• 제목, 요약, 키워드: subgingival curettage

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Capsaicin이 치주 치료시 통증에 미치는 영향 (ANALGESIC EFFICACY OF CAPSAICIN IN PERIODONTAL THERAPY)

  • 한수부;강태헌;김태일;양승민;장범석
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.753-761
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of present study is to assess the effects of capsaicin topically applicated to the chronic periodontal pain suffering area. In the First study, twenty patients with chronic pain caused by mild periodontal disease were selected, and periodontal pack containing capsaicin(PPC) was attached to these patients gingiva around pain suffering area. Then the presence of discomfort had been recorded every ten minutes for the first 1 hour. After 1 hour again, It had been recorded according to the presence of pack and to the existence of pain. In the second study, twenty moderate periodontitis patients were selected. After subgingival curettage of two quadrant area, non-euginol periodontal pack or PPC were attached to the curetted gingival margins of them (Non-euginol pack bearing area and capsaicin pack bearing area is supposed to control group and test group respectively.), and the degrees of pain with time had been recorded eight times with 1 hour interval (at that day) or recorded once in a day (from the next day to the next appointment day). The results are as follows : 1. PPC has caused discomfort accompanied by burning sensation to the mild periodontitis patients with chronic pain. 2. PPC has given little effects to improve the pain after subgingival curettage of moderate periodontitis patients.

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치주질환에 대한 Argon 레이저의 효과 (The Effect of Argon Laser on Periodontal Disease)

  • 안형준;유지원;김재홍;김종열
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.277-285
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    • 2005
  • 치주질환을 야기하는 세균을 제거하고, 세균집락을 감소시키는 레이저 에너지의 광열적 작용을 이용하여 치주질환의 치료에 대한 효과를 알아보고자, 연세대학교 치과대학병원 구강내과에 내원한 중등도의 치주질환을 가진 환자를 대상으로, 각각 Argon 레이저를 이용한 치은연하 소파술과 통상적인 치은연하 소파술을 시행하여 비교하였다. 시술 전과 시술 1주 후 각각 치은열구액을 채취하여 치주질환의 중요한 원인인 호기성 세균과 혐기성 세균에 대해 배양된 세균 군락수의 변화를 비교하고, 또한 치태지수, 치은지수, 치면열구 출혈지수와 같은 치주질환과 관련된 임상적 지표의 변화를 비교하였다. 연구 결과, 호기성 세균 및 혐기성 세균에 대한 세균 군락 수 비교 시, Argon 레이저를 이용하여 치주치료를 시행한 실험군과 치은연하 소파술을 시행한 대조군 모두 시술 전에 비해 시술 1주 후 세균의 군락 수에 있어서 감소 양상을 나타내었고, 특히 혐기성 세균의 군락 수에 있어서는 통계학적으로 유의한 감소 양상을 나타내었으며(p<0.1), 두 군 사이에 통계학적으로 유의한 차이는 없었다. 또한 치주조직의 상태를 나타내는 지표로서 이용되는 치태지수, 치은지수 및 치은열구 출혈지수의 비교 시 Argon 레이저를 이용하여 치주치료를 시행한 실험군과 치은연하 소파술을 시행한 대조군 모두 시술 전에 비해 시술 1주 후 지수의 감소양상을 나타내었고, 특히 Argon 레이저를 이용한 실험군에서는 치은지수(p<0.1)와 치은열구 출혈지수(p<0.01)가, 치은연하 소파술을 시행한 대조군에서는 치은열구 출혈지수(p<0.01)가 통계학적으로 유의한 감소 양상을 나타내었다. 그러나 두 군 사이에 각각의 지수에 있어서 모두 통계학적으로 유의한 차이는 없었다. 이상의 연구 결과, 중등도의 치주질환의 치료에 있어서 Argon 레이저는 치은연하 소파술을 대신하거나 또는 치은연하 소파술과 병용하여 치료 효과를 더욱 상승시켜주는 유의한 치료법이라고 사료되며, 본 연구 결과 임상적 적용 가능성이 있다고 보여지나, 보다 효과적으로 임상에 적용하기 위해서는 앞으로 충분한 표본의 확보 및 장기적인 예후 관찰을 포함한 더욱 정밀하게 조절된 연구가 필요하리라고 사료된다.

