• Title, Summary, Keyword: spectra

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A Study on the Tensile Behavior of Spectra Composite with Surface Treatment of Spectra Fibers (스펙트라 섬유의 표면처리에 따른 스펙트라 복합재의 인장특성에 관한 연구)

  • 신동혁;이경엽
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.192-194
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    • 2002
  • We investigated the surface treatment of spectra fibers to improve tensile properties of spectra/vinylester composites. The spectra fibers were surface-treated using $\textrm{Ar}^{+}$ ion beam under oxygen environment. The treatment effect of spectra fibers on the tensile properties of spectra/vinylester composites was determined comparing the residual strength of surface-treated spectra/vinylester composites with that of untreated spectra/vinylester composites. It was found that the residual strength was improved 15% by the surface treatment of spectra fibers.

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Determining the stellar parameters of solar-like stars using synthetic spectra

  • Kang, Won-Seok;Lee, Sang-Gak
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.151.2-151.2
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    • 2011
  • IGRINS (Immersion GRating INfrared Spectrometer) will provide the spectra with high-resolution and an instantaneous spectral coverage of H and K band in NIR region. Therefore, it is expected that the wide coverage of wavelength would make a production of an extensive NIR high-resolution spectra of standard stars as a prior program of IGRINS. As a counter part of these NIR spectra, we have planned to obtain the high-resolution spectra of those standard stars in optical band. These optical high-resolution spectra would give us an opportunity to produce the library of high-resolution stellar spectra covering from optical to NIR band, and to confirm the method to determine the stellar parameters and chemical abundances from the NIR high-resolution spectra. Before using the NIR high-resolution spectra, we have tested the method to determine the stellar parameters by comparing between the observed spectra and the synthetic spectra in optical band. In order to make the synthetic spectra, we have used the Kurucz ATLAS9 model grids and the SYNTH code described by Fiorella Castelli (http://wwwuser.oat.ts.astro.it/castelli/). For the cross-check against the parameters that would be derived from the NIR spectra, the stellar parameters such as effective temperature and surface gravity were determined using the optical spectra of the solar-like stars, as preliminary results.

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Discriminant Analysis of Cigarette Brands by Nearinfrared Spectroscopy (근적외선 분광법을 이용한 제품담배 판별 연구)

  • ;F.E. Barton
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.163-171
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    • 1994
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the discrimination of cigarette brands and the similarity between Korea and America cigarette brands by near infrared spectra. Statistical tools such as principal component analysis (PCA) and mahalanobis distance(M.D) were used. The discrimination rate of the Korea and the America cigarette brands, determined by position number which was calculated with PCA and M.D, was 94% and 87%, respectively. The spectra of the 10 America cigarette brands were selected by averaging 5 sample spectra for each brand and another 5 spectra for each brand were investigated to use as the sample spectra. Comparing the sample spectra with the selected spectra by M.D using 410-1090 nm, 1110-1850 nm and 1970-2490 nm wavelength, the discrimination rate which was determined by the closest M.D between the sample and the selected spectra was 100% when each spectra was investigated on the same time. But the discrimination rate decreased 50% when the sample and the selected spectra were investigated on the different time. Excluding 1970-2490 nm wavelength, the discrimination rate increased up to 90% when the sample and the selected spectra were investigated on the different time. Comparing the spectra of Korea cigarette brands with those of America cigarette brands by M.D using only 410-1090 nm and 1110-1850 nm wavelength, the spectra of Expo(G) was similar to Winston, Vantage(U.L) and Benson & hedges(M.), the spectra of Hanaro(D) was similar to Carrel, Winston(L), Vantage(U.L), \Vantage and Carrel(L), the spectra of Hanaro(L) was similar to Winston(L) , Carton, Vantage and Carmel(L) and the spectra of Pinetree was similar to Kent, Kool, Kent(G.L), Merit and Benson & hedges(L), respectively. Key Words : NIRS, cigarette brands discrimination

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A study on the Surface Treatment of Spectra to Improve Tensile Propetry of Spectra/Vinylester Composites (스펙트라/비닐에스테르 복합재료의 인장특성 향상을 위한 스펙트라 표면처리에 관한 연구)

  • 신동혁;이경엽;박상정
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.782-785
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    • 1997
  • In this study, the spectra was surface-treated using $Ar^+$ ion beam to improve the tensile property of spectra/vinylester composites. The effect of surface treatment on the tensile property of spectra/vinylester composites was investigated comparing tensile strength and stiffness of surface-treated spectra/vinylester composites with those of untreated spectra/vinylester composites. The results showed that the tensile strength and stiffness of surface-treated s spectra/vinylester composites were 12% and 22% higher than those of untreated spectra/vinylester composites.

