• Title, Summary, Keyword: strategies for improving instruction

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Instructional Design in All (K-3) Students' Mathematical Achievement in Solving Word Problems

  • Lee Kwangho;Niess Margaret L.
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2005
  • This paper investigates instructional strategies with potential for improving students' achievement in word problem solving. This review compares and analyzes the direct instruction (DI) and cognitively guided instruction (CGI) research on K-3 word problem solving mathematics students in a demonstration of my position that teachers need to understand student mathematical thinking to enhance students' achievement in word problem solving. CGI provides a more appropriate instructional model than DI for teaching word problem solving. For example, student-centered, conceptual understanding, and children's informal or invented problem solving strategies communicating with each other mathematically, etc. Korean teachers and teacher educators need to consider implementing CGI teaching strategies.

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The Effects of Science Teaching Using ARCS Strategies on Elementary Pupils' Learning Motivation and Academic Achievement -Focused on the electric circuit unit in the 5th grade science textbook- (ARCS 전략을 적용한 과학수업이 초등학생의 학습동기와 학업성취도에 미치는 영향 - 5학년 전기회로 꾸미기 단원을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Hyeong-Cheol;Oh, Jung, Im
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.539-545
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of science teaching using ARCS strategies on elementary pupils' teaming motivation and academic achievement. For this purpose, 67 children of 2 classes in the 5th grade of an elementary school were involved, and each class was assigned to experimental and comparison group. The experimental group, consisting of 33 children, were applied with the teaching method using ARCS strategies, while the comparison group, 34 children, were applied with traditional-type teaching method. The instruction effects were analyzed through pre/post-test's results using the questionnaires of loaming motivation and academic achievement. The results of this study are summarized as follows. After science lessons, it was found that the teaching method using ARCS strategies was more effective in improving learners' motives of teaming science and academic achievements than traditional instructions. And the instruction using ARCS strategies was effective to the children who were in low and middle level in academic achievement compared to those in high level.

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Effect of Various Instruction Media on Students′ Satisfaction of Food Purchasing Class (수업매체 활용이 학생들의 식품구매학 강의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤지영;홍완수
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.326-332
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    • 2004
  • The research objective was to identify the effect of various instruction media on improving students' foodservice management competencies and for increasing class satisfaction. The research involved a comparison of two student groups. One group consisted of students who attended a lecture-based food purchasing class (Group A). The other group was students who attended the same class, and who also used various media as well as receiving the lecture (Group B). The results were as follows: 1) After a 16 week program, Group B perceived their procurement management competencies to be higher than those of Group A, especially in setting up purchasing goals, marketing research, and using computer systems for procurement; 2) In terms of class satisfaction, it was also observed that Group B was more satisfied with food purchasing class than was Group A. Group B gave high scores, especially in effective utilization of media, increasing motivation, and understanding; 3) Group B perceived that various instruction media was helpful for developing their procurement management competencies. Respondents evaluated the usefulness of media in the following order: using Power Point watching videos, visiting web-sites for food purchasing class, and surfing the World Wide Web. The results of the research show that using various instruction media for food purchasing classes would improve students' foodservice management competencies. Therefore, instructors who teach foodservice management related courses should consider developing teaching strategies that apply various instruction media for students to enhance their foodservice management competencies and to increase class satisfaction.

A Study on Programming Language Instruction Strategies of Improving the creative and logical thinking for Elementary Students (초등학생들의 창의력과 논리력 향상을 위한 프로그래밍 언어 교수전략에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kap-Su
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2010
  • Logical thinking and creative thinking. in the elementary school are very important. Even though these have been studied very many, the computer program education has the lack of instruction strategy. In this paper, the instruction strategies of computer program language education in the elementary school to improve them are proposed. These are the principles of the input and output, effectiveness, generalization, simplification, and the principles of abstraction. These five principles are verified by the 20 experts from deep interview. Using the results of this study will contribute a lot of the program language eduction for elementary school teachers.

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On the Teaching of Mental Arithmetic in Primary Mathematics (초등학교에서의 암산 지도에 관한 논의)

  • 정영옥
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.167-189
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    • 2003
  • Mental arithmetic has recently gained a higher profile in primary school mathematics. The study aims to reflect didactical background of mental arithmetic in number and operations curriculum for primary school mathematics. In order to attain these purposes, the present paper describes the meaning of mathematical literacy and didactical background of mental arithmetic on which have been laid emphasis in relation to mathematical literacy in many countries. Also it shows current suggestions for mental arithmetic instruction in Everyday Mathematics Project in USA, Numeracy Number Project in Great Britain, TAL project based on Realistic Mathematics Education in the Netherlands, and mathe 2000 project in German in order to gain practical ideas for teaching mental arithmetic. Furthermore, it discusses mental strategies of students and didactical models for improving mental arithmetic instruction based on the results of many researches. Under these theoretical foundations, it is analyzed how mental arithmetic is developed in our number and operations curriculum, focused on mental strategies and didactical models. Finally, implications for improving our mental arithmetic instruction are discussed.

