• Title, Summary, Keyword: soy gel

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Preparation of Soy Yogust Using Isolated Soybean Protein and Whey Powder (분리대두단백과 유청분말을 사용한 대두 요구르트의 제조에 관한 연구)

  • 장재권;윤승헌
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1128-1134
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    • 1997
  • Lactobacillus helveticus was inoculated to the fermentation liquid containing skin milk powder(SMT) plus soymilk, SMP plus isolated soybean protein(ISP), SMP plus ISP plus whey powder(WP) to increase the nutritional and economic value of commercial soy yogurt. The yogurt fermented with soymilk and SMP showed the lower acid production than of SMP and had significant beany flavor in the product. The yogurt prepared with ISP and SMP showed the higher cell number and lower acid production than that of SMP. Also, the partial substitution of SMP with ISP over 6%(w/w) produced less acceptable product due to gel production. The yogurt prepared by the partial substitution of SMP with ISP, WP and SMP showed the higher cell number and lower acid production than that of SMP and not bring about gel formation unlike the case of ISP. Sensory properties of yogurt substituted SMP with ISP and WP(38:62 mixture) below 4% were not significantly different from that of SMP and the sample containing the mixture over 6% and 0.067% artificial flavor showed lower sensory score due to beany taste than that of SMP. But increase of yogurt flavor up to 0.1% resulted in significantly high score in organoleptic acceptability. The separation of water occured in yogurt prepared by the combined mixture of ISP, WP and SMP, and this problem could be resolved by addition of Na-alginate and PGA at the concentration of 0.1%(w/w).

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Hydrocolloids Decrease the Digestibility of Corn Starch, Soy Protein, and Skim Milk and the Antioxidant Capacity of Grape Juice

  • Yi, Yue;Jeon, Hyeong-Ju;Yoon, Sun;Lee, Seung-Min
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.276-283
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    • 2015
  • Hydrocolloids have many applications in foods including their use in dysphagia diets. We aimed to evaluate whether hydrocolloids in foods affect the digestibility of starch and protein, and their effects on antioxidant capacity. The thickening hydrocolloids: locust bean gum and carboxymethyl cellulose, and the gel-forming agents: agar agar, konjacglucomannan, and Hot & Soft Plus were blended with corn starch and soy protein, skim milk, or grape juice and were examined for their in vitro-digestability by comparing the reducing sugar and trichloroacetic acid (TCA)-soluble peptide, for antioxidant capacity by total polyphenol contents and the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity. The hydrocolloids resulted in a decrease in starch digestibility with the gel-forming agents. Hydrocolloids diminished TCA-soluble peptides in skim milk compared to soy protein with the exception of locust bean gum and decreased free radical scavenging capacities and total phenolic contents in grape juice. Our findings may provide evidence for the use of hydrocolloids for people at risk of nutritional deficiencies such as dysphagia patients.

Effect of Maleylation on Physicochemical Properties of Soybean Glycinin

  • Shin, Weon-Sun;Park, Soo-Jin;Park, Chun-Wuk;Kim, Kang-Sung
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.671-675
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    • 2007
  • Soybean proteins appear to harbor a great deal of potential as functional ingredients due to the fact that they are composed of highly bioavailable peptides and amino acids. To develop drink- or gel-type foods formulated with soybean protein, the physicochemical properties of intact and chemically modified soy glycinin were assessed. Maleylation to soy glycinin altered the surface charges of glycinin via the modification of lysine residues, and subsequently generated the dissociation of glycinin subunits owing to the increase in charge repulsion. This modification thus improved the solubility of glycinin, particularly under acidic pH conditions. It is worthy of note that maleylation increased the susceptibility of the basic subunits of mTGase and the formation of a substantial quantity of molecules at a low protein solution concentration. The results of dynamic rheological studies indicated that the 5% intact glycinin progressively formed the gel with mTGase treatment in a concentration-dependent manner, but maleylated-glycinin did not.

Stability of Protein Colloids in the Mixture of Cheese Whey and Soy Milk (유청(乳淸) 및 두유(豆乳) 혼합액에서의 단백질 콜로이드 안정성)

  • Shon, Dong-Hwa;Lee, Hyong-Joo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 1986
  • To investigate effectors on the colloidal stability of whey and soybean proteins, characteristics of tofu-gel formation, effects of heat treatment and salt composition on the colloidal stability, and effects of heat treatment on storage stability were analyzed. When experimental tofus were made from the mixture of whey and soybean, the calcium in the whey precipitated the soy proteins, and disrupted the gel formation, which resulted in the curd of poor texture. In the heat treatment at $60{\sim}100^{\circ}C$, whey and the whey proteins dialyzed against distilled water were readily preciptated at over $70^{\circ}C$, but the mixture of whey and soy extract as well as soy extract were stable at the range of temperature. The proteins of soy extract, whey dialyzed against sodium phosphate buffer, and the mixture were stable at the same heat treatment, and this suggested that phosphates in the soy extract stabilize specialty the whey proteins. Soy proteins were easily destabilized by adding $CaCl_2(0.05{\sim}0.07M)$ at $80{\circ}C$ and $70{\sim}85%$ of the proteins in soy extract and the mixture were preciptated, while only $30{\sim}55%$ of the proteins in whey dialyzed against distilled water were destabilized at the same conditions. Storage stability at $4^{\circ}C$ of the mixture was increased when the mixture was treated at $63^{\circ}C$ and lower temperature.