클로르헥시딘이 초음파 치석제거기에 의해 발생된 에어로졸 내 세균 수에 미치는 영향 (The effect of chlorhexidine on reduction of viable organisms in aerosol produced by ultrasonic scaler)

  • 손우경;신승윤;계승범;양승민
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.303-310
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The aerosol generated by ultrasonic scaler can contain bacteria or virus which can penetrate into body through respiratory systems of dentists, dental hygienist or patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine digluconate as preoperative mouthrinse or lavage for ultrasonic scaler on the reduction of viable organisms in aerosol produced during periodontal treatment using ultrasonic scaler. Methods: 30 patients with moderate chronic periodontitis were included and divided into 3 groups: Control (no preoperative mouthrinse and tap water as lavage), CHG (preoperative mouthrinse with 0.1% chlorhexidine digluconate and tap water as lavage), CHL (no preoperative mouthrinse and 0.1% chlorhexidine digluconate as lavage). Each patient received scaling or subgingival curettage for 30 min. In CHG group, mouthrinse with chlorhexidine digluconate was performed for 1 min. before treatment. Before, during and after scaling or subgingival curettage, air sampling was performed for 7 min. each (1000 L/7 min.) with trypticase-soy agar plate. Agar plates were incubated in $37^{\circ}C$ aerobically. The numbers of colony-forming units (CFU) were counted and compared. Results: The numbers of CFUs of the samples obtained during treatment were $97{\pm}14.0$ in control, $73.1{\pm}14.9$ in CHG group and $44.5{\pm}9.0$ in CHL group. The difference among the 3 groups was determined to be statistically significant (one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's correction, p-value: 0.0003). In contrast, the numbers of CFU of samples obtained before and after treatment were not significantly different among the groups. Conclusions: Chlorhexidine digluconate used as preoperative mouthrinse or lavage for ultrasonic scaler can reduce the microorganisms in aerosol produced during periodontal treatment using ultrasonic scaler. Less number of microorganisms were detected when chlorhexidine was used as lavage for ultrasonic scaler.

백악질 열리의 임상 증례 (Clinical case reports of cemental tear)

  • 박정철;백도영;김창성;조규성;채중규;김종관;최성호
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.551-556
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Cemental tear is an uncommon form of root fracture that can lead to rapid localized attachment loss. When it is exposed in the periodontal pocket, it should be removed to prevent accumulation of dental plaque and calculus. Material and Methods: 2 patients were diagnosed as a cemental tear and they were treated with conventional flap operation and subgingival curettage. Additional treatments such as bone graft or guided tissue regeneration were not performed. Result: Symptoms subsided after the treatment. Periodontal pocket has been reduced but no gain of clinical attachment was observed. Remnant of cemental fragment remained after curettage. However, periodontal pocket was stably maintained and there was no recurrence. Conclusion: Periodontal attachment loss associated with cemental tear can be successfully treated with conventional periodontal surgical and nonsurgical procedures.

개에서 periodontal splint를 이용한 치아유동성의 치료 (Application of Periodontal Splint for Severely Mobile Incisor Teeth in Two Dogs)

  • 심경미;김세은;유경훈;배춘식;최석화;강성수
    • 한국임상수의학회지
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.119-121
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    • 2008
  • A 2-year-old, intact and a 10-year-old, castrated male Maltese were referred for treatment of progressive tooth mobility and periodontal disease. The first case was presented with tooth mobility of mandibular incisors (Grade 2-3) and the second case was also presented with tooth mobility of maxillary incisors (Grade 2-3) by periodontal disease. The treatment plan included supragingival scaling, closed root planing, subgingival curettage and removable-fixed periodontal splinting of the mandibular (case 1) and maxillary (case 2) incisors to stabilize them. Three months after therapy, oral examinations were performed for evaluation of success of therapy. In both cases, oral malodor, periodontal disease and tooth mobility were resolved and periodontal splints were remained rigidly.

하악골 골절선상에 위치한 치아의 예후에 관한 연구 (THE PROGNOSIS OF THE TEETH IN THE MANDIBULAR FRACTURE LINES)

