• Title, Summary, Keyword: specialty rice

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The Impact of Experience Factors on Brand Attitude and Revisit Intention in Rice Cake Specialty Shop (떡 전문점에서의 체험요소가 브랜드 태도 및 재방문 의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Kyung-Ai;Lee, Jae-Dong;Kim, So-Ah
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of experience factors on brand attitude and revisit intention in cakes specialty shop. The result showed that among experience factors in rice cake specialty shop, educational experience factor and aesthetic experience factor had influence on both brand attitude and revisit intention, and entertainment experience factor had only influence on revisit intention. Also, brand attitude had significant influence on revisit intention. It was confirmed that experience activities in marketing of traditional food such as rice cakes are significant marketing activities, and educational experience factor and aesthetic experience factor have high correlated each other. On the other hand, entertainment experience factor is in lack relatively, which is due to the complexity of the traditional food manufacturing, and future improvements about this needs to be required. This study was to identify marketing significance of experience factors in rice cake specialty shop and to verify the necessity and effectiveness for spreading vigorous marketing in a variety of traditional food fields through this opportunity.

Locating QTLs controlling overwintering seedling rate in perennial glutinous rice 89-1 (Oryza sativa L.)

  • Deng, Xiaoshu;Gan, Lu;Liu, Yan;Luo, Ancai;Jin, Liang;Chen, Jiao;Tang, Ruyu;Lei, Lixia;Tang, Jianghong;Zhang, Jiani;Zhao, Zhengwu
    • Genes and Genomics
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    • v.40 no.12
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    • pp.1351-1361
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    • 2018
  • A new cold tolerant germplasm resource named glutinous rice 89-1 (Gr89-1, Oryza sativa L.) can overwinter using axillary buds, with these buds being ratooned the following year. The overwintering seedling rate (OSR) is an important factor for evaluating cold tolerance. Many quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling cold tolerance at different growth stages in rice have been identified, with some of these QTLs being successfully cloned. However, no QTLs conferring to the OSR trait have been located in the perennial O. sativa L. To identify QTLs associated with OSR and to evaluate cold tolerance. 286 $F_{12}$ recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between the cold tolerant variety Gr89-1 and cold sensitive variety Shuhui527 (SH527) were used. A total of 198 polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers that were distributed uniformly on 12 chromosomes were used to construct the linkage map. The gene ontology (GO) annotation of the major QTL was performed through the rice genome annotation project system. Three main-effect QTLs (qOSR2, qOSR3, and qOSR8) were detected and mapped on chromosomes 2, 3, and 8, respectively. These QTLs were located in the interval of RM14208 (35,160,202 base pairs (bp))-RM208 (35,520,147 bp), RM218 (8,375,236 bp)-RM232 (9,755,778 bp), and RM5891 (24,626,930 bp)-RM23608 (25,355,519 bp), and explained 19.6%, 9.3%, and 11.8% of the phenotypic variations, respectively. The qOSR2 QTL displayed the largest effect, with a logarithm of odds score (LOD) of 5.5. A total of 47 candidate genes on the qOSR2 locus were associated with 219 GO terms. Among these candidate genes, 11 were related to cell membrane, 7 were associated with cold stress, and 3 were involved in response to stress and biotic stimulus. OsPIP1;3 was the only one candidate gene related to stress, biotic stimulus, cold stress, and encoding a cell membrane protein. After QTL mapping, a total of three main-effect QTLs-qOSR2, qOSR3, and qOSR8-were detected on chromosomes 2, 3, and 8, respectively. Among these, qOSR2 explained the highest phenotypic variance. All the QTLs elite traits come from the cold resistance parent Gr89-1. OsPIP1;3 might be a candidate gene of qOSR2.

Some Physiological Activities Observed from Ethanol Extracts of Germinated Specialty Rough Rice

  • Lee, Youn-Ri;Hwang, In-Guk;Woo, Koan-Sik;Kim, Kee-Jong;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.176-181
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    • 2008
  • This study analyzed the some of the physiological activities of 70% ethanol extracts of specialty rough rice ('Goami2', 'Keunnunbyeo', and 'Heugkwangbyeo' rough rice cultivars) before and after germination. The physiological activities of the extracts were analyzed for their inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation, hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging activity, superoxide dismutase-like activity, xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity, and nitrite scavenging effects. The most active rough rice cultivar was 'Heugkwangbyeo' and germinated 'Heugkwangbyeo' rough rice was more effective than ungerminated rough rice, having higher inhibition activity of linoleic acid peroxidation (1.2-fold), hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging activity (1.4-fold), superoxide dismutase-like activity (1.2-fold), and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity (1.1-fold). The nitrite scavenging effect was increased after germination (2.1-fold) and decreased as pH increased. According to the results obtained in this study, 70% ethanol extracts from germinated 'Heugkwangbyeo' rough rice can be used for industrial applications such as the functional food materials.

