• Title, Summary, Keyword: steel plate shear wall

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Structural Shear Wall Systems with Metal Energy Dissipation Mechanism

  • Li, Guoqiang;Sun, Feifei;Pang, Mengde;Liu, Wenyang;Wang, Haijiang
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 2016
  • Shear wall structures have been widely used in high-rise buildings during the past decades, mainly due to their good overall performance, large lateral stiffness, and high load-carrying capacity. However, traditional reinforced concrete wall structures are prone to brittle failure under seismic actions. In order to improve the seismic behavior of traditional shear walls, this paper presents three different metal energy-dissipation shear wall systems, including coupled shear wall with energy-dissipating steel link beams, frame with buckling-restrained steel plate shear wall structure, and coupled shear wall with buckling-restrained steel plate shear wall. Constructional details, experimental studies, and calculation analyses are also introduced in this paper.

Shear strength of connections between open and closed steel-concrete composite sandwich structures

  • Kim, Woo-Bum;Choi, Byong Jeong
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.169-181
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    • 2011
  • The behavior of connections between open sandwich slabs and double steel skin composite walls in steel plate-concrete(SC) structure is investigated by a series of experimental programs to identify the roles of components in the transfer of forces. Such connections are supposed to transfer shear by the action of friction on the interface between the steel surface and the concrete surface, as well as the shear resistance of the bottom steel plate attached to the wall. Experimental observation showed that shear transfer in slabs subjected to shear in short spans is explained by direct force transfer via diagonal struts and indirect force transfer via truss actions. Shear resistance at the interface is enhanced by the shear capacity of the shear plate as well as friction caused by the compressive force along the wall plate. Shear friction resistance along the wall plate was deduced from experimental observation. Finally, the appropriate design strength of the connection is proposed for a practical design purpose.

Shear Strength and Seismic Behavior of the Composite Shear Wall with the Steel Plate Embedded in the RC Wall (철판삽입 합성전단벽의 전단강도와 내진거동)

  • Chun, Young-Soo;Park, Ji-Young;Lee, Jong-Yoon
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.211-221
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    • 2017
  • This study proposed hybrid coupled shear wall in the steel plate insertion method, which is capable of reinforcing the shear strength of the entire wall without increasing wall thickness in the wall-slab apartment buildings. The proposed hybrid coupled shear wall was tested for its effectiveness, shear strength and seismic behavior in experiment. As a test result, the shear strength improvement by the proposed hybrid coupled shear was found effective. Integral-type of steel plate insertion was found more effective than separate-type steel plate insertion. In this case, if the stud enforcement method proposed in this study was used, the shear strength of hybrid coupled shear wall was recommended to calculate using the KBC2016 0709.4.1(3) method. The steel plate inserted in the proposed method was found to have no significant impact on the final fracture behavior and bending strength of hybrid coupled shear wall. The shear strength at the final destruction of the wall was merely about 1/50 of the entire design shear strength. Thus, it is deemed that the wall was over excessively designed regarding the shear force in the existing design method. This finding indicates further study on wall designing to ensure effective and economic designing based on appropriate strength estimation under the destruction mechanism.

A Nonlinear Analysis of Un-stiffened Steel Shear Wall (무보강 강판 전단벽의 비선형 해석)

  • Yoon, Myung-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2003
  • A Steel plate shear wall can be used as one of the lateral force resistant elements in buildings. It have many advantages from a structural point of view such as ductility, energy absorption capacity and initial stiffness etc. In this study to grasp the behavior of steel plate shear wall considering material and geometrical non-linearity, the FEM analyses were carried out using ANSYS(ver. 5.6) program. The analysis results were fully discussed and compared with test results to verify the validity of analysis method. The object of this study is to find out analytically the elasto-plastic behavior of un-stiffened steel plate shear wall.

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Numerical study on the structural performance of corrugated low yield point steel plate shear walls with circular openings

  • Shariati, Mahdi;Faegh, Shervin Safaei;Mehrabi, Peyman;Bahavarnia, Seyedmasoud;Zandi, Yousef;Masoom, Davood Rezaee;Toghroli, Ali;Trung, Nguyen-Thoi;Salih, Musab NA
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.569-581
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    • 2019
  • Corrugated steel plate shear wall (CSPSW) as an innovative lateral load resisting system provides various advantages in comparison with the flat steel plate shear wall, including remarkable in-plane and out-of-plane stiffnesses and stability, greater elastic shear buckling stress, increasing the amount of cumulative dissipated energy and maintaining efficiency even in large story drifts. Employment of low yield point (LYP) steel web plate in steel shear walls can dramatically improve their structural performance and prevent early stage instability of the panels. This paper presents a comprehensive structural performance assessment of corrugated low yield point steel plate shear walls having circular openings located in different positions. Accordingly, following experimental verification of CSPSW finite element models, several trapezoidally horizontal CSPSW (H-CSPSW) models having LYP steel web plates as well as circular openings (for ducts) perforated in various locations have been developed to explore their hysteresis behavior, cumulative dissipated energy, lateral stiffness, and ultimate strength under cyclic loading. Obtained results reveal that the rehabilitation of damaged steel shear walls using corrugated LYP steel web plate can enhance their structural performance. Furthermore, choosing a suitable location for the circular opening regarding the design purpose paves the way for the achievement of the shear wall's optimal performance.

