• Title, Summary, Keyword: soybean sprout

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Variation of β-carotene Concentration in Soybean Seed and Sprout

  • Kang, Eun-Young;Kim, Eun-Hye;Chung, Ill-Min;Ahn, Joung-Kuk
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.57 no.4
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    • pp.324-330
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    • 2012
  • In this study, ${\beta}$-carotene concentrations was determined in soybean cultivar according to seed size, usage, seed coat color and cotyledon color as well as the process of seed germination. The total average concentration of ${\beta}$-carotene was $6.6{\mu}g/g$ in soybean seed, $33.3{\mu}g/g$ in soybean sprout. According to seed size, the total ${\beta}$-carotene concentration of soybean was $6.9{\mu}g/g$ in large soybean seed, $6.7{\mu}g/g$ in medium soybean seed, and $6.31{\mu}g/g$ in small soybean seed. In soybean sprout, the total ${\beta}$-carotene concentration was $21.4{\mu}g/g$ in large soybean sprout, $30.5{\mu}g/g$ in medium soybean sprout, and $43.5{\mu}g/g$ in small soybean sprout. According to the utilization of seed, the total ${\beta}$-carotene concentration of soybean seed was $7.2{\mu}g/g$ in cooked with rice soybean seed, $6.1{\mu}g/g$ in paste and curd soybean seed, and $6.3{\mu}g/g$ in sprout soybean seed. In soybean sprout, the total ${\beta}$-carotene concentration was $25.9{\mu}g/g$ in cooked with rice soybean sprout, $32.4{\mu}g/g$ in paste and curd soybean sprout, and $41.9{\mu}g/g$ in sprout soybean sprout. When comparison with seed coat color, the total ${\beta}$-carotene concentration of soybean with brown seed coat ($8.8{\mu}g/g$) was slightly higher than those of soybean with yellow ($6.1{\mu}g/g$). In soybean sprout, the total ${\beta}$-carotene concentration was $21.8{\mu}g/g$ in black seed coat sprout, $38.7{\mu}g/g$ in brown seed coat sprout, $34.1{\mu}g/g$ in green seed coat sprout, $39.5{\mu}g/g$ in yellow seed coat sprout, and $30.5{\mu}g/g$ in mottle seed coat sprout. The results of this study suggested the functional characteristics of soybean through quantitative analysis of ${\beta}$-carotene.

Occurrence of Bacterial Soft Rot of Soybean Sprout Caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora에 의한 콩나물 무름병 발생)

  • 박종철;송완엽;김형무
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.13-17
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    • 1997
  • A causal agent of bacterial soft rot occurring in soybean sprout cultivation in Korea was isolated and identified, and its incidence in several sprout-soybean cultivars was examined. Infected soybean seeds became light brown and whitish, and could not germinate until 3 days after seeding, accompanying rotting of soybean seeds and sprouts. The causal organism isolated from the rotten seeds and sprouts was identified as Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora on the basis of its pathogenicity, morphological and physiological characteristics and the results of the Biolog GN microplate test program. The bacterial soft rot by E. c. subsp. carotovora was firstly described in soybean sprout in Korea, and we name it“the bacterial soft rot of soybean sprout”. The disease occurred more frequently in Nam-hae and Fu-reun sprout-soybean cultivars than in Eun-ha, So-baek, and Ik-san cultivars.

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Growth Characteristics and Germanium Absorption of Soybean Sprout Cultured with the Aqueous Solution of Organogermanium (유기게르마늄 수용액으로 재배된 콩나물의 생육특성과 게르마늄 흡수량)

  • Rim, Yo-Sup;Jeong, Jae-Hun;Han, Seong-Soo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 1996
  • In order to cultivate the soybean sprout fortified with organogermanium, we observed growth characteristics and germanium content of soybean sprout watered with the aqueous organogermanium, Ge-132[bis(2-Carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide)]. Soybean sprout did not show difference in growth when treated with different times and frequencies of organogermanium or different types of germanium. Growth of Orialtae soybean sprout was smaller in diameter of hypocotyledonary axis and longer in total length than that of Danyeob soybean sprout. Three hour's soaking was better in growth than half an boar's treatment. Germanium absorbed by soybean sprout was greater in content in Danyeob soybean sprout than in Orialtae soybean sprout and highest at 20 ppm in water. Prolonged period and increased frequency in treatments with organic germanium resulted in increase of germanium uptake. Germanium content in soybean sprout was greater with treatment of organic germanium than with inorganic germanium.

