• 제목, 요약, 키워드: taste

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한국노인의 맛 선호도와 맛 감지도에 관한 연구 (Taste Preference and Taste Perception of Korean Elderly)

  • 천종희
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 1994
  • To investigate the changes of taste perception by aging, sixty one healthy elderly people and sixty five young adults were participated in the study. Most preferred levels of salt sour and sweet taste were chosen in bean sprout soup radish salad and yaksing respectively. Threshold levels of each taste were also chosen in NaCl solution for salt taste in citric acid solution for sour taste and in sucrose solution for salt taste, in citric acid solution for sour taste and in sucrose solution for sweet taste. The results are as follow: 1.Most preferred salt concentration in bean sprout soup was significantly higher in the elderly than in the young adults(p$\leq$0.001). There was no difference in sour taste preference of radish salad in both age groups. Most preferred sweetness in yacksig was significantly higher in both elderly men and women(p$\leq$0.001) 2. Threshold levels of salt and sweet taste were significantly higher in the elderly (p$\leq$0.001) However there was no difference in threshold level of sour taste in both age groups.

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${\ll}$영추(靈樞).오미론(五味論)${\gg}$ 에 대한 연구(硏究)

  • 신영일;이문철
    • 대한한의학원전학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.304-327
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    • 2000
  • This report is closely related to ${\ulcorner}$Simple question Five Qi Anouncement${\lrcorner}$ that you shouldn't take a Hot Taste excessively in case of Qi pathology because a Hot Taste runs to Qi, you shouldn't take a Salty Taste excessively in case of Blood pathology because a Salty Taste runs to Blood, you shouldn't take a Bitter Taste excessively in case of Bone pathology because a Bitter Taste runs to Bone, you shouldn't take a Sweet Taste excessively in case of muscles pathology because a Sweet Taste runs to Muscles, you shouldn't take a Sour Taste excessively in case of Sinews pathology because a Sour Taste runs to Sinews. Also the report mainly describes to relations between Five Tastes and BloodVessel-Organs of human body, to pathological change of a Five Tastes' one-sided diet or taking too much, and to various disease caused by that. And the section is called 'An Essay on Five Tastes', that Five Tastes of food and medicines could make human body either healthy or damaged so you should be careful. This report is divided into two chapter, the first chapter presents to specific diseases according to runnings of Five Tastes, the second chapter shows the pathological process how the human body would change and what kind of disease attacts human body as result of taking Five Tastes. So this section is important remarkably as a viewpoint of food and medicines.

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식품색에 대한 여성의 기호조사 II (A Survey on Women's Preference of Food Color)

  • 황춘선
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.133-150
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    • 1994
  • This study was a survey of the taste for color arrangement and the relation to taste with food color. The term of investigation and object was the same as before mentions. The data-treatment was determinded by frequence percentage chi-square and F-test as measured by SAS program for PC and statistical figures were obtained by GDAS. The results were as follows;1. In the taste of arrangement for food, color. The most frequent colors were green and white followed by a yellowish green red. In preference 50's object was difference from another aged. It's significance was showed orange yellow pink and white. 2. In the relation of food color and taste term the color shown a pungent sweet hot and delicious taste was red and a sour astringent sweet taste was orange and anastringent bitter delicate hard taste was brown and a proteiny sofe sweet delicate taste was yellow and a cool taste was yellow and a cool taste was green, and a cool, bitter taste was blue and an astrngent taste was pink, and a bitter hard, tasteeless taste was black and a proteiny sofe taste was white. But in the case of any a bitter taste it's significance was shown.

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Clinical Characteristics and Gustatory Profiles in Patients with Subjective Taste Complaints

  • Kim, Seo-Yeong;Byun, Jin-Seok;Jung, Jae-Kwang;Choi, Jae-Kap
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: Patients with taste complaints presenting with various abnormal perceptions and alterations in gustatory function are often encountered in dental clinics. Since taste perception is thought to be influenced by numerous factors including neurological and psychological factors, the gustatory profiles of patients complaining of taste abnormalities should be very different. However, the gustatory profiles based on the clinical subtypes of taste complaints have not been fully studied. This study aimed to better understand the gustatory profiles depending on the clinical subtypes of taste complaints. Methods: Clinical data from 169 patients with complaints of altered taste were retrospectively collected to analyse their clinical and gustatory profiles. These complaints were subdivided into hypergeusia, hypogeusia, and dysgeusia for each taste quality according to the clinical types of these complaints. The gustatory profiles were then established by analysing the detection and recognition thresholds for each taste quality depending on the clinical subtypes of taste complaints. Results: Clinical analysis revealed that patients with taste complaints had widely diverse clinical profiles. There were significant differences between males and females with taste complaints in the prevalence rates of symptoms like dry mouth, tongue coating, and burning sensation. While hypogeusia (76.3%) was the most frequent type of taste complaint, it was revealed that the taste thresholds were not always consistent with the patient's description of gustatory symptoms. Conclusions: Patients with taste complaints exhibited diverse clinical profiles with sex differences. Considering the diversity of the taste complaints, the quantitative gustatory testing methods can be valuable to differentially evaluate the presence and intensity of altered taste in patients with these complaints.

