• Title/Summary/Keyword: soybean curd

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Physical and Sensory Properties of Bean-Curd Sulgidduk with Dried Nonglutinous Rice Flour (시판 건조 쌀가루를 활용한 두부설기의 물리적.관능적 특성)

  • Kim, Ok-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.649-656
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    • 2011
  • In this study, we made Sulgidduk with commercialized dried nonglutinous rice flour and different levels of soybean curd. For physical properties of the bean curd-Sulgidduk, its water content was increased significantly with a growing addition of soybean curd. In chromaticity, its L value(brightness) and a value(redness) were decreased significantly with more bean curd while b value(yellowness) went up in Sulgidduk with a large amount of rice flour but went down significantly in the Sulgidduk with a small amount of it. Its hardness of texture was found to be the highest in the Sulgidduk with the most dried nonglutinous rice flour and it tended to be higher with more rice flour and less soybean curd. For cohesiveness, it was recorded to be the highest in the Sulgidduk without soybean curd and showed a tendency of decreasing by adding the bean curd but increased later significantly. In addition, its springiness and brittleness became larger with addition of more dried nonglutinous rice flour. From these results, the best ratio of the bean curd-Sulgidduk to increase nutrition and absorption and to satisfy physical and sensory properties, was 420 g to 500 g of soybean curd to dried nonglutinous rice flour. Moreover, it was considered to decline the calorie of Sulgidduk by adding soybean curd as a material and to contribute to its commercialization by extending storage and preservation time of soybean curd with a short expiration date.

Physicochemical Characteristics of Soybeans Cultivated in Different Regions and the Accompanying Soybean Curd Properties (국내 산지별 대두와 이를 이용한 두부의 이화학적 특성 분석)

  • Seo, Yu-Jin;Kim, Min-Kyoung;Lee, Seul;Hwang, In-Kyeong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.441-449
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the physicochemical characteristics of soybeans cultivated in different regions and the accompanying soybean curd properties. To produce soybeans with regional competitiveness and demonstrate the distinctiveness of the soybean product, four regions(Paju, Andong, Muju, Hadong) and four varieties of soybean(Daewonkong, Daepungkong, Seonyukong, Cheogja 2) were selected for these experiments. There was a significant difference in the isoflavone content of soybeans and soybean curds(p<0.05). Soybeans from Andong had the highest content of genistein, daidzein and total isoflavone and soybeans from Hadong had the lowest content of these compound. Fatty acid composition of soybeans demonstrated a significant difference according to region(p<0.05). In particular, soybeans grown under adverse environmental conditions, such as high temperature and low latitude, contained the highest composition of oleic acid and the lowest composition of linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Although fatty acid content of soybean curd had a third of the fatty acid concentration of soybean, the same characteristic was observed in the fatty acid composition of soybean curd. In addition, both soybean and soybean curd had more than 80% unsaturated fatty acids and 50% of the unsaturated fatty acid content was linoleic acid. In conclusion, these results demonstrate the significant difference of soybean and soybean curd originating from different regions and showed the transition of nutritional constituents from soybean to soybean curd as a function of environmental factors. Therefore, we must consider these factors when manufacturing soy products.

Effects of Garlic Addition on Quality and Storage Characteristics of Soybean Curd (Tofu) (마늘의 첨가가 두부의 품질과 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Yeon-Joo;Nam, Young-Lan;Jeon, Byung-Rog;Oh, Nam-Soon;In, Man-Jin
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.329-332
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    • 2003
  • The effect of garlic addition on quality and shelf-life of soybean curd was investigated. The yield of garlic soybean curd slightly decreased in proportion to amount of garlic added. In the case of texture, hardness of the garlic soybean curd increased when $5{\sim}10%$ garlic was added, whereas hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, springiness and chewiness significantly decreased in the case of 20% garlic added. Microbial counts of soybean curd stored in sterilized distilled water as tofu-immersion solution increased, whereas pH decreased during storage at $15^{\sim}C$. During all storage periods, microbial counts of the soybean curds containing garlic were always lower than that of the ordinary soybean curd. These results imply that garlic is a useful additive in suppressing the proliferation of aerobic microorganism and has a potential use in extending the shelf-life of soybean curd. According to yield, textural properties and shelf-life data, the suitable concentration of garlic was around $5{\sim}10%$.

