• Title, Summary, Keyword: splenocytes proliferation

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Effects of Acanthopanax sessiliflorus on Immune Cells such as Thymocytes, Splenocytes and Macrophages in Mice

  • Kim, Hyung-Woo;Kim, Gye-Yeop;Jeon, Byung-Gwan;Choi, Jeong-Sik;Jeong, Hyun-Woo;Cho, Su-In
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.377-384
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    • 2007
  • Objective : Immune potentiation including activation of T cells, B cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells is known to play a key role in prevention and treatment of patients with cancer. In this study, we investigated the effects of Acanthopanax sessiliflorus (AR) on the immune system, especially on thymocytes, splenocytes, and macrophages. Methods : We investigated the effects of AR on proliferation of splenocytes in normal mice, and the effects on proliferation of splenocytes and thymocytes in tumor-bearing mice. In addition, the effect of AR on NO production using macrophages was investigated. Results : Treatment with AR accelerated proliferation of splenocytes in vitro. AR also accelerated thymocyte proliferation, but did not affect splenocytes proliferation in normal mice. In contrast, AR accelerated proliferation of splenocytes and thymocytes significantly in tumor bearing mice. In addition, NO production level from macrophages was elevated by treatment with AR. Conclusion : These results demonstrate that AR has anti-cancer activities and related mechanisms are involved in immune potentiation such as acceleration of immune cell proliferation and elevation of NO production level in macrophages. In addition, we also demonstrate the possibilities of AR as complementary and alternative medicine to standard anti-cancer drugs.

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Effects of Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) Methanol Extracts on the Proliferation and the Cytokines Production of Mouse Splenocytes (배(梨)의 메탄올 추출물이 마우스의 비장세포 증식능과 Cytokine 생성능에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang Yoo-Kyung;Pyo Myoung-Yun
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to investigate the potential of pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) as a immune-modulating functional food by assay of splenocytes proliferation and induction of cytokines (IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-4) in vitro. When mouse splenocytes were exposed to various concentration (0.16, 0.31, 0.63, 1.25, 2.50 mg/ml) of pear methanol extracts (P-M) without mitogens, splenocytes proliferation (SP) was significantly increased. Also, SP to mitogens, concanavalin A (Con A) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were significantly increased by P-M when compared with controls. When splenocytes were cultured with P-M in the presence of Con A, cytokine (IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-4) levels in culture supernatant were significantly enhanced in a dose-dependent manner except 2.5 mg/ml when compared with control group. Therefore, our study suggest that the pear has the potential of being an immune-modulating functional food.

Immunostimulatory Effects of ${\beta}$-glucan Purified from Paenibacillus polymyxa JB115 on Mouse Splenocytes

  • Kim, Ji-Mi;Joo, Hong-Gu
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.225-230
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    • 2012
  • We investigated the effects of ${\beta}$-glucan purified from Paenibacillus polymyxa JB115 on the viability and proliferation of splenocytes. Splenocytes play a critical role in host immunity. MTT assays and trypan blue exclusion tests revealed that ${\beta}$-glucan significantly promoted the viability and proliferation of splenocytes over a range of concentrations. However, there was no specific subset change. ${\beta}$-glucan protected splenocytes from cytokine withdrawal-induced spontaneous cell death. For further mechanistic studies, ELISA assay revealed that ${\beta}$-glucan enhanced the expression of anti-apoptotic molecules and interleukin 7 (IL-7), a cytokine critical for lymphocyte survival. We also investigated the IL-2 dependency of ${\beta}$-glucan-treated splenocytes to determine if treated cells could still undergo clonal expansion. In flow cytometric analysis, ${\beta}$-glucan induced increased levels of the activation marker CD25 on the surface of splenocytes and ${\beta}$-glucan-treated splenocytes showed higher proliferation rates in response to IL-2 treatment. This study demonstrates that ${\beta}$-glucan can enhance the survival of splenocytes and provides valuable information to broaden the use of ${\beta}$-glucan in research fields.

Effect of Salicornia herbacea Polysaccharides on the Activation of Immune Cells in vitro and in vivo

  • Ryu, Deok-Seon;Kim, Seon-Hee;Lee, Dong-Seok
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1481-1486
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    • 2009
  • The immunomodulating effect of Salicornia herbacea polysaccharides on BALB/c mice splenocytes was investigated. Crude (CS) and fine polysaccharide (PS) extracts with potential biological activity were prepared from S. herbacea. For in vitro experiments, splenocytes and separated T cells were treated with CS and PS (0.5, 1, 2, and 4 mg/mL). For in vivo experiments, the CS and PS were orally administered to BALB/c mice every day for 2 weeks. For basic data analysis, physiological parameters were recorded. Cell proliferation of splenocytes and T cells was used as an index for immunomodulating activity. The proliferation of splenocytes and separated T cells was 3.2 and 3.5 times higher than the control, respectively. Moreover, when splenocytes were treated with mitogen, the highest proliferation rate was observed in splenocytes cultured with PS. Interestingly, the stimulative activity of PS was more strongly exerted through $CD4^+$ T cells than through $CD8^+$ T cells.

