• Title, Summary, Keyword: t-검정

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A Study on a Statistical Analysis of the Feature Information for the Dynamic Signature Verification (동적 서명의 특징 정보에 대한 통계적 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Whan;Cho, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.1693-1698
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    • 2009
  • This paper is a research on the feature information using direction information and adjusting constant w for the dynamic signature verification. We could improved processing time and reduce signature database without the increase of error rate. We could confirmed these results by using statistical method T-test.

Wavelet Based Non-Local Means Filtering for Speckle Noise Reduction of SAR Images (SAR 영상에서 웨이블렛 기반 Non-Local Means 필터를 이용한 스펙클 잡음 제거)

  • Lee, Dea-Gun;Park, Min-Jea;Kim, Jeong-Uk;Kim, Do-Yun;Kim, Dong-Wook;Lim, Dong-Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.595-607
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    • 2010
  • This paper addresses the problem of reducing the speckle noise in SAR images by wavelet transformation, using a non-local means(NLM) filter originated for Gaussian noise removal. Log-transformed SAR image makes multiplicative speckle noise additive. Thus, non-local means filtering and wavelet thresholding are used to reduce the additive noise, followed by an exponential transformation. NLM filter is an image denoising method that replaces each pixel by a weighted average of all the similarly pixels in the image. But the NLM filter takes an acceptable amount of time to perform the process for all possible pairs of pixels. This paper, also proposes an alternative strategy that uses the t-test more efficiently to eliminate pixel pairs that are dissimilar. Extensive simulations showed that the proposed filter outperforms many existing filters terms of quantitative measures such as PSNR and DSSIM as well as qualitative judgments of image quality and the computational time required to restore images.

A Study on Testing Image Quality on Facsimile (팩시밀리 화상품질 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, S.;Hwang, G.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.157-162
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    • 1993
  • 본 연구는 아날로그 신호를 사용하는 공중교환 전화망과 접속되는 그룹 3(G3) 팩시밀리의 화상 품질을 측정하는 방법을 제시하였다. CCITT(현 ITU-TS) 표준시험 도표 No.2를 이용하여 전송된 화상에 대한 평가는 설문조사를 통해 평가되었고, 그것들은 MOS(Mean Opinion Score) 방법에 의해 계량화되었다. 설문지의 결과에 대한 상관 분석을 통해 문항을 하나의 종합 평가 문항으로 줄일 수 있음을 살펴보았다. 그리고 그 점수들의 평균들에 대한 차이를 분석함으로써 팩시밀리 화상 품질에 영향을 미치는 요인들의 유의성을 검정하였다. 유의성을 검정하는 방법들로 t 검정법과 Vander Waerden Scores 방법을 제시하였다. 그리고 검정 결과 점수 평균이 유의하지 않은 그룹들을 하나의 그룹으로 하여 그 그룹에 있어서 점수 히스토그램을 구하였다. 이 히스토그램을 하나의 정규 분포 곡선으로 근사시켜 팩시밀리 화상 품질 평가치를 살펴보았다.

Estimation of VaR Using Extreme Losses, and Back-Testing: Case Study (극단 손실값들을 이용한 VaR의 추정과 사후검정: 사례분석)

  • Seo, Sung-Hyo;Kim, Sung-Gon
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.219-234
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    • 2010
  • In index investing according to KOSPI, we estimate Value at Risk(VaR) from the extreme losses of the daily returns which are obtained from KOSPI. To this end, we apply Block Maxima(BM) model which is one of the useful models in the extreme value theory. We also estimate the extremal index to consider the dependency in the occurrence of extreme losses. From the back-testing based on the failure rate method, we can see that the model is adaptable for the VaR estimation. We also compare this model with the GARCH model which is commonly used for the VaR estimation. Back-testing says that there is no meaningful difference between the two models if we assume that the conditional returns follow the t-distribution. However, the estimated VaR based on GARCH model is sensitive to the extreme losses occurred near the epoch of estimation, while that on BM model is not. Thus, estimating the VaR based on GARCH model is preferred for the short-term prediction. However, for the long-term prediction, BM model is better.