Effect of Chitosan-Soybean Curd on Serum Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed High-Fat Diet (키토산 두부가 고지질 식이를 급여한 흰쥐의 혈청 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 노홍균;백경연;김석중
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.1078-1083
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    • 2002
  • Effects of chitosan-soybean curd (prepared using chitosan as a coagulant), commercial soybean curd and chitosan powder on serum lipid metabolism were investigated with rats fed high-fat diet for 6 weeks. Food intake of experimental groups fed high-fat (HF), chitosan-soybean curd (CSC), soybean curd (SC), or chitosan powder (CP)diet was lower compared to t]tat of normal group. Body weight gain was lower in rats fed the CSC, SC and CP diets than in rats fed the HF diet. There was no significant difference in total cholesterol concentration among all groups, but HDL-cholesterol concentration was higher and LDL-cholesterol concentration was lower in rats fed the CSC, SC, CP diets than in rats fed the HF diet. Total lipid level was lower in rats fed the SC and CP diets than in rats fed the HF diet. Increment of triglyceride level and decrement of phospholipid level in rats fed the HF diet were recovered significantly by the CSC, SC and Cf diet. Our results indicate that chitosan-soybean curd prepared under the commercial processing condition may provide the beneficial effect on lipid metabolism even though its effect didn't show any significant difference compared to that of commercial soybean curd under the present experimental conditions.

Improvement on Storage Stability of Soybean Curd using Cuttle Bone Powder Treated with Acetic Acid (유기산처리 갑오징어갑을 이용한 두부의 저장성 개선)

  • Kim, Jin-Soo;Cho, Moon-Lae;Heu, Min-Soo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2003
  • Storage stabilities of soybean curds using cuttle bone powder treated with acetic acid (ATC-soybean curd) and calcium chloride (calcium chloride-soybean curd) as a coagulants were examined. The pH, turbidity of soaking solution, titratable acidity, and viable cell counts of calcium chloride-soybean curd did not change up to 6 days of storage, then decreased rapidly in pH and turbidity and increased rapidly in titratable acidity and viable cell counts, whereas those of ATC-soybean curd did not change up to 9 days of storage, then decreased slowly in pH and turbidity and increased slowly in titratable acidity and viable cell counts. Regardless of coagulants and storage period, white index of soybean curds did not change during cold storage. Hardness and brittleness of calcium chloride-soybean curd decreased rapidly up to 3 days in of storage, remained stable from 3 days to 6 days, then decreased rapidly. Hardness and brittleness of ATC-soybean curd also decreased rapidly up to 3 days in of storage and remained stable from 3 to 9 days, but then decreased slowly. Regardless of coagulants, results of sensory evaluation were similar to those of physicochemical tests. Judging from the above results, shelf-lives were determined as 9 and 6 days for ATC- and calcium chloride-soybean curds, respectively.

Characteristics of Shelf-life of Soybean Curd by Electronic Noses - Using PCA and cluster analysis (전자코를 이용한 두부의 저장특성 분석 주성분 분석과 군집분석을 이용하여 -)

  • 김성민;노봉수
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.241-248
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    • 2002
  • An electronic noses system including six metal oxide sensors was used to predict the characteristics of shelf-life of soybean curd. Soybean curd was stored at two different temperatures defined as low temperature(5$\^{C}$) and high temperature(25$\^{C}$). Resistance changes of the sensors were measured 13 times for 19 days at low temperature and 19 times for 120 hours at high temperature. Three different analytical methods such as graphical analysis(GA), principal component analysis(PCA), and cluster analysis(CA) were used to analyze sensors outputs. The ratio of resistance was decreased according to increasement of shelf-life. Using PCA it was possible to predict freshness and shelf-life time of soybean curds. Also, using CA it was possible to simplify an electronic nose system. Electronic nose system could be an efficient method to predict shelf-life and to evaluate quality in foods.

Comparison of Soybean Varieties for Yield, Chemical and Sensory Properties of Soybean Curds (콩 품종에 따른 두부의 수율 및 화학적, 관능적 특성의 비교)

  • Chang, Cheon-Il;Lee, Jung-Kun;Ku, Kyung-Hyung;Kim, Woo-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.439-444
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    • 1990
  • Fourteen varieties of soybeans grown in Korea were investigated for their chemical composition, yields and organoleptic properties of soybean curd. The soybean curd was prepared by soaking, grinding and heating of soybeans followed by filtration, coagulation with $CaSO_4$ and pressing. The proximate analysis showed that soybean curd had the moisture content of $75.0{\sim}82.0%\;and\;48.6{\sim}56.1%\;protein,\;14.8{\sim}40.4%\;lipids\;and\;6.4{\sim}26.8%$ carbohydrate by dry weight basis. The yield of volume total solids and protein from 100g of soybeans were $182.2{\sim}227.5cm^3,\;42.65{\sim}55.60%\;and\; 57.90{\sim}76.50%$, respectively. Among the 14 varieties, the highest volume yield was obtained from Suwon-141 which has the highest contents of moisture, carbohydrate and the lowest in lipids of soybean curd. The curd prepared with Baegun and Jangyeob contained relatively low values in moisture, protein and carbohydrate and yielded the lowest in volume yield. Therefor moisture, protein and carbohydrate contents in soybean curd affected greatly on volume yield. The organoleptic properties of odor and taste couldn't find any significant relationship with chemical composition of soybean curd eventhough there were some difference in their intensities among varieties.