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THE EFFECT OF FERMENTED FOODS ON THE COLOR CHANGE OF SOFT DENTURE LINERS (발효음식에 의한 연성 의치상 이장재의 색상 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Cho Seong-Hwan;Lim Heon-Song;Shin Soo-Yeon
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.572-582
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    • 2004
  • Statement of problem: The clinical criteria of soft lining materials are resilience over an extended period, capability of forming a strong bond with denture base materials, dimensional stability, adequate tear strength, and color stability. Many researches and reports dealt with food colorants or denture cleanser, but not with fermented foods. Purpose : This study was designed to assess what fermented foods, such as soy sauce and red pepper paste that many Koreans have eaten, influence on the color stability of soft denture liners. Material and methods: The color differences (${\Delta}E^*$) were measured by spectrophotometer with different immersion time. For the procedure, thirty disk-shape specimens per 4 soft denture linears(Molloplast-$B^{(R)}$, Ufi Gel $SC^{(R)}$, Dura $Base^{(R)}$, Sofreliner $MS^{(R)}$) were fabricated with a thickness of 2mm and 16mm in diameter. Each 10 specimen were immersed into the beakers of fermented foods distilled water, and $L^*$, $a^*$, $b^*$ values were measured for the color difference(${\Delta}E^*$), on the 1st, 7th, and 28th day with spectrophotometer. Result and conclusion : 1. There were significant differences between samples(soy sauces, red pepper pastes, and distilled water) in Sofreliner $MS^{(R)}$ of 1st day after immersion(p<0.05). There were significant differences between samples in Sofieliner $MS^{(R)}$ and Ufi Gel $SC^{(R)}$ of 7th days after immersion(p<0.05). There were significant differences between samples in Molloplast-$B^{(R)}$ of 28th day after immers ion(p<0.05). 2. In red pepper pastes, ${\Delta}E^*$ values of Molloplast-$B^{(R)}$, Ufi Gel $SC^{(R)}$, Sofrelinev $MS^{(R)}$ weve higher than 3.3. Those values were not clinically acceptable. In soy sauces, ${\Delta}E^*$ values of all denture liners were lower than 3.3. ${\Delta}E^*$values of Ufi Gel $SC^{(R)}$ were higher than those of other denture liners 3. Based on the above results , red pepper paste causes more discoloration than soy sauce.

Effect of Phytate on the Digestibility and Electrophoretic Pattern of Soy Protein Isolate (분리 대두단백의 소화율과 전기영동패턴에 미치는 Phytate의 영향)

  • Yoon, Jae-Young;Cho, Hee-Kyung;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.360-365
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    • 1993
  • This study was carried out to examine the effects of phytate addition on the solubility and digestibility of the low-phytate soy protein isolate (LSPI) and high-phytate soy protein isolate (HSPI). In SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of soy protein isolate, different patterns of proteins were observed in both HSPI and LSPI at various phytate and pH levels, suggesting that phytate may bind specifically to certain protein fractions at a particular pH. For example, proteins of M.W $1.8{\sim}3.5\;kDa$ resisted phytate binding at acidic pH. LSPI was fractionated into albumin, globulin, gliadin and glutelin, and phytate was shown to bind with difficultly to all three gliadin bands. Effects of phytate on the pepsin digestibility of soy proteins were apparent, especially in the short term digestion.

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Gelling Characteristics of Mung Bean Starch Supplemented with Gelatin and Isolated Soy Protein (젤라틴, 분리대두단백 첨가가 녹두전분의 겔특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Eun Jung;Oh, Myung Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.664-673
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physicochemical properties of mung bean starch and the quality characteristics of mung bean starch gels supplemented with gelatin and isolated soy protein (0, 2, 5%) during storage at $5^{\circ}C$ for 0, 24, 48, and 72 hours. The swelling power of mung bean starch supplemented with gelatin did not significantly change, whereas those supplemented with isolated soy protein (ISP) significantly increased. The solubility of mung bean starch supplemented with gelatin and ISP, however, significantly increased with increasing concentration. In addition, the soluble amylose and soluble carbohydrate of mung bean starch supplemented with gelatin and ISP significantly decreased with increasing concentration. In terms of pasting properties measured by the Rapid Visco Analyzer (RVA), the pasting temperature of mung bean starch supplemented with gelatin and ISP was not significantly different, whereas peak viscosity, minimum viscosity, final viscosity, breakdown, and consistency decreased. DSC thermograms showed that the onset temperature of mung bean starch supplemented with gelatin and ISP did not significantly change, whereas the enthalpy increased with the addition of 5% ISP. The lightness (L) and redness (a) of mung bean starch gels supplemented with gelatin, ISP, and without additives increased during cold storage, whereas the yellowness (b) decreased. The addition of gelatin and ISP suppressed changes in L, a and b of mung bean starch gel during cold storage. Synereses of mung bean starch gel supplemented with gelatin and ISP was lower than that without additives, with the addition of gelatin suppressing synereses more than ISP. The addition of gelatin and ISP also suppressed increases in hardness, chewiness, and gumminess of mung bean starch gels during cold storage. In the sensory evaluation, the addition of gelatin and ISP suppressed increases in hardness and brittleness of mung bean starch gels during cold storage. The addition of 2%, 5% gelatin and 2% ISP also suppressed a decrease in the overall acceptability of mung bean starch gels during 24-48 hr cold storage. Thus, the addition of 2-5% gelatin and 2% ISP to mung bean starch is appropriate for suppressing the quality deterioration of 24-48 hr cold-stored mung bean starch gels.