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Antioxidative and Amylase Activity of Soybean Sprouts by Treatment of Green Tea Water Extract (녹차 물 추출액으로 재배한 콩나물의 항산화성 및 효소 활성도)

  • Kim Kum-Suk;Jung Su-Young;Chung Jong-Gab;Shin Mee-Kyung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.447-452
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    • 2006
  • This study examined the growth and sensory characteristics of soybean sprout cultured at 25$\pm$1$^{\circ}C$ for 4 days with distilled water control and green tea extracted water (0.03% and 0.05%). The proximate composition of soybean sprout in the green-tea water was better than that of the control in ash, protein and fat, while the soybean sprout was especially higher in 0.05% green-tea water. The contents of vitamin C and $\beta$-carotene were higher in soybean sprout in green-tea water than the control. The total free amino acids composition of soybean sprout in green-tea water was better than that of the control, with the highest being obtained in soybean sprout in 0.03% green-tea water. Antioxidative activity was assayed by DPPH radical scavenging ability with spectrophotometer at 514 nm. The soybean sprout in green-tea water was higher than control. The amylase activity of the soybean sprout increased steadily during the first 4 days and that of the control was higher than soybean sprout in green-tea water. The proteinase of soybean sprout steadily increased during 4 day culture. Furthermore, the proteinase activity of soybean sprout in green-tea water was higher than that of the control up to 2 days. Whereas after 3 days, it was the highest in 0.03% green-tea water and then decreased remarkably in 0.05% green-tea water.

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Comparative Study on Growth of Spoilage Microorganisms in Mungbean and Soybean Sprout (숙주나물과 콩나물에 대한 부패성 미생물의 증식 양상 비교)

  • 유미지;김용석;신동화
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to investigate effect of mungbean sprout and soybean sprout against the growth of spoilage microorganism (Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas fluorescens, and Listeria monocytogenes). After blanching at different conditions, the viable cells of the spoilage microorganisms were increased with storage time, but the viable cells were almost same after treating with either mungbean sprout or soybean sprout. The viable cell population in minimal broth treated with filtrate of mungbean sprout was higher than that of soybean sprout after 24 hr. However, the growth of spoilage microorganism in filtrate of mungbean sprout and soybean sprout was depending upon strain type. During incubation for 72 hr at $25^{\circ}C$, the color change of mungbean sprout was appeared moderately, but in soybean sprout it was appeared clearly at 24 hr. These results indicate that the effect of mungbean sprout and soybean sprout against growth of spoilage microorganism was not different.

Comparison of Antioxidant Activities in Soybean Sprout according to Preparation and Cooking Process (조리과정 중 콩나물의 항산화 활성 비교)

  • Park, Cho-Hee;Kim, Kyoung-Hee;Yook, Hong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.397-403
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to investigate extract, total phenolic compounds, total flavonoid compounds, free radical scavenging activities (DPPH assay, ABTS assay), and reducing power (Oyaizu's assay, FRAP assay) of soybean sprout according to cooking process (non-blanched, blanched, seasoned). This research was carried out in order to demonstrate the superiority of Korean traditional cooking methods 'Namul'. Soybean sprout sample extracts were prepared using 80% ethanol extraction. Extract yield of non-blanched soybean sprout was 1.42% while that of blanched soybean sprout was 0.65%. On the other hand, the yield of seasoned soybean sprout was 6.50%. Total contents of phenolic compound and total flavonoid seasoned soybean sprout were $79.52{\pm}1.41$ mg GAE/100 g FW (fresh weight) and $6.21{\pm}0.16$ mg CE/100 g FW, respectively. Seasoned soybean sprout extracts showed higher contents compared to non-blanched and blanched sprout extracts. Total antioxidant activities were in the order of seasoned soybean sprout > non-blanched soybean sprout > blanched soybean sprout. The overall results of this study demonstrate that cooked soybean sprout by seasoning would be the most efficient way to ingest antioxidant compounds.