Effects of Zinc chloride on the Immunobiological Responses of Lipopolysaccharide (리포폴리사카라이드의 면역생물학적 반응에 미치는 염화아연의 영향)

  • 채병숙
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 1999
  • Effects of zinc chloride (Zn) on the immune responses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were studied by using ICR mice. Mice were divided into 4 groups (10 mice/group), and Zn was given to the mice with i.p. injection at 0.3 mg/kg 5 times a week for 14 days, and 1 hr after Zn administration, LPS was given with i.p. injection at 5 mg/kg twice a week. Mice were immunized and challenged with sheep red blood cells (SRBC). Immunobiological responses were evaluated by humoral, cellular and nonspecific immunity. LPS treatment significantly increased the relative weights of spleen and thymus, hemagglutination titer (HA) and proliferation of splenocytes compared with those in controls, but significantly decreased the body weight gain. Zn treatment significantly increased proliferation of splenocytes and circulating leukocytes compared with those in controls. Combination of Zn and LPS significantly decreased the body weight gain and proliferation of splenocytes compared with those in controls. Combination of Zn and LPS significantly decreased HA and proliferation of splenocytes than in LPS alone. These findings indicate that zinc lowered the humoral immune responses of LPS.

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Immunomodulating Activity of Salicornia herbacea Extract (함초 추출물의 마우스 면역 증강 활성)

  • Ryu, Deok-Seon;Kim, Seon-Hee;Lee, Dong-Seok
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2008
  • Immunomodulating effect of Salicornia herbacea extract on the mouse splenocytes was investigated. Crude S. herbacea polysaccharide extract (CSP) and other kinds of fine S. herbacea polysaccharides (SPI and SPII) were prepared from S. herbacea by hot water extraction and further ultrafiltration and gel filtration chromatography. In vitro experiment, the mouse splenocytes and separated T cells were treated with CSP, SPI or SPII (0.5, 1, 2, 4 mg/ml). In vivo experiment, three different S. herbacea extracts were orally administrated everyday for one week. For the basic data, body weight and physiological parameters such as organ weight and spleen index were observed. The proliferation of the cells was used as an index for immunemodulating activity and the effect of proliferation was evaluated using MTS assay. The CSP, SPI and SPII directly induced the proliferation of splenocytes and separated T cells in a dose-dependent manner. In results, the proliferation was more increased in the SPI and SPII treated cells than in the CSP treated cells. The best proliferation was shown in the splenocytes cultured with SPI at the concentration of 4 mg/ml for 24 hr. The proliferation of splenocytes and separated T-cells was higher (3.2 and 3.5 times, respectively) than the control. Moreover, when the mouse splenocytes were treated with mitogen, the efficient proliferation was shown in the splenocytes cultured with SPI. In conclusion, polysaccharides from S. herbacea showed a substantial immunomodulating activity in the mouse immune cells.

Effect of Bovine Colostrum Factions on the Proliferation of Mouse Splenocytes (초유 유청 분획의 Mouse Splenocyte 증식 효과)

  • Ha Woel-Kyu;Won Do-Hee;Yang Hee-Jin;Hwang Kyung-A;Lee Soo-Won
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.250-256
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    • 2005
  • To investigate the effect of bovine colostral whey fractions on in vitro proliferation of mouse splenocytes, polypeptide fractions were separated from acid whey into 3 fractions depending on molecular weight by ultrafiltration: Fraction I, which contains the polypeptide larger than 10,000 Da, Fraction n, which contains the polypeptide ranging from 1,000 Da to 10,000 Da and Fraction III, which contains the polypeptide smaller than 1,000 Da. Fraction II showed the highest proliferative effect of mouse splenocytes among the colostral whey fractions and this proliferative activity increased in dose dependent manner. Unheated Fraction II and Fraction III showed significantly (p<0.01) higher proliferative effects than others but heated Fraction II showed the highest enhancing effect of mouse splenocyte among heated whey fractions (p<0.01). The supplementation of Fraction II and Fraction m showed greater proliferative effect of mouse splenocytes stimulated by concanavalin A (Con A) than that of whole whey or Fraction L Proliferative effect of mouse splenocytes stimulated by phytohemagglutinin (PHA) was the highest when Fraction II was supplemented Proliferative effect of the colostral whey fractions on mouse splenocytes by stimulation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was markedly enhanced by supplementation of Fraction II and Fraction m compared with whole whey and Fraction L It was estimated that colostral whey fraction containing IGF-I positively affected proliferation of mouse splenocyte.

