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Studies on Development of Escherichia coli Subunit Vaccine against Calf Diarrhea: I. Distribution of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Purification of K99 and F41 Pilus Antigens (송아지 대장균(大腸菌) Pilus Vaccine 개발(開發)에 관한 연구(硏究): I. 송아지 설사원인(泄瀉原因) 대장균(大腸菌)(K99, F41)의 분포(分布) 및 Pilus 정제시험(精製試驗))

  • Kim, Jong-man;Yoon, Young-dhuk;Park, Jeung-moon;Kim, Bong-hwan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 1986
  • The prevalence of diarrhea caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli was surveyed on 445 calves in 6 farms which were located in the central part of Korea. The incidence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in calves with diarrhea was investigated by detecting the K99 and F41 antigens from the isolated strains of Escherichia coli The incidence of colibacillosis in calves was 23.3%. Of 238 strains of Escherichia coli isolated from calves with diarrhea, 73 strains(30.6%) were proved possessing the K99 antigen by mannose-resistant hemagglutination(MRHA) using horse red blood cells and 79(33.1%) possessing F41 antigens by MRHA using guinea-pig red blood cells. The minca medium, nutrient broth, tryptic soy broth and brain heart infusion were tested for yield of K99 and F41 pili. The production of pili was greatest in minea medium. The best detachment method of the K99 and F41 pili from the cells was heat treatment for 20 minutes at $60^{\circ}C$ and concentration by precipitation with ammonium sulfate. The purified antigens of K99 and F41 were polypeptides with molecular weights of 18,500 and 29,500, respectively by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.

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Textural Characteristics of Mixed Starch Gels with Various Additives (첨가물질을 달리한 혼합전분겔의 텍스쳐 특성)

  • Lee, Sang-Keum;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.928-933
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    • 1995
  • Sensory and instrumental characteristics of mixed starch gels of defatted corn starch and mung bean starch were examined in terms of the effects of various additives such as textured soy protein(TSP), soybean oil(S0), carboxymethyl cellulose(CMC) and pectin(PC). Gels were prepared by storing the paste at room temperature for 24 hrs and 72 hrs. The additives were used 1% or 2% on the starch basis. The ratio of defatted corn starch and mung bean starch was selected 60 : 40(to, w/w), where the acceptability was the highest. The cohesiveness and springiness of the mixed starch gels stored 24 hrs increased, but the brittleness and acceptability decreased with all the additives. Textural characteristics of the mixed gels stored 72 hrs were different according to the type and content of additives, whereas hardness and cohesiveness increased in all case. Unlike the sensory evaluation, the textural properties of mixed gels tested by a Instron Universal Testing Machine showed no difference in hardness, but the cohesiveness and springiness increased.

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Characteristics of Histamine Forming Bacteria from Tuna Fish Waste in Korea (국내 참치 부산물 내 히스타민 생성 주요 세균의 특성 구명)

  • Bang, Min-Woo;Chung, Chang-Dae;Kim, Seon-Ho;Chang, Moon-Baek;Lee, Sung-Sil;Lee, Sang-Suk
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 2009
  • Biogenic amines are generally formed through the decarboxylation of specific free amino acids by exogenous decarboxylases released by microbial species associated with the fish products and fermented feeds. This study was conducted to investigate the properties of e tuna waste regarding the control of degradation of biogenic amines (histamine, tyramine, tryptamine, putrescine, and cadaverine) that might be related with the anti-nutritional factor of the tuna waste that is used for manufacturing domestic fish meal. The values of pH and the salt content were 6.51, 3.35% in tuna waste and 5.58 and 5.83% in tuna fish meal, respectively. The strains and dominant bacteria tested in the tuna waste sample were 9.20, 9.29, 5.67, 7.82 and 7.58 log CFU/g of total bacteria, aerobic plate count (APC), total coliform (TC), Lactobacillus spp. and Bacillus spp., respectively. The main histamine forming-bacteria (HFB) in tuna waste were detected by silica gel thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and 7 histamine-forming bacterial species were isolated among microbes grown in selective medium. The histamine concentration was determined by detection of fluorescence of ο-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) derivatives using HPLC and the date were used to reconfirm the identities of the amine-producing bacteria. The 15 histamine- forming bacteria strains grown in trypicase soy broth (TSB) supplemented with 1% L-histidine (TSBH) were identified as Lactococcus(L.) lactis subsp. lactis, Klebsiella pneummonlae, L. garvieae 36, Vibrio olivaceus, Hafnia alvei and L. garvieae which were main dominant amine - producing strains, and Morganella morganii identified by 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing with PCR amplification. A Phylogenetic tree generated from the 16S rRNA sequencing data showed different phyletic lines that could be readily classified as biogenic amine forming gram-positive and negative bacteria.

