• Title, Summary, Keyword: stars: outflows

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IGRINS NIR Spectroscopy of Diffuse Sources around MWC 1080

  • Kim, Il-Joong;Oh, Heeyoung;Jeong, Woong-Seob;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.48.1-48.1
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    • 2019
  • We found a diffuse Hα feature with a large size of ~2' around a Herbig star, MWC 1080. It shows a strong correlation with the elongated outflow cavity centered on the star. To investigate the diffuse Hα source and the molecular cavity in detail, we carried out the high-resolution NIR spectroscopy using IGRINS. We detected six hydrogen Brackett line series, seven H2 lines, and an [Fe II] forbidden line. With the obtained spatial, kinematic, and line ratio results, we discuss the characteristics of the central MWC 1080A, the NE outflow cavity, and the SE molecular cloud regions separately. Most of the bright Brγ sources around MWC 1080A were found to be reflection nebulae, but a point-like Brγ source close to another young star, MWC 1080E, was identified as a distinct source due to MWC 1080E itself. The narrow components of the H2 lines observed around MWC 1080A were found to trace PDRs located on the wall of the main outflow cavity. Based on the shock-excited H2 and [Fe II] lines detected just inside a bow-shock shape Hα feature, we suggest that it represents the actual shock at the head of the NE outflow from MWC 1080A. Also, we newly detected the shock-excited H2 and [Fe II] lines with highly blueshifted velocities in the SE molecular cloud region. They could be related to unrevealed outflows from other young stars existing around MWC 1080A.

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Planning Large Program of Stellar Maser Study with KaVA

  • Cho, Se-Hyung;Imai, Hiroshi
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.114-114
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    • 2014
  • We present our activities linking to planning of possible forms of large program to study on circumstellar H2O and SiO maser sources with KaVA. A great advantage of KaVA for the stellar maser observations is the combination of the unique capability of the multi-frequency phase referencing technique of KVN and the dual-beam astrometry of VERA with the KaVA's relative dense antenna configuration. We have demonstrated this advantage through the test observations conducted by the KaVA Evolved Stars Sub-working Group since 2012 March. Snapshot KaVA imaging is confirmed to be possible in integration time of 0.5 hour at the 22 GHz band and 1.0 hour at the 43 GHz band in typical cases. This implies that large snapshot imaging surveys towards many H2O and SiO stellar masers are possible within a reasonable machine time (e.g., scans on ~100 maser sources within 200 hours). This possibility enables us to select the maser sources, which are suitable for future long-term (10 years) intensive (biweekly-monthly) monitoring observations, from 1000 potential target candidates selected from dual-frequency band (K/Q-bands) KVN single-dish observations. The output of the survey programs will be used for statistical analysis of the structures of individual stellar maser clumps and the spatio-kinematical structures of circumstellar envelopes with accelerating outflows. The combination of astrometry in milliarcsecond(mas) level and the multi-phase referencing technique yields not only trigonometric parallax distances to the masers but also precise position reference for registration of different maser lines. The accuracy of the map registration affects interpretation of the excitation mechanism of the SiO maser lines and the origin of the variety of the maser actions, which are expected to reflect periodic behaviors of the circumstellar envelope with stellar pulsation. Currently we are checking the technical feasibility of KaVA operations for this combination. After this feasibility test, the long-term monitoring campaign program will run as one of KaVA's legacy projects.

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