• Title, Summary, Keyword: subacute toxicity

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The Study on Acute°§Subacute Toxicity of Juglandis Semen Herbal-acupuncture(JsD) (호도약침(胡桃藥鍼)의 급성(急性) 아급성(亞急性) 독성(毒性)에 관(關)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Kang, Kye-Sung;Kwon, Gi-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2001
  • Objective : This study was purposed to investigate the acute. subacute toxicity of Herbal acupuncture with Juglandis Semen(JsD) in mice and rats. Methods & Results: Balb/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with JsD for $LD_{50}$ and acute toxicity test Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally with JsD for subacute toxicity test. Results: The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. LD50 was uncountable as could not find the expired of treat group. 2. The clinical signs and body weight changes of mice treated with 0.2cc, 0.4cc JsD were not affected during the acute toxicity test. 3. In acute toxicity test of serum biochemical values of mice, total protein was increased in treat-l group, compared with normal group, and total cholesterol was increased in treat-2 group, compared with normal group.(P<0.05) 4. In subacute toxicity test, main toxic syndrome was not found. 5. The body weight was decreased in treat-2 group, compared with normal group and relative liver weight was decreased in treat-1, 2 group, compared with normal group in subacute toxicity test.(P<0.05) 6. In subacute toxicity test, WBC, MCH, MCHC were decreased in treat-2 group and RBC was increased in treat-2 group, compared with normal group in complete blood count test.(P<0.05) 7. In subacute toxicity test, treat groups were not changed serum biochemical values of rats, compared with normal group.(P<0.05) Conclusions: According to the results, Herbal-acupuncture with Juglandis Semen caused no toxicity.

The Study on Acute and Subacute Toxicity and Sarcoma-180 Anti-cancer Effects of Armeniacae amarum semen Herbal-Acupuncture(Haeng-In) (행인약침(杏仁藥鍼)의 급성(急性) 아급성(亞急性) 독성실험(毒性實驗) 및 Sarcoma-180 항암효과(抗癌效果)에 관(關)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Ok;Kwon, Ki-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.61-79
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    • 2002
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate acute and subacute toxicity and sarcoma-180 anti-cancer effects of Herbal acupuncture with Anneniacae amarum semen (Haeng-in) in mice and rats. Method: Balble mice were injected intraperitoneany with Haeng-In extract for $LD_{50}$ and acute toxicity test. Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally with Haeng-In extract for subacute toxicity test. TheAnneniacae amarum semen Herbal-Acupuncture was injected on Chung-wan (CV12) of mice with Sarcoma-180 cancer cell line. Results: 1. $LD_{50}$ was uncountable as none of the subjects expired from the treatment groups during the test. 2. The clinical signs and the body weight of mice treated with 0.1cc and 0.2cc Haeng-In extract were not affected during the acute toxicity test. 3. In acute toxicity test of serum biochemical values of mice, total protein and albumin were decreased in treatment group Ⅰ. Glucose was increased, and total cholesterol was decreased in treatment groups. GPT was increased in treatment group Ⅰ. 4. In subacute toxicity test, toxic symptoms were not detected in the treatment groups. 5. In subacute toxicity test, the body weight was increased in treatment groups on 14th and 21st day. 6. In subacute toxicity test. liver weight was increased in treatment group Ⅱ, and spleen weight was increased in treatment group Ⅱ. Lung weight was increased in an the treatment groups.(p<0.05) 7. In subacute toxicity test, severe tissue injury was found in lung and liver, especially treatment group Ⅰshowed more significant lung damage compared to treatment group l. 8. In subacute toxicity test, WBC. MCH and MCHC were increased in an the treatment groups, RBC, HGB and HCT were decreased in treatment group H(p<0.05). 9. In subacute toxicity test of serum biochemical values of rats, triglyceride was decreased in all the treatment groups. ALP was decreased in treatment group Ⅰ. and creatinine was decreased in treatment group Ⅱ. BUN/CR was increased in treatment group Ⅱ(p<0.05). 10. Median survival time of Sarcoma-180 cancer cell treated with Haeng-In was increased in all the treatment groups by twenty percent, compared to the control group(p<0.05). 11. Natural killer cell activity about the Sarcoma-180 cell was decreased at the ratio of 100:1 but was increased at the ratio of 10:1. In treatment group Ⅱ, increase was found at the ratio of 100:1 and 50:1 (p<0.05). 12. Interleukin-2 productivity of the Sarcoma-180 cell was decreased in treatment group I, but was increased in treatment group Ⅱ(p<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results, we can conclude Herbal-acupuncture with Anneniacae amarum semen caused toxicity, and had effects in Sarcoma-180 cancer cell.