Antimutagenic Activities of the Germinated Specialty Rices in E. coli and V79 Cultured Cell Assay Systems (E. coli와 V79 배양세포계에서 발아특수미의 항돌연변이 활성)

  • Kang, Mi-Young;Nam, Seok-Hyun
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.222-227
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    • 2005
  • To evaluate the antimutagenic activity of the specialty rices, a giant embryonic rice and a pigmented rice, we measured the inhibitory effect on the chemically induced mutagenesis in E. coli and V79 cultured cell system, as well as on DNA strand scission induced by oxidative damages in vitro. When the inhibitory activity to mitomycin C-induced mutagenesis using SOS chromotest in E. coli cell was measured, the activities decreased in the following order: germinated pigmented rice (40.4%) > germinated giant embryonic rice (37.1%) > pigmented rice (35.5%) > germinated brown rice (15.7%) > giant embryonic rice (14.0%) > brown rice (0.8%). The activities for inhibiting mitomycin C-induced DNA strand scission decreased in the order of pigmented rice > giant embryonic rice > germinated pigmented rice > germinated brown rice > brown rice > germinated giant embryonic rice. We also determined antimutagenic activities of the specialty rices using the suppressing effect on 6-TG resistant colony formation by 4-NQO in V79 cells as a mutagenicity index. The order of antimutagenicity was germinated giant embryonic rice (53.2%) > pigmented rice (40.0%) > brown rice (21.2%) > germinated brown rice (14.4%) > giant embryonic rice (0.23%); in contrast, germinated pigmented rice showed promoting effect on 4-NQO-induced mutagenesis.

Fatty Acids, Amino Acids and Thermal Properties of Specialty Rice Cultivars (특수미 품종의 지방산과 아미노산 조성 및 열적 특성)

  • Choi, In-Duck
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.9
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    • pp.1405-1409
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    • 2010
  • The compositions of fatty acid and amino acid of specialty rice which includes colored rice (Heugjinju, Jeugjinju, Josangheugchalbyeo), flavored rice (Heughyangmi, Hyangmi1), and giant embryo rice (Keunnun) were determined and compared to those of regular rice (Ilpumbyeo, Whaseonchalbyeo). Major fatty acids were linoleic acid (C18:2) and oleic acid (C18:1), which were composed of 75~80% of total fatty acids. Major amino acids were glutamic acid and aspartic acid in most cultivars but Jeugjinju in which cysteine (169.61 nmol) and GABA (129.32 nmol) were the most abundant amino acids. Thermal properties measured by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) revealed that the enthalpy (${\Delta}H$) for starch gelatinization was the highest in Josangheugchalbyeo and Whaseonchalbyeo. It suggests that the starch structure of waxy rice could be more crystallized compared to non-waxy rice, and also that amylopectin could have more impact on starch gelatinization than amylose. The on-set and complete temperature for starch gelatinization were higher in colored rice of Heugjinju and Jeugjinju, and regular rice of Whateonchalbyeo.

Sensory Characteristics of Rice Confections by Descriptive Analysis (묘사분석을 이용한 쌀 과자의 관능적 특성 연구)

  • Jung, Daeun;Yang, Jeong Eun;Chung, Lana
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to determine sensory profiles of rice confections. The samples used in this study obtained from Korea (traditional Korea rice snack and local specialty rice snack) and three countries (USA, Japan, and China) were evaluated and compared. The sensory characteristics of five kinds of rice confections were evaluated using a sensory test and were analyzed via quantitative description analysis (QDA), principal component analysis (PCA), and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). In the descriptive analysis, 10 trained panelists evaluated sensory characteristics consisting of 19 attributes, and there were significant differences (p<0.05) among the 16 characteristics. For the descriptive data, multivariate analysis of variance was carried out and identified differences among the samples. The PCA of rice confections for the first two principal components could explain 85.66% of the variations. The Korean, Japanese, and Chinese rice confections were savory, gritty, and particle-sized, the other Korean local specialty rice confections were fruity, sweet, honey-flavored, compact, and crispy, and those from the USA were glossy, grainy, bright, adhesive, cohesive, crispy, and sweet.