  • 송재철;장익준;진병로
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.507-513
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    • 2000
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the vitality of the teeth in and adjacent to the mandibular fracture line according to variable conditions of fracture and to establish the protocol of treatment of fracture line teeth. Materials and Methods : The vitality of 97 teeth in fracture line and 104 teeth adjacent to fracture line of 52 patients were invested preoperatively. Of these, 66 teeth in fracture line and 72 teeth adjacent to fracture line were monitored at least 6 months after operation. An electric pulp tester was used to measure pulpal response. The relationships between the vitality of teeth in variable time(preoperation, immediate post-operation; within 1 week after operation, and 6 months after operation) and variable conditions of fracture(horizontal, vertical gap of fracture line, the number of fracture line)were evaluated statistically. Result : The vitality of fracture line teeth in the 6 months after operation statistically differed by the vertical gap of fracture line and the number of fracture line. The vitality of fracture line adjacent teeth in the immediate post-operation only statistically differed by the vertical gap of fracture line. There were statistically differences between preoperative EPT value and vitality of fracture line teeth on 6 months after operation. There were 5 cases of complications including periapical and periodontal abscess. Of these, only one tooth was extracted and the others were well treated with endodontic treatment and subgingival curettage. Conclusion : It is recommended to retain teeth and to monitor the vitality of teeth in and adjacent to fracture line, unless there is an absolute indication for extraction.

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A Preview of the Valid Natural Tooth Implantation(NTI) Related with Periodontal Diseases

  • Chang, Sang-Kohn
    • 대한치과보존학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.721-721
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    • 2002
  • For about half a century. dental implants made of titanium have developed as a method of restoration for the tooth loss. In these days. the titanium implants seem to be considered as the alternative for the conventional prosthodontics. But its hard to say that the titanium implants are superior to the treatments that preserve the natural tooth. As this is a general opinion among dentists. the implant will not be able to be the alternative for all the prosthetic treatments. Clinically, there are many causes for extracting tooth. The severe destruction of the tooth structure or periodontal diseases leads to inevitable tooth extraction. When the complete cure is doubtful because of narrow intraoral visibility and improper accessibility in approaching to the tooth and periodontal lesion, we. clinicians often inevitably extract tooth. Passive treatments like conventional restoration, curettage or surgical flap cant be the perfect treatments for the tooth that has subgingival root caries or severe periodontal diseases involved furcation. Many clinicians might have been forced to pull out the relatively healthy tooth by the difficulties of approaching to the lesions and poor prognosis. Though the intentional tooth replantation is performed sometimes. as it doesnt have enough scientific foundation. it has not been considered as a popular treatment method yet. I have been felt keenly the necessity of positive tooth preservation, so I have been attempting the treatment that has new concept. calling Natural Tooth Implantation (NTI) clinically. NTI differs from the tooth replantation in the goal for the treatment and biological healing process. Now. I confirm that NT! is a very positive and valid method of tooth preservation. Like you can get from the name. NTI is the dental implant procedure using natural teeth and similar to the healing process of the titanium implants in many aspects. I have been using biocompatible composite resin. DRM. with NTI and got affirmative clinical results from that. So I would like to introduce.roduce.

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치주질환 치료 후 구취 감소에 대한 연구 (The Study of Malodor Reduction after Periodontal Treatment)

  • 이재명;임성빈;정진형;홍기석
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.449-459
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    • 2004
  • Bacterial byproducts and volatile sulfur compounds(VSC) have been found to be the leading intra-oral agents, specifically, the byproducts of gram negative anaerobic bacteria have been implicated as primary factors of halitosis in patients presenting with periodontal disease. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between periodontal treatment and the subsequent reduction in the level of halitosis. Forty-three subjects presenting with periodontal disease were examined before periodontal treatment, one week after treatment, one month after treatment, and finally, two months after treatment, using a portable sulfide monitoring $Halimeter^{(R)}$ to measure the VSC concentrations at the prescribed intervals. The results of the study were as follows: 1. Significant decreases in the mean VSC concentration were observed at the one week, one month, and two month post-op intervals relative to the pre-op measurement. (p<0.05) 2. Significant decreases in the mean VSC concentration were observed in subjects after completion of flap operations. Significant decreases in the mean VSC concentration were observed at the one and two month post-flap operation measurement relative to the VSC concentration at one week (p<0.05), but no significant differences between the one month and two month VSC concentrations were found. (p<0.05) 3. Significant decreases in the mean VSC concentration were observed in subjects after completion of subgingival curettage (p<0,05). Significant decreases were found between the one week and one month measurements and between the one month and two month measurements, but significant differences were not observed between the one week and two month measurements. (p<0.05) The results of this study show significant decreases in VSC concentration in test subjects after periodontal treatment. It can be inferred from the results above, that periodontal disease is a significant contributing factor of halitosis, and that treatment of periodontal disease can been an effective means of reducing VSC concentration in patients presenting with halitosis concurrent with periodontal disease.