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Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk with Different Amount of Dried Steaming Chestnut Powder (찐밤 분말 첨가량을 달리한 설기떡의 품질특성)

  • Ahn, Gee-Jung
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.80-87
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effective ratio of Sulgidduk to steaming chesnut powder. I measured the sensory and mechanical characteristics, moisture content and color values of Sulgidduk added by different amount 4 of types of steaming chestnut powder; 0% (Control-0 group), 1% (CP-1 group), 2% (CP-2 group), 3% (CP-3 group), 4% (CP-4 group). Moisture content of Sulgidduk with steaming chestnut powder ranged from 38.53% to 46.05%. The L-value and b-value of the color decreased with an increase in steaming chestnut powder; however, a-value of the color decreased with an increase in steaming chestnut powder. As a result of analysis the texture of Sulgidduk steaming chestnut powder, it's hardness, springiness was increased. According to the sensory evaluation, CP3 had the highest values in texture and overall acceptability. Based on the result, it's considered that the most desirable ratio is steaming chestnut powder CP3. The results of the study supported the benefits of steaming chestnut powder supplementation in Sulgidduk in the aspects of taste and functionality. The degree of further increase in Sulgidduk with steaming chestnut powder without causing an adverse quality effect, remain for future study.

Effects of steaming on saponin compositions and antiproliferative activity of Vietnamese ginseng

  • Le, Thi Hong Van;Lee, Seo Young;Lee, Gwang Jin;Nguyen, Ngoc Khoi;Park, Jeong Hill;Nguyen, Minh Duc
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.274-278
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    • 2015
  • Background: Steaming of ginseng is known to change its chemical composition and biological activity. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of different steaming time-scales on chemical constituents and antiproliferative activity of Vietnamese ginseng (VG). Methods: VG was steamed at $105^{\circ}C$ for 2-20 h. Its saponin constituents and antiproliferative activity were studied. The similarity of chemical compositions between steamed samples at $105^{\circ}C$ and $120^{\circ}C$ were compared. Results: Most protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol ginsenosides lost the sugar moiety at the C-20 position with 10-14 h steaming at $105^{\circ}C$ and changed to their less polar analogues. However, ocotillol (OCT) ginsenosides were reasonably stable to steaming process. Antiproliferative activity against A549 lung cancer cells was increased on steaming and reached its plateau after 12 h steaming. Conclusion: Steaming VG at $105^{\circ}C$ showed a similar tendency of chemical degradation to the steaming VG at $120^{\circ}C$ except the slower rate of reaction. Its rate was about one-third of the steaming at $120^{\circ}C$.

Variation of main components according to the number of steaming and drying of Rehmanniae radix preparata

  • Youn, Ui Joung;Gu, Bon-Seok;Kim, Kyung Hee;Ha, Chulgyu;Jung, In Chan
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2018
  • Contents of compounds in Rehmanniae Radix change depending on the number of steaming and drying and the drying method. In this study, as an impregnation method for dried Rehmanniae Radix, takju impregnation and cheongju impregnation were carried out and steaming and drying were repeated for 9 times. The changes of 5-HMF and catalpol contents were analyzed according to the number of repetition times to investigate which stage of steaming and drying is preferable. Also, total nitrogen, crude fat, ash, and crude fiber were measured to analyze changes in general components. 5-HMF was not detected in dried Rehmanniae Radix. As a result of repetitive steaming and drying, the content of 5-HMF increased only slightly from 1 to 4-times steaming and drying but increased significantly from 5-times. The catalpol in dried Rehmanniae Radix was not detected after 5 times of steaming and drying. Sucrose, maltose, and glucose were included in dried Rehmanniae Radix before steaming and drying. However, after the process in both Takju impregnation and Cheongju impregnation, galactose and fructose tended to decrease after production and sucrose and glucose tended to decrease after the increase. In this study condition, 6-times and more steaming and drying were appropriate process which met the content criteria (not less than 0.1%) of the Korean Pharmacopoeia (8th edition) for 5-HMF, an index component for quality control of Rehmanniae Radix Preparata.

