• Title, Summary, Keyword: sponge cake

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Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake Added with Helianthus tuberosus Powder (돼지감자 분말을 첨가한 스펀지케이크의 품질 특성)

  • Suh, Kang-Hee;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.126-135
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the quality characteristics of sponge cake consisting of 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% Helianthus tuberosus powder (HTP). With higher HTP contents in sponge cake, pH of sponge cake batter decreased significantly, whereas specific gravity was increased significantly (p<0.05). Meanwhile volume and symmetry indices of sponge cake were inversely proportional to HTP amounts. With higher HTP content in sponge cake, L value (brightness) of crumb significantly decreased (p<0.05), whereas a value (redness) significantly increased (p<0.05). b value (yellowness) of crumb in 40% and 50% HTP sponge cakes were significantly different from b value of crumb in 10%, 20% and 30% HTP sponge cakes. In 10~40% HTP sponge cake, L value, a value and b value all decreased significantly with higher HTP content in sponge cake. However in 40% and 50% HTP sponge cakes, there was no significant difference in any value. For texture characteristics, hardness of sponge cake significantly increased while cohesiveness decreased (p<0.05) with higher HTP content in sponge cake. On the other hand, springiness and gumminess of sponge cake did not change. Sponge cake containing 10% HTP showed the highest values for every organoleptic property. The results of this study suggest that sponge cake containing 10% HTP is the most appropriate for quality characteristics. This study also provides a way to increase the quality, texture characteristics, and organoleptic properties of sponge cake while reducing HTP content to less than 10% in order to qualify consumer taste.

A study on the making process and mixture of sponge cake (Sponge Cake 제조 배합공정에 관한 연구)

  • 신길만
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.4
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    • pp.225-248
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the change of the shape of sponge cake in proportion to the raw material mixture and the degree of dough. It is examined that the measures of the degree of dough in proportion to the material mixture, and the sense examination and measure of moisture with this sponge cake. The test results indicate that 50% sponge cake is most soft among the ratio of other material mixtures, and sponge cake is more soft as the degree of dough is lower. Therefore, the shape of sponge cake is greatly changed in proportion to the mixture of materials and the degree of dough.

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Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake added with Pine Leaf Powder

  • Shin, Gil-Man
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.42-51
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of sponge cake added with pine leaf powder. The pine leaf powder sponge cake was prepared with different ration of pine leaf powder(0, 10, 20, 30, 40%). The specific gravity, baking loss rate and cake weight increased significantly with increasing the levels of pine leaf powder. In terms of color, lightness and yellowness increased with increasing levels of pine leaf powder. The sponge cake added with ratio of 40% pine leaf powder appeared to be the highest. In terms of textual property evaluation, sponge cake were increased by the level of pine leaf powder. The substance's level of springiness, and cohesiveness decreased by increasing of the level of pine leaf powder. In sensory evaluation, 10% pine leaf e sponge cake was better on taste, overall acceptability, and flavor. The results showed that sponge cake quality with 10% pine leaf powder was considered the best.

Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cakes with Radish Leaf Powder (무청 분말이 첨가된 스폰지케이크의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Chan-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.502-512
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physical, textural and sensory properties of sponge cake prepared with different amounts of radish leaf powder. The specific gravity and viscosity of cake batter and cooking loss of cake increased with an increasing amount of radish leaf powder, whereas specific loaf volume and moisture content of cake decreased. Lightness, redness and yellowness of crust and crumb decreased with increasing radish leaf powder content. Measurements using a texture analyzer showed that hardness, chewiness, gumminess, adhesiveness and fracturability of sponge cake tended to increase in proportion to the amount of radish leaf powder in the formula. In the sensory evaluation, sponge cake prepared with 5% radish leaf powder was similar to the control in terms of moistness, softness, chewiness and springiness. These results suggest that adding 5% radish leaf powder is the best substitution ratio for sponge cake.

Effects of Helianthus tuberosus Powder on the Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Rice Sponge Cakes (돼지감자분말 첨가가 쌀 스펀지케이크의 품질 특성과 항산화능에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Mee-Kyoung;Lee, Eun-Ju;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.195-204
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of rice flour sponge cakes containing 0, 20, 30, 40, and 50% Helianthus tuberosus powder (HTP). As HTP content of sponge cake increased, the pH of sponge cake batter significantly decreased, whereas specific gravity significantly increased (p<0.05). Meanwhile, volume and symmetry indices of sponge cake were inversely proportional to HTP amount. Further, with higher HTP content in sponge cake, L and b values of crumbs significantly decreased (p<0.05), whereas a value significantly increased (p<0.05). L, a, and b values of crust significantly increased with higher HTP content. For texture characteristics, hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess, and chewiness of sponge cake significantly increased (p<0.05),whereas cohesiveness did not significantly change. In the sensory evaluation test, rice sponge cake prepared with 10% HTP showed the highest sensory scores in terms of color, flavor, taste, softness properties, and overall preference. The levels of total polyphenol compounds and DPPH radical scavenging activities of rice sponge cakes significantly increased with higher HTP contents (p<0.05). The results of this study suggest that rice sponge cake containing 10% HTP is the most appropriate for quality characteristics and sensory evaluation. This study also provides a way to increase the quality, texture characteristics, and organoleptic properties of sponge cake while reducing HTP content to less than 10% in order to satisfy consumer tastes.

Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake with Added Lotus Leaf Powder (연잎 분말을 첨가한 스펀지케이크 품질특성)

  • Song, Young-Kwang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.651-656
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    • 2013
  • In this study, to explore the use of lotus leaf powder, quality characteristics of sponge cake manufactured with different levels of lotus leaf power were investigated. We discovered that the pH, gravity, and cooling temperature of sponge cake increased as the content of lotus leaf power additive increased compared with those of the control group. Likewise, L and b levels of sponge cake increased with increasing level of lotus leaf power; 20% lotus leaf powder appeared to show the highest L and B levels, but levels were lower than those of the control group. Sponge cake levels of hardness, springiness, and cohesiveness increased as the amount of lotus leaf powder additive increased. In sensory evaluation, overall acceptability of 5% lotus leaf powder was the highest. Thus, it is possible to develop sponge cake with improved health-oriented aspects by addition of 5% lotus leaf powder.

Effect of Isolated Soy Protein on Sponge Cake Quality (분리대두단백이 스폰지 케일의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 이경애
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.299-303
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    • 1997
  • The effects of partial replacement of flour with isolated soy protein (ISP) on sponge cake quality were investigated. The replacement did not cause any significant changes in physical characteristics of sponge cakes including specific gravity, specific volume and expansion ratio. As the level of ISP replacement increased, the sponge cakes were darker in color, harder, chewier and drier than control groups. The textural characteristics (hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess and chewiness) of the sponge cakes also increased as the level of flour replacement increased. Up to 15% of the flour could be replaced by ISP without diminishing the sponge cake quality.

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The Effect of Commercial Doenjangs(Korean soybean paste) on the Sponge Cake Making (시판 된장 첨가가 스폰지 케이크 제조에 미치는 영향)

  • 오현주;김창순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.387-395
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    • 2004
  • The effect of commercial Doenjangs (Korean soybean pastes) on sponge cake making was studied. When Doenjang was added to e99 foams at levels of 5, 10, 15 and 20%, there were no big differences in viscosity or stability of egg foams up to 15%, and thus in cake volume index, compared to those of control (without Doenjang). In the results of preference rank test, cake with 10% Doenjang was preferred to the other cakes. Therefore, it was decided that the addition of 10% Doenjang was suitable for sponge cake making. When seven commercial Doenjang products were used at 10%, there were differences in physical and sensory properties. The decreased viscosity of egg foams reduced their stability and so decreased the quality of the sponge cakes with low volume index and low texture scores. The use of Doenjangs improved the flavor of sponge cake and so countervailed the undesirable egg flavor. Especially, “C” Doenjang product, which increased the viscosity and stability of egg foams, produced good foaming ability and the highest physical and sensory quality, thus the higher overall acceptable scores than the control. It was probably due to its high amount of protein hydrolysate above 10-KDa. Consequently, the suitable amount of Doenjang was fixed at 10% and “C” Doenjang product was chosen as the best among the commercial products for sponge cake making.

Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cakes Containing Various Levels of Millet Flour (조 분말의 첨가가 sponge cake의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Hak-Gil
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.952-958
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    • 2004
  • Effects of normal (non-waxy) and waxy millet flours on properties of sponge cake were examined. Total dietary fiber contents of normal and waxy millets were 5.04 and 5.12%, respectively, while that of soft wheat flour was 2.23%. Alkaline water retention capacity value generally increased with addition of normal and waxy millet flours, whereas peak, minimum, and final viscosities decreased. Mixing time and mixing height decreased with addition of millet flour. Lightness of cake crust increased with addition of normal millet flour, whereas it decreased with addition of waxy millet flour, tightness of cake crumb decreased as the amount of normal and waxy millet flours increased. Increasing proportions of normal and waxy millet flours resulted in significantly decreased loaf volume. Replacement of 10% wheat flour by both normal and waxy millet flours did not significantly affect characteristics of sponge cake, but addition of more than 20% millet flour resulted in significant differences in quality characteristics.

Evaluation of the Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake Containing Mugwort Powder (쑥 분말을 첨가한 스펀지 케이크의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ja
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to assess the effects of mugwort powder (3% and 5%) on sponge cake made with medium and cake flour. After preparing sponge cakes with mugwort powder, the water activity (Aw), softness and color of crumbs were tested and the sensory properties were evaluated. The water activity of the sponge cakes containing different quantities of mugwort powder did not differ greatly. The springiness and hardness of the sponge cakes with mugwort powder were all lower than that of the control. With regard to the color of the sponge cakes, the L values were reduced, but the a and b values were increased in response to the addition of mugwort powder, resulting in the sponge cake containing mugwort having a darker color. The micrographs of the sponge cakes with mugwort powder showed a slightly lower porosity than the control. In addition, the results of the sensory test showed that cakes containing mugwort powder had low scores. However, it is still possible to make the sponge cakes using mugwort powder and the sponge cakes prepared with flower containing 3% of mugwort powder had better evaluation than those prepared using other amounts of mugwort powder.