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Quality Characteristics of Bread Supplemented with Sweet Pumpkin (단호박을 첨가한 식빵의 품질 및 기호도 특성)

  • Lee, Gyeong-Sook;Han, Gyeong-Phil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.386-391
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the effects of freeze-dried sweet pumpkin powder on the baking of bread. Freeze-dried sweet pumpkin powder (0, 3, 6, 9, or 12%) was supplemented during the baking process and the bread volume, weight, specific volume, baking loss rate, texture, and sensory characteristics were measured. The results were following. Freeze-dried sweet pumpkin contained 4.88% water, 4.40% protein, and 4.02% ash. The L-values (brightness) of the bread were significantly lower as increasing amounts of sweet pumpkin powder were added (p<0.001). However, higher values for the a-value (redness) and b-value (yellowness) were observed (p<0.01 for both values). The volume and baking loss rate decreased when the sweet pumpkin powder was added. In contrast, the weight significantly increased as sweet pumpkin powder was added (p<0.01) and the intensity of dark brown color increased. The outer side of the bread was balanced overall, but the outer skin of the bread appeared darker as the amount of sweet pumpkin powder increased. The overall acceptability, hardness (p<0.001), elasticity (p<0.01), cohesiveness (p<0.01), gumminess (p<0.01), and brittleness (p<0.001) increased as sweet pumpkin powder increased as well. However, when sweet pumpkin powder was added at 12%, the overall acceptability value was fairly low. Sensory parameters, such as taste (p<0.001), color (p<0.001), and flavor (p<0.05) were observed when sweet pumpkin powder was used at 3% and these results were lower than the control. Overall acceptability (p<0.001) was best when sweet pumpkin powder was used at 9% and the texture was best when sweet pumpkin powder was used at 6%.

Processing of Purees from Pumpkin and Sweet-Pumpkin (호박 및 단호박을 이용한 퓨레 제조)

  • 허수진;김준한
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.172-176
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to develop purees from pumpkin and sweet-pumpkin. Soluble solids in pumpkins were increased as heating time increase. The maximum yield of puree from sweet-pumpkin marked 78.2% when in prepared at 121$^{\circ}C$ for 60 minutes heating, but puree from pumpkin was 53.2% at 121$^{\circ}C$ for 40 minutes heating. Soluble solid and yield of pumpkin purees were increased with enzyme treatment. but viscosity was deceased remarkably. Hunter's a and b values of puree from sweet-pumpkin were higher than puree from pumpkin, and it was considered due to higher content of carotenoid. Organoleptic qualities of puree from pumpkin and sweet-pumpkin were investigated by 5-point scale and the most effective heating time was 40 minutes at 121$^{\circ}C$.

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Optimization of Hobakjook (pumpkin soup) with Added Glutinous Rice Powder (호박 재료 배합비율을 달리한 호박죽의 품질 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ah;Kim, Jae-Hwan
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.162-175
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this thesis was to develop pumpkin soup with different ratios of ingredients, using high-nutrient sweet pumpkins. P10G0 without sweet pumpkin and glutinous rice powder showed the highest moisture content, whereas, P5G0 whit Cheongdung pumpkin and sweet pumpkin at the same ratio whitout glutinous rice powder showed the lowest moisture content. For chromaticity lightness of control pumpkin soup scored the lowest. Lightness of P10G0 without sweet pumpkin and glutinous rice powder also scored the lowest. For redness, the P5 group with Cheongdung pumpkin and sweet pumpkin at the same ratio scored the highest while the P10 group without sweet pumpkin scored the lowest. As for yellowness, increased ratio of glutinous rice powder in pumpkin soup scored resulted in reduced yellowness in all groups P5 (p<0.01), P7 and P10 (p<0.001) A higher ratio of Cheongdung pumpkin was thus generally associated whit reduced yellowness (p<0.001). For the spread-ability, higher ratio of sweet pumpkin to Cheongdung pumpkin resulted in significant reduction of spread-ability. However, groups with 12% glutinous rice powder showed no significant differences. Spread-ability of the P5 and P10 groups significant increased and thereafter decreased according to the addition ratio of glutinous rice powder, viscosity of the G0 and G4 groups decreased according to the addition ratio of Cheongdung pumpkin, whereas they first decreased and then increased in the G8 and G12 groups. All groups showed increased viscosity whit more glutinous rice powder. For the sensory evaluation, P5G8 was mostly preferred in all aspects. P7G4 was superior in all aspects except for flavor. P10G4 scored the highest in all aspects except viscosity. For acceptance test, except for the control group, P7G4 whit added of 70% Cheongdung pumpkin, 30% sweet pumpkin and 4% glutinous rice powder was the most preferred in all aspects except color (gloss, viscosity, flavor, taste and overall quality).

