• Title, Summary, Keyword: t-method

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Investigation of Loss Analysis Method using Integral Equation Method for Power Transformers (적분법을 이용한 전력용 변압기의 손실 해석법 연구)

  • Bae, Byunghyun;Lee, Seungwook;Choi, Jongung;Park, Seokweon
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.62 no.4
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    • pp.489-494
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    • 2013
  • In analysis of power transformer loss using calculation of magnetic field, Finite element method is commonly used. When using this method, calculation of magnetic field needs the very large number of elements and the performance of common work station is not sufficient to calculate the magnetic fields. In addition, the definition of boundary conditions may arise. However, When using Integral equation method, only ferromagnetic materials need to be modeled, since the domain is infinite. All the space in which the primary and secondary sources exist is regarded as free(${\mu}={\mu}_0$).

Hardware implementation of the M/T method for high accuracy speed detection of a servo motor (서보모터의 고정도 속도검출을 위한 M/T 방식의 하드웨어 구현)

  • 채상락;박정일;이석규
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.365-369
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    • 1993
  • In this paper, the new M/T method for motor speed detection is proposed. This method can be able to reduce the dead time compared with it when Ohmae's M/T method is implemented. And the comparsion of the dead time length between the Ohmae's method and the proposed method is analyzed quantitatively. Actually we implemented the new proposed M/T method using the hardware and software and verified the effectiveness of the proposed M/T method.

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The Comparative Experiment of Duct Design Method with Equal Friction Loss Method and T-Method on a House Ventilation System (등압법과 T-Method법을 이용한 주택환기시스템 덕트설계법의 비교실험)

  • Joo, Sung-Yong;Kim, Kwang-Hyun;Choi, Seok-Yong;Yee, Jurng-Jae
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 2006
  • Accurate flow rate distribution has been become a very important part for controling of air change rate since the introduction of house ventilation system. An inappropriate selection of fan due to Incorrect prediction of friction loss makes waste energy. The purpose of this study is to recognize applicability of T-Method at house ventilation system by comparing experiment with T-method, The result of this study is as follows Flow rate is small amount in a house, so duct size must be accurate. And duct design with Equal Friction Loss Method presented large error range. Equal friction loss method is not fit to applicate small amount air flow rate. T-Method predicts accurate flow rate comparatively in a house ventilation system. Error range was 3.5%.

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Analysis of loop duct system by extended T-method (확장 T-method에 의한 환상식 덕트시스템 해석)

  • 이승철;문종선;이재헌
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.389-397
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    • 1998
  • A loop duct system is often found in a VAV-HVAC(variable air volume heating, ventilating and air conditioning) design. It is known that the simple T-method is not be applicable to the loop duct system and cannot be used to calculate the flow rate and the pressure drop at each duct section of the loop duct system. In this paper, the extended T-method has been developed and it is found to be applicable to the loop duct system to which the simple T-method cannot be applied. The validity of the extended T-method has been verified by using to solve for a simple, ideal loop duct system for which there exists analytical solution. In addition, the extended T-method is employed to compute the loop duct system of a real building with an area of 380$m^2$. The results show that the computed flow rate at the exit differs from the designed flow rate by a range of -13.6~43.5 %. Consequently, three design factors must be adjusted in order that the flow rate may be balanced. These include the duct sizes, in terms of their lengths and diameters, the sub-duct locations and the positioning of damper which is found upstream of the exit duct.

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Tsunami wave Simulation y Sign Method - Its application in the East Sea - (Sign Method를 이용한 쯔나미파의 모의실험 - 동해에서의 적용 -)

  • 정종률;김성대
    • 한국해양학회지
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.192-201
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    • 1993
  • To reduce tsunami hazards, it is necessary to develope the methods which can simulate tsunami wave signals of coastal areas. In the present paper, it is attempted t use Sign Method for analyzing and simulating recorded tsunami signals. A tsunami record Y(t) can be represented as the convolution integral of a source evolution function E(t') and a wave propagation function K(t-t') Y(t)=.int. E(t')K(t-t')dt' A source function contains the peculiarities of a tsunami generator. A wave function is a kind of transfer function which contains the characteristics of a wave propagation path. The source functions and the wave function and the wave functions of 9 Korean coast points and 6 Japan coast points are estimated, and the tsunami wave signals are simulated by the convolution integrals of the source functions and the wave functions. According to the results of analysis, the Sign Method is an effective method for simulating tsunami wave signals of Korean coast points which are located far from tsunami source areas. Furthermore, if the source function of a neighboring point ad the wave function of an another tsunami are given, unrecorded tsunami wave also can be estimated.