Effect of Zingiber Officinale Roscoe Extracts on Mice Immune Cell Activation (생강 추출물 투여가 마우스 면역세포 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 류혜숙;김현숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2004
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) has been used as a raw material in many traditional preparations since the ancient time. As a component of traditional health products, Ginger is known to be effective as appetite enhancer, anticold and anti-inflammation. This study was performed to investigate the immunomodulative effects of Ginger in mouse, using in vitro and ex vivo experiments. In vitro experiment, the mice splenocytes proliferation and three kinds of cytokines (IL-1 $\beta$, IL-6, and TNF-$\alpha$) prodution by peritoneal macrophages cultured with ethanol and water extracts of Ginger were used to indicate the immunomodulative effect. In order to elucidate the immunomodulative effects of Ginger ex vivo, water extract of Ginger was orally administrated into mice, and isolated splencytes and macrophages were used as experimental model. Ex vivo experiment, six to seven week old mice were fed ad libitum on a chow diet, and water extract of finger was orally administrated every other day for four weeks at two different concentractions (50 and 500 mg/kg B.W./day). In vitro study, the splenocytes proliferation was increased when water extract was supplemented in the range of 50-500 $\mu$l/ml concentration. In case of cytokines production, IL-1 $\beta$, IL-6 and TNF-$\alpha$ released by activated peritoneal macrophages were augmented by the supplementation of water extract of the Ginger. Ex vivo experiment, the highest proliferation of splenocytes and production of cytokines by activated peritoneal macrophages were seen in the mice orally administrated at the concentration of 500 mg/kg B.W./day. In conclusion, this study suggests that Ginger extracts may enhance the immune function by regulating the splenocytes proliferation and enhancing the cytokine prodution capacity by activated macrophages in mice.

The effect of TakliSodoksan extract on anti-tumor action and immune-function (托裡消毒散이 抗腫瘍 및 免疫作用에 미치는 效果)

  • Choi, Woong;Choi, Jung-hwa
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.79-98
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this Study was to investigate effect of TakliSodokSan(TSS) on the anti-tumor, immunocytes and nitric oxide(NO) production from mice peritoneal macrophages. This Study estimated the proliferation of L1210 cell lines, A431 cell lines, Hep-G2 cell lines, K562 cell lines, 3T3 cell lines, mouse thymocytes and mouse splenocytes and NO production from pcritoneal macrophages in vitro, and estimated the proliferation of L1210 cells, thymocytes and splenocytcs, NO production from peritoneal macrophages and body weight in L1210 cells-transplanted mice in vivo. The results were obtained as follows; 1. TSS inhibited significantly the proliferation of L1210, A431, Hep-G2, K562 cell lines in vitro. 2. TSS accelerated the proliferation of mice thymocytes and splenocytes in vitro. 3. TSS was not increased the nitric oxide production from mice peritoneal macrophages in vitro. 4. TSS inhibited significantly the proliferation of L1210 cells in Ll210 cells∼transplanted mice. 5. TSS accelerated the proliferation of mice thymocytes and splenocytes In L1210 cells-transplanted mice. 6. TSS was increased significantly the nitric oxide production from mice peritoneal macrophages in L1210 cells-transplanted mice. 7. TSS was increased the body weight as comparing with control group in Ll210 cells-transplanted mice.

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Immunomodulating Activities of Brazilin in vitro

  • Moon, Chang-Kiu;Mock, Myung-Soo;Yang, Kyung-Mee;Han, Hye-Seung;Won, Hyeon-Soon;Kim, Ji-Young;Chung, Jin-Ho;Moon, Chang-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.283-288
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    • 1992
  • This work was performed to investigate the effects of brazilin in vitro on mitrogen-induced proliferation, ConA-induced TCGF release and responsiveness to recombinant-induced proliferation, ConA-induced TCGF release and responsiveness to recombinant IL-2 using splenocytes from C57BL/6 female mice. Brazilin (29-80 ng/ml) caused a noticeable increase in TCGF production of splenocytes, but did not affect responsivness to recombinant IL-2, the expression of ConA-induced high affinity IL-2 receptor and mitogen-induced proliferation of splenocytes.

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