• Title, Summary, Keyword: sulcus bleeding index

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EFFECTS OF ARTIFICIAL CROWN MARGIN ON GINGIVA AND GINGIVAL SULCUS (금관변연이 치은 및 치은열구에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 1978
  • A total of 200 patients, ranging in age from 20 to 60 years, were selected for the study. Each had at least one tooth which was restored with complete cast gold crown and a nonrestored contralateral tooth with no clinical evidence of caries and periodontal disease. The gingival tissues adjacent to the crowned and nonrestored teeth were examined to determine the evaluation of the severity of inflammation and probed to determine individual pocket depth. The findings are listed here. 1. The average sulcus bleeding index of the gingival tissues adjacent to crowned teeth was 1.99. The average sulcus bleeding index of the gingival tissues adjacent to nonrestored teeth was 0.67. 2. The average gingival sulcus depth adjacent to crowned teeth was 2.19mm. The average gingival sulcus depth adjacent to non restored teeth was 1.68mm. 3. No difference could be found between the average gingival sulcus bleeding index and average gingival sulcus depth of male and those of female. 4. The difference between sulcus bleeding index of the gingival tissues adjacent to crowned teeth and sulcus bleeding index of the gingival tissues adjacent to nonrestored teeth increased with increased age of the cast crown.

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METHYL MERCAPTAN CONCENTRATION DURING EXPERIMENTAL GINGIVITIS IN MAN (실험적 치은염에서 구강내 휘발성 메틸머캅단 농도 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Jun
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of present study was to evaluate the relationship between the early change of gingival condition and methyl mercaptan concentration during experimental gingivitis. Ten men(23-25 years old) whose gingiva were clinically healthy were selected. The participants have ceased to perform all forms of oral hygiene during 14 days and then did thorough plaque control for 7 days. For each subject, the methyl mercaptan concentration was measured by $B.B.Checker^{(R)}$ (Bad Breath Checker with printer, Tokuyama Soda Co.,LTD., Japan)before experiment and 1,4,7,14,21 days during experiment. Plaque index(Silness & $L\ddot{o}e$), gingival sulcus depth and sulcus bleeding index($M\ddot{u}hlemann$ & Son)score were recorded. The results were as follows. 1. Methyl mercaptan concentration increased continuously from the first day to the 14th day, decreased on the 21th day but it was still higher(P<0.001). 2. Plaque index score and sulcus bleeding index score tended to increase on the 4th day, markedly increased on the 14th day and returned to baseline level on the 21th day. 3. There was parallel relationhsip among methyl mercaptan concentration, plaque index score and sulcus bleeding index score. This result suggests that methyl mercaptan concentration increased with deterioration in gingival health, but decreased during recovery of normal health condition.

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THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF 6% HYDROGEN PEROXIDE AS HOME TOOTH BLEACHING GEL (가정용치아미백제로서의 6% 과산화수소용액의 효과와 안전성)

  • Han, Soo-Boo;Park, Sang-Hyun;Moon, Hyeock-Soo
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.433-440
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this investigation was to study the efficacy and safety of 6% hydrogen peroxide gel as a daily home tooth bleaching gel. The subjects consisted of 20 male dental students representing a variety of acquired stain and each subject participated for a 4-week period. Tooth color analysis(Shade determination), sulcus bleeding index, probing depth and probing attachment level were done and recorded at baseline and at the end of each week of study. The results indicated that home bleaching gel containing 6% hydrogen peroxide was effective and caused no gingival inflammation. Sulcus bleeding index, probing depth and probing attachment level showed no change. In conclusion, 6% hydrogen peroxide gel is an effective and safe agent for daily home tooth bleaching.

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The Effect of Argon Laser on Periodontal Disease (치주질환에 대한 Argon 레이저의 효과)

  • Ahn, Hyung-Joon;Ryu, Ji-Won;Kim, Jae-Hong;Kim, Chong-Youl
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.277-285
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate photothermal effect of laser, which eliminates and reduces bacteria causing periodontal disease, on treatment of periodontal disease. This study included subjects with moderate periodontitis who visited the Department of Oral Medicine, College of dentistry, Yonsei University. The subjects were divided into experimental group, where Argon laser treatment was used, and control group, where conventional subgingival curettage was used. Gingival fluids from each subject were collected prior and after 1 week of the treatment, and changes in number of bacterial colonies cultured from aerobic as well as anaerobic bacteria responsible for the periodontal disease, and changes in clinical indices related to the periodontal disease, such as plaque index, gingival index, sulcus bleeding index, were analysed. As a result, the number of bacterial colonies of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria reduced after 1 week of the treatment in both groups, especially the bacterial colonies of anaerobic bacteria which showed statistically significant reduction(p<0.1). However, there was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group. Clinical indices including plaque index, gingival index, sulcus bleeding index were reduced after 1 week of the treatment in both groups. In the experimental group, gingival index(p<0.1) and sulcus bleeding index(p<0.01) showed significant reduction, and, in the control group, sulcus bleeding index(p<0.01) showed significant reduction. However, there were no significant differences in each indices between the two groups. The above results suggest that Argon laser could be used as a substitute of conventional subgingival curettage, or in combination with subgingival curettage which would increase the effect of the treatment. Although the possibility of clinical application of Argon laser was observed in this study, more randomized-controlled research, including acquirement of sufficient samples as well as long-termed follow up, would be necessary before clinically effective application of Argon laser.