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A Study on the Tensile Characteristics of Spectra/Vinylester Composites with Ion Beam Treatment of Spectra Fibers. (이온빔으로 표면처리한 스펙트라/비닐에스테르 복합재의 인장특성)

  • 신동혁;이경엽
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.206-210
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    • 2002
  • The use of Spectra fibers as fiber cloth is increasing because of their excellent impact resistance. However, a major limitation on the use of Spectra fibers is a chemical inertness. In this Study, Spectra fibers were surface-treated using Ar$^{+}$ ion beam under oxygen environment to improve the tensile property of Spectra/vinylester composites. The effect of surface treatment of Spectra fibers on the tensile property of Spectra/vinylester composites was determined from tensile tests using Spectra/vinylester composite specimens with and without a hole. It was found that the tensile stiffness and strength of surface-treated case were 22% and 17% higher than those of untreated case for specimens with no hole. The maximum load of surface-treated case was about 15% higher than that of untreated case for specimens with a hole.

Effect of design spectral shape on inelastic response of RC frames subjected to spectrum matched ground motions

  • Ucar, Taner;Merter, Onur
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.69 no.3
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    • pp.293-306
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    • 2019
  • In current seismic design codes, various elastic design acceleration spectra are defined considering different seismological and soil characteristics and are widely used tool for calculation of seismic loads acting on structures. Response spectrum analyses directly use the elastic design acceleration spectra whereas time history analyses use acceleration records of earthquakes whose acceleration spectra fit the design spectra of seismic codes. Due to the fact that obtaining coherent structural response quantities with the seismic design code considerations is a desired circumstance in dynamic analyses, the response spectra of earthquake records used in time history analyses had better fit to the design acceleration spectra of seismic codes. This paper evaluates structural response distributions of multi-story reinforced concrete frames obtained from nonlinear time history analyses which are performed by using the scaled earthquake records compatible with various elastic design spectra. Time domain scaling procedure is used while processing the response spectrum of real accelerograms to fit the design acceleration spectra. The elastic acceleration design spectra of Turkish Seismic Design Code 2007, Uniform Building Code 1997 and Eurocode 8 are considered as target spectra in the scaling procedure. Soil classes in different seismic codes are appropriately matched up with each other according to $V_{S30}$ values. The maximum roof displacements and the total base shears of considered frame structures are determined from nonlinear time history analyses using the scaled earthquake records and the results are presented by graphs and tables. Coherent structural response quantities reflecting the influence of elastic design spectra of various seismic codes are obtained.

Seasonal Variation of Attenuation Coefficient Spectra Extracted from Yamato Bank Optical Moored Buoy Data

  • Senga, Yasuhiro;Horiuchi, Tomohiro
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 1998
  • Seasonal variation of attenuation coefficient spectra in Japan sea was extracted from underwater radiance/irradiance spectra observed by a moored buoy system developed by National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA). The buoy was deployed 9 months from August 31, 1996 to June 1, 1997. Throughout this period, it was collecting downward irradiance and upward radiance spectra under water at the depth of 1.5m and 6.5m everyday. The dairy averaged diffused attenuation coefficient spectra and underwater reflectance spectra were calculated. The results were compared with the absorption spectra of filtered samples obtained by validation cruises, which carried out 5 times during the moored period. Also, the natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a were extracted from the upward radiance spectra observed at 1.5m depth. The seasonal variation of the calculated attenuation coefficient spectra and the natural fluorescence were examined. The result shows a weak blooming of phytoplankton on November and a large blooming on April.

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Stellar Parameters of M dwarfs determined by the long wavelength optical part spectra

  • Kang, Won-Seok;Lee, Sang-Gak
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.153.1-153.1
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    • 2011
  • For the stars cooler than the Sun, it is difficult to determine the stellar parameters and chemical abundances because of the strong molecular lines in the optical region. Therefore the NIR high-resolution spectra, such as those obtained by IGRINS would be a solution to determine the stellar parameters for late-type stars, such as M dwarfs. As using the NIR high-resolution spectra, we are expecting that it would be more reliable to compare observed spectra with synthetic spectra for the stellar parameters. In order to confirm the method by using high-resolution spectra in NIR band, it should be cross-checked against the stellar parameters from optical high-resolution spectra. We have derived the stellar parameters of M dwarfs using the synthetic spectra in the long wavelength region of the optical spectra (over 8000 $\bar{A}$), which is relatively less contaminated by molecular lines as well as telluric lines.

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