Determination of Selected Antioxidant Compounds in Specialty Rice (여러 가지 특수미의 일부 항산화 성분 분석)

  • Seo, Sun-Jung;Choi, Young-Min;Lee, Sun-Mi;Kim, Kee-Jong;Son, Jong-Rok;Lee, Jun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.499-502
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this study was to determine antioxidant compounds in specialty rice including milled rice, brown rice, red rice, giant embryonic rice, black rice, green rice, and Goami consumed in Korea. The concentrations of total polyphenols (insoluble and soluble polyphenols), phytic acid, and anthocyanin in the samples were measured using spectrophotometric methods and vitamin I analysis was carried out by HPLC. The contents of the total polyphenolic compounds were 565mg/100g for black rice, 405mg/100g for red rice, 140mg/100g for giant embryo rice, 138mg/100g for Goami, 133mg/100g for brown rice, 127mg/100g for green rice, and 66mg/100g for white rice. The black and red rices were significantly high in polyphenolic contents compared with the other rices, apparently due to their intense red-purple color. Black rice, red rice, and Goami showed significantly higher vitamin E and phytic acid contents compared with other rices. Anthocyanins were determined in only black rice (302mg/100g) due to the detection limits of spectrophotometric assay. hlthough vitamin I and anthocyanin contents were relatively lower than polyphenolics among the samples, the specialty rice may contribute to the significant supply of antioxidant compounds to prevent oxidative stress due to the fact that rice is used as a staple food and consumed in large amounts in our diets. The results can be used to increase rice consumption by enhancing consumer awareness on health benefits of the rice.

Quantitative Evaluation on Geographical Indication of Agricultural Specialty Products using Location Quotient (LQ) Index (입지계수를 이용한 지역 농특산물 지리적표시제의 정량적 평가기준 연구)

  • Kim, Solhee;Suh, Kyo;Kim, Yooan;Kim, Chanwoo;Jung, Chanhoon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.61 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2019
  • Using geographical indication, a type of source identification, can effectively promote local specialty agricultural products of superior quality, by identifying the specific geographic location or origin of the produce. Agricultural products can be registered using the geographical indication by describing the product's relation to its geographical origin including the reputation and quality. However, this indication has no objective standards to qualify goods as agricultural specialty products. The purpose of this study is to suggest basic criteria to define the characteristics and criteria of agricultural specialties based on a quantitative evaluation method. To propose this basic standard, we used the proportion of arable land to denote the major production areas and the location quotient (LQ) index to grasp the extent of the specialty of a product. The results show that the average LQ values of registered agricultural products, particularly apples, pears, and garlic, are 3.26, 8.01, and 2.82, respectively. This indicates that they are more specialized than produce from other areas that have not registered for a geographical indication. Low LQ values were found in some areas with registered rice geographical indications, which are also more focused on their historical reputation as the main rice producing areas. Considering the agricultural specialty of products, the recommendation is that the producing proportion should be over 1% of the national scale and over 10% of the province scale, and the LQ value should be over 2.0. This recommendation is not a requirement, but the criteria can prove to be useful in identifying a higher range of specialized agricultural products.

Effects of Moisture and Barrel Temperature of Extrusion Process on Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Specialty Rice Cultivars

  • Choi, In-Duck;Song, Jin;Lee, Choon-Ki;Kim, Kee-Jong;Suh, Sea-Jung;Son, Jong-Rok;Ryu, Gi-Hyung;Kim, Jae-Hyun
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.319-323
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    • 2008
  • Mutant rice cv. Goami2 (G2) and Baegjinjoo (BJJ) derived from a high-quality japonica rice cv. Ilpumbyeo (IP) were extruded under different feed moisture (20 and 30%) and barrel temperature (90, 110, and $130^{\circ}C$). Increasing feed moisture at fixed barrel temperature increased extrudate density (ED) in IP and BJJ. Whereas, G2 showed a varied ED depending on extrusion conditions; increasing barrel temperature decreased the ED of G2 extrudate with low feed moisture, but increased with high moisture. Results indicated a positive barrcl temperature effect on volume expansion in IP and G2, but a negative effect on 811, probably due to shrinkage of expanded products containing low-amylose contents. A significant increase of water absorption was found in G2 and BJJ extruded flour, while an increase of water solubility in those from IP. Non-digestible carbohydrates measured by total dietary fiber (TDF) indicated that extrusion increased slightly TDF in IP and BJJ extrudates, but decreased in G2 products, which might be variety-dependent.

PRESENT STATUS OF RICE PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION IN CHINA

  • Fan, Zhihong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2003
  • China is the largest rice producer in the world, with about 28 million hectares rice-planting area. Most of the rice is consumed domestically as daily staple food, with a small proportion consumed as feed and deep-processed products. The low elastic elasticity and low profit of rice production which hampers the development of the industry, is due to the low quality of rice grain, low processing level and undeveloped rice processing technique. Promotion of high-quality species, effective quality control, adoption of modem Processing techniques, My use of low-quality indica rice, and utilization of specialty rice are considered as priorities in rice industry.

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