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Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of Dendropanax morbifera Léveille extract for mouthwash and denture cleaning solution

  • Kim, Ryeo-Woon;Lee, Sook-Young;Kim, Su-Gwan;Heo, Yu-Ri;Son, Mee-Kyoung
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.172-180
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE. The purpose of this study was to analyze the antimicrobial, antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity of Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ extract for assessing whether Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ can be used for the development of natural mouthwash and denture cleaning solution. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The extract was obtained from branches of Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$. The solvent fractions were acquired by fractionating Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ extract using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, chloroform and butanol solvent. Paper disc test was used to evaluate the antimicrobial and antifungal activity of Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ extract and solvent fractions against Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans. The analysis of antioxidant activity was carried out through DPPH radical scavenging assay. The cytotoxicity of Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ extract was analyzed through MTT assay using normal human oral keratinocytes. RESULTS. Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ extract showed antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans and especially Candida albicans. The solvent fractions of Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ showed strong antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans in n-hexane and butanol solvent fraction, respectively. Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ extract also showed outstanding antioxidant activity. Butanol, ethyl acetate, and chloroform solvent fraction of Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ tended to have increased antioxidant activity as the concentration increased. Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ extract showed high cell survival rate in cytotoxicity test. CONCLUSION. Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ extract turned out to have antimicrobial, antioxidant activity and cytophilicity. Based on these results, it is expected that Dendropanax morbifera $L{\acute{e}}veille$ is applicable as an ingredient for natural mouthwash and denture cleanser.

Extraction Methods of Organic Components from Rubber Composites and Analysis of the Extract Using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

  • Chae, Eunji;Choi, Sung-Seen
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.188-200
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    • 2019
  • Rubber articles contain various organic additives such as antidegradants, curing agents, and processing aids. It is important to extract and analyze these organic additives. In this paper, various extraction methods of organic additives present in rubber composites were introduced (solvent extraction, Soxhlet extraction, headspace extraction, and solid-phase microextraction), and the extracts were characterized using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Solvent and Soxhlet extractions are easy-to-perform and commonly used methods. Efficiency of solvent extraction varies according to the type of solvent used and the extraction conditions. Soxhlet extraction requires a large volume of solvent. Headspace sampling is suitable for extracting volatile organic compounds, while solid-phase extraction is suitable for extracting specific chemicals. GC/MS is generally used for characterizing the extract of a rubber composite because most components of the extract are volatile and have low molecular weights. Identification methods of chemical structures of the components separated by GC column were also introduced.

The Comparative of Inhibitory Effect of Various Solvent Extracts from Aloe arborescens and Aloe vera on Tumor Cell Lines Using Clonoginic Assay (Clonogenic Assay를 이용한 Aloe arborescens와 Aloe vera 용매 추출물의 종양세포 억제효과의 비교)

  • Hong, Hee-Sun;Lee, Keyong-Ho;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Kang, Hee-Gon;Cho, Choa-Hyoung;Kim, Chang-Han
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.275-279
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    • 1999
  • The solvent extracts from Aloe arborescens and Aloe vera were randomly screened for inhibitory effects on the growth of tumor cell lines. In case of Aloe vera extracts, butyl alcohol extract and ethyl alcohol extract showed antitumor activity at $100\;{\mu}g/ml$ on lung cell lines(A427, Sk-mes-1, Calu-3 and 3LL). In Aloe arborescens extracts, butyl alcohol extract and ethyl alcohol extract exerted high activity at $100\;{\mu}g/ml$ on breast cell line(Hs-578T) and lung cell line(Sk-mes-1), respectively. The solvent extracts from Aloe vera exerted antitumor activity broadly on various tumor cell lines. In contract, the solvent extracts from Aloe arborescens exerted specific antitumoricity on a few tumor cell lines.