Effects of Heat Treatment on the Dietary Fiber Contents of Soybean sprout and Spinach (가열처리에 의한 콩나물과 시금치의 식이섬유 함량변화)

  • Lee, Eun-Young;Kim, Young-A
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.381-385
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    • 1994
  • The dietary fiber contents of soybean sprout and spinach were changed by heat treatment. Before heat treatment, soybean sprout and spinach had larger amount of insoluble dietary fiber than soluble, and similar proportions of insoluble v/s soluble dietary fibers. After heat treatment, the value of insoluble dietary fiber of soybean sprout and spinach was increased significantly, except for microwave heating short time treatment. It is believed that the increment of insoluble dietary fiber is due to Maillard reaction products and resistant starch after heat treatment. The change of soluble dietary fiber contents of soybean sprout and spinach were not consistent in heat treatment. It is supposed that some soluble dietary fiber was destroyed by heat treatment, and some insoluble dietary fiber was hydrolysed or destroyed to be soluble. Total dietary fiber of soybean sprout and spinach was significantly incereased by all heat treatment, except for microwave heating short time of spinach.

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Population Density Changes of Bacteria Causing Soybean Sprout Rot on Soybean Pods (콩 꼬투리에서 서식하는 세균 및 콩나물 부패균의 밀도 변화)

  • 이은정;한광섭;심명용;최재을
    • Plant Disease and Agriculture
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 1999
  • Bacterial population densities on soybean pods from Chungnam province ranges 105~106 CFU/$\textrm{cm}^2$, whereas those of bacteria causing sprout rot ranged 0~103 CFU/$\textrm{cm}^2$. Erwinia chrysanthemi, Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines, Staphylococcus sp., and Micrococcus sp. were identified as pathogenic bacteria causing soybean sprout rot. The population density of X. campestris pv. glycines was higher than those of other bacteria.

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Comparison in Isoflavone Contents between Soybean and Soybean Sprouts of Various Soybean Cultivas (대두 및 콩나물 부위별 Isoflavones 함량 비교)

  • 김은미;이경진;지규만
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2004
  • In this study, isoflavone (genistein, genistin, daidzein, daidzin) contents in various parts of twelve soybean cultivars and three soy sprouts were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with UV detector. Three cultivars of soybean were selected and cultured in the lab to produce sprout for five days. Total isoflavone (Total IF) varied greatly among differnt breeds of soybean in range of 99 - 649.9 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g and 522.3 - 1,277.7 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g respectively, domestic and foreign cultivars. There were greatly difference in total IF of various parts of the soybean sprouts. Sprout from the Myunjunamul-kong appeared to have 69% genistein and 22% genistin in head part, and 30% and 62% of daidzin and daidzein, respectively, in root. Meanwhile, the sprouts from Junjori contains most (84%) of daidzein in its root. Sprout from chinese black-soybean had the largest amount of genistein among the sprouts but, there were no differences in the average genistein content between three selected black and non-black soys. The glycosidic form of IF were dominant compared to aglycone forms both in soybean and sprouts by 24 times and 12 times, respectively, suggesting that during the sprouts cultivation glycosidic forms could change to aglycone forms. There are no difference in total content between genistein + genistin and daidzein + daidzin in soy and soy sprout. Therfore, considering the total IF contents, the intake of 1 soy sprout is similer to 1.5 times as soybean.

Effects of Chitosan on Production and Rot Control of Soybean Sprouts

  • Lee, Young-Sang;Kang, Chang-Sung;Lee, Yong-Sun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.368-372
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    • 1999
  • The practicality of utilizing chitosan as a natural antimicrobial compound to reduce soybean sprout rot was tested. Domestic and imported soybean seeds were soaked for 6 hours in solutions containing different levels of chitosan and acetic acid (glacial), and cultured at $25^{\circ}C$ for 6 days. In case of domestic seeds, soaking with 1,000ppm chitosan increased germination percentage, hypocotyl thickness, total length, and fresh weight of sprouts by 4%, 5%, 2%, and 1%, respectively. The total sprout yield was increased by chitosan in a concentration-dependent manner in that 1,000ppm chitosan resulted in 8% increment of total yield (7.47kg sprouts/kg seed). Chitosan significantly reduced sprout rot percentage to 7.0% compared to control (13.8%), and consequently enhanced marketable sprout yield by 39%. Compared to domestic seeds, the imported soybean seeds exhibited very low germination percentage regardless of chitosan treatments. Chitosan, nevertheless, consistently induced yield increment and rot decrement in imported soybean sprouts. Although 100ppm acetic acid was effective in reducing sprout rot percentage down to 11.8%, its yield-increasing effects were not as prominent as chitosan. In conclusion, soaking soybean seeds with chitosan seems to be a practical method to enhance the efficiency of soybean sprout production.

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