• Title/Summary/Keyword: streamflow

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Estimation of Streamflow Discharges using Kajiyama Equation and SWAT Model (가지야마공식과 SWAT 모형을 이용한 유출량 산정)

  • Shin, Yong-Chul;Shin, Min-Hwan;Kim, Woong-Ki;Lim, Kyoung-Jae;Choi, Joong-Dae
    • KCID journal
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2007
  • In this study, Kajiyama equation and SWAT model were used to estimate the available water resources from 1967 to 2003 at the small scale watershed, located in Dongnae-Myeon, Chunchen, Gangwon. The annual average streamflow for dry years estimated using the Kajiyama equation and the SWAT model were $2,593,779m^3$ and $2,579,162m^3$. The annual average streamflow for wet years were $7,223,804m^3$ and $7,035,253m^3$, respectively. The annual arrange streamflow for the entire 36 year period were $14,868,601m^3$ and $14,214,292m^3$, respectively. The coefficient of determination ($R^2$) and the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient for comparison between Kajiyama and SWAT were 0.90 and 0.79, respectively. The comparison indicates that the Kajiyama equation and the SWAT model can be used to estimate the streamflow at th study watershed with reasonable accuracy, although the estimated values were not compared with measured streamflow data, which is not available at the small scale study watershed. However, the Kajiyama equation is recommended for estimating available water resources at Dongnae-Myeon watershed because of its ease-of-use and reasonable accuracy compared with the SWAT model, requiring numerous model input and expensive GIS software in operating the model

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Characterization on the Variation of Streamflow at the Unit Watershed for the Management of Total Maximum Daily Loads - in Guem River Basin - (수질오염총량관리 단위유역의 유량변화 특성분석 - 금강수계를 대상으로 -)

  • Park, Jun Dae;Oh, Seung Young;Choi, Ok Youn
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.914-925
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    • 2011
  • The variation of streamflow is regarded as one of the most influential factors on the fluctuation of water quality in the stream. The characteristics of the variation should be taken into account in the plans for the management of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). This study analysed and characterized spatial distribution and temporal variation of streamflow at each unit watershed in Guem-river basin. For the analysis of the distribution of streamflow, the type and the extent of the distribution were investigated for the unit watershed. For the analysis of the variation, short and long term changes of streamflow were examined. The result showed that most of the distributions were not log-normalized and the extent of variation tends to be greater at the unit watershed placed on the tributaries in the basin. A kind of margin could be granted to the unit watershed involving high variations so as to establish the water quality goal and load allotment more reasonably and effectively in view of whole waterbody.

Synthesis op Daily Streamflow by Multilag Model (다차수모델에 의한 일류량의 추계학적 모의발생)

  • 엄태규;이순택
    • Water for future
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 1981
  • This study attempts to examine and estabilish a simulation model from the stochastic analysis of daily streamflow. Daily streamflow records obstained at the main gauging stations along the Han, Nakdong and Geum River were used in the analysis. The following results were abtained. From the analysis of time series of streamflow by the correlogram and spectraal density, The serial component of one-year periodicity, serial correlation and irregular or random component were found. The coefficient of determination R2 of multilag model remaine a plateau at log-two, so that second order mu.ltilag model was Known to fit in the simulation of daily streamflow, Consequently, multilag and recised Markov model of the sewnd order give the best results in simulatin of daily streamflow. But the former generally gives better results than the latter. And theoretical markev model is unfit in the simulation of daily series without modification.

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Assessment of Streamflow Depletion Due to Groundwater Pumping from a Well (단일 관정 지하수 양수에 따른 하천수 감소량 평가)

  • Lee, Jeongwoo;Kim, Nam Won;Chung, Il Moon
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.46 no.11
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    • pp.1079-1088
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    • 2013
  • Groundwater pumping from a well has different impacts on streamflow depletion because hydraulic properties of the aquifer and the stream bed differ depending on its location. Therefore, quantitative assessment of streamflow depletion due to each groundwater pumping with different well locations is needed for the effective groundwater development and streamflow management. In this study, a watershed-based surface water and groundwater integrated model, SWAT-MODFLOW was used to assess the streamflow depletion near stream reach due to groundwater pumping from a well located within the Sinduncheon watershed. The arbitrary 50 wells among the currently used groundwater pumping wells were selected within the study area and the streamflow responses to each groundwater pumping were simulated at nearby and downstream reaches. In particular, the applicability of the Stream Depletion Factor (SDF) and Stream Bed Factor (SBF), which are widely used for evaluating the degree of streamflow depletion due to groundwater pumping, was evaluated. The simulated results demonstrated that the streamflow depletion rate divided by the pumping rate significantly differ depending on well locations and distance between well and stream, showing a wide range of values from below 20% to above 90%. From the simulated results, it was found out that the SDF or the SBF can be a partial referred value but not an absolute criterion in determining whether a pumping well has a great impact on streamflow depletion or not.