일부 여대생의 맛 선호도에 따른 식행동 및 영양소섭취상태 (Dietary Behavior and Nutrient Intake in University Female Students According to Taste Preference)

  • 조혜경;김미현
    • 대한영양사협회학술지
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.100-115
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of taste preference on dietary behavior and nutrient intake. The subjects were 191 female collegians in the Gyeonggi and Gangwon areas. Data were collected using anthropometric measurements, 24-hour recall, and self-administered questionnaires. The respondents were classified into sub-groups according to taste preference: sweet taste (liked and disliked group), salty taste (liked and disliked group), sour taste (liked and disliked group), hot taste (liked and disliked group), and bitter taste (liked and disliked group). The results of this study are as follows: subjects liked, in order of taste preference, hot>sweet>sour>salty>bitter tastes. There were no significant differences in height, weight, and BMI among the groups. The sweet-taste-liked group, tended to prefer Chinese food and fast foods for eating out over the sweet-taste-disliked group (p<0.05). Subjects in the salty-taste-liked group ate faster (p<0.05) and more than those in the salty-taste-disliked group (p<0.05). They also consumed more animal fat and meat (p<0.05) than their counterparts. Compared with the sour-taste-disliked group, subjects in the sour-taste-liked group tended to select Korean food or Japanese-style food for eating out, and fruits for a snack (p<0.05). The meal size of the hot-taste-liked group tended to be more regular (p<0.05) than that in the hottaste-disliked group. Overall, there were distinct differences in dietary behavior and food choices according to taste preference. Taste preference should be considered for dietary consulting and nutritional education.

Distribution of Taste Receptors in Submandibular and von Ebner Salivary Glands

  • Jun, Yong-Ku;Kim, Se-Nyun;Lee, Cil-Han;Cho, Young-Kyung;Chung, Ki-Myung;Roper, Stephen D.;Kim, Kyung-Nyun
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2008
  • Taste is a critically important sense for the survival of an organism. However, structure and distribution of taste receptors were only recently investigated. Although expression of the ion channels responsible for the sense of salty taste and acidity was observed in the non-taste cells, receptors for sweet and bitter taste were only identified in taste cells. Salivary glands are involved in the sensing of taste and plays important roles in the transduction of taste. The purpose of this study is to examine whether taste receptors are present in the salivary glands and to provide clues for the investigation of the taste-salivary glands interaction. Using microarray and RT-PCR analyses, the presence of taste receptor mRNAs in the rat von Ebner gland and submandibular gland was confirmed. Type I taste receptors were preferentially expressed in von Ebner gland, whereas type II taste receptors were expressed in both von Ebner gland and submandibular gland. The tastespecific signal tranducing proteins, $G_{\alpha}gustducin$ and phospholipase C ${\beta}2$, were also detected in both salivary glands by immunohistochemistry. Finally, the activation of the calcium signal in response to bitter taste in the acinar cells was also observed. Taken together, these results suggest that taste receptors are present in the von Ebner gland and submandibular gland and that type II taste receptors are functionally active in both salivary glands.

와인 구매자의 요리 맛에 따른 와인 선택속성에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Wine Purchaser's Selection Attributes based on the Taste of Food)

  • 정진우
    • 한국조리학회지
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.225-233
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    • 2013
  • 본 연구는 와인 구매자의 요리 맛에 따른 선택 속성을 분석하고자 서울에서 와인을 판매하는 5곳을 표본조사로 하였다. 설문지는 180부가 최종 사용 되었다. 통계패키지 프로그램을 이용하여 빈도분석, t-test, ANOVA을 실시하여 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 와인구매자의 성별에 따라서 맛에 대한 검증결과는 전체조화의 맛, 요리의 맛, 4미의 맛 요인이 유의하게 나타났다. 와인구매자의 학력에 따라서 맛의 검증결과는 전체조화의 맛, 요리의 맛, 조리방법에 따른 맛에서 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 와인구매자의 소득에 따라서 맛의 검증결과 전체조화의 맛, 4미의 맛 조리방법에 따른 맛에서 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 와인구매자의 식음빈도에 따라서 맛에 대한 검증 결과는 전체조화의 맛, 4미의 맛, 조리방법에 따른 맛에서 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다.

