR_NO ones and cure rate indices of S-SBR_EO compounds were smaller than those of S-SBR_NO ones.

The Effects of Chlorination on the Friction Properties of SBR (염소화 반응조건이 SBR의 표면마찰 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Cha-Cheol;Kim, Ho-Jung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 2008
  • This study was concerned with the influence of reaction conditions on the surface friction properties of Syrene-Butadiene Rubber(SBR) sheet when it was chlorinated by chemical treatment method using the sodium hypochlorite and sulfuric acid. The results of this study were as follows. SEM photographs of chlorinated SBR surface showed uneven etching caused by the chlorination. In the FTIR spectra, the intensity of C=C peak of SBR was decreased with increasing the concentration of sodium hypochlorite. Otherwise there was no trace of C=C peak in spectrum of SBR treated with 5 wt% NaOCl with pH 0.1 for 90 seconds. EDX spectra showed that relative content of chlorine of SBR was increased with increasing the amount of sodium hypochlorite, and also affected with pH condition of acid solution. Friction angle and friction coefficient of SBR were influenced with concentration of sodium hypochlorite, but were not with pH condition of acid solution.

Building Calibration Curve for Py-GC/MS Analysis of SBR/BR Blend Rubber Compounds

  • Chae, Eunji;Choi, Sung-Seen
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.281-288
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    • 2020
  • A calibration curve is needed to determine the SBR and BR blend ratio of SBR/BR blend rubber compounds using pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass chromatography (Py-GC/MS) or Py-GC. In general, a calibration curve is obtained using reference SBR/BR vulcanizates with various blend ratios. In this study, the calibration curves were obtained using reference samples made of rubber solutions and were compared to those plotted using the reference SBR/BR vulcanizates. Calibration curves using variations of 1,3-butadiene/styrene, 4-vinylcyclohexene (VCH)/styrene, 2-phenylpropene (PhP)/butadiene, PhP/VCH, 4-phenylcyclohexene (PhCH)/butadiene, and PhCH/VCH ratios with the BR content were examined for the suitability. We found that the calibration curves obtained using the mixed rubber solution references (1,3-butadiene/styrene and PhP/butadiene) could replace those constructed using the reference SBR/BR vulcanizates. The calibration curves of 1,3-butadiene/styrene and PhP/butadiene obtained using the raw references can be used for the determination of the SBR/BR blend ratios by applying some correction factors.

Influence of reinforcing systems and microstructures of SBR on water swelling behaviors of SBR composites (충전 시스템과 SBR의 미세 구조가 SBR 복합체의 수팽윤 거동에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Sung-Seen;Ha, Sung-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.102-106
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    • 2007
  • Water swelling behaviors of SBR vulcanizates with different reinforcing systems of carbon black, silica without a coupling agent, and silica containing a coupling agent were studied. Distilled water and 3.5% NaCl solution were used as swelling media. The water swelling ratios in the distilled water were higher than those in the salt solution. The water swelling ratios of the carbon black-filled samples were lower than those of the silica-filled ones. For the silica-filled SBR vulcanizates, the specimens without the silane coupling agent had higher water swelling ratios than those containing it. Water swelling behaviors of SBR composites with different 1,2-unit contents were also compared. The water swelling ratios tended to decrease by increasing the 1,2-unit content.

Preparation of Silica-Filled SBR Compounds with Low Rolling Resistance by Wet Masterbatch

  • Yang, Jae-Kyoung;Park, Wonhyeong;Ryu, Changseok;Kim, Sun Jung;Kim, Doil;Seo, Gon
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.26-39
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    • 2020
  • The physical properties of silica-filled SBR compounds (WSBR) prepared using silica-SBR wet masterbatches (WMB) were systematically investigated to understand the effect of the surface treatment of silica on the reinforcement performance of SBR. Treatment of silica with bis(triethoxysilylpropyl)tetrasulfide (TESPT) in the liquid phase, followed by mixing with an SBR solution and recovery by water stripping, easily produced silica-SBR WMB. However, insufficient surface treatment in terms of the amount and stability of the incorporated TESPT led to considerable silica loss and inevitable TESPT elution. Pretreatment of silica in the gas phase with TESPT and another organic material that enabled the formation of organic networks among the silica particles on the surface provided hydrophobated silica, which could be used to produce silica-SBR WMB, in high yields of above 99%. The amount and type of organic material incorporated into silica greatly influenced the cure characteristics, processability, and tensile and dynamic properties of the WSBR compounds. The TESPT and organic material stably incorporated into silica increased their viscosity, while the organic networks dispersed on the silica surface were highly beneficial for reducing their rolling resistance. Excessive dosing of TESTP induced low viscosity and a high modulus. The presence of connection bonds formed by the reaction of glycidyloxy groups with amine groups on the silica surface resulted in physical entanglement of the rubber chains with the bonds in the WSBR compounds, leading to low rolling resistance without sacrificing the mechanical properties. Mixing of the hydrophobated silica with a rubber solution in the liquid phase improved the silica dispersion of WSBR compounds, as confirmed by their low Payne effect, and preservation of the low modulus enhanced the degree of entanglement.