Isolation of Isoflavones and Soyasaponins from the Germ of Soybean (콩 배아로 부터 Isoflavone과 Soyasaponin의 동시 분리)

  • Kim, Sun-Lim;Lee, Jae-Eun;Kim, Yul-Ho;Jung, Gun-Ho;Kim, Dea-Wook;Lee, Choon-Ki;Kim, Mi-Jung;Kim, Jung-Tae;Lee, Yu-Young;Hwang, Tae-Young;Lee, Kwang-Sik;Kim, Wook-Han;Kwon, Young-Up;Kim, Hong-Sig;Chung, Ill-Min
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.149-160
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    • 2013
  • The objective of present study was to simultaneously isolate of isoflavone and soyasaponin compounds from the germ of soybean seeds. Soy germ flours were defatted with hexane for 48h at room temperature, and methanolic extracts were prepared using reflux apparatus at $90^{\circ}C$ for 6h, two times. After extraction, extracts were separated with preparative RP-$C_{18}$ packing column ($125{\AA}$, $55-105{\mu}m$, $40{\times}150mm$), and collected 52 fractions were identified with TLC plate (Kieselgel 60 F-254) and HPLC, respectively. Among the identified isoflavone and soyasaponin fractions, isoflavone fractions were re-separated using a recycling HPLC with gel permeation column (Jaigel-W252, $20{\times}500mm$). Final fractions were air-dried, and the purified compounds of two isoflavones (ISF-1-1, ISF-1-2) and four soyasaponins (SAP-1, SAP-2, SAP-3, SAP-4) were obtained. Two isoflavone compounds (ISF-1-1, ISF-1-2) were acid-hydrolyzed for the identification of their aglycones, and confirmed by comparing with 12 types of isoflavone isomers. While the four kinds of soyasaponins were identified by using a micro Q-TOF mass spectrometer in the ESI positive mode with capillary voltage of 4.5kV, and dry temperature of $200^{\circ}C$. Base on the obtained results, it was conclude that ISF-1-1 is the mixture isomers of daidzin (43.4%), glycitin (47.0%), and genistin (9.6%), but ISF-1-2 is the single compound of genistin (99.8% <). On the other hand, soyasaponin SAP-1 is the mixture compounds of soyasaponin A-group (Aa, Ab, Ac, Ae, Af); SAP-2 is soyasaponin B-group (Ba, Bb, Bc) and E-group (Bd, Be); SAP-3 is soyasaponin B-group (Ba, Bb, Bc), E-group (Bd, Be), and DDMP-group (${\beta}g$); SAP-4 is soyasaponin B-group (Ba, Bb, Bc), E-group (Bd, Be), and DDMP-group (${\beta}g$, ${\beta}a$), respectively.

Isolation of Growth Inhibition Substance on Food borne Microorganisms from Hypericum ascyron L. and Application to Food Preservation (물레나물(Hypericum ascyron L.)의 식중독 미생물 증식 억제 물질의 분리 및 식품적용)

  • Han, Ji-Sook;Lee, Ji-Young;Baek, Nam-In;Back, Il-Woung;Shin, Dong-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.274-282
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    • 2002
  • The ethanol extract and n-hexane fraction from Hypericum ascyron L. showed strong growth inhibition at 25 ppm on 5 strains of Listeria monocytogenes for 72 hr at $32^{\circ}C$. The purified substance, H2-5-2 fraction, was isolated by silica gel column and preparative thin layer chromatography from n-hexane fraction of Hypericum ascyron L. The H2-5-2 fraction showed a strong bacteriostatic activity on 5 strains of L. monocytogenes at 10 ppm in tryptic soy broth, and the viable cell was reduced 1 log cycle compared to initial cell number. The n-hexane fraction of Hypericum ascyron L. showed strong growth inhibition at 25 ppm on Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus, and at 50 ppm on Vibrio parahaemolyticus for 72 hr. The purified antimicrobial substance, the H2-5-2 fraction, was assumed as high unsaturated sterol by $^1H-NMR$ and $^{13}C-NMR$. On application test using minced Alaska pollack and ground beef, the n-hexane fraction of Hypericum ascyron L. at the level of 250 ppm was applied at $32^{\circ}C$ and $5^{\circ}C$. At $32^{\circ}C$ storage condition, the antimicrobial substances did not reduced L. monocytogenes ATCC 19113, meanwhile at $5^{\circ}C$ storage condition, L. monocytogenes ATCC 19113 was reduced in viable number.