Acute and Subacute Oral Toxicity Evaluation of Crude Antifungal Compounds Produced by Lactobacillus plantarum HD1 in Rats

  • Son, Hee-Kyoung;Chang, Hae-Choon;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.190-197
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the acute and subacute oral toxicity of crude antifungal compounds produced by Lactobacillus plantarum HD1 in Sprague-Dawley rats. In the acute toxicity study, the crude antifungal compounds (0.625, 1.25, 2.5, and 5.0 g/kg) did not produce mortality, significant changes in general behavior, or changes in the gross appearance of the organs. In the subacute toxicity study, the crude antifungal compounds were administered orally to rats at doses of 0, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g/kg daily for 28 days. There were no test article-related deaths, abnormal clinical signs, or body weight changes. The study also showed no significant differences between the control and treated groups in hematological and serum biochemical parameters, histopathological examination, or any other findings. These results suggest that acute or subacute oral administration of crude antifungal compounds from L. plantarum HD1 is not toxic in rats.

Acute and Subacute Toxicity Study of Artemisia asistica Nakai Aqua-acupuncture Solution in Mice (애엽(艾葉) 약침액(藥鍼液)의 급성(急性)·아급성(亞急性) 독성(毒性)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Youn, Seong-Muk;Lim, Jong-Kook
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2000
  • Acute and subacute toxicity of Artemisia asistica Nakai Aqua-acupuncture Solution (ANAS) were studied in ICR mice. In acute toxicity test, mice were injected intraperitoneally with single dose of $1{\times}$, $5{\times}$, $10{\times}$ ANAS, and toxicological responeses were observed for consecutive 14 days. Mortality, body weight changes, organ weight, and serum chemistry were performed. The mortality and body weight changes of mice treated with $1{\times}$ and $5{\times}$ ANAS were not affected during the experimental periods. With the $10{\times}$ ANAS treatment, there were dead animals and changes of body weight, organ weight and serum biochemical values were observed during the experimental period. In subacute toxicity test, mice were injected intraperitoneally with doses of $1{\times}$, $10{\times}$ ANAS for 14 days. No difference was found between control and $1{\times}$ ANAS treated group in mortality, changes of body weight and organ weight, and serum biochemical values. However, Dead animals, changes of body weight and organ weight, and increased serum biochemical values were observed with $10{\times}$ ANAS treated groups. These results suggest that $1{\times}$ ANAS causes no toxicity in acute and subacute toxicity tests. However $10{\times}$ ANAS causes toxicity in both tests.

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Subacute Dermal Toxicity Study of Sangmosu in Rats (흰쥐에 대한 생모수의 아급성 경피독성시험)

  • 박현선
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.358-368
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    • 1999
  • Subacute toxicity study was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats after daily dermal administration of Sangmosu (0.2, 1.0 and 5.0 g/kg) for one month. There were no clinical signs and pathological changes compared with control group. Bodyweights were not significantly changed between control and Sangmosu treatment groups. In histopathological examinations, there were some pneumonia in lung tissues at all groups of Sangmosu treatment including control, but it was not considered to be caused by Sangmosu. These results suggest that Sangmosu does not induce any significant subacute dermal toxicities in Sprague-Dawley rats.

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The Study on Acute Subacute Toxicity and Anti-cancer Effect of K-herbal-acupuncture (K-약침(藥鍼)의 급성(急性) 아급성(亞急性) 독성실험(毒性實驗) 및 항암효과(항암효과)에 관(關)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Kwang-Ho;Kwon, Ki-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.76-94
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate Acute$\cdot$Subacute Toxicity and Anti-cancer Effect of K-Herbal-acupuncture in mice and rats. Methods : Balb/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with K-herbal-acupuncture for $LD_{50}$ and acute toxicity test. Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally with K-herbal-acupuncture for subacute toxicity test. K-Herbal-acupuncture was injected on abdomen of mice with S-180 cancer cell line. Result : 1. $LD_{50}$ of K-Herbal-acupuncture was limited $4{\times}10^{-3}$ml/kg~$2{\times}10^{-3}$ml/kg by the test. 2. In acute toxicity test, all of mice were down to the moving reflex, but the weight of mice was increased in treatment group, compared with the normal group. (P<0.05) 3. In acute toxicity test of serum biochemical values of mice, glucose was increased in treatment II group, total cholesterol was increased both treatments.(P<0.05) 4. In subacute toxicity test, the clinical signs of toxication was down to the moving reflex, but it is not severe like acute toxicity test, and observed weight loss at the treatments. 5. In subacute toxicity test, liver weight was decreased compared with the normal group. (P<0.05) 6. In subacute toxicity test of complete blood count test (CBC) of rat, HCT was decreased in treatments, compared with the normal group.(P<0.05) 7. In subacute toxicity test of serum biochemical values of rat, uric acid and triglyceride were decreased, and glucose was increased in treatment groups compared with the control group. (P<0.05) 8. Median survival time was increased about $45\%$ in treatment groups compared with the control group.(P<0.05) 9. Natural killer cell activity was increased in B16F10 lung cancer model, but it was not in sarcoma-180 abdomen cancer. 10. In interleukin-2 productivity test, treatment groups didn't show significant change in lung cancer and abdomen cancer, compared with the normal group.(P<0.005) 11. In making an examination of metastatic cancer with the naked eye, melanoma metastasized in the Lung of C57BL/6 mice. The treated group showed more Melanoma than the control in the numbers and volume. Conclusion : According to the result, K-herbal-acupuncture need further study to know the function and effect in cancer.