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AN EFFICIENT SECOND-ORDER NON-ITERATIVE FINITE DIFFERENCE SCHEME FOR HYPERBOLIC TELEGRAPH EQUATIONS

  • Jun, Young-Bae;Hwang, Hong-Taek
    • The Pure and Applied Mathematics
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.289-298
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we propose a second-order prediction/correction (SPC) domain decomposition method for solving one dimensional linear hyperbolic partial differential equation $u_{tt}+a(x,t)u_t+b(x,t)u=c(x,t)u_{xx}+{\int}(x,t)$. The method can be applied to variable coefficients problems and singular problems. Unconditional stability and error analysis of the method have been carried out. Numerical results support stability and efficiency of the method.

Sea fog detection near Korea peninsula by using GMS-5 Satellite Data(A case study)

  • Chung, Hyo-Sang;Hwang, Byong-Jun;Kim, Young-Haw;Son, Eun-Ha
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.214-218
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    • 1999
  • The aim of our study is to develop new algorism for sea fog detection by using Geostational Meteorological Satellite-5(GMS-5) and suggest the techniques of its continuous detection. So as to detect daytime sea fog/stratus(00UTC, May 10, 1999), visible accumulated histogram method and surface albedo method are used. The characteristic value during daytime showed A(min) > 20% and DA < 10% when visble accumulated histogram method was applied. And the sea fog region which detected is of similarity in composite image and surface albedo method. In case of nighttime sea fog(18UTC, May 10, 1999), infrared accumulated histogram method and maximum brightness temperature method are used, respectively. Maximum brightness temperature method(T_max method) detected sea fog better than IR accumulated histogram method. In case of T_max method, when infrared value is larger than T_max, fog is detected, where T_max is an unique value, maximum infrared value in each pixel during one month. Then T_max is beneath 700hpa temperature of GDAPS(Global Data Assimilation and Prediction System). Sea fog region which detected by T_max method was similar to the result of National Oceanic and Atmosheric Administration/Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (NOAA/AVHRR) DCD(Dual Channel Difference). But inland visibility and relative humidity didn't always agreed well.

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Applicability of Settlement Prediction Methods to Selfweight Consolidated Ground (자중압밀지반에 대한 침하예측기법의 적용성)

  • Jun, Sang-Hyun;Jeon, Jin-Yong;Yoo, Nam-Jae
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.28 no.B
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    • pp.91-99
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    • 2008
  • Applicability of existing methods of predicting consolidation settlement was assessed by analyzing results of centrifuge tests modelling self-weight consolidation of soft marine clay. From extensive literature review about self-weight consolidation of soft marine clays located in southern coast in Korea, constitutive relationships of void ratio-effective stress-permeability and typical self-weight consolidation curves with time were obtained by centrifuge model experiments. For the condition of surcharge loading, exact solution of consolidation settlement curve was obtained by Terzaghi's consolidation theory and was compared with the results predicted by currently available methods such as Hyperbolic method, Asaoka's method, Hoshino's method and ${\sqrt{S}}$ method. All methods were found to have their own inherent error to predict final consolidation settlement. From results of analyzing the self-weight consolidation with time by using those methods, Asaoka's method predicted the best. Hyperbolic method predicted relatively well in error range of 2~24% for the case of showing the linearity in the relationship between T vs T/S in the stage of consolidation degree of 60~90 %. For the case of relation curve of T vs $T/S^2$ showing the lineality after the middle stage, error range from Hoshino method was close to those from Hyperbolic method. However, Hoshino method is not able to predict the final settlement in the case of relation curve of T vs $T/S^2$ being horizontal. For the given data about self-weight consolidation after the middle stage, relation curve of T vs T/S from ${\sqrt{S}}$ method shows the better linearity than that of T vs $T/{\sqrt{s}}$ from Hyperbolic method.