Neuroprotective Activity of So Cheong Ryong Tang with Steaming Process (증숙 과정을 통한 소청룡탕의 뇌신경세포 보호 활성 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Weon, Jin-Bae;Yang, Hye-Jin;Lee, Bo-Hyoung;Yun, Bo-Ra;Ma, Jin-Yeul;Ma, Choong-Je
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.451-455
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    • 2011
  • So Cheong Ryong Tang (SCRT) has been used as a traditional herbal medicine for the treatment of the bronchial asthma. In this study, the effect of steaming process on changes in 11 major compounds (homogentisic acid, ephedrine HCl, paeoniflorin, cinnamic acid, cinnam aldehyde, glycyrrhizin, 6-gingerol, schizandrin, methyleugenol, gomisin A and gomisin N) content and neuroprotective activity of SCRT were evaluated. Major compound content was slightly different with steaming produce. The contents of paeoniflorin, cinnamic acid, cinnam aldehyde, 6-gingerol and methyleugenol were decreased and homogentisic acid, ephedrine HCl, glycyrrhizin, schizandrin and gomisin A were increased by steaming process. The neuroprotective activity of steaming SCRT was determined in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells by MTT assay. As a result, neuroprotective activity of a steaming SCRT was higher than that of a non steaming SCRT. This study demonstrated that neuroprotective activity of SCRT can be improved through steaming process.

Optimization for Preparation of Perilla Jangachi according to Steaming Time and Onion Contents (찌는 시간과 양파 첨가량에 따른 깻잎장아찌의 최적화)

  • Lee, Hye-Ran;Nam, Sang-Min;Lee, Jong-Mee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.653-662
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    • 2002
  • Korean native Perilla Jangachi (salted and fermented vegetable) is popular and well-known but little study on its composition and most palatable condition has been reported. This study was performed to observe the change in the contents of chemical components and sensory evaluation of Perilla Jangachi which was prepared through two processing. First, as a pretreatment, Perilla leaves were soaked in salt water. The optimal level of salt concentration and soaking time (salt 4%, soaking time 42hours) was determined. Second, soaked Perilla Jangachi was steamed and then fermented in various ingredients like soy sauce, sugar, onion and so on. In this study, Perilla Jangachi was made by 3 levels of steaming time(30 seconds, 60 seconds, 90 seconds) and onion contents (10%, 30%, 50%). The optimal level of onion contents and steaming time was determined with the results of sensory evaluation by response surface methodology and analysis of composition. Sodium contents were decreased as the levels of onion contents were increased. Flavonoids contents weren't increased although contents of onion were increased. But they were influenced on steaming time that as the levels of steaming time were shortened, flavonoids contents were increased. To lengthen the shelf-life of Perilla Jangachi, the activities of enzyme peroxidase - which changes Jangachi's quality bad - by various levels of steaming time were measured. After steaming 50 seconds, peroxidase became inactive. Reducing sugar contents were decreased relying on either increased steaming time and onion contents. While steaming 30 seconds and 10% onion contents, the content of reducing sugar was 0.858% but steaming 90 seconds and 50% onion contents, it became 0.372%. Among the sensory attributes, brownness was increased as onion contents increased and steaming more than 60 seconds. Saltiness, sweetness, perilla flavor were greater relying on decreased onion contents. Toughness was decreased as both the amounts of onion and steaming time were increased. With this results, the most optimal adding level of onion content and steaming time was determined. Steaming 72 seconds and adding onion 27% was established as a optimal condition of Perilla Jangachi.

Evaluation of Physicochemical Properties and Enhancement of Antioxidant Activities of Dioscorea batatas by Stepwise Steaming Process (증숙 공정에 의한 마의 이화학적 특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Kang, Moon-Kyung;Kim, Jin-Sook;Kim, Gi-Chang;Choi, Song-Yi;Kim, Kyung-Mi
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.1049-1057
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the physicochemical properties of Dioscorea batatas for improvement of biological activities during a three-step steaming process, steaming $120^{\circ}C$ for 30 min and hot air drying at $60^{\circ}C$ for 8 hrs. Samples were extracted with 70% ethanol and analyzed for free sugars, and organic acids were analyzed by HPLC. The DPPH & ABTS radical scavenging activities, crude saponin, water binding capacity, oil absorption, and ${\alpha}$-glucosidase activity were measured. The major free sugars in all samples were fructose, maltose, and sucrose, and the free sugar contents increased to 157~235% after the three-step steaming process compared to the control. Organic acid contents of samples treated by steaming increased to greater than 55.8 mg/100g. The ABTS radical scavenging activity significantly increased with repeated steaming process, especially after the three-step process. As the time of steaming process increased, DPPH radical scavenging activity increased from 26.99% fresh Dioscorea batatas to 80.46~97.79% after the three-step process. Crude saponin content increased rapidly as steaming time increased, but decreased after the three-step process steaming process. The water-binding capacities of the samples treated by steaming process were higher than that of the control, whereas oil absorption decreased as steaming time increased. From the results, steaming process could be suggested as beneficial for controlling fat intake. Compared to acarbose, a known antidiabetic drug, used as a positive control, ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activity of samples treated by two-step steaming was among the samples. The results suggest that Dioscorea batatas treated by steaming process has antioxidative and anti-diabetis activities and can be used as a natural health product.

