• Title, Summary, Keyword: stool movements

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The Comparison Study on the Effect of Bowel Movement between Bo-Ryu Enema(보류관장, Bao-Liu Enema) and General Enema in Patients at the Acute Stage of Cerebrovascular Accident (급성기 중풍 환자에 있어서 보류관장과 일반관장의 사하효과에 대한 비교 연구)

  • 손동혁;조기호;김영석;배형섭;이경섭;이영구
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.51-62
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : In Oriental Medicine, the improvement of constipation is very important for patients at the acute stage of cerebrovascular accident. For constipation, oral medicine has usually been used but is not available to stroke patients with dysphagia and mental disorder, and may bring about side effects on the gastrointestinal tract. In such cases, general enema has been used for assistant therapy, We needed to develop a more effective enema technique on constipation of stroke patients. Methods : Sixty-three patients were researched. We treated 29 patients with Bo-Ryu enema and 34 patients with general enema. To compare the effect of the Bo-Ryu enema group with that of the general enema group, we analyzed general characteristics, bowel movement, abdominal examination and related symptoms. Results : Sixty-three patients comprised the Bo-Ryu (n=29) and general (n=34) enema groups. Between the Bo-Ryu and general enema groups, the Bo-Ryu enema was more effective than the general enema in the number of bowel movements, total and corrected amount of stool, tonus of rectus abdominis muscle and abdominal discomfort. However, there were not significant differences in the power of abdominal muscle, digestion and physical power. Among the subgroups, Bo-Ryu enema group was most effective in the number of bowel movements, total amount of stool and tonus of rectus abdominis muscle, and Bo-Ryu enema group was best in the corrected amount of stool and abdominal discomfort. Conclusions : Bo-Ryu enema should be considered as an effective and safe treatment for patients with constipation during the acute stage of cerebrovascular accident.

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The Effects of Low Calorie Meal and Weight Control Preparation on the Reduction of Body Weight and Visceral Fat in Obese Females (비만여성에서 저열량식사와 체중감량제 섭취에 의한 체중 및 체지방 감소 효과)

  • Park, Sun-Mi;Han, Dae-Seok;Kim, Dong-Woo;Lee, Sun-Yung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.9
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    • pp.1492-1500
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low calorie meal substitute and weight control preparation containing dietary fibers, ${\alpha}$-amylase inhibitor and hydroxycitrate on the reduction of body weight and visceral fat in obese women. Sixteen pre-menoposal healthy women (age: 20∼50 y, body mass index >25) who were living in the Daejeon area participated in this study. We replaced one meal of the subject with low calorie meal substitute and fed the weight control preparation twice a day for 9 weeks. Anthropometric indices, body composition, dietary intake and stool movements were investigated every 3 weeks during the dietary intervention. The blood was collected before and after the dietary intervention. Results are as follows: 1) The subjects' body weight, body fat, BMI, waist, hip and abdominal adipose tissue decreased gradually and significantly between 3rd and 9th week after intervention. 2) The levels of fasting blood glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol, the indicators of liver dysfunction such as activities of ALT, AST and ALP, and bilirubin level were within a normal range and not affected significantly by dietary intervention. 3) Hemoglobin levels increased significantly and blood urea nitrogen level decreased. 4) Their stool movement was improved 5) Compared with the baseline values, calorie intake decreased by 17.5∼21.9% and the intakes of vitamin A, vitamin B2, folate, Ca, Fe, and Zn were below 80% of Korean RDA. In conclusion, the intake of low calorie meal substitute and weight control preparation could be effective in reduction of body weight and fat mass, improving the stool movement and the general physical symptoms.

Effects of Abdominal Meridian Massage with Aroma Oils on Relief of Constipation in Institutionalized Children with Cerebral Palsy (향 요법 복부 경락마사지가 뇌성마비 아동의 변비완화에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Tae-Im;Nam, Mi-Jung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.90-101
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: To evaluate the effects of abdominal meridian massage either with the use of aroma oils or without using the oils for the relief of constipation in institutionalized children with cerebral palsy. Method: Using a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design, 40 children were randomly assigned to experimental (n=21) and control (n=19) groups. The experimental group received abdominal meridian massage with mixture of aroma oils, and the control group received abdominal meridian massage only. Prior to the intervention, baseline data were collected, and then abdominal meridian massage with or without aroma oils were given to both groups every morning for 15 minutes a day, six days a week, for 2 weeks. Outcome measures were number of bowel movements, amount of stool (gm), and frequency of laxatives, suppositories or enema. Using SPSS/Win 12.0 program, data were analyzed by $X^2$ test, t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: Children in the experimental group defecated a larger volume of stool, and used fewer laxatives than those in the control group. The treatment effects lasted for 1 week after treatment. Conclusion: Abdominal meridian massage with aroma oils appears to be an effective adjunct maneuver in relieving constipation among institutionalized children with cerebral palsy.