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Antioxidant activity and phenolic acid content of Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves according to extraction conditions

  • Ko, Hyun Min;Eom, Tae Kil;Kim, Ju-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2019
  • This study was intended to provide basic data for a health functional food study by exploring antioxidant activity of reflux extract according to the concentration of ethanol and the extract of ultrasonic waves extracted and reflux extracted under the same solvent conditions. In the same solvent condition, the reflux extract ($75.10{\pm}1.99mg$) showed a higher total phenol content than the ultrasonic wave extract ($51.74{\pm}2.28mg$). Flavonoids also had a higher reflux extract ($25.05{\pm}1.53mg$) than did ultrasonic extracts ($16.23{\pm}1.95mg$). Reflux extract according to ethanol concentration was found to have a higher phenol content than the 70% ethanol extract ($40.60{\pm}1.49mg$) in 60% ethanol extract. Flavonoid content was also similar to phenol content in reflux extract as determined by ethanol concentration from 60% ethanol ($25.05{\pm}1.53mg$) to 70% ethanol extract ($6.60{\pm}0.46mg$). In addition, the antioxidant activity (DPPH, TEAC, FRAP, ORAC) of the reflux extract in the same solvent conditions tended to be higher than that of ultrasonic extracts. Also, 60% ethanol extract had better antioxidant activity than 70% ethanol extract. However, an analysis of phenolic acid content through HPLC showed that the ultrasonic extract had a higher content in the same solvent condition than did the reflux extract. Not only the presence of phenolic acid, but also those of other compounds are believed to be attributed to the activity of antioxidants. Therefore, further studies are needed to clarify this phenomenon.

Radical Scavenging Activity of Grape-Seed Extracts Prepared from Different Solvents

  • Chnng, Hae-Kyung;Choi, Chang-Sook;Park, Won-Jong;Kang, Myung-Hwa
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.715-721
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    • 2005
  • Antioxidant activities of grape seeds extracted with various solvents were evaluated by measuring total phenol and flavanol contents, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) following lipid peroxidation, 2-deoxyribose degradation, SOD-like activity, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthizaoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical-scavenging ability, and electron-donating ability using 1,1-diphenyl-2-pycryl hydrazil (DPPH) method. Total phenol and flavanol contents of mixted-solvent extracts were higher than those of single-solvent extracts, with the mixing ratio of 17:3 (ethyl acetate: water) (EW) showed the highest contents. Antioxidant activities (%) of TBARS following phosphatidylcholine peroxidation were 14, 45, 45, 7, 4, 25, 21, 23, and 20% for ascorbic acid (AA), butylated hyroxytoluene (BHT), quercetin (Q), acetone extract (AT), ethyl acetate (EA) extract, methanol (MeOH) extract, 4:1 (EA) extract, 9:1 (EW)-extract, and 17:3 EW extract, respectively. Antioxidant activities for 2-deoxyribose degradation were 5, 80, 87, 78, 56, 73, 64, 60, and 75% in AA, BHT, Q, AT, EA, MeOH extract, 4:1 EW extract, 9:1 EW extract, and 17:3 EW extract, respectively. MeOH grape seed extract showed distinctly stronger electron-donating activity than other solvent extracts.

Antioxidant and Nitrite Scavenging Activities of Solvent Extracts from Rhus verniciflua Stokes (용매별 옻나무 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 아질산염 소거능)

  • Park, Hyun-Sil
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.677-682
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    • 2011
  • This study explores the antioxidant activities of solvent extracts from Rhus verniciflua, and the results were as follows. Total phenolic compound and flavonoid contents of Rhus verniciflua were $4.32{\pm}0.17$ mg/100 g and $0.16{\pm}0.02$ mg/100 g, respectively. Electron-donating abilities of solvent extracts from Rhus verniciflua proportionally increased with concentration, and ethyl acetate extract ($95.4{\pm}0.4%$) showed higher activity than that of BHT ($93.3{\pm}1.7%$) at a concentration of 1,000 ${\mu}L$/mL. Reducing power of the solvent extracts from Rhus verniciflua was the highest in ethyl acetate extract ($2.45{\pm}0.03$) at a concentration of 1,000 ${\mu}L$/mL. Nitrite scavenging ability of the solvent extracts from Rhus verniciflua (pH 1.2, 1,000 ${\mu}L$/mL) was the highest in ethyl acetate extract ($95.5{\pm}0.7%$). Therefore, ethyl acetate extract from Rhus verniciflua has similar antioxidant activity as that of BHT.