Effect of Cynanchi wilfordii Radix Extract on the Acute Toxicity in Mice and Subacute Toxicity in Rats (백수오(白首烏) 엑스의 마우스 급성독성(急性毒性) 및 흰쥐 아급성독성(亞急性毒性)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Chung, Eun-Jin;Lee, Byung-Joo;Chung, Myung- Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.166-176
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    • 1993
  • This study was attempted to investigate the acute toxicity in mice, the subacute toxicity in rats of Cynanchi wilfordii Radix extract, the effect on transaminase activities, hematological parameters, leukocyte parameters in serum of subacute-toxicated rats. In acute toxicity test, the death rate was not observed in 50, 100, 200, 300 mg/kg(i.p.), one tenths to two tenths in 300, 500, 1000, 1500 mg/kg(p.o.) for two weeks. In subacute test, rats were all died in 300 mg/kg(p.o.) during 4 weeks, in 500, 1000 mg/kg(p.o.) during three weeks. The cause of death believed to be stomach ulcer. The activities of S-GOT and S-GPT were significantly increased in all sample-treated groups, when compared with the normal groups. A number of WBC and neutrophil belong to hematological parameter were significantly increased, lymphocyte was decreased in all sample-treated group, when compared with normal group. The hemolytic action on water extract, saponin and alcohol extract showed very low activities.

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Oral Acute and Subacute Toxicity Studies of Decursin and Decursinol Angelate of Angelica gigas Nakai

  • Kim, Kang-Min;Lee, Young-Jeon;Hong, Yong-Geun;Kang, Jae-Seon
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.153-159
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we assessed the acute and subacute toxicity of Angelica gigas Nakai (A. gigas Nakai) extracts, which are comprised of decursin and decursinol angelate (D/DA) in rats. For the oral acute toxicity test, Sprague-Dawley (SD) male and female rats were gavaged with two doses of D/DA (200 and 2,000 mg/kg body weight) and then observed for any toxic symptoms for 2 weeks. The LD$_{50}$ value for the rats was greater than 2,000 mg/kg body weight for both male and female rats, which indicates that there were no toxic symptoms induced by doses of up to 2,000 mg/kg body weight. For the subacute toxicity study, rats were treated with D/DA at doses of 2 and 20 mg/kg body weight once a day for 30 days. There were no significant changes in body weight and food intake observed during the subacute toxicity study. In addition, no differences were observed between the control and treated groups when urinalysis was conducted or when hematology and biochemical parameters were evaluated. Finally, histopathological examination of the organs did not reveal any lesions in the control or treated groups. Taken together, these findings indicate that D/DA is safe and non-toxic.

SUBACUTE TOXICITY OF HANTABAX (HFRS-VACCINE) IN MICE

  • Moon, Chang-Kiu;Park, Kwang-Sik;Mock, Myung-Soo;Jung, Myung-Kiu;Kim, Ji-Young;Jeong, Ja-Young;Kang, Kyung-Sun
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.111-121
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    • 1989
  • Subacute toxicity of Hantabax, epidemic hemorrhagic fever vaccine, was investigated in ICR mice with subcutaneous injection. Any significant toxic symptom was not observed in the treated mice during the experimental period. Macroscopic examination on the organs of tested animals showed no abnormal findings. On autopsy, no significant changes were found in all organs examined.

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Subacute Oral Toxicity of KDRD-002 in Rats (랫드에 대한 KDRD-002의 아급성경구독성시험)

  • 김형식;김규봉;이승기;곽승준;안미영;최병천;이병무
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.323-330
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    • 1996
  • Subacute toxicity study was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats after daily oral administration of KDRD-002 0.23, 0.7, 2.1 g/kg for one month. There were no clinical signs and pathological changes compared with control group but slight decrease in spontaneous motor activities and locomotions at high dose group of KDRD-002. Body weights were not significantly changed between control and KDRD-002 treated groups. In histopathological examinations, however, two animals (1 male, 1 female) showed abnormal increases in the weights of spleen tissues at middle dose group of KDRD-002. Also, there were some hemorrhages in lung tissues at low dose group of KDRD-002, but it was not considered to be caused by KDRD-002. These results suggest that KDRD-002 does not induce any significant subacute oral toxicity in Sprague-Dawley rats.

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