The Comparative Analysis Study and Usability Assessment of Fat Suppressed 3D FSPGR T1 Technique and Fat Suppressed Isotropic 3D FSE T1 Technique when Examining MRI of Patient with Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex (TFCC) Tear (삼각 섬유성 연골(TFCC) 손상 환자의 자기공명영상 검사 시 Fat Suppressed 3D FSPGR T1 강조 기법에 대한 Fat Suppressed Isotropic 3D FSE T1 강조 기법의 비교 분석 및 유용성에 관한 평가)

  • Kang, Sung-Jin;Cho, Yong-Keun;Lee, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2016
  • In this study, For assessment of triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injury, we acquired images by fat suppressed 3D fast spoiled gradient recalled T1 and fat suppressed Isotropic 3D fast spin echo T1 techniques. For quantitative evaluation, measured signal to noise ratio and contrast to noise ratio and verified statistical significance between two imaging techniques by Mann-Whitney U verification. And for qualitative evaluation, marked 4-grade scoring (0: non diagnostic, 1: poor, 2: adequate, 3: good) on shape of TFCC, artifacts by partial volumes, description of the lesions by two radiologist, verified coincidence between 2 observer using Kappa-value verification. We used 3.0 Tesla MR equipment and 8-channel RF coil for imaging acquisition. As quantitative evaluation results, signal to noise ratio and contrast to noise ratio value of Isotropic 3D fast spin echo T1 technique is higher in every image sections, also between two imaging techniques by Mann-Whitney U verification was statistically significant (p < 0.05). As qualitative results, observer 1, 2 marked a higher grade on Isotropic 3D FSE T1 technique, coincidence verification of evaluation results between two observers by Kappa-value verification was statistically significant (p < 0.05). As a result, during MRI examination on TFCC injury, fat suppressed Isotropic 3D fast spin echo T1 technique is considered offering more useful information about abnormal lesion of TFCC.

Statistical Issues in the Articles Published in the Journal of Veterinary Clinics (한국임상수의학회지에 발표된 논문의 통계분석 검토)

  • Pak, Son-Il;Oh, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.170-174
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    • 2010
  • With the ease availability of statistical software and powerful computers the application of statistical methods in domestic veterinary journals is on the increase. In parallel with this benefit, statistical errors are not uncommon even in renowned scientific and medical journals. These errors may lead to misinterpretation of the data, thereby, subjected to faulty conclusions. A systematic review of articles published in 8 issues of the Journal of Veterinary Clinics during 2006-2007 was performed to assess the statistical methodology and reporting. Ninety-four (72.9%) articles of the 129 original articles screened included any inferential statistical analysis in the article, including comparison of 3 or more groups (53 or 56.4%), comparison of independent 2 groups (40 or 42.6%), and paired t-test (9 or 9.6%) in order. Of the 94 articles in which statistical analysis was done 62 (or 66.0%) had at least 1 statistical error. Errors included failure to apply or incorrectly applying independent Student's t-test for paired data or vice versa, inappropriate use of t-test for more than 3 groups and failure in chi-square test to consider continuity-correction for small expected frequencies. The common errors in ANOVA were failure to validate assumption of the test, inappropriate post-hoc multiple-comparison and incorrect assumption of independence of data in repeated measures design. Reporting errors included failure to state statistical methods and failure to state specific test if more than 1 test was done. It is suggested that an editorial effort would be necessary to achieve the improvement of appropriate statistical procedures through the publication of statistical guidelines to author(s).