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Projection-type Fast Spin Echo Imaging (프로젝션 타입 고속 스핀 에코 영상)

  • 김휴정;김치영;김상묵;안창범
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.42-51
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    • 2000
  • Purpose: Projection-type Fast Spin Echo (PFSE) imaging is robust to patient motion or flow related artifact compared to conventional Fast Spin Echo (FSE) imaging, however, it has difficulty in controlling $T_2$ contrast. In this paper, Tz contrast in the PFSE method is analyzed and compared with those of the FSE method with various effective echo times by computer simulation. The contrasts in the FSE and PFSE methods are also compared by experiments with volunteers. From the analysis and simulation, it is shown that ${T_2}-weighted$ images can well be obtained by the PFSE method proposed. Materials and methods: Pulse sequence for the PFSE method is implemented at a 1.0 Tesla whole body MRI system and $T_2$ contrasts in the PFSE and FSE methods are analyzed by computer simulation and experiment with volunteers. For the simulation, a mathematical phantom composed of various $T_2$ values is devised and $T_2$ contrast in the reconstructed image by the PFSE is compared to those by the FSE method with various effective echo times. Multi-slice ${T_2}-weighted$ head images of the volunteers obtained by the PFSE method are also shown in comparison with those by the FSE method at a 1.0 Tesla whole body MRI system. Results: From the analysis, $T_2$ contrast by the PFSE method appears similar to those by the FSE method with the effective echo time in a range of SO-lOOms. Using a mathematical phantom, contrast in the PFSE image appears close to that by the FSE method with the effective echo time of 96ms. From experiment with volunteers, multi-slice $T_2-weighted$ images are obtained by the PFSE method having contrast similar to that of the FSE method with the effective echo time of 96ms. Reconstructed images by the PFSE method show less motion related artifact compared to those by the FSE method. Conclusion: The projection-type FSE imaging acquires multiple radial lines with different angles in polar coordinate in k space using multiple spin echoes. The PFSE method is robust to patient motion or flow, however, it has difficulty in controlling $T_2$ contrast compared to the FSE method. In this paper, it is shown that the PFSE method provides good $T_2$ contrast (${T_2}-weighted$ images) similar to the FSE method by both computer simulation and experiments with volunteers.

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Simple tropospheric ozone retrieval from TOMS and OMI

  • Kim, Jae-Hwan;Kim, So-Myoung;Na, Sun-Mi
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • v.1
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    • pp.253-256
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    • 2006
  • When the background tropospheric ozone column over the Pacific Ocean is subtracted from the latitudinal total ozone distribution, the results show remarkable agreement with the latitudinal stratospheric ozone distribution using the CCD. The latitudinal tropospheric ozone distribution using the CCD method, with a persistent maximum over the southern tropical Atlantic, is also seen in the latitudinal tropospheric ozone distribution using the T-P method. It suggests that the CCD method can be replaced by the simple T-P method. However, the tropical Atlantic paradox exists in the results of both the CCD and T-P methods during the northern burning season. In order to investigate this paradox, we compare the latitudinal ozone distributions using the CCD and T-P methods by using the SAGE measurements (e.g. TSA method) and the SHADOZ ozonesoundings (e.g. T-S method) assuming zonally invariant stratospheric ozone, which is the same assumption as of the CCD method. During the northern burning season, the latitudinal distributions in the tropospheric ozone derived from the T-SA and T-S methods show higher tropospheric ozone over the northern tropical Atlantic than the southern Atlantic due to a stronger gradient in stratospheric ozone relative to that from the CCD and T-P methods. This indicates that the latitudinal tropospheric ozone distribution can be changed depending on the data that is used to determine the latitudinal stratospheric ozone distribution. Therefore, there is a possibility that the north-south gradient in stratospheric ozone over the Atlantic can be a solution of the paradox.

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