• Title/Summary/Keyword: soybean curd

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Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Dongchimi Added with Soybean-Curd Whey (두부순물 첨가 동치미의 이화학적.관능적 특성)

  • 김미리;김민정;백종연
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1068-1075
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    • 2001
  • Effect of soybean-curd whey on the dongchimi fermentation was investigated by measuring physicochemical and sensory characteristics during fermentation at 1$0^{\circ}C$. Dongchimi was prepared with various levels (0, 2, 5, and 10%) of soybean-curd whey. During fermentation, whereas salt concentrations of dongchimi liquid (1.1 ~ 2.0%) were similar among treatments, greater decrease in pH, but greater increase of total acidity, reducing sugar content, number of lactic acid bacteria and turbidity were observed in dongchimi with soybean-curd whey than those of control from the 2nd to the 9th day of fermentation. But at the 16th day of fermentation, acidity, turbidity and number of lactic acid bacteria of dongchimi with soybean-curd whey were similar to those of control. Reducing sugar content of soybean-curd whey addition groups maintained higher than that of control. The Hunter color L value decreased gradually and that of dongchimi with soybean-curd whey was lower than that of control. b value of control increased, but soybean-curd whey addition groups decreased during fermentation. Hardness and fracturability, determined by texture analyser, were higher in soybean-curd whey addition groups than control. Sensory evaluation showed that the scores of turbidity, sweet taste, savory taste, hardness and over-all preference were significantly higher in soybean-curd whey addition groups than control (p<0.05) ; the highest with 5% soybean-curd whey addition followed by 2% addition. dongchimi with 5% soybean-curd whey addition was the most preferable one with the score of 6.5.

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Changes in Quality of Soybean Curd Residue as Affected by Different Drying Methods (건조방법에 따른 비지의 품질변화)

  • 김동수;설명훈;김현대
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.453-459
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to determine the changes in quality during the drying process and the optimum drying condition for utilizing soybean curd residue. The quality criteria for soybean curd residue were acid value, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and microbial concentration. The acid values of soybean curd residue were 7.5, 4.5 and 5.9 KOH mg/g upon 12 hour drying with open-air sun, ambient-air blast and warm-air blast, respectively. The numbers of total aerobic bacteria and molds increased remarkably during drying with open-air sunlight, ambient-air blast and warm-air blast except for hot air blast. Among different drying methods, the hot air blast drying(1kg of sample) was the most effective methods, which completed in three hours. Also, the drying method demonstrated a typical drying curve ; settling down, constant rate drying and falling rate drying period were shown within one hour, from one and three hours and after three hours, respectively. Moreover, there was significant variation in the constant drying period for the quality of soybean curd residue.

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A Study on Development of Menus for Daily Intake of 25g Soybean Protein and Nutrition Analysis of Soybean Food (하루 콩단백질 25g 섭취를 위한 메뉴작성 및 영양성분 분석)

  • 한재숙;김정애;서봉순;이연정;서향순;조연숙;한경필;이신정;오옥희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.107-122
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to develop menus for daily intake of 25g soybean protein and to analyse nutrients of these foods. Analytical values were compared to the theoretical one using the flood composition table and recommended dietary allowances for Koreans (7th revision). The results are as follows. 1. Soybean curd residue stew, Soybean curd, Kimchi saute, and hard boiled soybean and lotus root were selected for the menu for January, of which the content of soy bean protein(SBP) was 33.1g, soybean stew, soybean curd and soybean sprout saute, and Italian deep fried soybean curd were fur February, of which the content of SBP was 35.0g. The content of SBP in soybean paste soup with soybean curd, fried soybean curd and fried soybean curd roll, the menu for March, was 24.9g. That of April were soybean curd gratin with soymilk, soybean curd and ham with garlic dressing and the content of SBP was 26.3g. That of May were soybean porridge, soybean flour cake with honey (Dasik), soybean sprout soup and the content of SBP was 26.7g. That of June were soymilk, pan-fried soybean curd, steamed soybean curd with chicken and the content of SBP was 28.4g. That of July were noodle with soymilk, mapatofu, soybean curd salad and the content of SBP was 24.7g. That of August were soybean sprout with mustard dressing, Tossed green pepper with raw soybean flour, Tofu and Kimchi stew, soybean curd steak and the content of SBP was 26.2g. That of September were Chinese cabbage soup with raw soybean flour, sweet and sour tofu and the content of SBP was 23.2g. That of Oct. were Fermented soybean stew, soybean pan cake and the content of SBP was 24.3g. That of November were not-pressed soybean curd casserole, pan-fried mashed soybean curd with egg, stir frying deep-fried soybean curd with vegetables and the content of SBP was 22.4g. That of December were soybean curd and mushroom casserole, fried soybean curd and vegetables, hard boiled soybean curd and the content of SBP was 28.9g. 2. The ratio of the analytical value over theoretical value (A/B%) of one serving in kcal, carbohydrate, protein, fat ash and dietary fiber were 57.7~107.7% 42.9~131.9%, 79.2~118.3%, 54.5~ 100%, 40.7~80.8% and 42.1~113.2%, respectively.