The Comparision of Food Constituents in Pumpkin and Sweet-pumpkin (호박 및 단호박의 식품성분 비교)

  • Heo, Su-Jin;Kim, Jun-Han;Kim, Jong-Kuk;Moon, Kwang-Deog
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to investigate the constituents of pumpkin and sweet-pumpkin. Moisture content of pumpkin was higher than that of sweet-pumpkin, but the other proximate constituents were lower. The major free amino acids were aspartic acid, threonine and cystine in pumpkin and cystine, arginine and tyrosine in sweet-pumpkin. Non-volatile organic acid of sweet-pumpkin was higher than that of pumpkin. Crude fat content of pumpkin and sweet-pumpkin were 0.33% and 0.48%. The major fatty acids were palmitic acid, linolenic acid and linoleic acid in pumpkin and oleic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid in sweet-pumpkin. The content of unsaturated fatty acid was 52.3%, 71.5% in pumpkin and sweet-pumpkin, respectively. The contents of minerals, vitamin C and carotenoid in sweet-pumpkin were higher than those of pumpkin.

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Effects of Sweet Pumpkin Powder on Quality Characteristics of Cookies (단호박 분말이 쿠키의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, In-Duck
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of sweet pumpkin (Cucurbita Maxima D.) powder on the quality characteristics of cookies. The cookies were made with various sweet pumpkin powder levels (10%, 20%, and 30%). The pH of the dough increased while the density of the dough decreased as the amount of sweet pumpkin powder increased. The width of cookies determined by water content in dough increased with increasing sweet pumpkin powder level. The L value of cookies was significantly the largest in the control group. The b value was the highest for the 30% substituted sample group. According to textural measurements, the hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, and brittleness of the cookies with sweet pumpkin powder were higher in concentration than those of the control group. According to the sensory evaluation, the appearance, color, flavor, and texture of cookies with 10-20% sweet pumpkin powder were higher compared to those of the control group. The overall most acceptable cookie group was that with 10% added sweet pumpkin powder.

The Optimization of Muffin with the Addition Dried Sweet Pumpkin Powder (단호박 가루를 첨가한 머핀제조 조건의 최적화)

  • Lee, Seon-Mi;Ju, Na-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.368-378
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to develop a optimal composite recipe of a functional muffin including Sweet pumpkin powder and to have the high preference to all age groups. Wheat flour was partically substituted by Sweet pumpkin powder to reduce the content of wheat flour. This study has produced the sensory optimal composite recipe by making muffin, respectively, with each 5 level of Sweet pumpkin powder($\X_1$), sugar($\X_2$), butter($\X_3$), by C.C.D(Central Composite Design) and conducting sensory evaluation and instrumental analysis by means of RSM(Response Surface Methodology). Sensory items showed very significant values in appearance, flavor, texture, overall quality(p<0.05), color(p<0.01), and instrumental analysis showed significant values in lightness, redness(p<0.01), yellowness(p<0.001), hardness, gumminess(p<0.05). Also sensory optimal ratio of Sweet pumpkin muffin was calculated as Sweet pumpkin powder 29.5g, sugar 72.6g, butter 79.3g, and it was revealed that the factors of influencing muffin aptitude were in order of Sweet pumpkin powder, butter, sugar.

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Developing a Descriptive Analysis Procedure for Korean Pumpkin Gruel (Hobakjuk)

  • Chung, Seo-Jin;Hwang, Yoon-Seon;Chung, Chung-Ji;Kim, Ji-Hye;Um, Seo-Young;Chang, Young-Rae;Kim, Seon-Jung
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2009
  • The objective of this study was to develop a reliable and reproducible descriptive analysis procedure for Korean style sweet pumpkin gruel (Hobakjuk). The sensory attributes of the sweet pumpkin gruel were developed and defined, the sample preparation method was standardized, and the sensory evaluation procedure for a sample was established. Seven types of sweet pumpkin gruel (five ready-to-eat type vs. two ready-to-heat type) were selected to be analyzed. Panel training and descriptive analysis were carried out with these 7 samples. A total of 12 sensory attributes (2 aroma/odor, 5 taste/flavor, 4 texture/mouthfeel, and 1 aftertaste attributes) were developed to describe the sensory characteristics of the sweet pumpkin gruel. The definition and reference standards for each sensory attribute were determined to clearly understand each attribute. In the main experiment, trained panelists evaluated the sensory characteristics of the 7 gruel samples based on a fifteen-point intensity scale using the developed attributes. The results were statistically analyzed by analysis of variance, principal component analysis, and cluster analysis. The results showed that the 7 sweet pumpkin gruel samples significantly differed in their intensities of all attributes except for sweet pumpkin aroma and viscosity. The ready-to-eat style samples were distinctly characterized by their sweet pumpkin aroma and flavor, whereas the ready-to-heat style samples were markedly characterized by their low intensity of gelatinized starch and pumpkin flavor retention.

