• Title, Summary, Keyword: temperature

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Relationship between Sea Surface Temperature and Air Temperature Variation Depend on Time Scale at Coastal Stations in Korea (시간스케일에 따른 해양표면수온과 기온의 변동 및 상관연구)

  • 장이현;강용균;서영상
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.303-309
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    • 2000
  • The relationship between air temperature and sea surface temperature and studied using the daily air temperature and sea surface temperature data for 25 years (1970~1994) at 9 coastal stations in Korea. Seasonal variations of air temperature have larger amplitudes than those of sea surface temperature. The seasonal variations of air temperature leads those of sea surface temperature by 2 to 3 weeks. The anomalies of sea surface temperature and air temperature with time scales more than 1 month are more ghighly correlated than those of short term, with time scales less than 1 month. Accumulated monthly anomalies of sea surface temperature and air temperature for 6 months shwoed higher correlation than the anomailes of each month. The magnitudes of sea surface temperature and air temperature anomalies are related with the duration of anomalies. Their magnitudes are large when the durations of anomalies are long.

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On the Characteristics of Globe Temperature Variation Observed at Downtown in Summer Season (하계에 도심지에서 관측된 흑구온도의 특성 분석)

  • Park, Jong-Kil;Jung, Woo-Sik;Kim, Seok-Cheol;Park, Gil-Un
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.907-918
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    • 2008
  • In order to monitor the impact of high temperature which is seen frequently with climate change, we investigated the monthly change in globe temperature, air temperature, mean radiant temperature and effective radiant heat flow, because the four well reflect thermal radiation from bio-meteorological aspect. Both globe temperature and air temperature showed an increasing trend every month. Compared to air temperature, globe temperature had a wider range of temperature change and was more influenced by meteorological element such as precipitation. Diurnal trends of air temperature, globe temperature and the difference between their temperature had the lowest value before the sunrise and the highest around $1300{\sim}1500$ LST, showing the typical diurnal trends. Globe temperature and the difference between their temperature had a sharp increase around $1000{\sim}1100$ LST, maintained high value until 1700 LST and then reclined, though varied by month. The difference between globe temperature and air temperature was highly dependent on the amount of precipitation and clouds. The duration in which globe temperature was higher than air temperature was the lowest in July. Therefore the amount of precipitation was the most affecting, followed by the amount of clouds and wind. In order to find out the diurnal trends of temperature in city center and city outskirts, we assumed the roof of a concrete build ing as a city center, and the grass-covered observatory of the Gimhae International Airport as city outskirts. The diurnal trends of temperature in the two sites showed a strong correlation. The highest and lowest temperature also had the same trend.

Air Temperature Variation by Effect of Green Space Distribution (녹지분포에 따른 기온변화)

  • Yoon, Yong-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2002
  • In this study, in order to find out relationship of green space distribution and lower air temperature effect, observed air temperature distribution in and out green space in the cloudy. On basis of the result, we are analyzed relationship of air temperature distribution in and out green space, of green space distribution and air temperature of, lower air temperature effect and the urban in between the green space by using regression analysis. According to the result, the higher temperature zone formed around urban, and the lower temperature zone was similar to shape of green space. In case of the green space, higher temperature zone is formed around paved surface and barren ground, lower temperature zone is done forest and water area. To compare air temperature of windward and leeward around green space, the windward formed the lower temperature zone and although the wind direction is not the leeward to the green space, air temperature formed lower temperature zone to the urban in between the green space.

A Study on the Physiological Properties of Skating Players : Skin Temperature and Clothing Temperature in Body Parts

