• Title, Summary, Keyword: sufu

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Preparation of Cheeselike Product front Soybean (식물성(植物性) 치즈(Sufu)의 제조)

  • Park, Kwan-Hwa;Kim, Ze-Uook
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 1980
  • An attempt was made to isolate suitable kinds of fungi for the preparation of Sufu, one of the fermented soybean products, and also to investigate the chemical changes during the aging period of Sufu. 1. First, from the isolated fungi 14 strains of Mucor sp. were selected on the basis of their morphological texture and agreeable odor. Secondly, 7 strains of these fungi with relatively high proteolytic activity were selected. 2. All of the pehtzes that were fermented with the selected fungi have raised the water soluble protein content to about 10% on average. 3. The amount of hydrolyzed protein increased to the 18th. day and then did not show any visible increase during the aging period. Finally, the 3 strains of suitable fungi for preparing Sufu could be selected. It seemed that one of them was probably better than the other two which were almost same as the standard fungi, Actinomucor elegans, in protein hydrolyzation.

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Chemical and Textural Properties in Commercial Fermented Soybean Curds of Sufu

  • Kim, Joo-Shin;Lu, Ying;Chung, Hau-Yin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2011
  • A survey aiming to find out the chemical and textural properties of commercial fermented soy bean curd called sufu was conducted. Sixteen brands of plain sufu produced in the Northern or the Southern part of China were collected and examined for their crude protein, crude fat, texture profiles, free amino acids, and free fatty acid contents. Twenty-one free amino acids were extracted and derivatized using a commercial kit followed by separation and analyzed by the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Similarly, ten free fatty acids were extracted using alumina, eluted, separated and analyzed. The content ranges of crude fat and protein were 22~36% and 31~38%, respectively. In texture profile analysis, ranges of the texture parameters were 131~493 g (hardness), 0.4~0.5 (cohesiveness), -137 to -50 gs (adhesiveness), 0.6~1 (springiness), 47~220 g (gumminess) and 32~177 g (chewiness). Twenty-one different free amino acids, especially alanine, glycine, $\alpha$-aminobutyric acid, valine, leucine, allo-isoleucine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid and lysine in large amount, as well as ten fatty acids in total, notably linoleic acid (9-octadecanoic acid), oleic acid (9,12-octadecadienoic acid), linolenic acid (9,12,15-octadecadienoic acid), hexadecanoic acid and octadecanoic acid were found. This information provides important quality reference ranges for product developers and manufacturers to optimize and produce the plain sufu.

Changes in Chemical Components of Soybean Cheese Making from Cow한s Milk Added Soybean Curd (우유 첨가두부를 이용한 대두 치이즈 제조 중 화학성분의 변화)

  • 김태영;김중만;윤인화;장창문
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.837-844
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    • 1994
  • In order to making the good quality soybean cheese, it is prepared byover growing cow's milk added soybean curd with Actinomucor elegans and the nold-overgrown curd soked in salt-brine/ethanol mixture. The physicochemical changes and sensory evaluation were investigated during the aging period. Crude protein, carbohydrate, crude fat ash contents of the pehtze were increased by elapsing the fermentation time, whereas moisture's decreased . Amino-N and ammonia -N contents of cow's milk added pehtze and soybean phetze were increased 17.25%, 7.23% and 16.16%, 8.42% respectively. Total nitrogen content of the pehtze was decreased by elaping the aging time but soaking solution's increased. Free amino acid content of soybean cheese was increased as a result of the proteolytic action of molds. As a result, sulfur containing amino acid such as methionine and cysteine of the cow's milk added soybean cheese were enriched 1.3 times more than the soybean cheese. Flavor, taste and texture of the cow's milk added soybean cheese were higher than soybean cheese.

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