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Effects of Abdominal Meridian Massage with Aroma Oils on Relief of Constipation among Hospitalized Children with Brain related Disabilities (아로마 복부경락마사지가 입원 뇌병변 장애아동의 변비 완화에 미치는 효과)

  • Nam, Mi Jung;Bang, Young Ie;Kim, Tae Im
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to evaluate the effects of 3 times/week and 5 times/week abdominal meridian massage with aroma oils (AMMAO) on the relief of constipation among hospitalized children with disabilities involving the brain lesions (cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and others). Methods: The participants were 33 hospitalized children with a disability involving the brain (15 were in the 5 times/week of AMMAO group and 18 were in the 3 times/week of AMMAO group). Data were collected from March 21 to May 1, 2011. Chi-square test, t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA with SPSS 18.0 were used to evaluate the effects of AMMAO. Results: While there was no significant difference between the two groups, there was a significant difference within groups between baseline and the end of the intervention period for the following, frequency of suppository use or enemas, amount of stool, and number of bowel movements. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that AMMAO is an effective nursing intervention in relief of constipation for hospitalized children with a disability involving the brain. Therefore it is recommended that AMMAO be used in clinical practice as an effective nursing intervention for relief of constipation to these children.

Effects of Meridian Acupressure on Constipation in the Institutionalized Elderly (경혈지압이 시설노인의 변비완화에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Mi Young;Kang, Eun Hee;Byun, Eun Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.48-55
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: In this study, we attempted to provide an evidence for the effects of meridian acupressure on relieving and preventing constipation in the institutionalized elderly. Methods: The research design was a non-equivalent control group, non-synchronized design. The subjects consisted of 31 institutionalized elderly (experimental group: 16, control group: 15). The experimental group was given meridian acupressure for 10 minutes daily for 2 weeks. The data was analyzed by the ${\chi}^2$-test, Fisher's exact test, t-test and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: The number of bowel movements per week of the experimental and control group performed meridian acupressure verified by repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed that interaction existed between the meridian acupressure availability and the measurement point (F=98.183, p<.001). Repeated measures analysis of variance to compare the changes in Bristol stool form scale scores of the experimental and control group performed meridian acupressure revealed that interaction existed between the meridian acupressure availability and the measurement point (F=48.896, p<.001). Conclusion: The results of this study show the meridian acupressure is a useful nursing intervention on constipation in the institutionalized elderly.

A Case Report of Fecal Impaction in a Child without Abdominal Symptoms (분변 감입을 동반한 무증상의 심한 소아변비 치험례)

  • Jeong, Ji Eun;Jang, In Soo;Jeong, Min Jeong
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2020
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to report the case of fecal impaction in a child without any abdominal symptoms treated by taking herbal medicine. Methods We examined a 7-year-old girl who had normal bowel movement and defecation per day, and had no particular abdominal symptoms. Abdominal radiography was taken, and unexpected severe fecal impaction was observed throughout the abdominal cavity, filled with intestinal gas and feces. According to the subject's parents, she had no generalized symptoms, such as abdominal pain or distension, and had on a regular diet and normal bowel movement daily. She was treated with herbal medicine (Daeseunggi-tang) for 23 days. While she was on the therapy, numbers, doses, bowel movements, and radiography were checked and recorded. Results During the treatment, her stool was softened, and fecal impaction was relieved as showed by abdominal radiography. Conclusions We have identified that there are cases where subjects have no symptoms of abdominal pain, despite presence of severe fecal impaction. In addition, it was found that Daeseunggi-tang is effective in fecal impaction in childhood.

Effect of Prune Supplementation on Dietary Fiber Intake and Constipation Relief (건자두 제품의 보충이 식이섬유 섭취량 및 변비증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Young-Hee;Yon, Mi-Yong;Hyun, Tai-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.426-438
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine bowel habits, dietary habits, and nutrient intake of constipated adults, and the effects of prune products on relieving constipation symptoms. Fifty one adults with self-reported constipation (mean age 23 years, range 19-41 years, 10 males and 41 females) participated in this study. After a baseline survey on bowel habits and dietuy habits, participants were asked to consume at least 50 g of prune and 200 ml of prune juice per day during a 4-week period in addition to usual diet. Nutrient intake was estimated by a 24 hour recall at the baseline and once every week by diet records during the intervention. Data were analyzed after classifying the subjects into mild constipation group and severe constipation group by the severity of the symptoms. During the intervention, the subjects with mild constipation consumed 56 g of prunes (about 5.6 fruits) and 200 ml of prune juice, and the subjects with severe constipation consumed 59 g of prunes (about 5.9 fruits) and 207 ml of prune juice. Average intakes of energy, dietary fiber and water of the subjects in the mild constipation and severe constipation group increased during the intervention compared to the baseline. Average dietary fiber intake of the mild constipation and severe constipation groups significantly increased from 12.5 g and 11.6 g at the baseline to 18.5 g and 16.8 g after consuming prune products, respectively. These changes were accompanied by an increase in the number of bowel movements, a decrease of defecation time, a change to a softer stool consistency, and a decrease of abdominal pain during defecation. Seventy two subjects answered that prune products were effective to improve their overall constipation symptoms. Our data show that supplementation of prune products is effective to provide energy, dietary fiber and water, and to relieve constipation symptoms for constipated adults.