  • Jeon, Hyang-ran
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.2 no.5
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    • pp.423-429
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to find out the relationship between skin temperature and clothing temperature in body parts. Four different kinds of fabrics were used in this experiment. These fabrics were a (Ny/Spun, 81.8/18.2%), b (Wool/Poly/span, 50/45/5%), (Wool/Ny/Span70/25/5) and d (Wool/Poly/Span 45/45/10%). The subjects skated at indoor ice rink where the length was 111.12 m, the temperature was $11{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ and the humidity was $70{\pm}10%$. The four an male professional skaters speed was $17{\pm}1$ seclm/lap. Physiological parameters were skin temperature at 4 body points (chest, upper arm, thigh, leg) and clothing temperature at chest was measured every 15 second. Experiment protocol was as follows: resting before skating (5 min.), skating (5 min.), and resting after skating (10 min.). The results were as follows; The mean skin temperature by fabrics shows b > a > d > c. The mean skin temperature began to decline little by little as soon as the subjects entered the indoor ice rink. After they rested for five minutes, they started skating and the mean skin temperature declined widely. After skating, the mean skin temperature increased step by step. It maintained the similar temperature. The value of skin temperature at body points shows Leg > Chest > Upper arm > Thigh. Because of the characteristics of skating uniforms, the skin temperature of the leg is the highest. The skating uniform was designed to have a protective portion in the leg. The chest produces the highest temperature in the body. The comparison of difference values in skin temperature show Thigh > Upper arm > Chest > Leg. While skating in a cold atmosphere, the largest difference value is clothing temperature. The clothing temperature is lower than the skin temperature during skating. The difference value of clothing temperature is larger than the skin temperature of the chest.

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Prediction of Adiabatic Temperature in Concrete as Semiadiabatic Temperature (간이단열온도로서 콘크리트의 단열온도 추정을 위한 연구)

  • Moon, Han-Young;Moon, Dae-Joong
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 2001
  • The semi-adiabatic temperature rise and the losses of temperature of cement paste, mortar and concrete were measured by an apparatus of semi-adiabatic temperature. Heat of hydration was measured by a conduction calorimeter and adiabatic temperature rise of concrete was measured by an adiabatic calorimeter. The derived equation which can assume the adiabatic temperature was proposed by measuring the semi-adiabatic temperature of concrete. The maximum adiabatic temperature rise of concrete obtained by the derived equation of adiabatic temperature, $T_{ad}(t)=T_{sad}(t)+T_{dis}(t)$, showed $55^{\circ}C$ approximately and it had good relation with the other one obtained by the heat of hydration of cement paste and with maximum value which was measured by the adiabatic calorimeter. The adiabatic temperature rise obtained by derived equation was a different information in comparison with the value obtained by adiabatic temperature rise equations by Hell and et. al. in early age, but it showed similar tendencies with the other one according to elapsed time. Adiabatic temperature rise of lich mix concrete with highly cement content was predicted. The adiabatic temperature rise of cement paste and mortar obtained by derived equation from us showed comparatively matching results to compared with that of obtained by adiabatic temperature equation from concrete standard specification.

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Temperature distribution analysis of steel box-girder based on long-term monitoring data

  • Wang, Hao;Zhu, Qingxin;Zou, Zhongqin;Xing, Chenxi;Feng, Dongming;Tao, Tianyou
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.593-604
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    • 2020
  • Temperature may have more significant influences on structural responses than operational loads or structural damage. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of temperature distributions has great significance for proper design and maintenance of bridges. In this study, the temperature distribution of the steel box girder is systematically investigated based on the structural health monitoring system (SHMS) of the Sutong Cable-stayed Bridge. Specifically, the characteristics of the temperature and temperature difference between different measurement points are studied based on field temperature measurements. Accordingly, the probability density distributions of the temperature and temperature difference are calculated statistically, which are further described by the general formulas. The results indicate that: (1) the temperature and temperature difference exhibit distinct seasonal characteristics and strong periodicity, and the temperature and temperature difference among different measurement points are strongly correlated, respectively; (2) the probability density of the temperature difference distribution presents strong non-Gaussian characteristics; (3) the probability density function of temperature can be described by the weighted sum of four Normal distributions. Meanwhile, the temperature difference can be described by the weighted sum of Weibull distribution and Normal distribution.

Variations of Temperature and Pressure in the Cavity for Operational Conditions of Injection Molding (사출성형의 공정변수에 따른 캐비티 내의 온도와 압력의 변화)

  • Kim S. W.;Park H. C.;Lyu M.-Y.;Jin Y. S.;Kim D.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.70-74
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    • 2004
  • Pressure and temperature in the cavity of injection molding have been investigated. Special injection mold was designed to install pressure and temperature sensors. The sensors were supplied by KISTLER and the pressure and temperature were measured for various operational conditions, such as injection pressure, holding pressure, cooling time, mold temperature, and injection temperature. As injection pressure increased cavity pressure and temperature increase. There were no big differences in temperatures according to the holding pressures. As mold temperature increased pressure and temperature in the cavity increase. The flowability of resin increases as mold temperature increases subsequently the pressure in the cavity increases since the pressure loss is less in the low viscous medium than high ciscous medium. The cavity temperature highly depends upon mold temperature.