Effect of Protein and Degree of Oxidation on Viscoelastic Behavior of Corn Starch Gel (산화정도와 단백질 첨가에 따른 산화 옥수수 전분 겔의 유동특성)

  • 한진숙;박귀선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.1046-1052
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    • 2003
  • Viscoelastic behavior of oxidized starch gel, modified with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and the adding effects of protein in oxidized starch gel was studied by dynamic viscoelastic measurement. The storage modulus(G′) of starch gel increased with the increase of starch concentration. They showed higher value when starch suspension was treated to 95$^{\circ}C$ rather than 85$^{\circ}C$. Consistency of starch gel was decreased over 1.0% active Cl/g starch when heated to 95$^{\circ}C$, which means that the swelling of starch granules increased with concentration of NaOCl and showed more sensitive against shear. As the extent of oxidation increased, starch granules were easily destroyed. Therefore, it is hard to separate between compartment of leached-out amylose and that of amylopectin, which means that the ability of gel formation was reduced. When oxidized starches were gelatinized in presence of soy protein and sodium caseinate, it was found that G′ decreased, and frequency dependence of G′ and G" increased with the increased degree of oxidation in starch. The reduce of starch-protein interaction was thought to be through the dissociation of the branched amylopectin, which playa leading role in protein interaction, with the oxidation of starch.

Purification and Characterization of Fibrinolytic Enzyme Produced by Bacillus subtilis K7 Isolated from Korean Traditional Soy Sauce (한국재래간장 발효균 Bacillus subtilis K7 유래의 혈전용해 Protease의 정제 및 특성)

  • Kim, Doo-Young;Lee, Eun-Tag;Kim, Sang-Dal
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 2003
  • An alkaline fibrinolytic protease-producing bacteria was isolated front Korean traditional soy sauce and identified as Bacillus subtilis K7 from the results of analyses of its morphological and physiological properties, $API^{\circledR}$, and Biolog system. The enzyme was purified by 75% ammonium sulfate fractionation, QAE-Sephadex anion and SP-Sephadex cation exchange column chromatography and Sephadex G-100 gel filtration. The specific activity of the purified enByme was 233.9 unit/mg protein and the yield of enzyme was 3.8%. The homogeneity of the purified enzyme was confirmed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Molecular mass of the enzyme was estimated about 21,500 Da by SDS-polyacrylamide get electrophoresis and gel chromatography. The optimum temperature and pH for the enzyme activity were $40^{\circ}C$ and 9.0, respectively. The enzyme was stable in a pH range of 5.0 to 12.0, and 60% of its activity was lost on heat treatment at $50^{\circ}C$ for 20 min. The activity of the purified enzyme was inhibited by the presence of $Fe^{2+},\;Ag^{2+},\;Cu6{2+}$, iodoacetate, ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), and trans-1,2-diaminocycloheane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (CDTA). The results indicates that the enzyme requires a metal ion for its enzymatic activity.

Preparation of Seaweed Muk with Sea Mustard (Undaria pinnatifida) and Sea Tangle(Laminaria japonica) -4. Shelf Life of Seaweed Muks- (미역과 다시마를 이용한 해조묵제조 -4. 해조묵의 저장성-)

  • JUNG Yong-Hyun;COOK Joong-Lyoul;CHANG Soo-Hyun;KIM Jong-Bae;KIM Geon-Bae;CHOE Sun-Nam;KANG Yeung-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.331-337
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    • 1995
  • Seaweed Jellys(Muks) were prepared with sea mustard and sea tangle. Optimum storage condition was also investigated in terms of bacterial counts, pH, titratable acidity, gel strength and total volatile nitrogen(TVN) as soaking temperature and time in distilled water. Gel strength of Muk decreased, and TVN and baterial counts increased during storage in water. Seaweed Muk has a shelf life of 3 days at $32^{\circ}C$ in water and 15 days at $18^{\circ}C$. Shelf life of seaweed Muk with soy milk was 3 days at 18's and shorter than that of seaweed Muk without soy milk.

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