• Title, Summary, Keyword: subgingival curettage

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Scaling and Root Planing with Concomitant Subgingival Curettage

  • Ji, Seok-Ho;Han, Soo-Boo;Lee, Chul-Woo
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.81-93
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    • 1999
  • Non-surgical therapy is still an important technique in periodontal treatment. In this study, scaling and root planing(SRP) with or without concomitant subgingival curettage were compared clinically and microbiologically. 14 moderate adult periodontitis patients were included in this study. After 2 weeks from screening visit, with split mouth design, one quadrant was treated by SRP, and the opposite side was treated by SRP with subgingival curettage. Clinical measurement and microbiological analysis was taken at baseline, 1 month, 3 month post-treatment. Clinical parameters used in this study was probing depth, gingival recession, gingival index, bleeding on probing, plaque index, tooth mobility(Periotest Value). Microbiological analysis consisted of determination of the percentages of 4 bacterial groups according to morphologic type with phase-contrast microscope and measuring Black-pigmented Bacteroides after anaerobic culture. 1. There were significant changes in probing depth and gingival recession at 1 month(P<0.05), and these changes remained through 3 month. However, no significant differences were observed between two groups(P<0.05). 2. There were also significant reductions in gingival index and bleeding on probing at 1 month(P<0.05),and these reduced levels were maintained through 3 month with no significant differences between two groups(P<0.05). 3. In both groups, motile bacteria decreased significantly at 1 months(P<0.05), but increased nearly to baseline level at 3 month. 4. The percentages of Black-pigmented Bacteroides, in both groups, decreased significantly at 1 month(P<0.05), and in the subgingival curettage group, significant more reductions were observed than in the root planing group(P<0.05). At 3 month, significant reduction was found in subgingival curettage group only(P<0.05). According to these results, we surmised that concomitant subgingival curettage and root planing give some advantageous effect on bacterial recolonization.

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An effect of laser irradiation on periodontal pocket tissue (레이저 조사가 치주낭 조직에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Kyeong-Yoon;Kim, Sang-Mok;Kim, Byung-Ock;Kim, Hyun-Sub;Lim, Kee-Jung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.511-521
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    • 1996
  • Periodontal pocket is one of the most frequently developed clinical feature on the teeth with periodontal disease. In order to determine the gingival curettage effect of intrapocket irradiation of a pulsed Nd : YAG laser on periodontally involved teeth, bilateral 60 teeth with $4{\sim}6mm$ in probing pocket depth 1 week after supragingival scaling were selected. On half of them the intrapocket irradiation($300{\mu}m$ fiber optic, 1.5W power, for 2min.) of a pulsed-Nd : YAG laser(EL.EN.EN06O, Italy) was applied as the lased group. On the contralateral 30 teeth the subgingival curettage was accomplished by Gracey curettes as the curattage group. The periodontal pocket tissues were surgically excised by the modified Widman flap technique immediately after the intrapocket irradiation or subgingival curettage, subsequently fixed with 10% neutral formalin, sectioned in $4{\sim}6{\mu}m$ thickness, and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. Surface characteristics and incomplete removal of the pocket epithelium were evaluated under light microscope. And the difference between the lased group and the curettage group was statistically analyzed by Chi-square test in Microstat program. The results were as follows ; 1. The plane surface was observed more frequently in the curettage group(73.3%) than in the lased group(23.3%), and the rough surface was observed more frequently in the lased grOoup(63.3%) than in the curettage group(6.7%)(p<0.05). 2. The rate of incomplete removal of the pocket epithelium was relatively high in both the lased group(76.6%) and the curettage group(86.6%), and there was no significant difference between the lased group and the curettage group(p>0.l). The results suggest that the further studies including various power control of laser should be succeeded in order to obtain more favorable results by the intrapocket irradiation of a pulsed Nd:YAG laser than the subgingival curettage with Gracey curettes.

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THE CHANGE OF INTERPROXIMAL BONE DENSITY ASSESSED BY VIDEODENSITOMETER AFTER SUBGINGIVAL CURETTAGE (Videodensitometer를 이용한 치은연한소파술후 치간골 골밀도의 변화)

  • Choi, Jin-Keun;Lee, Man-Sup;Kwon, Young-Hyuk
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.397-406
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of interproximal bone density by means of videodensitometer and to examine the clinical applicability of videodentitometer to assess the periodontal disease activity.Twelve interproximal sites, with periodontal pockets deeper than 5mm and vertical loss of bone on standard dental radiograph, were treated by subgingival curettage. The papilla bleeding index, the plaque index, the degree of mobility, the depth of pockets, and the level of attachment were measured. Standardized reproducible radiographs were taken by using the occlusal stent with parallelling film holder. The density of the interdental bone was measured on the radiographs by a videodensitometer at three levels: the most 'superficial' level; the 'deep' level, arbitrarily 1.5mm below: and the 'apical' level, where no bony changes were to be expected. The clinical parameter and the radiographical change were measured at initial, and 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after treatment.The results were as follows :1. The papilla bleeding index and the degree of mobility decreased significantly until 3 months after subgingival curettage and showed the Same level in the remaining experimental periods. 2. The pocket depth mainly decreased due to the gingival recession until 1 month after treatment, but to the attachment gain after 1 month. 3. The density of the interdental bone did not show a significance increase until 1 month after treatment, but showed a steady increase throughout the 6 months of observation. 4. The close relationships were shown between the decrease in pocket depth and the gain of attachment and the improvement of bone density at 6 months after treatment.

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급성 괴저 궤양성 구내염의 증례보고

  • Kim, Chung-Geon;Lim, Kwang-Su;Lee, Man-Seon;Park, Chung-Cha
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.477-480
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    • 1974
  • This case of acute necorotizing ulcerative gingivitis was presented pseudomembrane, necrosis, ulceration, gingival bleeding and pain. The etiology of this case seemed malhygiene and malnutrition. Patient was managed by local treatment with subgingival curettage and systemic antibiotic therapy.

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