Effect of Surface Modification of Polyester Cord on the Adhesion of SBR/Polyester (폴리에스터 코드의 표면개질 조건이 SBR/폴리에스터의 접착에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Y.S.;Chung, K.H.
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2007
  • In this study, the new adhesion system was studied to improve the adhesion strength between polyester cord and rubber matrix. In order to enhance the adhesion strength through polyester cord's surface treatment, the NaOH solution was used. The NaOH solution concentrations of 0.03, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1 and 5 wt.% were used in surface modifying the polyester cord. The optimum condition showing the maximum adhesion strength of polyester cord with SBR compound containing bonding agent was at NaOH concentration of 0.05 wt.% with treatment time of 10 minutes. When the NaOH solution concentration was above 1 wt.%, the polyester cord due to the excess surface modification was damaged, and resulted in breakage during the adhesion test. Also, the adhesion strength between polyester and SBR could be improved by coating the polyester cord with triallylcyanurate(TC) adhesive. The drying condition of polyester cord coated with TC attributed to the adhesion strength. The maximum adhesion strength was obtained by using the polyester cord dried at $220^{\circ}C$ rather than dried at room temperature.

A Study on the Effect of Mastication in Solution SBR (용액중합 SBR의 내림효과에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Jeong-Hoon;Yoon, Dong-Il
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.262-266
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    • 1992
  • A number of tin-containing elastomers are produced commercially by Korea Kumho Petrochemical Co., Ltd. (KKPC) under the Kosyn Sol tradename. The effect of mastication of commercial and laboratory polymerized S-SBR has, been investigated using chemical mixer(ML-500), NMR, GPC and Mooney viscometer. Mastication of polymers containings coupling bonds is affected by the amount of stearic acid, the temperature of mixing and the time length of mixing.

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Zinc Surfactant Effects on Nr/Tespd/Silica and SBR/Tespd/Silica Compounds

  • Kim, Kwang-Jea;Vanderkooi, John
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.263-273
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    • 2004
  • The effects of zinc surfactant (ZB) on the bis(triethoxysilylpropyl)disulfide (TESPD)-silica mixture in natural rubber (NR) and solution butadiene-co-styrene rubber(S-SBR) were compared with respect to their rheological property, processability, physical properties, and silica dispersion. In the NR compound, addition of the ZB increased the reversion resistance time (T-2), the tensile modulus, and the BO time; however, lowered the viscosity, the HBU, and tans values. In the S-SBR copound, addition of the ZB increased the $tan{\delta}$ values while lowered the T-2, the tensile modulus the BO time, the viscosity, and the HBU of the compound. In the NR compounds, addition of the ZB significantly increased the processability and mechanical property. However, in the S-SBR compounds, it improved the processability the mechanical property was not improved.

Studies on the Physical Properties of Synthetic Rubber Blends Containing Rein-forcing Fillers (보강성 충전제를 함유한 합성고무 블렌드의 물리적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Go, Jin-Hwan;Lee, Seog
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 1998
  • In order to investigate the physical properties of rubber blend compound, this experiment was carried out on the cure rate, loss tangent, reinforcement and abrasion properties of S-SBR (solution styrene-butadiene rubber) blends containing silane coupled silica and E-SBR (emulsion styrene-butadiene rubber) blends containing carbon black as a model compound. E-SBR blend showed the highest total bound rubber(TBR), while S-SBR blends showed constant TBR level regardless of rubber type. Rapid cure rate was achieved when the styrene and vinyl content of rubber microstructure decreased and TBR content of rubber compounds increased. The modulus as the index of rubber reinforcement showed the linear relation with TBR content. The large amount of PICO loss was observed when the styrene and vinyl content of rubber microstructure increased, while the small amount of PICO loss was observed when the ratio of bu-tadiene increased in the S-SBR blends with silane copuled silica. The high loss tangent at $0^{\circ}C$, the low loss tangent at $60^{\circ}C$, and the large difference of loss tangent were shown in the S-SBR blends with high styrene content compared to E-SBR blend.

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