Literature Review of Tangpyeongchae in Cook Books Published in 1700~1960s (1700년대~1960년대 문헌에 나타난 탕평채의 문헌고찰)

  • Lee, Kyong-Ae;Kim, Bo-Ram;Kim, Hyang-Sook;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.489-497
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    • 2012
  • This study was reviewed the changes in main ingredients, seasonings and cooking methods of Tangpyeongchae in Korean cook books and literatures published from the 1700s to the 1960s. The first published books about Tangpyeongchae were in Kosasibijib and Kyongdojabji, written in 1783 and the late 1700s, respectively. Tangpyeongchae, a representative traditional Korean dish that was royal cuisine offered at ritual events in the Chosun Dynasty, was called Cheongpochae in the royal court. It was a dish made by mixing cheongpomuk (mung bean gel), meat, dropwort, mung bean sprout, egg strips and laver. This dish has been seasoned with vinegar, soy sauce, black pepper, garlic, green onion, red pepper, salt, sugar, sesame oil and sesame salt since the early 1900s. Dropwort, egg strips, laver, pine nut (powder), red pepper powder, and red pepper threads were used as garnishes. Tangpyeongchae was made by mixing cheongpomuk with other ingredients and seasonings until the late 1800s. Since the early 1900s Tangpyeongchae has been seasoned first with other ingredients and then mixed cheongpomuk.

Literature Review of Tangpyeongchae in Cook Books Published in 1700~1960s (1700년대~1960년대 문헌에 나타난 탕평채의 문헌고찰)

  • Lee, Kyong-Ae;Kim, Bo-Ram;Kim, Hyang-Sook;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.327-335
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    • 2012
  • This study was reviewed the changes in main ingredients, seasonings and cooking methods of Tangpyeongchae in Korean cook books and literatures published from the 1700s to the 1960s. The first published books about Tangpyeongchae were in Kosasibijib and Kyongdojabji, written in 1783 and the late 1700s, respectively. Tangpyeongchae, a representative traditional Korean dish that was royal cuisine offered at ritual events in the Chosun Dynasty, was called Cheongpochae in the royal court. It was a dish made by mixing cheongpomuk (mung bean gel), meat, dropwort, mung bean sprout, egg strips and laver. This dish has been seasoned with vinegar, soy sauce, black pepper, garlic, green onion, red pepper, salt, sugar, sesame oil and sesame salt since the early 1900s. Dropwort, egg strips, laver, pine nut (powder), red pepper powder, and red pepper threads were used as garnishes. Tangpyeongchae was made by mixing cheongpomuk with other ingredients and seasonings until the late 1800s. Since the early 1900s Tangpyeongchae has been seasoned first with other ingredients and then mixed cheongpomuk.

Identification of Growth Inhibitory Substance on Food-borne Microorganisms from Commiphora molmol Engl. and Its Application to Food Products (몰약(Commiphora molmol Engl.)의 식중독 미생물 증식 억제 물질의 구조동정 및 식품적용)

  • Han, Ji-Sook;Shin, Dong-Hwa;Baek, Nam-In
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 2001
  • The ethanol extract and n-hexane fraction of Commiphora molmol Engl. showed minimum inhibitory concentration of 50 ppm and 25 ppm, respectively, on 5 strains of Listeria monocytogenes at $32^{\circ}C$. The purified substance, C3-3-2 fraction, was isolated by silica gel column and preparative thin layer chromatography from n-hexane fraction of Commiphora molmol Engl. The C3-3-2 fraction showed a strong bactericidal activity on 5 strains of L. monocytogenes at the concentration of 10 ppm in tryptic soy broth medium. At that concentration, the viable count was reduced $5{\sim}6$ log cycle from initial cell number. The n-hexane fraction of Commiphora molmol Engl. showed strong growth inhibition at the concentration of 25 ppm on Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus, at 50 ppm in broth on Salmonella enteritidis, and at 500 ppm on Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The purified antimicrobial substance, the C3-3-2 fraction, was identified as m-nonylphenol by on the basis of the $^1H-,\;^{13}C-NMR$ and EI/MS data. For the application test, the C3-3-2 fraction which was purely isolated from Commiphora molmol Engl. at 100 ppm were applied to minced Alaska pollack and ground beef at $32^{\circ}C$ and $5^{\circ}C$. The antimicrobial substances did not reduce L. monocytogenes ATCC 19113 at $32^{\circ}C$, while they reduced L. monocytogenes ATCC 19113 in viable number at $5^{\circ}C$. However, the antimicrobial effect of C3-3-2 fraction in food system was lower than that of broth condition.

