• Title, Summary, Keyword: soy protein

Search Result 566, Processing Time 0.05 seconds

Effects of Specific Interaction Altering Reagents on Hardnesses of Succinylated Soy Protein Gel

  • Bae, Dongho;Jung, Hosun;Choi, Yong-Hee
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.42 no.3
    • /
    • pp.125-129
    • /
    • 1999
  • The changes in gel characteristics of soy protein and succinylated soy protein due to various specific interaction-altering reagents which affect the formation and textural properties of gels, were studied. The reagents were added to 15% soy protein solutions prior to heat treatment. Succinylated soy protein formed harder gel without the addition of reagents. Hardly no gels were formed with urea, indicating that hydrogen bonds significantly contributed to the formation and hardness of the gel and the effects of urea on the hardness of succinylated soy protein gel were more significant. Disulfide bonds were important in the formation of hard gels whether they were succinylated or not, but the contributions of hydrophobic interactions to gel hardness were relatively insignificant. The hardness reducing effects of NaCl and NaSCN were more significant in succinylated soy protein gel. As such, electrostatic interactions were important for succinylated soy protein to form hard gel but not for unmodified soy protein.

  • PDF

Studies on Busuge Preparation -II. Effect of the Addition of Soy Products on the Quality of BISIGE(SAN-JA) Base- (부수게 제조에 관한 연구 -제 2보 대두 첨가가 부수게(산자) 바탕의 품질에 미치는 영향-)

  • Kim, Joong-Man;Wei, Lun-Shin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-56
    • /
    • 1985
  • This study was to compare the effects of soy hot water extract, soy slurry, defatted soy flour, soy protein concentration and soy protein isolate on the quality of Busuge Base. In Busuge Base preparation the addition of soy products, in general, showed the improvable effect in the quality of Busuge Base. Among them the soy slurry was especially effective in volume increasing, hardness and panel score, and the soy protein isolate was effective in the protein fortification of Busuge Base. In addition, the qualify of Busuge Base was best when soy slurry and soy protein isolate were jointly used. In this case, the adequate amount of soy protein isolate was about 10%.

  • PDF

Effects of Dietary Casein, Soy, and Methionine-Supplemented Soy on Serum Lipids Level in Rats

  • Choi, Mi-Ja;Jung, So-Hyung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.278-281
    • /
    • 2002
  • The objective of the current study was to determine the influences of dietary proteins and methionine on plasma lipid concentrations. Thirty growing male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets similar in all respects except that dietary protein was from either casein, soy protein isolate, or soy protein isolate supplemented with L-methionine (0.24 %). The animals were fed experimental diets ad libitum for nine weeks. Plasma total-cholesterol concentrations were unaffected by the protein source or methionine supplementation. Plasma triglyceride concentrations were lower in rats of methionine supplemented soy protein diets (76 mg/dL) than in the rats fed casein or soy diet (120 mg/dL, 109 mg/dL, respectively). These results indicate that soy protein reduces plasma triglycerides relative to casein in rats fed cholesterol free diets, and that methionine-supplemented soy diets decrease plasma triglyceride concentrations more than soy protein alone.

Effects of Phosphorylation and Acetylation on Functional Properties and Structure of Soy Protein (인산화와 초산화가 대두단백질의 기능특성과 구조에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Nam-Soo;Kwon, Dae-Young;Nam, Young-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.20 no.5
    • /
    • pp.625-630
    • /
    • 1988
  • Phosphorylation of soy protein by sodium trimetaphosphate and acetylation of soy protein by acetic anhydride were performed. Then, the functional properties of modified soy proteins were compared with that of unmodified soy protein. Isolated soy protein prepared from defatted soybean flake had protein content of 92.7% as moisture-free basis. The phosphorylated soy protein showed higher solubility, foaming properties, and water holding capacity than unmodified soy protein. Acetylation of soy protein increased emulsification activity and foaming properties greatly, whereas decreased the solubility at pH 8.0. Isoelectric pHs of phosphorylated and acetylated soy protein were shifted to acidic regions(pH 3.0 and pH 4.0) from pH 5.0, which was the isoelectric pH of unmodified soy protein. Soy protein seems to be aggregated during phosphorylation and acetylation procedure, judging form Sepharose CL-4B gel filtration profiles. The modified soy proteins showed increased mobilities to anode direction in disc-gel electrophoresis.

