• Title, Summary, Keyword: terrorism

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A Study on the Patterns of New Terrorism through the Comparative Analysis with Conventional Terrorism (고전적 테러리즘과의 비교 분석을 통한 뉴 테러리즘 양상에 대한 연구)

  • Song, Jae-Hyeong
    • The Journal of Military Studies
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    • pp.113-154
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    • 2003
  • We can feel the fear through the reports of outbreaking centers of terror. Also, we noticed through "the 9.11 terror" that there exists no safety zone from terrorism. However, we should question ourselves whether we are relaxing attention or ceasing anxiety too much in the perimeter, as in the peninsula of Korea. Through "the 9.11 terror", the vulnerability of the United State's homeland security has been exposed, giving a serious damage to the national pride. President Bush started the war against terror to strengthen global joints of anti-terrorism, identify terrorists and contribute to the global peace, adopting offensive realism including preemptive attack concept which means to remove the threat preemptively. In today's reality of international politics, where the inhuman, indiscriminate, and anti-civilizational international terror became greater, extending to the stage of war, the international societies' agony and focus lies on how to banish it. The 9.11 terrorism, which is a new form of terrorism, is being distinguished from conventional terrorism into new terrorism. New terrorism is a new form of terrorism meaning that you do not know the enemy, the goal does not exist and they conscientiously use the weapons of mass destruction. This paper is a work meant to help understanding new terrorism, the new form, by a comparative analysis with the conventional terrorism. Therefore the origin, concept and general characteristics new terrorism is picked out and the representative forms of it, which are suicide bombing, cyber, biochemical and nuclear terrorism, are analyzed in detail in theoretical manner.

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A Study on the Rise and prospect of the Middle East Terrorism (중동 Terrorism의 대두와 전망)

  • Choi, Kee-Nam
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.10
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    • pp.409-441
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    • 2005
  • During reformation of the world order in the 21st century, the terrorism has been showing up as a new value and rising up as core element of determining human being's quality of lives. The middle east's terrorism is leading the international terrorism and it is originated from the religious ideology which has formed for centuries and struggles for regional influence. This is the conflict aspect coming from the opposition of religious ideologies and cultural dislocations. It concludes as confrontation between the terrorism of Islam fundamentalism and western christianity that America is leading after the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. There is little prospect for an improvement of their relationship. The Terrorism supported by government might be eradicated by America's drastic anti-terrorism policy. However, it will be serious and spread all over the world that the terrorist attacks against America and western countries is acted by militant warriors of Islamic fundamentalism, uniting Arab and Islamic peoples' emotions against America. Terrorism is urgent menace to Korea and it is needed to take measures to cope with it considering their religion and people throughly.

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A Study of Terrorism Response System and Development in Korea (한국의 테러리즘 대응 체계와 발전방안 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Ryul;Kim, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.33
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    • pp.81-101
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    • 2012
  • A sudden change of social structure makes the nations have experienced terrorism to establish an anti-terrorism law and associate with international agreements to protect themselves from terrorism. Korea is exposed to terrorism as it has grown in stature by holding the international occasions and has been easy to travel abroad since 1980. Korea regulates the terrorist by a guideline which was established in 1982 by the presidential instruction and other criminal law. However, the majority of people doubt the propriety of overinterpretation of the law and punishment for terrorism. To cope with the situation strongly, it is better to establish an anti-terrorism law to block terrorism and apprehend the terrorist beforehand. Also we should realign an anti-terrorism organization that should be organized by the type of terrorism. In addition, we can expect to avoid waste of a budget and human efforts if we introduce terrorism warning system and face with each stage of situation. Lastly it is possible to prevent terrorism if we build up preventive actions along with the local residents.