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탕약 맛에 대한 사상체질별 차이 연구 (Difference in Taste of Herbal Medications among Sasang Constitution Groups)

  • 손한범;김지환;박성식;배효상
    • 사상체질의학회지
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.288-296
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    • 2015
  • Objectives Purpose of this study was to examine difference of taste score in herbal medicine among Sasang Constitution groups. Methods Seventy-three healthy students tasted salt solution, sucrose solution, four herbal medications (Hyangsayangwi-tang, Yanggyeoksanhwa-tang, Yeoldahanso-tang, and Mihudeungsikjang-tang), and then immediately scored intension of stimuli for each taste which they felt. Data of sixty-four final participant were analyzed by SPSS version 18, as follows: frequency analysis for characteristic data of participants, Kruskal-wallis test for difference in taste score among Sasang Constitution groups, and Pearson correlation analysis for the correlation between taste score of single taste stimuli and taste scores of herbal medications. Results Significant difference was shown in sweet taste score of Hyangsayangwi-tang among Sasang Constitution groups, that Soyangin showed higher sweet taste score of Hyangsayangwi-tang than Soeumin's. No significant difference was shown in other tastes or other herbal medications. Positive correlation between taste score of sucrose solution and sweet taste score of herbal medication was shown in Soemin. Conclusions There is difference in sweet taste score of Hyangsayangwi-tang among Sasang Constitution groups. There is positive correlation between sweet taste score of sucrose solution and herbal medication. This research has limitation, so well-designed research is needed.

맛 선호도가 학령기 아동의 체위 및 영양소 섭취량에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Taste Preference on Anthropometric Measurements and Nutrient intakes in Children)

  • 이성숙
    • 대한지역사회영양학회지
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.130-138
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    • 2001
  • This study investigated the effect of taste preference(sweet, sour, salty, hot) on anthropometric measurements and nutrient intakes of 256 primary school children in Kwangju. There was no significant difference in the anthropometric measurements according to the sweet taste preference. Height, weight, triceps, abdomen, and chest circumferences of the group preferring a sour taste, however, were significantly lower than those of the other groups. The height of the group preferring a salty taste was significantly shorter than that of the other groups and there was a tendency toward high systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. The waist circumference of the group not preferring the hot taste was larger than those of the other groups. There was no significant difference in the energy intake according to the sweet taste preference. The protein intake of the group preferring a sweet taste as significantly lower than that of the other groups. The fiber intake of the group preferring a sour taste was significantly higher than that of the other groups. There were no significant differences in the nutrient intakes according to the salty taste preference. The energy intake of the group preferring a hot taste was lower than that of the other groups. The results show that children's taste preferences influence anthropometric measurements and nutrient intakes. These results suggest that children's eating behaviors are in needs of correction. The findings of this study should be applied to nutrition education to ensure better physical fitness of children.

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한국어의 '맛 어휘' 분류 체계 (A proposal for the classification of Korean taste terms)

  • 김형민
    • 기호학연구
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    • no.56
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    • pp.7-44
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구의 목적은 인지과학의 관점에 근거하여 한국어 맛 어휘, 특히 한국어 맛 형용사의 분류 체계를 제안하는데 있다. 이때 한국어 맛 형용사의 분류는 인지과학의 분과 학문들이 수용하는 '미각'과 '향미'와 '맛'의 정의에 근거하여 이루어진다. 국내에서는 맛 어휘와 관련하여 많은 연구가 이루어져 왔다. 그래서 맛 어휘의 분류와 관련된 연구 결과물들이 꾸준히 발표되었으나, 연구자에 따라 크고 작은 차이를 보인다. 이는 연구자들이 맛 어휘를 범주화하는데 있어 객관적이고 보편적인 기준보다는 주관적이고 직관적인 기준을 적용했기 때문이다. 우리가 일상생활에서 흔히 말하는 '맛'은 미각 수용기 세포가 지각하는 감각 이상의 것을 포괄한다. 게다가 우리 인간이 지각하는 맛의 80~90%는 냄새에 좌우되어, 맛의 지각에 있어 후각의 중요성이 강조된다. 한편 음식의 식감과 색상과 온도, 음식을 먹는 주변 환경, 음식을 먹는 사람의 개인적 사회문화적 기호척도 등이 맛 지각에 큰 영향을 미친다. 먹는 것과 맛을 보는 것은 우리의 일상생활에서 중요한 부분을 차지한다. 그래서 맛 지각에 대한 언어학적 접근은 결코 간과할 수 없는 연구 영역이다. 본 연구자는 인지과학의 관점에 따른 맛 어휘의 분류가 맛 지각의 인지 메커니즘을 이해하는데 도움을 줄 수 있다는 가정에서 출발한다. 본 연구는 우리 인간의 심상어휘집에 '존재할 혹은 존재할지 모르는' 맛 어휘 낱말밭의 모습을 기하학적 모델로 형상화하고자 하는 후속 연구의 사전 작업임을 이 자리를 빌려 밝혀둔다.