Comparative Study on Evaluating Standard Flow in Partially Gauged and Ungauged Watershed (부분계측 및 미계측 유역에서 기준유량 산정 방법 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Gyeonghoon;Kim, Jeongmin;Jeong, Hyunki;Im, Taehyo;Kim, Seongmin;Kim, Yongseok;Seo, Mijin
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.481-496
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    • 2019
  • The Ministry of Environment has measured streamflow at eight-day intervals for the estimation of standard flow of the Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDL) system. This study identified the availability of the partially measured the eight-day interval data for estimating standard flow and found the optimal extension techniques of standard flow. The study area was selected for the Nakbon-A watershed in the Nakdong River, and four streamflow record extension techniques of standard flow were considered: extension, percentile, drainagearea, and regional regression methods. The flow duration curve (FDC) using the eight-day interval streamflow data indicated very high Nash and Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) values above 90 % from FDC-II to FDC-VII compared to FDC-VIII, the standard FDC. This result demonstrates that FDC using daily data of three-six cumulative years could represent standard FDC fairly well. For the streamflow record extension techniques of standard flow, the percentile method was selected as the optimal alternative, showing the minimal difference from FDC-VIII. These results validate the availability of the eight-day interval streamflow data in the standard flow estimation and the application of extension techniques. It seems that these results could reduce the uncertainty of partially measured streamflow data for water quantity and quality management.

Development of Relational Formula between Groundwater Pumping Rate and Streamflow Depletion (지하수 양수량과 하천수 감소량간 상관관계식 개발)

  • Kim, Nam Won;Lee, Jeongwoo;Lee, Jung Eun;Won, You Seung
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.45 no.12
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    • pp.1243-1258
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study is to develop the relational formula to estimate the streamflow depletion due to groundwater pumping near stream, which has been statistically derived by using the simulated data. The integrated surface water and groundwater model, SWAT-MODFLOW was applied to the Sinduncheon and Juksancheon watersheds to obtain the streamflow depletion data under various pumping conditions. Through the multiple regression analyses for the simulated streamflow depletion data, the relational formula between the streamflow depletion rate and various factors such as pumping rate, distance between well and stream, hydraulic properties in/near stream, amount of rainfall was obtained. The derived relational formula is easy to apply for assessing the effects of groundwater pumping on near stream, and is expected to be a tool for estimate the streamflow contribution to the pumped water.

Simulation of Run-Length and Run-Sum of Daily Rainfall and Streamflow (일수문량의 RUN-LENGTH 및 RUN-SUM의 SIMULATION)

  • 이순택;지홍기
    • Water for future
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.79-94
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    • 1977
  • This study is aimed at the establishment and examination of stochastic model to simulate Run-length and Run-sum of daily rainfall and streamflow. In the analysis, daily rainfall records in major cities (Seoul, Kangnung, Taegu, Kwangju, Busan, and Cheju) and daily streamflow records of Major rivers (Han, Nakdong and Geum River) were used. Also, the fitness of daily rainfall and streamflow to Weibull and one parameter exponential distribution was tested by Chi-square and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, from which it was found that daily rainfall and streamflow generally fit well to exponential type distribution function. The Run-length and Run-sum were simulated by the Weibull Model (WBL Model), one parameter exponential model (EXP-1 Model) based on the Nonte Carlo technique. In this result, Run-length of rainfall was fitted for one parameter exponential model and Run-length of streamflow was fitted for Weibull model. And Run-sum of rainfall and streamflow were fit comparatively for regression model. Hereby, statistical charactristics of Simulation data were sinilar to historical data.

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Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Hydrology and Snowmelt by Applying RCP Scenarios using SWAT Model for Hanriver Watersheds (SWAT 모델링을 이용한 한강유역의 RCP 시나리오에 따른 미래수문 및 융설 영향평가)

