• Title, Summary, Keyword: surface modified commercial implant

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Removal Torque and Histomorphometric Investigation of Surface Modified Commercial Implants: An Experimental Study in the Rabbit Tibia (상용화된 치과용 임플란트의 뒤틀림 제거력 및 조직학적 분석 연구: 가토 경골에서의 연구)

  • Park, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Dae-Gon;Cho, Lee-Ra;Park, Chan-Jin
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.41-56
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    • 2008
  • The methods of surface modification of commercial implants were various according to the manufacturer. Surface modification of implant may produce diverse physical and chemical surface characteristics resulted from the treatment method and treatment condition. As a result, the bone response might be different. Even though surface modified implants have been used clinically, most researches are focusing on the bone response of surface modified implants comparing to machined implants rather than surface modified commercial implants. This study compare and analyze bone responses of 4 surface modified commercial implants with different shapes and surfaces. Eighty surface modified commercial implants with 4 different surface characteristics were installed in the tibia of white Newzealand rabbits. Biomechanical stability tests and histomorphometric evaluation were done. The results were as follows: 1. Surface modified commercial implants showed stable osseointegration at 6 weeks after installation. 2. Histomorphometric evaluation showed that there was no significant differences in bone to implant contact among 4 different commercial titanium implants. In comparing the implants with different shape the measurement of bone growth in subcortical area would be more reliable than entire bone to implant contact length. 3. Resonance Frequency Analysis showed that there was no significant differences among 4 types of implants, even though they were significantly different in installation. 4. There was significant differences in interfacial shear strength among 4 type of implants. 5. It is difficult to observe accurate bone to implant interface using Micro-CT. However, it is possible to measure the entire contact length of the implant to the bone.

Characteristics of Fluoride Releasing of Anodized Titanium Implant (양극산화 아크방전 처리한 티타늄 임플란트의 불소방출 특성)

  • Kim, Ha-young;Song, Kwang-yeob;Bae, Tae-sung
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.361-369
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to make porous oxide film on the surfaces of pure Ti through anodic spark discharge in electrolytic solution containing calcium and phosphate ions, to improve osseointergration by treating fluoride agent. In addition, it is to evaluate the fluoride modified effect on the surface. Commercial pure Ti plate with $20{\times}10{\times}2mm$ and Ti wire with a diameter of 1.5mm and a total length of 15mm were used. After making titanium oxide films converted by anodic spark discharge, anodizing was performed. Fluoride was spreaded to titanium laboratory plate and maintained for 30 minutes after anodizing breakdown. Fluoride ion discharge amount was measured per 24 hours after dipping titanium plate into saline (10ml) and sustaining 90rpm in a pyrostat. Some plates and wires were dipped in Hanks solutions for a month to examine biocompatibility using SEM and XRD. $TiO_2$ film formed by anodic discharge technique showed great roughness and uniform pores which were $1{\sim}3{\mu}m$ in a diameter. Roughness of the films treated with anodic discharge after blasting were higher than the turned ones(P<0.05). Rapid surface activity was observed in the samples treated with $TiF_3$ agent, which immersed in Hanks solution for 30 days. Taking the results into consideration, the fluoride modified implant with anodic discharge demonstrates that it makes uniformly porous oxide film on the surface of implant and properly increase roughness for osseointegration. The implants will achieve greater bone integration after short healing time by improving surface activity.

Efficacy of an LED toothbrush on a Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilm on a sandblasted and acid-etched titanium surface: an in vitro study

  • Lee, Hae;Kim, Yong-Gun;Um, Heung-Sik;Chang, Beom-Seok;Lee, Si Young;Lee, Jae-Kwan
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.164-173
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of a newly devised toothbrush with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on Porphyromonas gingivalis attached to sandblasted and acid-etched titanium surfaces. Methods: The study included a control group, a commercial photodynamic therapy (PDT) group, and 3 test groups (B, BL, and BLE). The disks in the PDT group were placed in methylene blue and then irradiated with a diode laser. The B disks were only brushed, the BL disks were brushed with an LED toothbrush, and the BLE disks were placed into erythrosine and then brushed with an LED toothbrush. After the different treatments, bacteria were detached from the disks and spread on selective agar. The number of viable bacteria and percentage of bacterial reduction were determined from colony counts. Scanning electron microscopy was performed to visualize bacterial alterations. Results: The number of viable bacteria in the BLE group was significantly lower than that in the other groups (P<0.05). Scanning electron microscopy showed that bacterial cell walls were intact in the control and B groups, but changed after commercial PDT and LED exposure. Conclusions: The findings suggest that an LED toothbrush with erythrosine treatment was more effective than a commercial PDT kit in reducing the number of P. gingivalis cells attached to surface-modified titanium in vitro.