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Effects of Various Concentrations of Natural Materials on the Manufacturing of Soybean Curd (첨가농도를 달리한 천연물첨가 두부의 제조특성)

  • Choi, You-One;Chung, Hun-Sik;Youn, Kwang-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.256-261
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    • 2000
  • Carrot, cucumber, spinach which contain carotenoid and chlorophyll pigment, and green tea which contain catechin were selected to natural materials. Although the yield of soybean curd with added natural materials were below than non-added soybean curd. Also, the additive natural materials in the soybean curd had no effect to the texture in soybean curd. The optimum concentration of added natural materials were high acceptability opposed to the non-containing soybean curd. The optimum concentration of added natural materials soybean curds was obtained : 4% of carrot, 10% of cucumber, 1.0% of spinach and 0.05% of green tea powder. And soybean curd with spinach and green tea addition had a longer shelf life because it prevented growing of bacteria in the early stage. Therefore, it could be possible to prevent the deterioration of soybean curd with added natural materials.

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The Characteristic Changes of Soybean Curds by Addition of Several Types of Protein (여러가지 단백질 첨가로 인한 두부의 특성변화)

  • Pyun, Jin-Won;Hwang, In-Kyeong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 1990
  • This study was conducted to compare the characteristics of the ordinary soybean curd and 3 protein-adding soybean curds (soy protein, casein, gelatin). The sensory evaluation, textural analysis by Instron Universal Testing Machine & the microstructure analysis by SEM for 4 soybean curds were carried out. The results were as follows: 1. In sensory evaluation. 1) The differentiation of soybean curds was greatly explained by `hardness in mouth' through ANOVA test. 2) Discriminant analysis showed that the properties of casein soybean curd were different from those of other three soybean curds by discriminant function I, and the properties of soy protein soybean curd were slightly different from those of ordinary and gelatin soybean curds by discriminant function II. 2. In textural analysis by Instron, protein-adding soybean curds showed significantly lower hardness than ordinary soybean curd. 3. In microstructure analysis by SEM, soy protein soybean curd showed regular, good honeycomb-like network structure and other soybean curds showed lumpy network. The structure of gelatin soybean curd was slightly similar to that of ordinary soybean curd.

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Isoflavone Contents and Antioxidative Effects of Soybeans, Soybean Curd and their By-Products (콩, 두부 및 두부부산물중의 Isoflavone함량 및 항산화효과)

  • 배은아;권태완;문갑순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.371-375
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    • 1997
  • The content of genistein and daidzein which were known to be major antioxidative compounds in soybeans were detected by $C_{18}$ reverse phase HPLC. Most of isoflavones in soybeans were detected in the methanol extract but much less amount of isoflavones in the water extract. Among the four different kind of soybeans, the isoflavone content was highest in brown soybean, followed by yellow, small black and black soybean, in the order. These isoflavones were known to be soluble in hot water, which means transfer of isoflavone content was highest in brown soybean, followed by yellow, small black and black soybean, in the order. These isoflavones were known to be soluble in hot water, which means transfer of isoflavones in soy curd into whey during soy curd processing. To identify the change of isoflavone content during processing of soybean curd, soybean curd were made from yellow, brown and black soybean and isoflavone content were determined in each soybean curd, curd residue and whey. Most of soflavones were remained in the whey, it means most of useful antioxidative compounds were wasted. Thus, it is necessary to develop new technology to collect these isoflavones lost during soybean curd processing.