  • Jung, Chung Gil;Moon, Jang Won;Jang, Cheol Hee;Lee, Dong Ryul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.55 no.5
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    • pp.37-48
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study is to assess the impact of potential climate change on the hydrological components, especially on the streamflow, evapotranspiration and snowmelt, by using the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) for 17 Hanriver middle watersheds of South Korea. For future assessment, the SWAT model was calibrated in multiple sites using 4 years (2006-2009) and validated by using 2 years (2010-2011) daily observed data. For the model validation, the Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency (NSE) for streamflow were 0.30-0.75. By applying the future scenarios predicted five future time periods Baseline (1992-2011), 2040s (2021-2040), 2060s (2041-2060), 2080s (2061-2080) and 2100s (2081-2100) to SWAT model, the 17 middle watersheds hydrological components of evapotranspiration, streamflow and snowmelt were evaluated. For the future precipitation and temperature of RCP 4.5 scenario increased 41.7 mm (2100s), $+3^{\circ}C$ conditions, the future streamflow showed +32.5 % (2040s), +24.8 % (2060s), +50.5 % (2080s) and +55.0 % (2100s). For the precipitation and temperature of RCP 8.5 scenario increased 63.9 mm (2100s), $+5.8^{\circ}C$ conditions, the future streamflow showed +35.5 % (2040s), +68.9 % (2060s), +58.0 % (2080s) and +63.6 % (2100s). To determine the impact on snowmelt for Hanriver middle watersheds, snowmelt parameters of SWAT model were determined through evaluating observed streamflow data during snowmelt periods (November-April). The results showed that average SMR (snowmelt / runoff) of 17 Hanriver middle watersheds was 62.0 % (Baseline). The annual average SMR were 42.0 % (2040s), 39.8 % (2060s), 29.4 % (2080s) and 27.9 % (2100s) by applying RCP 4.5 scenario. Also, the annual average SMR by applying RCP 8.5 scenario were 40.1 % (2040s), 29.4 % (2060s), 18.3 % (2080s) and 12.7 % (2100s).

Prediction of SWAT Stream Flow Using Only Future Precipitation Data (미래 강수량 자료만을 이용한 SWAT모형의 유출 예측)

  • Lee, Ji Min;Kum, Donghyuk;Kim, Young Sug;Kim, Yun Jung;Kang, Hyunwoo;Jang, Chun Hwa;Lee, Gwan Jae;Lim, Kyoung Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.88-96
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    • 2013
  • Much attention has been needed in water resource management at the watershed due to drought and flooding issues caused by climate change in recent years. Increase in air temperature and changes in precipitation patterns due to climate change are affecting hydrologic cycles, such as evaporation and soil moisture. Thus, these phenomena result in increased runoff at the watershed. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model has been used to evaluate rainfall-runoff at the watershed reflecting effects on hydrology of various weather data such as rainfall, temperature, humidity, solar radiation, wind speed. For bias-correction of RCP data, at least 30 year data are needed. However, for most gaging stations, only precipitation data have been recorded and very little stations have recorded other weather data. In addition, the RCP scenario does not provide all weather data for the SWAT model. In this study, two scenarios were made to evaluate whether it would be possible to estimate streamflow using measured precipitation and long-term average values of other weather data required for running the SWAT. With measured long-term weather data (scenario 1) and with long-term average values of weather data except precipitation (scenario 2), the estimate streamflow values were almost the same with NSE value of 0.99. Increase/decrease by ${\pm}2%$, ${\pm}4%$ in temperature and humidity data did not affect streamflow. Thus, the RCP precipitation data for Hongcheon watershed were bias-corrected with measured long-term precipitation data to evaluate effects of climate change on streamflow. The results revealed that estimated streamflow for 2055s was the greatest among data for 2025s, 2055s, and 2085s. However, estimated streamflow for 2085s decreased by 9%. In addition, streamflow for Spring would be expected to increase compared with current data and streamflow for Summer will be decreased with RCP data. The results obtained in this study indicate that the streamflow could be estimated with long-term precipitation data only and effects of climate change could be evaluated using precipitation data as shown in this study.

Impact of Changes in Climate and Land Use/Land Cover Change Under Climate Change Scenario on Streamflow in the Basin (기후변화 시나리오하의 기후 및 토지피복 변화가 유역 내 유출량에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Kim, Jin Soo;Choi, Chul Uong
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information Science
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2013
  • This study is intended to predict variations in future land use/land cover(LULC) based on the representation concentration pathway(RCP) storyline that is a new climate change scenario and to analyze how future climate and LULC changes under RCP scenario affects streamflow in the basin. This study used climate data under RCP 4.5 and 8.5 and LULC change scenario is created by a model that is developed using storyline of RCP 4.5 and 8.5 and logistic regression(LR). Two scenarios(climate change only and LULC change only) were established. The streamflow in future periods under these scenarios was simulated by the Soil and Water Assessment Tool(SWAT) model. Each scenario showed a significant seasonal variations in streamflow. Climate change showed that it reduced streamflow in summer and autumn while it increased streamflow in spring and winter. Although LULC change little affected streamflow in the basin, the pattern for increasing and decreasing streamflow during wet and dry climate condition was significant. Therefore, it's believed that sustainable water resource policies for flood and drought depending on future LULC are required.