Modeling and Analysis the Competition Dynamics among Container Transshipment Ports : East-Asian Ports as a Case Study (컨테이너 환적 항만 간의 동태적 경쟁에 관한 연구 : 동아시아 항만을 중심으로)

  • Abdulaziz, Ashurov;Kim, Jae-bong;Park, Nam-ki
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.165-182
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the competitiveness and cooperativeness among the container ports in East Asia by analyzing their monthly dynamics in eight years (2008-2015). Time series data on container throughput divided into origin and destination (O/D), such as the top six Chinese ports and the transshipment (T/S) ports such as Hong Kong, Busan, and Singapore, are computed with two methods based on the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The first Granger causality test results show that Busan T/S has significant bilateral relations with three Chinese O/D ports; and significant unidirectional relations with three other O/D ports. Shenzhen port has significant bilateral relations with Singapore, and has a significant unidirectional relation with Hong Kong port. Co-integrating test results showed that Busan holds negative co-integration with all Chinese O/D ports. Impulse response function (IRF) results show an opposite direction between paired ports. The ratios of the impulse from T/S ports are significantly high to one another in the short-run, but its power declines as time passes. The ratio of the impulse from the Chinese ports to T/S ports is less significant in the short-run period, however, it becomes more significant as time passes. The significance of most shocks was high in the second period, but was diluted after the sixth period.

A Study on the Recognition and Demand of Teachers and Parents of Using IoT Health-Care Devices in Day-Care Centers (어린이집에서의 IoT 헬스케어 디바이스 활용에 대한 교사와 부모의 인식 및 요구)

  • Kwon, Hye-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to examine the awareness and demands of parents and teachers on the use of IoT healthcare devices at daycare centers. A survey was conducted on 200 teachers and 200 parents. Collected data were analyzed by Frequency analysis, t-test, ��2, using the SPSS WIN 22.0. The results of this study are as follows. First, teachers showed a higher level of preference for using IoT healthcare devices as they showed positive perception and support compared to parents, and showed higher recognition of information leakage than parents. Second, teachers and parents were most hoping to use IoT healthcare devices at emergency response in daycare-centers and had the highest demands for wearable devices. As a result of the both parents and teachers demand cost-sharing. Based on the results of this study, the possibility of utilizing IoT healthcare devices in daycare centers were discussed.

Responses in Partial, Residual and Annual Egg Production Expected from Selection on Part Record in Synthetic White Leghorn flock (산란계의 합성종계통에 있어서 부분검정에 의한 선발효과 추정에 관한 연구)

  • 오봉국;이정구;이문연
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 1982
  • Data pertaining to the first generation of a Synthetic White Leghorn flock were used to estimate the heritabilities of and genetic correlation between partial egg production(egg number or percentage) or diversely segmented part records and other traits such as age at sexual maturity, residual and annual egg production, and to compare the expected genetic gain from selection on partial egg number or partial percent production with correlated response in other traits. The estimated heritabilites for six measures of egg Production were ranged from 29 to 35, while heritability for age at sexual maturity (SM) was intermediate (48). Genetic correlations between partial egg number (P) and annual egg number. (A), and partial percent production (P') and annual percent production (A') were 51 and 72, respectively. Genetic correlation between P and SM was estimated largely negative (-.64), while correlation bettween P' and SM was positively intermediate(34). In comparing direct response from selection on partial production (P or P') with another response in correlated trait, selection on P would be 25% more efficient than selection of P' for improving A, while selection of P' would be 94% more efficient than selection P for improving A' For shortening SM selection of P would be 98% more efficient than selection on P'.

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Effects of Traffic Islands on Traffic Accidents Reduction (교통섬 설치로 인한 교통사고 감소 효과)

  • Gang, Dong-Su;Lee, Su-Beom;Kim, Yong-Seok;Hong, Ji-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2010
  • A traffic island, typical channelization facilities, is widely applied to newly road designs and black spots improvement projects as traffic safety measures. However positive effects of a traffic island for traffic safety have not been reported specifically. Accordingly this study analyzed the accidents reduction effectiveness and economics of installing traffic islands under various roadways and traffic conditions. For this purpose normality test, paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were applied to this study based on traffic accidents, roadways and traffic environments data for 3 years before and after improvement at 54 intersections. The results showed that most of traffic accidents were reduced significantly after installing traffic islands except when traffic islands were installed in outside of cities and farming regions where use efficiency is low, curve sections with poor visibility, poor alignment sections with acceleration/deceleration lanes, road sections where occurs conflicts frequently due to did not install of acceleration/deceleration lanes, and road sections where cross with single lane road.