Effects of resolution of inflammation for low-power $CO_2$ laser treatment on gingivitis patients (치은염 환자에서 저출력 이산화탄소 레이저의 염증완화 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Hyun-Jong;Kim, Byung-Ock;Jang, Hyun-Seon
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.657-668
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: In this study, we compared low-power $CO_2$ laser treatment to ultrasonic scaling, which is generally approved as a power-driven mechanical instrumentation, and evaluated both of these treatments regarding their clinical effectiveness and change in the volume of in GCF. Material and methods: 20 patients who had gingivitis were selected. all of patients has no systemic problems. Randomly selected, one quadrant received ultrasonic scaling only, another quadrant received ultrasonic scaling and $CO_2$ laser irradiation, the other quadrant received $CO_2$ laser irradiation only. Clinical parameters measured at baseline, 1 weeks, 2weeks, 4weeks and 8weeks. Result: Pocket probing depth and clinical attachment level were not changed during study period. Gingival index of all group were improved after treatment. At 1 weeks after treatment, Gingival index of ultrasonic scaling group was only significantly different compared to control group. At 2 weeks after treatment, gingival index of all experimental group were significantly different compared to control group. At 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, gingival index of all group were increased, but experimental group were lower than control group. Sulcus bleeding index was similar to the results of gingival index. At 1 weeks after treatment, all experimental group were significantly different compared to control group and it maintained during study. At 2 weeks after treatment, sulcus bleeding index of all group were lowest during study. Gingival crevicular fluid were measured with $Periotron^{(R)}$ 8000($Oraflow^{(R)}$, Inc. USA). At baseline, all group were showed moderately severe condition. At 1 week after treatment, laser treatment only group was reduced quantity of gingival crevicular fluid mostly, and all group were reduced quantity of gingival crevicular fluid. At 2 weeks after treatment, all group were health state. At 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, all group were showed recurrent of inflammation, and control group was the most significantly increased. Conclusion: This study showed that the effects of $CO_2$ laser treatment were similar to conventional ultrasonic scaling and this result remained longer than plaque control only. These results suggest possibility of $CO_2$ laser treatment for altered periodontal therapy.

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON SUBGINGIVAL MICROBIAL COMPOSITION BETWEEN NATURAL TEETH AND OSSEOINTEGRATED IMPLANTS (골유착성 임플랜트와 자연치의 치은연하 세균조성에 대한 비교연구)

  • Lim Yong-Sik;Kim Yung-Soo;Kim Chang-Whe
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.411-422
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    • 1993
  • Osseointegrated dental implants are now an accepted part of the prosthetic treatment of fully and partially edentulous patients. Clinical studies have shown that osseointegrated dental implants may successfully be used as abutments for prosthetic rehabilitations, and that the supporting tissue can be kept in a stable and healthy clinical state for prolonged periods of time. The purpose of this study was to look for differences in the distribution in the bacterial morphotypes around natural teeth and osseointegrated dental implants. The subgingival plaque around natural teeth and implants was analysed by means of differential phase-contrast microscopy. In addition, clinical indices used to analyse natural teeth condition were used to compare the condition of natural teeth and implants. The results were as follows : 1. In implants of partially edentulous patients, the plaque index, sulcus bleeding index(P<0.05), pocket depth(P<0.01) were greater than natural teeth. 2. Gingival crevicular fluid volume was not significantly different between natural teeth and implants. 3. In implants of fully edentulous patients, the plaque index was greater than natural teeth(P<0.01) and implants of partially edentulous patients(P<0.05), but sulcus bleeding index was not significantly different. 4. In partially edentulous patient, coccoid cell proportion was greater in implants than natural teeth (P<0.05). 5. In implants of fully edentulous patients, coccid cell proportion was even greater than implants of partially edentulous patients(P<0.05) and natural teeth(P<0.01). 6. Among three groups, the proportions of non-motile rods, motile rods, spirochetes and others were not significantly different. 7. The proportion of motile bacteria was not significantly different among three group.

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