Antioxidant Activity of Solvent Extract Isolated from Barley Leaves (보리잎에서 분리된 용매 추출물의 항산화 작용)

  • 이영철;손종연
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.332-337
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    • 1994
  • The antioxidant activity of solvent extracts isolated from barley leaves was investigated by measuring peroxide value. The fractions of methanol extract obtained from preparative TLC was also studies, with UV-Visible spectrum, total phenol contents and hydrogen donating ability(HDA) The antioxidant activity of various solvent extracts was, in decreasing order, methanol> ethyl ether> methylene chloride $\geq$ ethyl acetate $\geq$acetone> hexane. The antioxidant activity of the fractions of methanol extract was, in decreasing order, fraction 2> fraction 3> fraction 1 and their activity was all superior to that of tocopherol at 500 ppm level. All fraction(1, 2 and 3) exhibited a strong UV absorption at 280 m which would be specifically produced by phenolic compound. UV absorption at 280 m of fraction 2 was greater than those of fraction 1 and 3. In the visible spectrum of these fractions, the maximum .absorption wavelengths of fraction 1, 2 and 3 were 660, 460 and 460 m, respectively. Antioxidant activity of barley leaves seemed to be due to the flavonoids containing phenolic group by UV spectrum and total phenol content.

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Separation of Aromatics in Light Cycle Oil by Solvent Extraction - Re-extraction of Aromatics in Extract Phase - (용매 추출법에 의한 분해경유중의 방향족 분리 -추출상중의 방향족의 역수출-)

  • Kim, Su Jin;Kim, Duk-Hyun
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.967-972
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    • 1997
  • Recovery of aromatics in extract phase which was obtained by batch equilibrium extraction between light cycle oil(LCO) and dimethylsulfoxide(DMSO) solution as solvent was investigated by re-extraction. To select the most suitable re-extraction solvent for recovery of aromatics in extract phase, distribution equilibrium was measured between extract phase and solvents. The solvents used were benzene(B), toluene(T), m-Xylene(mX), n-hexane(Hx) and n-hexane(Hx) and n-Octane(Ot). From the distribution coefficients and yields of aromatics, Hx seemed to be the most suitable. Furthermore, effects of operation parameters for re-extraction of aromatics in the extract phase were studied by batch equilibrium re-extracion with Hx as solvent. Yields of aromatics were found to increase with increasing solvent/feed (extract phase) mass ratio(S/F), while distribution coefficients of aromatics were fixed irrespective of S/F used. Operating temperature did not affect distribution coefficients and yields of aromatics. Distibution coefficients and yields of naphthalene group(carbon numer : 10~12) increased with increasing cabon number. Mass transfer rates of aromatics were also measured with a batch stirred vessel.

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Screening of the Physiological Activity of Solvent Extracts of Paulownia coreana Bark and Antioxidative Effect of the Extracts on an Edible Oil

  • Lee, Nam Gull;Jeong, Kap Seop
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.1317-1325
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    • 2013
  • Paulownia coreana is a medicinal, edible and industrial plant with the largest leaf, and is native to Korea. We evaluated the reducing power activities, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activities (RSAs), nitrite scavenging activities (NSAs) and 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) cation RSAs by solvent extraction of P. coreana bark by using $50^{\circ}C$ hot water and $25^{\circ}C$ methanol. The antioxidative effect of P. coreana bark extract on corn seed oil was evaluated using the Rancimat test. The extraction yields on dry weight basis with 15 folds of hot water and methanol were 23.88% and 5.30%, respectively; further the flavonoid content in the hot water extract was over 2.5 times more than that in the methanol extract. The DPPH RSA of the methanol extract was substantially higher than that of the water extract, whereas the NSA of the water extract was higher than that of the methanol extract at pH 1.2. The ABTS RSAs of the two extracts were almost the same as that of ascorbic acid and 2,6-ditertiarybutyl hydroxytoluene. The two extracts of P. coreana bark in this study were found to slightly improve the oxidation stability of corn seed oil.

Studies on the Organic Matters in River Sediments (하천저질중의 유기물질에 관한 연구)

  • 나규환
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 1986
  • The writer measured methemoglobin formation with solvent (n-hexane, ethylacetate and methanol) organic extracts from the sediments of the Wonju stream run through Wonju city on Octover 2nd, 1985. Hemoglobin was converted to methemoglobin with the n-hexane extract obtained from the sediment of the St. C and St. D was polluted industrial wastewater, but not with that from the St. B was polluted with the urban wastewater. The formation of methemoglobin was remarkable with the all solvent extracts from the sediment of the uper stream of the Wonju stream. Doses of the solvent extracts for 20% methemoglobin formation in the researched Wonju streams were as follows; 0.095~0.28 mg/m.$\ell$ in n-hexane extract. 0.85-1.3 mg/ m$\ell$ in methanol extract and 1.95~2.80 mg/m$\ell$ in ethylacetate extract.

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