  • PDF

Effects of Soy Isoflavones on Lipid Profiles and Hepatic LDL Receptor mRNA Level in Growing Female Rats

  • Jo, Hyun-Ju;Choi, Mi-Ja;Yoo, Min
    • Nutritional Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.74-81
    • /
    • 2006
  • The present study examined the effect of soy isoflavones on lipid metabolism in growing female rats. Rats were randomly assigned to three different groups and provided experimental diets for 9 weeks. The experimental groups were classified into 1) a control group, 2) a soy protein isolate group: soy (+)) group and 3) a soy protein concentration group: soy (-)) group. Diets contained either casein or one of two soy proteins with (soy (+)) or without isoflavones (soy (-)). Serum triglyceride concentration showed no significant differences among the experimental groups. Serum total cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in both the soy (+) and soy (-) groups than in the control group and LDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in the soy (+). Serum HDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly higher in the control group than in the soy protein groups but the HDL-cholesterol share rate in total cholesterol tended to be lower in the control group than in the soy protein groups, insignificant as it was. Hepatic IDL receptor mRNA level was significantly increased in the soy (+) group when compared to the other two groups to be 20% higher than the control group. In conclusion, soy protein isolate, soy protein rich with isoflavones reduced serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentration and increased hepatic IDL receptor mRNA expression in growing female rats. Therefore, it is considered that the intake of soy isoflvones during puberty can be advantageous in terms of the long-tenn control of serum lipid.

Statistical optimization of culture media contained soy proteins and hypocotyl for the growth of Bifidobacterium lactis BL 740 and production of soy isoflavone aglycones (대두 단백질 및 배아를 이용한 Bifidobacterium lactis BL740의 균체성장 및 이소플라본 비배당체 생산를 위한 통계적 배지 최적화)

  • Lee, Choong-Young;Lee, Yoon-Bok;Lee, Keun-Ha;Park, Myeong-Soo;Hwang, Seock-Yeon;Hong, Seung-Bok;Yoo, Yung-Choon;Yu, Byung-Yeon;Kim, Chung-Ho
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.53 no.3
    • /
    • pp.126-131
    • /
    • 2010
  • In order to maximize the growth of Bifidobacterium lactis BL 740 and soy isoflavone agycones production, we investigated the optimization of a culture medium containing soy hypocotyls, which are the byproducts of the soy manufacturing process, and soy proteins. The ingredients of the medium containing soy materials (S-medium) were selected by fractional factorial design (FFD) and central composite design (CCD) within a desirable range. The FFD was applied by six factors: glucose, cellobiose, fructooligosaccharide, soy peptone, soy protein, and soy hypocotyl. Soy protein, soy peptone, and soy hypocotyl were found to be significant factors from the result of FFD for both the growth of B. lactis BL 740 and aglycone production. The CCD was then applied with three variables found from FFD at five levels each and the optimum values were determined for the three variables: soy peptone, soy protein, and soy hypocotyl. In the case of the growth of B. lactics BL740, the proposed optimal media contained 12.73 g/L of soy protein, 29.55 g/L of soy peptone, and 130.67 g/L of soy hypocotyl. To produce isoflavone aglycones, optimized media was composed of 2.06 g/L, soy protein, 1.25 g/L of soy peptone, and 60.02 g/L of soy hypocotyl.

The Effect of Meat Protein and Soy Protein on Calcium Metabolism in Young Adult Korean Women (단백질의 종류가 체내 칼슘 대사에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 피재은
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.32-40
    • /
    • 1986
  • The present study conducted to examine the effects of proteins from different sources on Ca excretion in 6 healthy young adult Korean women. The subjects were given meat protein diet for 5 days and soy protein diet for subsequent 5 days. the two diets were similar in protein and Ca contents. Urinary and fecal samples were collected for the last 2 days of each diet period and were analyzed for Ca and P. The results were as following ; 1) Mean daily urinary calcium excretion was 126.5$\pm$22.70mg for meat protein diet and 83.7$\pm$17.19mg for soy protein diet and the difference was significant (P<0.025). 2) Fecal Ca excretion did not show significant difference between two experimental preiod ; 466.9$\pm$73.68 mg of meat portein diet 284.4$\pm$54.96mg for soy protein diet. 3) Three out of six subjects showed negative balance on meat protein diet, but only one showed negative balance on soy protein diet. The averageof the balances on meat protein diet was -65.4 $\pm$68.19 and that of soy protein diet was 155.3$\pm$52.28 ; the difference was significant(P<0.025). 4) Urinary P excretion tended to be higher on meat protein diet but was not significant compared to soy protein diet . Fecal P excretion was significantly higher (P<0.001) on soy protein diet. Overall P balances for meat protein diet and soy protein diet were 219.94 mg and 229.46mg respectively (P<0.05). The above results show that urinary Ca excretion was significantly higher on meat protein diet but fecal excretion did not show significant difference between meat protein diet and soy protein diet. The overall Ca balance was significantly higher on Soy protein diet compared to meat protein diet.

