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Follow-Up Study of Survival of Patients with Advanced Cancer in a Hospice Setting

  • Wang, Yu-Mei;Guo, Hai-Qiang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.3357-3360
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    • 2012
  • Objective: This study was to present the survival of advanced cancer patients and explore the influence of various factors on survival time as well as survival rate. The results provide guidelines for clinical practice of cancer treatment. Methods: Follow-up of 674 advanced cancer patients was performed in a hospice. The median survival time and survival rate were calculated, and survival analysis was carried out. Results: The median survival time of all patients dying from cancer was 12.0 months and the average survival time was 25.1 months. The 1-year cumulative survival rate was $0.518{\pm}0.020$ and the 5-year cumulative survival rate was $0.088{\pm}0.012$. The following factors showed significant impacts on survival rate: gender, age, primary diagnosis, surgery and the time when pain appeared. Conclusions: The survival time of patients with advanced cancer was relatively short. Major approaches to extend the survival time include early detection, early diagnosis, effective surgical treatment, pain control, reasonable supply of nutrients and multiple interventions.

Comparison of Startup Companies' Survival Rate between Urban and Rural Areas (도시와 농촌지역 신규사업체의 생존율변화 비교분석)

  • Lee, Jemyung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.147-157
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    • 2016
  • On the purpose to analyze the survival rate of startup companies since their establishment, the companies' survival rate was investigated by surviving period. The average and coefficient of variation(C.V.) of the startup companies' survival rate were examined with the comparison of urban and rural areas, and primary, secondary, and tertiary industries. In this study, the variation of total numbers of new-established companies, from 1998 to 2012, were analyzed with micro-data of the Statistics Korea, 'The Census on Establishments'. The results show that the survival rate of primary industry companies largely fluctuate and don't be stabled during the whole surviving periods, whereas secondary and tertiary industry companies show stabilized survival rate after fifth year from their establishment. Especially, the startup companies of primary industry located at urban areas show the largest fluctuation and the most vulnerable stability of survival rate. It is concluded that the surviving period of primary industry companies don't guarantee their survival, while survival rate of secondary and tertiary industry company became stable after five years from their establishment.

SURVIVAL RATE OF THE DENTAL IMPLANTS PLACED IN POSTERIOR MAXILLA WITHOUT SINUS AUGMENTATION (상악동 골이식술 없이 상악 구치부에 식립된 임프란트의 생존율)

  • Park, Hye-Won;Kim, Myung-Rae;Kim, Sun-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to evaluate 7-year survival rate of implants placed without bone graft in posterior maxilla and compare the survival rate by the age and gender of patient, length and diameter of implant, region of implant placement, bicortical engagement of fixture, and connection of prosthesis. Material and methods : 78 patients (170 implants) who visited our institution from 2002 to 2007 and were followed up with panoramic view and medical records. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) test were used. Results and conclusions : A 7-year cumulative survival rate for implants placed in posterior maxilla without sinus graft was 95.3%. The survival rate in men was 91.8%, significantly lower than 98.8% in woman.(p<0.05). However, the survival rate by the length of the implants did not show any significant differences.(p>0.05), while the wide platform implant resulted in 85% survival rate which was statistically lower than 98.5% in regular platform. The posterior maxillary implants engaged bicortically showed 97.6% of 7-year Survival rate, comparing 88.6% in not engaged implants. The survival rate of the single implant was 91.2%, while 98.5% in splinted prosthesis. Therefore, the bicortical engagement of the fixtures and splinted prosthesis may be recommended to get a long-term survival rate in posterior maxilla.

CLINICAL STUDY ON SURVIVAL RATE OF OSSEOINTEGRATED IMPLANTS (골유착성 치과 임플란트의 생존율에 관한 임상적 연구)

  • Choi, Ji-Yeon;Koh, Se-Wook;Ryu, Hwun-Wook
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.306-313
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: The aim of the present review was to evaluate survival rate and various factors associated with survival of osseointegrated implants. Patients and methods: The clinical comparisons were performed to evaluate survival rate of 794 endosseous implants that had been inserted between 2004 through 2008 in relation to sex and age of patients, position of implant, implant system and surface characteristics, length and diameter of implant, and bone graft technique. Results: The survival rate of implant was 94.3% in posterior area of maxilla and 98.6% in posterior area of mandible by position of implant, a statistically significant difference. As to diameter of implant, survival rate was 98.4% between the 4.0 and 4.5 mm and 75.0% in larger than 5.0 mm, that was statistically significant difference. There was a statistically significant difference regard to bone graft and surgical technique. The implant survival rate was 89.0% in a placement site which performed sinus lifting, and in case of implant placement with guided bone regeneration technique and without bone grafting was 97.6% and 100% each. Conclusion: According to these findings, this study establishes a relationship between survival rate of implant and position, surface characteristics, diameter of implant and bone graft technique.