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Quality Characteristics of Sikhye with Varied Levels of Sweet Pumpkin during Storage (단호박 첨가수준을 달리한 식혜의 저장 중 품질특성)

  • An, Yeon-Hwa;Lee, In-Seon;Kim, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.803-814
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    • 2011
  • The new version of sikhye(sweet rice drink) was prepared by adding sweet pumpkin (SP) in order to improve customers' preferences for sikhye by modifying the color, and flavor, as well as health functionality. The independent variables were sweet pumpkin amount(0, 2, 4, 6, and 8% malt powder extract) and storage periods(0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 days). Each sample was measured by using physicochemical and sensory evaluations, and results were statistically tested to examine significant differences among samples. pH increased with higher amounts of added pumpkin. As additional levels of sweet pumpkin increased, the Hunter's L value decreased, whereas the b value increased. In a consumer acceptance test, all characteristics except for sweetness were significantly different at p<0.05. The overall acceptability, including yellowness, malt aroma, and sweetness in the pumpkin added sample was estimated to be better than the comparative sample was. There was no significant difference between SP4, SP6, and SP8, but SP2 showed a lower preference than other samples.

Preparation of Semi-solid Infant Foods Using Sweet-pumpkin (단호박을 이용한 반고형 이유식의 제조)

  • 박현경;임성경;손경희;김현정
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1108-1114
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to develop semi-solid infant foods using pumpkins. Purees were made from pumpkin and sweet-pumpkin, and were manufactured with blending, steaming or blanching. The moisture content of sweet-pumpkin puree was lower than pumpkin puree, but viscosity, Hunter\`s L, a, b values, $\beta$-carotene and riboflavin contents were higher. Steaming puree from sweet-pumpkin had the highest score in overall-preference and was selected as the ingredient far infant foods. In amylogram, gelatinization temperature was decreased and amylograph viscosity was increased, as the content of modified starch became high. Semi-solid infant floods were prepared with steaming puree from sweet-pumpkin, modified corn starch, rice powder and dairy products such as milk, whole milk powder and skim milk powder. After sterilization of infant foods, Hunter\`s color values were little changed. And the viscosity of infant foods were increased generally, but kept in 3% modified starch group. Sensory evaluation results showed that sweet-pumpkin puree 40%, rice flour 7%, skim milk powder 3% and water 50% was optimum ratio of infant foods.

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Optimization of Iced Cookie with the Addition of Dried Sweet Pumpkin Powder (건조 단호박을 첨가한 냉동쿠키의 제조조건 최적화)

  • Lee, Sun-Mee;Ko, Young-Joo;Jung, Hyeon-A;Paik, Jae-Eun;Joo, Na-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.516-524
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to develop a functional cookie with the addition of a sweet pumpkin powder on a cookie shape, that showed high preference level to all age group and that was very easily to store because of low moisture content, by substituting partially a sweet pumpkin powder for reducing content of wheat flour. This study has produced the sensory optimal composite recipe by making iced cookies, respectively, with each 5 level of Sweet pumpkin powder($X_{1}$), sugar($X_{2}$), butter($X_{3}$), by C.C.D(Central Composite Design) and conducting sensory evaluation and instrumental analysis by means of RSM(Response Surface Methodology). Sensory items showed very significant values in color, appearance, flavor, overall quality(p<0.05), texture(p<0.01), and instrumental analysis showed significant values in lightness, redness(p<0.01), yellowness, spread ratio, hardness(p<0.05). Also sensory optimal ratio of Sweet pumpkin cookie was calculated as sweet pumpkin powder 81.8g, sugar 116.6g, butter 210.7g, and it was revealed that the factors of influencing cookie aptitude were in order of Sweet pumpkin powder, butter, sugar.