• Title, Summary, Keyword: spine mobilization

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The Effects of Joint and Muscle Mobilization on Pain and Flexibility of the Patients with Degenerative Disc Disease (근관절가동기법이 퇴행성 디스크 질환을 가진 환자의 통증과 유연성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Jae-Guk;Kim, Myung-Jun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.28-33
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of Joint and Muscle Mobilization applied to the patients with Degenerative Disc Disease by measuring, assessing and analyzing the changes on pain and in flexibility before and after Joint and Muscle Mobilization. Method: Surveyed from June. 2008 to July. 2009 were 10 patients suffering from DDD. Joint and muscle Mobilization were applied for 15 minutes in total. After Joint Mobilization, the Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were used to measure the degree of the pain on the patients. After Joint and Muscle Mobilization, Spinal-$Mouse^{(R)}$ were used to measure the degree of the flexibility on the patients. Result: 1. There was significant decrease in the numerical values of the VAS & ODI after Joint and Muscle Mobilization (p<0.01). 2. There was significant decrease in the degree of the pain on the patients after Joint and Muscle Mobilization (p<0.01). 3. From the analysis into DDD in the degree the pain before and after Joint and Muscle Mobilization with Paired Sample T-test, It became evident that the longer the period of treatment was, the higher the pains decreases drastically, while significant difference was shown in the flexibility and the degree of the pain (p<0.01). Conclusion: Summed up, it can be generally concluded that Joint and Muscle Mobilization is an effective treatment to rid the patients with DDD of pains safely and promptly. It is, therefore, suggested to continue and expand the study on the cure of DDD and to motivate patients. Joint and Muscle Mobilization is considered as safest and most efficient pain remedy.

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The Immediate Effect of Maitland Cervical Spine Mobilization on Tone and Stiffness of Upper Limb Muscles in Chronic Stroke Patients (메이틀랜드 목뼈 가동술이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 팔 긴장도 및 뻣뻣함에 미치는 즉각적인 영향)

  • Park, Shin-jun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2018
  • Background: After a stroke, the patient may have abnormal muscle tone due to abnormal alignment. Physical therapists have used stretching, neural mobilization other methods to treat patients after stroke. In addition, joint mobilization is also used to stimulation in pathway of cervical segmental region and to normal cervical spine alignment. Objects: The purpose of this study was to determine whether Maitland cervical spine mobilization has an immediate effect on muscle tone and stiffness of upper extremity. Methods: Thirty subjects were divided into a experimental group ($n_1=10$), a placebo group ($n_2=10$), and a control group ($n_3=10$). The Maitland cervical spine mobilization was applied in the supine position. Immediately after the intervention, muscle tone and stiffness of biceps brachii, brachioradialis, deltoid, and pectoralis major were measured using Myoton(R)PRO. In the placebo group, sham mobilization was applied to the fifth and sixth cervical vertebra, and the control group was instructed to control breathing. Results: In the experimental group, significant differences were found in muscle tone and stiffness of biceps brachii and brachioradialis in comparison with the affected side and the non-affected side before the intervention (p<.05), whereas there was no significant difference after the intervention (p>.05). Muscle tone of biceps brachii on the non-affected side and pectoralis major on the affected side was significantly decreased before and after the intervention (p<.05). The placebo and control group showed no changes on the non-affected and affected side, and no significant differences were detected before and after the intervention. All the groups revealed no significant differences in muscle tone and stiffness of upper extremity before and after the intervention. Conclusion: This study suggests that the application of Maitland cervical spine mobilization enhanced muscle tone of upper extremity on the involved side symmetrically, and influenced a decrease in muscle tone.

Immediate Effects of Active Stretching Versus Passive Mobilization of the Upper Cervical Spine on Patients with Neck Pain and ROM

  • Kim, Sang-Hak;Choi, Jin-Ho;Lee, Kwan-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: This study compared the immediate effect of a passive mobilization of upper cervical spine (Kaltenborn's joint mobilization) and an active upper cervical stretching (Olaf's Auto-stretching) on patients with neck pain and ROM. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects were randomized selected in the passive group (Kaltenborn's joint mobilization) included twelve subjects and the active group (Olaf's Auto-stretching) included eleven subjects. VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) was measured before and after neck rotation performance. DUALER IQ PRO (JTECH Medical, U.S.A.) was used to measure the neck ROM. Mean value of double measurement was used before performance and after performance. SPSS version 18 was used to compare values independent t-test and paired t-test were used to compare pain and ROM. RESULTS: There are significant difference in the pain and the ROM in both of two group (p<.05). But there are no significant difference pain and ROM between two groups. CONCLUSION: Both of the passive mobilization of upper cervical spine and the active upper cervical stretching are effected on symptom improvement of patients with neck pain reduction and ROM increasing. Especially active upper cervical stretching is more economical, because it has similar effects with the passive mobilization, help to maintain the treatment effect of therapist by themselves and can help to save medical expenses of patients.