Studies on the Survival Rate of Bisected Porcine Embryos and Immature Oocytes (돼지 분할 수정란 및 미성숙란의 생존율에 관한 연구)

  • 김상근;이명헌;서길웅
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.129-134
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    • 1995
  • This study was carried out to investigate on the survival rate and in vitro developmental rate of bisected porcine embryos and immature oocytes by manipulator and micropipette. Bisected embryos and immature oocytes cultured for 1∼5 days in TCM 199 medium with 20% FCS. Survival rate was defined as development rate on in vitro culture or FDA-test. The results are summarized as follows ; 1. The survival rate of bisected porcine embryos and oocytes were 26.1%, 22.7%, respectively. The survival rate of bisected embryos and oocytes was significantly lower than that of non-bisection embryos(62.5%). 2. The survival rate of bisected porcine embryos in cultured for 12, 24, 48, 72 hrs with 20% FCS+TCM-199 medium were 26.9%, 19.2%, 19.2% and 11.5%, respectively. 3. The in-vitro developmental rate with and without zona pellucida of bisected porcine embryos by micromanipulator were 30.8%, 25.0%, respectively.

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A Retrospective Clinical Study of Survival Rate for a Single Implant in Posterior Teeth (구치부 단일 임플란트의 생존율에 대한 후향적 연구)

  • Han, Sung-Il;Lee, Jae-Hoon
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.186-199
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Single implants, of which screw loosening has been observed frequently, presents problems such as fixtures fractures, marginal bone loss, and inflammation of the soft tissue around the implant. However, the single implant is more conservative, cost effective, and predictable compared to the 3 unit bridge with respect to the long-term outcome. This study evaluated the survival rate as well as future methods aimed at increasing the survival rate in single implants in posterior teeth. Methods: Among the implants placed in the Dankook University Dental Hospital department of Oral & Maxillofacial surgery from January 2001 to June 2008, 599 implants placed in the maxillar and mandibular posterior were evaluated retrospectively. Survival rates were investigated according to implant location, cause of tooth loss, gender, age, general disease, fixture diameter and length, surface texture, implant type and shape, presence of bone graft, surgery stage, surgeons, bone quality and opposite teeth. Results: Out of 599 single implants in posterior teeth, 580 implants survived and the survival rate was 96.8%. The difference in survival rate was statistically significant according to the implant location. The survival rate was low (84.2%) in implants exhibiting a wide diameter (${\geq}5.1mm$) and the surface treated by the acid etching group demonstrated a significantly lower survival rate (91.1%). One stage surgical procedure, which implemented a relatively better bone quality survival rate (100%), was higher than the two stage surgical procedure (96.1%). The survival rate of type IV bone quality (75%) was significantly lower than the other bone quality. Conclusion: Single posterior teeth implant treatments should use an improved surface finishing fixture as well as careful and safe procedures when performing implant surgery in the maxilla premolar and molar regions since bone quality is poor.

Geographic Variation in Survival Rate and Height Growth of Pinus densiflora S. et Z. in Korea

  • Kim, In-Sik;Ryu, Keun-Ok;Song, Jeong-Ho;Kim, Tae-Su
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.94 no.2
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to examine the geographic variation among provenances of Pinus densiflora in survival rate and height growth at four test plantations (Jungsun, Chungju, Naju, and Jeju). The plantations were parts of the eleven provenance trials of Pinus densiflora established by Korea Forest Research Institute in 1996. The survival rate and height growth were significantly different among test plantations at $p{\leq}0.01$. Latitude and longitude of test plantation were negatively correlated with survival rate and height growth. On the other hand, annual mean temperature, mean temperature (Nov.~Feb.), extremely low temperature (Dec.~Feb.), and annual mean growing days of test plantation were positively correlated with these two. The relationships between growth variables and geographic variables were analysed with canonical correlation analysis. A considerable amount of variation in survival rate and height growth was explained by latitude, annual mean growing days, extremely low temperature (Dec.~Feb.) and extremely high temperature (Nov.~Feb.) of provenances. It is estimated that up to 47.1% and 67.4% of the genetic variability in survival rate and height growth was attributable to the environmental variability of the provenances, respectively. The response surface curve of survival rate and height growth was plotted against latitude and longitude to examine growth performance of provenances for each test site. Generally, the local provenances showed better survival rate and height growth.