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Intake of Food Additives in Foods by Total Diet (식이를 통한 식품첨가물의 섭취량)

  • Kim, Hee-Yun;Lee, Young-Ja;Hong, Ki-Hyoung;Ha, Sang-Chul;Ahn, Myung-Su;Jo, Jae-Sun;Kim, Kil-Saeng
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.767-774
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    • 1998
  • This study has been carried out to measure the amount of the daily intake by Korean on preservatives (Dehydroacetic acid, Benzoic acid and ρ-Hydroxybenzoic acid asters) in foods. The amounts of preservatives were determined by HPLC in foods such as butter, cheese, margarine, aloe gel, carbonated beverages, mixed beverage, ginseng beverage, red ginseng drink, soy sauce, fruit and vegetable juices (except unheated fruit-vegetable juice), vineger, seasonings, fruit and vegetables only on the peel, fruit wine, rice wine and unrefined rice wine. The recovery ranges were found to be 99.2% for dehydroacetic Acid, 95.8% for benzoic acid and $94.2{\sim}97.2%$ for ${\rho}-hydroxybenzoic$ acid in foods, respectively. The data of average food intake for each food items per capita per day were obtained from the report of national nutrition survey carried by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in 1997. The detected number of samples and average intake range of preservatives have been figured cut to $ND{\sim}290.0{\;}ppm$ for dehydroacetic acid, $ND{\sim}400.0{\;}ppm$ for benzoic acid and $ND{\sim}93.9{\;}ppm$ for ${\rho}-hydroxybenzoic$ acid esters, respectively. Estimated daily intake (EDI) of each additives per capita per day were shown as follows; 1.56 mg for dehydroacetic acid, 2.25 mg for benzoic acid and 0.44 mg for ${\rho}-hydroxybenzoic$ acid esters in total respectively and these values were evaluated to be much lower than that of FAO/WHO's acceptable daily intake (ADI) $0{\sim}5{\;}mg/kg$ b.w./day for benzoic acid and $0{\sim}10{\;}mg/kg$ b.w./day for ${\rho}-hydroxybenzoic$ acid esters.

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Studies on the Determination Method of Natural Sweeteners in Foods - Licorice Extract and Erythritol (식품 중 감초추출물 및 에리스리톨 분석법에 관한 연구)

  • Hong Ki-Hyoung;Lee Tal-Soo;Jang Yaung-Mi;Park Sung-Kwan;Park Sung-Kug;Kwon Yong-Kwan;Jang Sun-Yaung;Han Ynun-Jeong;Won Hye-Jin;Hwang Hye-Shin;Kim Byung-Sub;Kim Eun-Jung;Kim Myung-Chul
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.258-266
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    • 2005
  • Licorice Extract and Erythritol, food additives used in korea, are widely used in foods as sweetener. Its application for use in food is regulated by the standard and specification for food additives but official analytical method far determination of these sweetener in food has not been established. Accordingly, we has been carried out to set up analytical method of the glycyrrhizic acid in several foods by the way of thin layer chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography glycyrrhizic acid is qualitative anaylsis technique consists of clean-up with a sep-pak $C_{18}$ cartridge, separation of the sweeteners by Silica gel 60 F254 TLC plate using 1-butanol:4Nammonia solution:ethanol (50:20:10) as mobile solvent. Also, the quantitative analysis for glycyrrhizic acid, was performed using Capcell prk $C_{18}$ column at wavelength 254nm and DW:Acetonitrile (62:38 (pH2.5)) as mobile phase. and we has been carried out to set up analytical method of the erythritol in several foods by the way of high performance liquid chromatography. erythritol is qualitative anaylsis technique consists of clean-up with a DW and hexane. The quantitative analysis for erythritol, was performed using Asahipak NH2P-50 column, Rl and DW:Acetonitrile (25:75) as mobile phase. The glycyrrhizic acid results determined as glycyrrhizic acid in 105 items were as follows; N.D$\∼$48.7ppm for 18 items in soy sauce, N.D$\∼$5.3ppm for 12 items in sauce, N.D$\∼$988.93ppm for 15 items in health food, N.D$\∼$180.7ppm for 26 items in beverages, N.D$\∼$2.6ppm for 8 items in alcoholic beverages repectively and ND for 63 items in the ethers. The erythritol results determined as erythritol in 52 items were as follows; N.D$\∼$155.6ppm for 13 items in gm, N.D$\∼$398.1ppm for 12 items in health foods repectively and ND for 45 items in the others.