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A Study on the Improvable Proposal of Instruction for College of Engineering based on Analyzing learners' needs and satisfaction (공과대학 학생들의 수업에 대한 요구와 만족도에 근거한 공과대학 수업개선 방안 탐색)

  • Min, Hye-Ree;Hong, Seong-Youn
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.38-45
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to explore improvable proposal of instruction through analyzing learners' needs and satisfaction for college of engineering. Based on the online survey date with undergraduate students in Seoul National University, recognition difference between students in college of engineering and all students in SNU was identified. Among several factors influenced on learners' satisfaction in class, it is shown that satisfaction to facilities is higher than any other factor related to instruction. Generally, satisfaction with teaching in class is lower while satisfaction to an extrinsic support to students is high. Therefore, instructors should be more concerned about teaching in class. Learners' satisfaction with instructors' feedback to assignments and tests is significantly higher in college of engineering. However, learners' satisfaction with the progress of classwork and assignment students should perform regularly is lower than one in other colleges.

A Study on the Contents of Computation Estimation in Elementary School Mathematics Textbooks (초등교과서 연산 단원에서의 계산어림 지도 내용에 대한 고찰)

  • Kwon, Sungyong
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.53-87
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to find a future direction for improving computational estimation instruction through examining the contents of computational estimation included in the 2015 revised elementary school mathematics curriculum and elementary school mathematics textbook and teacher's guide. Through this, several suggestions was made as follow. Firs, it is necessary to emphasize the computational estimation across all grade groups. Second, it is necessary to teach the computational estimation strategies systematically. It was found that it is necessary to reinforce the activities related to computational estimation in the computation related units.

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The Development of Basic Skill Program and e-Learning Contents ; self-development capability for Vocational High School Students (직업기초능력 프로그램 및 e-Learning 콘텐츠 개발 연구 -전문계고생의 자기개발능력을 중심으로-)

  • Byun, Sook-Young;Lee, Soo-Kyoung
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.349-356
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    • 2010
  • This study was to develop improving vocational basic skill program and content which are basic of instruction-learning ability for the vocational education substantiality. To pursue this goal, 'self-development capability' among vocational basic skills was developed through the research methodology and procedure. The interpersonal relation capability was selected as one of vocational basic skill areas when it was more effective by e-learning contents through literature review, expert conference etc. The self-development capability can be self-control and development under performing business tasks. In this study, self-development capability was programmed a interpersonal scheme, a cooperative capability, a leadership capability, a conflict management, negotiation capability, and a customer service capability. Especially this program was developed as a form of e-Learning contents focusing on improving problem solving under real case using multimedia strategies such as movies, simulation, game.

An Analysis of the Critical factors Making Koreans Poor Readings (한국인의 독서부진 요인분석에 관한 연구)

  • 박정길
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.43-77
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the critical factors that have made Koreans such poor readers. What is the factors in make poor progress in reading of the Korean. The emphasis was put on identifying some indigenous barriers against buiding ‘good’ reading habits. Especially investigated are the following three aspects: historical, socio-educational, and psychological. This study suggested the policies and strategies for correcting and improving the poor reading of Korean.

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Analysis of High School Students' Conceptual Change in Model-Based Instruction for Blood Circulation (혈액 순환 모형 기반 수업에서 고등학생들의 개념 변화 분석)

  • Kim, Mi-Young;Kim, Heui-Baik
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.379-393
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this article is to analyze the conceptual change of nine 11th graders after implementing the model-based instruction of blood circulation by multidimensional framework, and to find some implications about teaching strategies for improving conceptual understanding. The model-based instruction consisted of 4 periods: (1) introduction for inducing students' interests using an episode in the science history of blood circulation, (2) vivisectional experiment on rats, (3) visual-linguistic model instruction using the videotape of heartbeat, and (4) modeling activity on the path of blood flow. Based on the data from pre-test, post-test and interviews, we classified students' models on the path of blood flow, and investigated their ontological features and the conceptual status of blood circulation. Most students could describe the path of blood flow and the changes of substances in blood precisely after the instructions. However, the modeling activity were not sufficient to improve students' understanding of the mechanisms of the blood distribution throughout various organs and the material exchanges between blood and tissues. From the interview of 9 students, we acquired informative results about conceptual status elements that were helpful to, preventing from, or not used for students' understanding. It was also found that conceptual status of students depended on the ontological categories into which students' conceptions of blood circulation fell. The results of this study can help design the effective teaching strategy for the understanding of concept of the equilibrium category.