Effect of supportive periodontal therapy on long-term implant survival rate

  • Choi, So-Jeong;Kim, Ok-Su
    • Oral Biology Research
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.228-234
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to determine the condition of supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) in implant patients and the effect of SPT on implant long-term survival. Implants placed at the Dept. of Periodontology, Chonnam National University Dental Hospital over a 5-year period, were traced for up to 8 years. Patients who had visited the hospital at least once a year were defined as regular SPT, and patients who were treated by active periodontal therapy were defined as patients with periodontitis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed based on the observation periods, and the effect of SPT and history of periodontitis on implant survival assessed by chisquare test. A total of 183 patients (age: 21-91, 98 males and 85 females), and 508 implants were used for this study. Three hundred eight implants were under SPT and 87 implants was under regular SPT. For the patients with periodontitis 136 implants were placed. The 5-year survival rate was 94.8%. The overall survival rate in patients who received SPT was 97.1% and 91.0% for those who did not (p=0.004). The survival rate in patients who received regular SPT was 97.7%, and 96.8% for patients received irregular SPT. The survival rate was 93.4% in patients with periodontitis and 95.2% in patients without periodontitis. Among patients with periodontitis, the survival rate was 100.0% in patients who received regular SPT and 89.2% for irregular SPT (p=0.012). These results suggest that regular SPT improves implant survival rate and is more effective in patients with periodontitis.

Five-Year Survival and Median Survival Time of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia

  • Siti-Azrin, Ab Hamid;Norsa'adah, Bachok;Naing, Nyi Nyi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6455-6459
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    • 2014
  • Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the fourth most common cancer in Malaysia. The objective of this study was to determine the five-year survival rate and median survival time of NPC patients in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). Methods: One hundred and thirty four NPC cases confirmed by histopathology in Hospital USM between $1^{st}$ January 1998 and $31^{st}$ December 2007 that fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were retrospectively reviewed. Survival time of NPC patients were estimated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Log-rank tests were performed to compare survival of cases among presenting symptoms, WHO type, TNM classification and treatment modalities. Results: The overall five-year survival rate of NPC patients was 38.0% (95% confidence interval (CI): 29.1, 46.9). The overall median survival time of NPC patients was 31.30 months (95%CI: 23.76, 38.84). The significant factors that altered the survival rate and time were age (p=0.041), cranial nerve involvement (p=0.012), stage (p=0.002), metastases (p=0.008) and treatment (p<0.001). Conclusion: The median survival of NPC patients is significantly longer for age ${\leq}50$ years, no cranial nerve involvement, and early stage and is dependent on treatment modalities.

For Better Fat Graft Outcome in Soft Tissue Augmentation: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

  • Kim, Jin Bin;Jin, Han Byeol;Son, Ji Hwan;Chung, Jee Hyeok
    • Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.116-127
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    • 2018
  • Background Autologous fat grafts are widely used in plastic surgery, but they have the disadvantage of unpredictability due to variable resorption. This meta-analysis examined the literature on the survival rate of autologous fat grafts using objective markers, and investigated the factors that affected the survival rate. Methods The reviewers searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases from January 2001 to December 2017. A meta-analysis was performed to estimate fat graft survival and to identify variables that influenced the survival rate. Results A total of 27 studies (1,066 cases) were included in the meta-analysis. The mean survival rate of grafted fat was 56.5%. The survival rate was significantly higher for cell-assisted lipotransfer (CAL) than for non-CAL (62% vs. 53.4%; P=0.015). The survival rate for procedures performed to correct lipoatrophy was higher than that of procedures performed for other purposes (64.6%; P=0.014), and was significantly higher in patients who underwent breast pre-expansion using the BRAVA device (66.2% vs. 50.35%; P=0.001). There were no significant differences in the survival rate according to the recipient site, harvesting method, or refinement method. Conclusions Fat transplantation showed a varying survival rate, with an average of 56%. In patients who underwent CAL or breast pre-expansion with the BRAVA device, the survival rate of transplanted fat was higher than in their counterparts, supporting the use of these techniques in fat transplantation.