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Preparation and Shelf-life of Soybean Curd Coagulated by Fruit Juice of Schizandra chinensis RUPRECHT(Omija) and Prunus mume(maesil) (오미자즙과 매실즙을 이용한 두부제조 및 저장)

  • Jung, Gi-Tai;Ju, In-Ok;Choi, Joung-Sik;Hong, Jae-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.1087-1092
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    • 2000
  • Traditional food soybean curd was prepared using the fresh fruit juice of Schizandra chinensis RUPRECHT(Omija) and Prunus mume(maesil), and investigated the optimal preparative conditions(water addition ratio, heating time of mashed soybean and fresh fruit juice concentration), physical properties, sensory evaluation and shelf-life. Soybean curd coagulated with 0.9% Omija juice showed the highest yield at $85^{\circ}C$, 12.5 times water addition and 5 min heating. For soybean curd coagulated with 1.5% Maesil juice showed the highest yield at $85^{\circ}C$, 10 times water addition and 5 min heating. The physical properties (hardness, adhesiveness, chewiness and gumminess) of soybean curd coagulated with juices of Omija and Maesil showed lower values for hardness, adhesiveness, chewiness and gumminess. However sensory scores of both were evaluated higher than those of coagulated with $CaSO_4$. The shelf-life of soybean curd prepared from Omija and Masil juices and then soaked in 0.1% acetic acid was better than that of coagulated with $CaSO_4$ or soaked in distilled water.

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Preparation and Characteristics of Soybean Curd Using Cuttle Bone Powder Treated with Acetic Acid (유기산처리 갑오징어갑 분말을 이용한 두부의 제조 및 특성)

  • Kim, Jin-Soo;Cho, Moon-Lae;Heu, Min-Soo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2003
  • Soybean curd was prepared using cuttlebone powder treated with acetic acid (ATC), and its characteristics were determined. Soybean protein was coagulated by adding calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, and ATC at 0.7, 1.2, and 0.9%, respectively, or higher. Yield, white index, texture, and sensory evaluations revealed the optimal concentration of ATC for preparation of soybean curd was 2.0% of total soybean weight. The proximate compositions of soybean curd prepared by adding 2.O% ATC were 75.9%, 12.6%, 1.9%, 5.3%, 6.60, and $1.0×10^4$ CFU/g in for moisture, crude protein, crude ash, crude lipid, pH, and viable cell count, respectively. Although white index and mineral content of both soybean curds were similar, texture of ATC-prepared soybean curd was superior to that of soybean curd prepared with 1.5% calcium chloride.

Quality Characteristics of Soybean Curd With Omija Extract (오미자 추출물을 첨가한 두부의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Jwa-Suk;Choi, Sun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2008
  • This study used Omija extract as a natural congelation to compare and analyze soybean curd's physicochemical and sensory quality characteristics in order to improve functional benefits and taste of soybean curd. When Omija extract concentration increased, protein content went up considerably while crude fat and yield significantly decreased. In the pH change, the group with Omija extract were lower than control and the change was not much noticeable but slightly checked as the storage period was extended. The turbidity tended to increase as the storage period was longer. In the acidity change, the group with 0.5% Omija extract showed rapid increase on the 4th day after starting storage, and it can be interpreted that decomposition started at the moment. As the storage period was extended, brightness and yellowness remarkably decreased and redness considerably enhanced: higher concentration Omija extract worked to decreased brightness and to increase yellowness and redness. In accordance with the storage period, hardness, brittleness and gumminess increased and springness decreased, but there was no considerable change in cohesiveness: in accordance with the concentration, hardness, brittleness and gumminess significantly increased, but there was no considerable change in cohesiveness. In terms of sensory quality, the group with 1% of Omija extract showed the best appearance, flavor, taste and after swallowing results. The group with 1% Omija extract was the most preferred, $4.89{\pm}0.32$ in the overall preference. In conclusion, adding Omija extract can improve soybean curd's physicochemical and sensory quality characteristics. Moreover, the extracts can be expected to play an important role in encouraging Omija's value and widening its appliances to various food.