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Prediction of the Freshness for Soybean Curd by the Electronic Nose in the Fluctuating Temperature Condition

  • Youn, Aye-Ree;Noh, Bong-Soo
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.437-439
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    • 2005
  • Freshness of stored soybean curd as sensitivity ($R_{gas}/R_{air}$) was evaluated at 48-50 hr intervals using electronic nose at regular sequential square-wave temperatures between $4\;-\;10^{\circ}C$. Obtained kinetic data from apparent first principal component score $(PC1)_{app}$ and storage time were used for prediction of freshness. Percentage difference between predicted and actual values of stored soybean curd was less than 8.9% under fluctuating temperature condition.

Quality Characteristics of Topokki dduk With Respect to Added Whole Soybean Curd (Chun-Tofu) by Different Storage Time (전두부를 첨가하여 제조한 떡볶이용 떡의 저장시간에 따른 품질특성)

  • Lee, Joon-Kyoung;Jeong, Jie-Hye;Lim, Jae-Kag
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.111-121
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics of Garaedduk with regard to the amount of added whole soybean curd (Chun-Tofu). Whole soybean curd was added in amounts of 0, 3, 6 and 9%. Whole soybean curd Topokki dduk was stored at room temperature for 48 hours. The moisture contents had no significant difference for increases in the amount of whole soybean curd. The L value and b values of Garaedduk increased significantly with increases in the amount of whole soybean curd. Texture characteristics of Garaedduk measured with a texture analyzer revealed that hardness and cohesiveness decreased significantly for different amounts of whole soybean curd, and hardness increased significantly and cohesiveness and chewiness decreased with increase of storage time. As for sensory characteristics, samples with 9% added whole soybean curd rated higher in overall acceptability compared with other samples. In regard to cooking properties, water absorption increased and solid contents decreased with increases in the amount of whole soybean curd. Therefore, Garaedduk containing 9% whole soybean curd was most preferable.

Studies on Quality Characteristics and Shelf-life of Chlorella Soybean Curd (Tofu) (클로렐라를 첨가하여 제조한 두부의 품질특성과 저장성)

  • Kim, Sung-Sook;Park, Min-Kyung;Oh, Nam-Soon;Kim, Dong-Chung;Han, Min-Su;In, Man-Jin
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.12-15
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    • 2003
  • The effect of chlorella addition on quality and shelf-life of soybean curd was investigated. The yield of chlorella soybean curd was the highest with 1.0% (w/w) chlorella addition. Hardness, gumminess, and chewiness of chlorella soybean curd increased, whereas Hunters color values decreased in proportion to amount of chlorella added. No significant differences were observed between the sensory properties of chlorella and ordinary soybean curds. Microbial counts of soybean curd stored in sterilized distilled water as tofu-immersion solution increased, whereas pH decreased during storage at $15^{\circ}C$. After 5 days storage, microbial counts of the soybean curds containing 0.5 and 1.O% chlorella were lower than that of the ordinary soybean curd. These results imply that chlorella is a useful additive to suppress the proliferation of aerobic microorganism in soybean curd at the optimal concentration of chlorella around 1%.

Changes in Isoflavone Content and Mass Balance During Soybean Processing

  • Han, Jin-Suk;Hong, Hee-Do;Kim, Sung-Ran
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.426-433
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    • 2007
  • We analyzed the isoflavone content of domestic soybeans during steaming, boiling, fermentation, germinating cultivation, fermentation, and soybean curd production. The isoflavone content of the beans was reduced by steaming and boiling, and overall reductions ranging from 16.0 to 65.0% of initial isoflavone values were detected. After 4 days of germinating cultivation, the total isoflavones of Eunhakong increased from 1,341 to $2,017\;{\mu}g/g$ and the total isoflavones of Guinunikong increased from 1,284 to $1,535\;{\mu}g/g$. The isoflavone content of the vinegar beans produced from Hwangkeumkong and Black No.1 increased from 1,877 to $1,956\;{\mu}g/g$, and from 885 to $1,956\;{\mu}g/g$ after 8 days of immersion in 4% acetic acid, respectively. During soybean curd production, significant amounts of isoflavones were lost in the whey (30-31 %) and soybean curd residue (15-20%). Only 37.4% of the isoflavones present in the original soybeans remained in the soybean curd with the hot extraction method, and 50.7% of them with the cold extraction method. Soybean curd prepared with whole soybean method, however, retained 80.7% of the initial isoflavones.