Strength Properties of Steaming Wood after Heat-Compression (수증기처리 열압밀화 목재의 강도적 성질)

  • 김정환;이원희;한규성;변희섭
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of steaming on mechanical properties of heat-compressed wood specimens. The specimens for this mechanical strength tests were prepared to super-heated steam treatment after compression to the radial direction of sonamu (Pinus densiflora). The specimen's size is $50(L)mm{\times}20(R)mm{\times}17(T)mm$. Steaming temperature and treatment time is $120^{\circ}C$ and 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 minutes, respectively. Modulus of elasticity(MOE) in compressive test is directly proportional to steaming time. On the other hand, modulus of elasticity in bending test between steaming and not steaming after heat-compressed wood is similar irrespective of steaming time. The reason for this phenomenon is not clear yet.

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Headspace Volatile Compounds of Steamed Liriopis Tuber Tea Affected by Steaming Frequency

  • Park, Jin-Yong;Park, So-Hae;Lee, Heeseob;Lee, Yang-Bong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.314-320
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    • 2014
  • Flavor quality of Liriopis tuber tea that was made using a steaming process was studied by measuring changes in headspace volatile compounds. Headspace volatile compounds of the prepared samples were isolated, separated and identified by the combined system of purge & trap, automatic thermal desorber, gas chromatography, and mass selective detector. As steaming frequencies were increased, the area percent of aldehydes decreased from 32.01% to 3.39% at 1 and 9 steaming frequency times, respectively. However, furans and ketones increased from 18.67% to 33.86% and from 9.60% to 17.40% at 1 and 9 times, respectively. The savory flavor of Liriopis tuber tea was due to a decrease in aldehydes contributing a fresh flavor at the 1st steaming process and newly generated furans from nonenzymatic browning with repeated steaming frequencies. These results will provide basic information for quality control of the newly developed Liriopis tuber tea.

Scientific Study for the Standardization of the Preparation Methods for Paeksolgi(I) (백설기 조리법의 표준화를 위한 조리과학적 연구(I))

  • 김기숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 1987
  • Paeksolgi is a typical Korean rice cake made by steaming rice powder added sugar, water and salt. This study attempted to clarify the factors which affect the textural characteristics, and to examine the effects of various steaming time and volume of adding water on sensory characteristics and Instron measurement on textures of Paeksolgi. Evaluation was conducted through sensory evaluation and objective evaluation. The results were summarized as follows. 1. In the preparation, the significant factors were soaking time, volume of sugar, and the interaction between soaking time and volume of adding water. And, Kind of sweetener, volume of adding water, steaming time, condition of powder, and the interaction between soaking time and steaming time, and between soaking time and volume of adding water, and between kind of sweetener and condition of powder, and between steaming time and volume of sugar were the significant factors which affected the textural characteristics of Paeksolgi. 2. In sensory evaluation on the various steaming time and volume of adding water, Paeksolgi made by steaming rice powder added water of 10% for 30 min. showed the most favorite tendency on the overall quality. The results of Instron measurement indicated that hardness, gumminess and chewiness tended to decrease as volume of adding water increased in same steaming time.

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UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS Analysis for Steaming Times-dependent Profiling of Steamed Panax quinquefolius and Its Ginsenosides Transformations Induced by Repetitious Steaming

  • Sun, Bai-Shen;Xu, Ming-Yang;Li, Zheng;Wang, Yi-Bo;Sung, Chang-Keun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.277-290
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    • 2012
  • The metabolic profiles of Panax quinquefolius and its associated therapeutic values are critically affected by the repetitious steaming times. The times-dependent steaming effect of P. quinquefolius is not well-characterized and there is also no official guideline on its times of steaming. In this paper, a UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS method was developed for the qualitative profiling of multi-parametric metabolic changes of raw P. quinquefolius during the repetitious steaming process. Our method was successful in discriminating the differentially multi-steamed herbs. Meantime, the repetitious steaming-inducing chemical transformations in the preparation of black American ginseng (American ginseng that was subjected to 9 cycles of steaming treatment) were evaluated by this UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS based chemical profiling method. Under the optimized UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS conditions, 29 major ginsenosides were unambiguously identified and/or tentatively assigned in both raw and multi-steamed P. quinquefolius within 19 min, among them 18 ginsenosides were detected to be newly generated during the preparatory process of black American ginseng. The mechanisms involved were further deduced to be hydrolysis, dehydration, decarboxylation and addition reactions of the original ginsenosides in raw P. quinquefolius through analyzing mimic 9 cycles of steaming extracts of 14 pure reference ginsenosides. Our novel steaming times-dependent metabolic profiling approach represents the paradigm shift in the global quality control of multi-steamed P. quinquefolius products.