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Estimation of Expected Temperature Using Heat Balance Model and Observation Data

  • Kim, Eun-Byul;Park, Jong-Kil;Jung, Woo-Sik
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.214-221
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    • 2015
  • This study considers mean skin temperature to calculate expected temperature using the new heat balance model because the skin temperature is the most important element affecting the heat balance outdoors. For this, we measured the skin temperature in high temperature condition of Korea and applied it to calculate the expected temperature. The calculated expected temperature is compared with the result calculated using previous models which use the estimated mean skin temperature by considering metabolic rate only. Results show that the expected temperatures are higher when measured mean skin temperature is applied to the model, compared to the expected temperature calculated by applying mean skin temperature data calculated using metabolic rate like previous models. The observed mean skin temperature was more suitable for outside conditions and expected temperature is underestimated when mean skin temperature calculated by the equation using metabolic rate is used. The model proposed in this study has a few limitations yet, but it can be applied in various ways to facilitate practical responses to extreme heat.

Analysis for Air Temperature Trend and Elasticity of Air-water Temperature according to Climate Changes in Nakdong River Basin (기후변화에 따른 낙동강 유역의 기온 경향성 및 수온과의 탄성도 분석)

  • Shon, Tae Seok;Lim, Yong Gyun;Baek, Meung Ki;Shin, Hyun Suk
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.822-833
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    • 2010
  • Temperature increase due to climate changes causes change of water temperature in rivers which results in change of water quality etc. and the change of river ecosystem has a great impact on human life. Analyzing the impact of current climate changes on air and water temperature is an important thing in adapting to the climate changes. This study examined the effect of climate changes through analyzing air temperature trend for Nakdong river basin and analyzed the elasticity of air-water temperature to understand the effect of climate changes on water temperature. For analysis air temperature trend, collecting air temperature data from the National Weather Service on main points in Nakdong river basin, and resampling them at the units of year, season and month, used as data for air temperature trend analysis. Analyzing for elasticity of air-water temperature, the data were collected by the Water Environment Information system for water temperature, while air temperature data were collected at the National Weather Service point nearest in the water temperature point. And using the results of trend analysis and elasticity analysis, the effect of climate changes on water temperature was examined estimating future water temperature in 20 years and 50 years after. It is judged that analysis on mutual impact between factors such as heat budget, precipitation and evapotranspiration on river water temperature affected by climate changes and river water temperature is necessary.

Study on Field Observations of the Thermal Environment in the Downtown Location and the Outskirt Site (하절기 도심과 외곽지의 열특성 비교 관측)

  • Jung, Im-Soo;Choi, Dong-Ho;Lee, Bu-Yong
    • 한국태양에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 2009
  • This study is about heat island as one of the urban climate variation factors in urbanized modern society, which compared and observed the thermal characteristics both the downtown location and the outskirt site in summer. The diurnal air temperature range at each point is $12.6^{\circ}C$ in the downtown location and $14.3^{\circ}C$ in the outskirt site, so, it was found that the diurnal air temperature range in the outskirt site was $1.7^{\circ}C$ higher than in the downtown location. There was 20 minutes difference to reach the highest temperature between globe temperature and air temperature in the downtown location, however, the time spent to reach the highest temperature between globe temperature and air temperature in the outskirt site was the same. When we compared the globe temperature between the downtown location and outskirt site, we found that the temperature in the outskirt site was lower than in the downtown location after sunset due to the sudden temperature drops, although the exposed time to insolation in the outskirt site is longer. The average of globe temperature difference on the sample days was $1.1^{\circ}C$, the average of surface temperature difference on the sample days was $1.0^{\circ}C$, and the average of air temperature difference on the sample days was $2.0^{\circ}C$ Thus, it was found that the average of air temperature difference was higher than the average of globe temperature and the average of surface temperature. The result of this study is that the urban environment factors have more effect on the air temperature difference than globe temperature and surface temperature.

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