Effect of upper thoracic mobilization on cervical alignment in stroke patients with forward head posture: A case study

  • Park, Sin Jun;Park, Si Eun
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1513-1516
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of upper thoracic mobilization on cervical alignment in stroke patients with forward head posture. The subject's of this study were two stroke patients with forward head posture and a cervical curve angle (four-line Cobb's method; FLCM) less than $40^{\circ}$. The intervention, central posterior-anterior (PA) mobilization, was applied to the T1-T4 vertebrae (upper thoracic spine) following the Maitland concept. This mobilization was applied three times per week for four weeks. In the results, the cervical curve angle (FLCM) increased for both subject 1 and 2. However, Jochumsen method score was decreased in subject 1, while it was increased in subject 2. These results demonstrate that upper thoracic mobilization had the positive effect on the cervical curve angle but not on Jochumsen method score. These findings suggest that PA mobilization on the upper thoracic spine could correct cervical curve angle measured by FLMC in stroke patients with FHP.

Effects of Posteroanterior Mobilization on the Cervical Spine in Patient with Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders

  • Park, Si Eun;Kim, Ji Sung;Choi, Wan Suk
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1122-1127
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this case study was to identify the effects of posteroanterior (PA) mobilization on the cervical spine in a patient with chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD). The subject of this study was a 58-year-old woman who sustained a chronic WAD as a result of a motor vehicle accident two years prior. The subject has progressively worsening neck pain and stiffness. The subject was determined to have a grade IIb WAD the use of the Modified Quebec Classification. The intervention was central and unilateral PA mobilization on the spinous process of C4 and C5. The PA mobilizations were performed at the end of range to Maitland grade IV. The PA mobilization was conducted once daily for a total of eight days. Two sets of measurements were done one before and one after the intervention. Neck pain, cervical stiffness, range of motion and lordosis of the cervical spine were measured. Experimental intervention decreased the neck pain, and increased the neck stiffness and cervical ROM (range of motion) such as flexion, extension, lateral flexion and rotation. X-ray photographs also represented that cervical curvature increased from $35^{\circ}$ to $40^{\circ}$. This study suggested that PA cervical mobilization applied to hronic WAD is effective in decreasing pain, increasing cervical ROM and cervical curvature.

Effects of Posterior-Anterior Mobilization of Lumbar Spine on Muscle Tone and Stiffness of Superficial Back Muscles and Lumbar Mobility

  • Kim, Jisung
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1711-1716
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    • 2019
  • Background: Previous researchers have investigated the mechanical and neurophysiological effects of manual mobilization, however little research has been done on muscle tone and muscle stiffness. Objective: To compare the effects of posterior-anterior (PA) mobilization with weight bearing on sling and conventional PA mobilization on the bed. Design: Randomized controlled trial (single blind) Methods: The subjects were 16 male university students and randomized to sling mobilization group (SMG, n=8) or conventional mobilization group (CMG, n=8). SMG received PA mobilization using a sling and CMG received traditional mobilization on the bed during lumbar mobilization. Results: Both left and right muscle tones of SMG increased, but left muscle tone of SMG were increased and right muscle tone was decreased after intervention. In addition, both left and right muscle stiffness of SMG were also increased, however left muscle stiffness of SMG was increased and right muscle stiffness was decreased. The muscle tone and muscle stiffness of SMG were higher than those of DMG, especially the right side was statistically significantly higher. Extension of SMG, extension and flexion of CMG were increased statistically significantly except for Flexion of SMG (p<.05). There were no significant differences between the groups in Extension and Flexion. Conclusions: This study suggests that lumbar spine PA mobilization using sling is beneficial in improving muscle tone, muscle stiffness, and trunk movement.

Effect of Posterior-Anterior Mobilization of the Thoracic Spine on Pain, Respiratory Function, and Thoracic Circumference in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Park, Ju-jung;Chon, Seung-chul
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2018
  • Background: Posterior-anterior (PA) vertebral mobilization, a manual therapy technique has been used for relieving pain or stiffness treating in spinal segment for in clinical practice, however evidence to gauge efficacy is yet to be synthesised. Objects: This study aimed to investigate the effect of PA mobilization of the thoracic spine on the respiratory function in patients with low back pain (LBP). Methods: The study participants included 30 patients with chronic LBP. They were randomly allocated to the experimental and control groups. The experimental and control groups received PA mobilization of the T1-T8 level of the thoracic spine and placebo mobilization, respectively. All patients received interventions for 35 minutes a day, five times a week, over 2-week period, respectively. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second ($FEV_1$), peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory flow 25~75% ($FEF_{25{\sim}75%}$), and chest wall expansion were measured before and after the intervention. Statistical analysis was performed using independent t-test and two-way analysis of variance, and Pearson's correlation analysis was used to compare the correlation between respiratory function and chest measurement. Results: The experimental group showed significant improvements in FVC, $FEV_1$, PEF, $FEF_{25{\sim}75%}$ (p<.05), and chest wall expansion (p<.05) compared with the control group. Conclusion: PA mobilization of the upper thoracic spine may be beneficial for improving respiratory function parameters including FVC, $FEV_1$, PEF, $FEF_{25{\sim}75%}$, and chest wall expansion in patients with chronic LBP.

