• Title, Summary, Keyword: taro flour

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A Stduy on Textural Characteristics of Toranbyung (토란병의 질감적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김은경;정은경;이현옥;염초애
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.247-253
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    • 1995
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate Toranbyung, according as the ingredients of Toranbyung were changed in various phases : firstly, mixing of taro with either rice flour or glutinous rice flour, and secondly, the amount of taro to be mixed with either rice flour or glutinous rice flour, The results were as follows; According to the sensory evaluation, Toranbyung made from glutinous rice flour and 4% taro ingredients met with the most favorable responses except flavor. In the case of Toranbyung made from rice flour, those made with 50% taro ingredients were most favored in taste, flavor, moisture, color, consistency and texture, With respect to the rheological properties of Toranbyung hardness, gumminess and springiness of Toraangyung made from glutinous rice flour were better. As the amount of taro increased, Toranbyung made from glutinous rice flour decreased in springiness, hardness, gumminess, and chewiness. As a result, Toranbyung made from glutinous rice flour and 40% taro ingredients and Toranbyung made from rice flour and 50% taro ingredients received the most favorable sensory evaluation.

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A Study on Physicochemical Properties of Taro during the Pretreatment Process of Making Toranbyung (토란병 제조 전처리 과정 중의 토란의 이화학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김은경;정은경;이현옥;염초애
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 1995
  • Studies were carried out to investigate physicochemical properties of taro during the pretreatment process of making Toranbyung. Seventeen kinds of amino acids were found in taro. Aspartic acid and glutamic acid were most plentiful among those amino acids. Essential amino acids were about 42.7% of the total amino acids. Sulfur containing amino acids, mehtionine and cystine were about 2.7% The amylograph indicated that the initial temperature triggering gelatinization of both rice flour mixed with taro and glutinous rice flour mixed with taro increased as the amount of taro increased. But the maximum viscosity of rice flour mixed with taro did not increase as the amount of taroincreased while the maximum viscosity of glutinous rice flour mixed with taro increased as the amount of taro increased. And the peak temperature of both rice flour mixed with taro and glutinous rice flour miced with taro increased as the amount of taro increased. The alkali degree of insoluble ash was higher than that of soluble ash. Glutinous rice dough had more total sugar than rice dough. Yellowness of rice dough was higher than that of glutinous rice dough.

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A Study on the Taro Extension of UF and PF Resin Bonding Plywoods (요소(尿素) 및 석탄산수지(石炭酸樹脂) 합판(合板)의 토란증량(土卵增量)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Phil Woo;Bae, Young Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 1982
  • This study was carried out to examine the possibility to replace imported wheat flour with taro. Taro and wheat flour were used for the extenders after oven drying($100{\pm}3^{\circ}C$)and pulverized into 80-100mesh minute powder by laboratory willey mill. Urea- and phenol-formaldehyde resin adhesives were used for plywood manufacture, and the extending materials mixed with the extension at the ratio of 10, 20, 30, and 50% to each resin solution. The results obtained at this study were summarized as follows; 1) In dry and wet shear strength of urea-formaldehyde resin adhesive, taro showed very excellent bonding strength compared with wheat flour in all extending ratio. Therefore taro showed the possibility that be usable to taro in place of wheat flour. 2) In dry and wet shear strength of phenol-formaldehyde resin adhesive, in general, wheat flour showed higher bonding strength than taro. But in dry shear strength, taro showed higher shear strength than wheat flour in 30 and 50% extension.

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Physicochemical Properties of Taro Flours with Different Drying, Roasting and Steaming Conditions (토란분말의 건조, 볶음 및 증자 조건에 따른 이화학적 특성)

  • Moon, Ji-Hye;Choi, Hee-Don;Choi, In-Wook;Kim, Yoon-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.696-701
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    • 2011
  • To evaluate the processing adaptability of taro flours, the physicochemical properties of taro flour with different drying, roasting and steaming conditions were investigated. The moisture content and total dietary fiber were decreased as temperature increased with hot-air drying. Freeze-dried taro flours showed the highest vitamin C contents. Taro flours made by freeze-drying and hot-air drying showed significantly higher total dietary fiber content than those with roasting and steaming process. Steamed taro flours had the highest water absorption index, while hot-air dried and freeze dried taro flours had the highest water solubility index. No differences were displayed in the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermal characteristics among hot-air dried and freeze dried taro flours. Roasted taro displayed decreased onset temperature and peak temperature as roasting temperature increased. Using a rapid visco-analyzer, the peak viscosity, through viscosity, and final viscosity of dried and steamed taro flours were higher than roasted taro flours, whereas the set back value, which is a prediction of retrogradation, decreased with steaming processing. From those results, it could be concluded that hotair dried taro flours, which have high gelatinization viscosity, are beneficial in imparting viscosity to dough products and hot-air drying after steaming taro flours, which retard retrogradation, is good for porridge and flake base products.

Nutrient Composition and Physicochemical Properties of Korean Taro Flours According to Cultivars (품종별 국내산 토란 분말의 영양성분 및 이화학적 특성)

  • Moon, Ji-Hye;Kim, Ro-Sa;Choi, Hee-Don;Kim, Yoon-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.613-619
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    • 2010
  • Three varieties of taro flours (Altoran, Josaengjong, and Jaeraejong) were analyzed to evaluate their nutrient composition and physicochemical properties. Moisture contents of the three taro cultivars varied from 5.74-10.30%. Among the three cultivars, Altoran flour had higher protein and fat contents than other cultivars. There were 17 kinds of amino acids in the three taro flours. The major fatty acids in the three taro flours were linoleic acid (46.5-51.4%), palmitic acid (21.7-25.8%), and oleic acid (12.3-18.7%), and two thirds of the total fatty acids were unsaturated fatty acids. Potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and calcium were the most plentiful minerals in the three taro flours, and the free sugars were glucose, fructose, and sucrose. The total dietary fiber contents of the three taro flours ranged from 12.97 to 17.60%. From these results, Altoran contained a high level of dietary fiber, minerals, essential amino acids, and free sugars. Jaeraejong showed the highest water absorption index. The water soluble index of Altoran was higher than that of the other cultivars. From the differential scanning calorimeter results, the gelatinization temperatures of the three taro flours were $84.98-89.91^{\circ}C$. The pasting temperature of the three taro flours was from 46.77 to $49.30^{\circ}C$ by rapid visco-analyzer. Among these varieties, Josaengjong had the highest peak viscosity and final viscosity, whereas Altoran had the lowest. These taro cultivars are expected to be potential material for application in taro processed foods, due to their gelatination and pasting properties.