Investigation of the link beam length of a coupled steel plate shear wall

  • Gholhaki, M.;Ghadaksaz, M.B.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.107-125
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    • 2016
  • Steel shear wall system has been used in recent years in tall buildings due to its appropriate behavior advantages such as stiffness, high strength, economic feasibility and high energy absorption capability. Coupled steel plate shear walls consist of two steel shear walls that are connected to each other by steel link beam at each floor level. In this article the frames of 3, 10, and 15 of (C-SPSW) floor with rigid connection were considered in three different lengths of 1.25, 2.5 and 3.75 meters and link beams with plastic section modulus of 100% to the panel beam at each floor level and analyzed using three pairs of accelerograms based on nonlinear dynamic analysis through ABAQUS software and then the performance of walls and link beams at base shear, drift, the period of structure, degree of coupling (DC) and dissipated energy evaluated. The results show that the (C-SPSW) system base shear increases with a decrease in the link beam length, and the drift, main period and dissipated energy of structure decreases. Also the link beam length has different effects on parameters of coupling degrees.

Numerical study of the cyclic behavior of steel plate shear wall systems (SPSWs) with differently shaped openings

  • Ali, Mustafa M.;Osman, S.A.;Husam, O.A.;Al-Zand, Ahmed W.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.361-373
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents the development of finite element (FE) models to simulate the behavior of diagonally stiffened steel plate shear wall systems (SPSWs) with differently shaped openings subjected to a cyclic load. This walling system has the potential to be used for shear elements that resist lateral loads in steel-framed buildings. A number of $\text\tiny{^1/_2}$-scale one-story buildings that were un-stiffened, stiffened and stiffened with opening SPSWs are modeled and simulated using the finite element method based on experimental data from previous research. After validating the finite element (FE) models, the effects of infill plate thickness on the cyclic behavior of steel shear walls are investigated. Furthermore, triple diagonal stiffeners are added to the steel infill plates of the SPSWs, and the effects are studied. Moreover, the effects of a number of differently shaped openings applied to the infill plate are studied. The results indicate that the bearing capacity and shear resistance are affected positively by increasing the infill plate thickness and by adding triple diagonal stiffeners. In addition, the cyclic behavior of SPSWs is improved, even with an opening in the SPSWs.

Topology optimization of steel plate shear walls in the moment frames

  • Bagherinejad, Mohammad Hadi;Haghollahi, Abbas
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.771-783
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, topology optimization (TO) is applied to find a new configuration for the perforated steel plate shear wall (PSPSW) based on the maximization of reaction forces as the objective function. An infill steel plate is introduced based on an experimental model for TO. The TO is conducted using the sensitivity analysis, the method of moving asymptotes and SIMP method. TO is done using a nonlinear analysis (geometry and material) considering the buckling. The final area of the optimized plate is equal to 50% of the infill plate. Three plate thicknesses and three length-to-height ratios are defined and their effects are investigated in the TO. It indicates the plate thickness has no significant impact on the optimization results. The nonlinear behavior of optimized plates under cyclic loading is studied and the strength, energy and fracture tendency of them are investigated. Also, four steel plates including infill plate, a plate with a central circle and two types of the multi-circle plate are introduced with equal plate volume for comparing with the results of the optimized plate.

An investigation of seismic parameters of low yield strength steel plate shear walls

  • Soltani, Negin;Abedi, Karim;Poursha, Mehdi;Golabi, Hassan
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.713-723
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    • 2017
  • Steel plate shear walls (SPSWs) are effective lateral systems which have high initial stiffness, appropriate ductility and energy dissipation capability. Recently, steel plate shear walls with low yield point strength (LYP), were introduced and they attracted the attention of designers. Structures with this new system, besides using less steel, are more stable. In the present study, the effects of plates with low yield strength on the seismic design parameters of steel frames with steel plate shear walls are investigated. For this purpose, a variety of this kind of structures with different heights including the 2, 5, 10, 14 and 18-story buildings are designed based on the AISC seismic provisions. The structures are modeled using ANSYS finite element software and subjected to monotonic lateral loading. Parameters such as ductility (${\mu}$), ductility reduction ($R_{\mu}$), over-strength (${\Omega}_0$), displacement amplification ($C_d$) and behavior factor (R) of these structures are evaluated by carrying out the pushover analysis. Analysis results indicate that the ductility, over-strength and behavior factors decrease by increasing the number of stories. Also, the displacement amplification factor decreases by increasing the number of stories. Finally, the results were compared with the suggestions provided in the AISC code for steel plate shear walls. The results indicate that the values for over-strength, behavior and displacement amplification factors of LYP steel plate shear wall systems, are larger than those proposed by the AISC code for typical steel plate shear wall systems.

Effect of stiffeners on steel plate shear wall systems

  • Rahmzadeh, Ahmad;Ghassemieh, Mehdi;Park, Yeonho;Abolmaali, Ali
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.545-569
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    • 2016
  • Stiffeners have widely been used in lateral load resisting systems to improve the buckling stability of shear panels in steel frames. However, due to major differences between plate girders and steel plate shear walls (SPSWs), use of plate girder equations often leads to uneconomical and, in some cases, incorrect design of stiffeners. Hence, this paper uses finite element analysis (FEA) to describe the effect of the rigidity and arrangement of stiffeners on the buckling behavior of plates. The procedures consider transverse and/or longitudinal stiffeners in various practical configurations. Subsequently, curves and formulas for the design of stiffeners are presented. In addition, the influence of stiffeners on the inward forces subjected to the boundary elements and the tension field angle is investigated as well. The results indicate that the effective application of stiffeners in SPSW systems not only improves the structural behavior, such as stiffness, overall strength and energy absorption, but also leads to a reduction of the forces that are exerted on the boundary elements.