The Comparison Study of Ankle Joint Mobilization and Elongation on the Difference of Weight-bearing Load, Low Back Pain and Flexibility in Flat-foots Subjects (편평족에 대한 관절가동술과 자가신장이 요부의 신장성, 요통과 하지 체중부하 차이에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Park, Sung-doo;Yu, Dal-yeong
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2017
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the spine and the flat-foot, the stability and the alignment of the posture of the neck to prevent the alignment of the ankle joint operation and the lower back flexibility of the lumbar region according to the type of treatment using active stretching of the triceps, back pain, and to see how they affect weight bearing differences. Methods: The subjects of this study were 24 chronic low back pain patients. They were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. In the experimental group, ankle joint mobilization and active scraping of triceps were performed three times a week for a total of 6 weeks. The control group was performed in the same way without articulation. The range of flexion and extension motion of the lumbar spine and pain degree and difference of weight-bearing were measured before and after the experiment. Results: The model of ankle joint mobilization and calf muscle elongation of flat foot significantly improved the range of flexion and extension motion of the vertebrae (p<.05) and the VAS and distribution of weight-bearing were decreased in both of two groups (p<.05). In other words, the exercise and mobilization help to recover of the balance of the whole musculoskeletal, the vertebrae. Conclusions: The active exercise of the triceps muscle of the lower leg in this study It affects the flexibility of the lumbar spine, the pain and the difference in the weight support of the lower extremities, when we performed ankle joint mobilization for exercise and cramping, pain and the difference in weight support between the two lower limbs.

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Effect of Active Intervention after Kaltenborn's Cervical Joint Mobilization on The Cervical Spine Alignment and Muscle Activity in Patients with Forward Head Posture (칼텐본 경추 관절가동술 후 적용된 능동적 중재가 두부 전방자세 환자의 경추 정렬과 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kang-Jin;Roh, Jung-Suk;Choi, Houng-Sik;Cynn, Heon-Seock;Choi, Kyu-Hwan;Kim, Tack-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2015
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of three interventions (intervention by passive range of motion exercise plus manual cervical traction, Mulligan's joint mobilization, and strengthening exercises) after Kaltenborn's joint mobilization on the cervical spine alignment, and muscle activity in patients with a forward head posture. METHODS: The subjects were 39 students from H University in Chungnam and C University in Jeonbuk. The subjects in each group attended training sessions three times a week for four weeks. We used one-way ANOVA and Scheffe's post hoc test to compare values between groups, and used paired t-test to compare the values of the dependent variables within groups. RESULTS: The results showed that the active intervention group experienced a significant increase compared to the passive intervention group in terms of the craniovertebral angle, cervical lordosis angle, and had significant decreases compared to the passive intervention group in terms of the upper trapezius muscle activity. The active intervention group also had significant increases in craniovertebral angle and decreased anterior scalene muscle activity than the active-assistive intervention group. The active-assistive intervention group had significant decreases compared to the active intervention group in terms of the serratus anterior, levator scapulae, and splenius capitis muscle activity. CONCLUSION: It appears that the subjects with a forward head posture had significant improvements in the cervical lordosis angle, cranial rotation angle, craniovertebral angle, and muscle activity after intervention by Mulligan's joint mobilization (active-assistive intervention component) and strengthening exercises (active intervention component) after applying Kaltenborn's joint mobilization.

Cervical Range Of Motion Changes After Cervical Mobilization And Mechanical Traction (경추의 도수치료와 기계적 견인이 경추 가동범위에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Hyoung-Soo;Ahn Mock;Hyoung In-Hyouk;Kim Eun-Young;Lee Hae-Jung;Bae Sung-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.283-296
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    • 2004
  • Joint mobilization and mechanical traction are common treatment forms for mechanical cervical spine problem. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of cervical mobilization and mechanical traction on active range of motion of cervical spine. Sixty volunteers, aged between 21 and 24 years (mean age 22), were recruited. Each subject was divided into one of three groups; mechanical traction, general coordinative manipulation, and mobilization group. Active range of motions in the cervical were measured before and after each treatment technique from each subject on the three occasions. In the cervical range of motion, all subjects regardless treatment technique showed significantly increasing ranges after applied treatment technique in all directions except extension and left rotation in the mobilization group.

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