  • PDF

Effects of Soy Protein and Isoflavones on Bone Mineral Density in Crowing Female Rats (콩단백질과 이소플라본이 성장기 암컷 쥐의 골밀도에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자;조현주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.36 no.4
    • /
    • pp.359-367
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of soy protein and soy isoflavones on bone and mineral density in young female Sprague-Dawley rats. Fifty eight rats (body Weight 75 $\pm$ 5 g) were randomly assigned to one of four groups, consuming casein, soy protein concentrate, soy protein isolate (57 mg isoflavones/100 g diet) or casein added isoflavones (57 mg isoflavones /100 g diet). All rats were fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 9 weeks. Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) were measured using PIXImus (GE Lunar Co, Wisconsin, USA) in spine and femur on 3, 6, 9 weeks after feeding. The serum and urine concentrations of Ca and P were determined. Diet did not affect weight gain and mean food intake. Food efficiency ratio was lower In soy protein groups. The serum concentration of Ca and P were not changed by soy protein and isoflavones. Urinary Ca and P excretion were not significantly different. Spine BMD was significantly increased by soy protein isolate on 3 and 6 weeks after feeding. Femur BMD was significantly increased in the groups of soy protein isolate and isoflavones adding on after 9 weeks. Therefore, soy protein with rich isoflavones may be beneficial on spine and femur BMD increasement in growing female rats.

Effects of Soy Protein and Isoflavones on Bone Markers and Hormones in Growing Male Rats (콩 단백질과 Isoflavones가 성장기 수컷 흰쥐에서 골 지표와 호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.36 no.5
    • /
    • pp.452-458
    • /
    • 2003
  • Soybean is a rich source of isoflavones such as genistein and daidzein. Soy isoflavones have both weak estrogenic and anti-estrogenic effects and are structurally similar to tamoxifen, an agent that has an effect similar to that of estrogen in terms of reducing postmenopausal bone loss. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of differences in protein source (casein vs soy) and isoflavone levels (reduced vs higher levels) on selected bone markers and hormones in growing male rats. Thirty weanling Sprague-Dawley young rats were divided into 3 groups: The control group was fed a casein-based diet, the soy concentrate group was fed soy protein with totally reduced isoflavones content (isoflavones 0.07 mg/g protein), and the soy isolate group was fed soy protein with a higher than normal isoflavones content (isoflavones 3.4 mg/g protein). The degree of bone formation was estimated by measuring serum osteocalcin and alkaline phosphoatase (ALP). By determining collagen cross-linkage by immunoassay and correcting with creatinine values, the bone resorption rate was compared. Serum osteocalcin, growth hormone, estrogen and calcitonin were analyzed using radio immunoassay kits. The bone formation marker and ALP activity were differentiated by protein source, showing higher values than casein in feeding either soy isolate or soy concentrate. In this study using growing rats, the differences in isoflavone contents were not a significant factor in either bone formation or bone reaborption markers. Moreover, the soy isolate group had significantly higher levels of growth hormone than the casein group. The findings of this study suggest that growth hormone is partially responsible for its bone-formation effects in young growing rats. Soy protein and the isoflavones in soy protein are beneficial for bone-formation in growing male rats. Therefore, exposure to soy protein and isoflavones early in life may have long-term health benefits in preventing bone diseases such as osteoporosis. Further study to evaluate the mechanism of action of isoflavones on bones is warranted. (Korean J Nutrition 36(5): 452∼458, 2003)

Effects of Soy and Isoflavones on Bone Metabolism in Growing Female Rats (성장기 암컷 쥐에서 콩 단백질과 Isoflavones가 골 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자;조현주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.36 no.6
    • /
    • pp.549-558
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to determine which differences in the source of protein (soy vs casein) and isoflavones in soy protein are responsible for the differential effects of bone marks and hormones in growing female rats. Forty-two 21-day-old Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups, consuming casein (control group), soy protein isolate (57 mg isoflavones/100 g diet), or soy protein concentrate (about 1.2 mg isoflavones/100 g diet). All rats were fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 9 weeks. Bone formation was measured by serum osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) concentrations. And bone resorption rate was measured by deoxypyridinoline (DPD) crosslinks immunoassay and corrected for creatinine. Serum osteocalcin, growth hormone, estrogen and calcitonin were analyzed using radioimmunoassay kits. Diet did not affect weight gain and mean food intake. Food efficiency ratio was lower in the soy protein groups. The soy isolate group had a higher ALP and osteocalcin concentration and lower crosslinks value than the casein group. Therefore, the soy isolate groups had a higher bone formation/resorption ratio than the casein group. And, the soy group had significantly higher growth hormone than the casein group. The findings of this study suggest that soy protein and isoflavones are beneficial for bone formation in growing female rats. Therefore, exposure to these soy protein and isoflavones early in life may have benefits for osteoporosis prevention.