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Health Disaster Preparedness System for Response to Newly Emerging Terrorism (신종 테러리즘 대응을 위한 보건방재체계의 현황)

  • Wang, Soon Joo
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.73-89
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    • 2005
  • The disaster preparedness system in Korea has been developed in spite of many obstacles, but there are still many problems for response to newly emerging terrorisms due to the existing problems of disaster response system. The newly emerging terrorism in 21th century like biochemical terrorism has made us focus on terrorism preparedness, but health and medical aspect of terrorism has been overlooked. The health disaster system is more necessary for 21th terrorism response as well as the disaster engineering, economic and administrative aspects. The disaster preparedness system for bioterrorism has been developed by Ministry of Health with syndromic surveillance system and no case has been found in Korea yet and the resources of personnel and equipment as decontamination system in medical facilities are lacking in case of chemical terrorism. So through the multiple access method reflecting the risk factors in real terrorism field and human based health disaster concept, the disaster preparedness and response system to make up for the weak point should be suggested.

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Criminal Justice Policy against Terrorism in China

  • Xuan, Song-He
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 2016
  • China is defending the terrorist crime through the Anti-Terror Law and anti-terrorism criminal legislation. China's Anti-Terror Law and the Criminal Code Amendment (9), which were promulgated in 2015, provide legal grounds for preventing and hurting ever-growing terrorist crimes. In particular, China's amendment to the Criminal Code (9) is designed to rigorously enforce the legal framework for terrorist crimes, protect prejudicial rights that might be violated by serious terrorist crimes, and protect the penalties for terrorist crimes. However, China's anti-terrorism legislation still has drawbacks such as lack of systematicity, limited regulatory boundaries, and lack of rigorous penalties for the establishment of anti-terrorism legislation. To counter this, China's anti-terrorism legislation must strictly regulate the legal system of terrorist crimes, secure penalties, and prescribe anti-terrorism laws as professional chapters.

A Critical Review of the Relationship between Terrorism and the Media -With Special Reference to 9.11 Terror and the American Media- (테러리즘과 언론의 관계에 관한 비판적 고찰 -9.11 테러와 미국 언론을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Hyo-Seong
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.19
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    • pp.213-238
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    • 2002
  • Ie is popular belief among the authorities concerned and their apologists that media coverage of terrorism promotes terrorism and is used as publicity by terrorists. Generally speaking, however, in reporting terrorism, the media become not terrorists' but state's means of publicity, and condemn terrorism, while rationalizing state's violence against terrorism. Terrorists may be successful in attracting public attention at the initial stage of terrorism, but usually fail in publicizing their cause. This fact notwithstanding, the authorities concerned and their apologists maintain thar media coverage of terrorism should be controlled, because it works as publicity for terrorists. Now it can be said that there is an intention to control the media when it is asserted that media coverage of terrorism works as publicity for terrorists. To present these arguments, this article discusses the news values and publicity aspect of terrorism, reviews some problems of and misunderstanding about media coverage of terrorism, and for illustrations, look into the American media's coverage of the 9-11 terrorism against the U. S. and "war on terror". that is, state terrorism taken as a countermeasure to it by the U. S.

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Review for the Enactment of Anti-Terrorism Law in China: Comparing it to those in the USA, Britain and Germany (중국의 반(反)테러리즘법 제정을 위한 검토: 미국.영국.독일과 비교하여)

  • Lee, Dae Sung;Ahn, Young Kyu
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.14 no.6_1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2014
  • China has vast land, variety of people, religions and cultures. China has faced terrorism threat from the struggles of people, religions and resources. The 11thStanding Committee of the National People's Congress of China decided to strengthen the anti-terrorism action on October 29, 2011. This study compared, analyzed and estimated the counter-terrorism laws of the USA, Britain and Germany thinking about the China's anti-terrorism decision. The counter-terrorism laws of the USA, Britain and Germany are largely composed of previous prevention of terror and oppression of it later. They enacted the laws both for people and property. They also rearranged the power and role of governmental institutes on counter-terrorism. The contents of the counter-terrorism laws are specific, detailed and systematic. But the anti-terrorism law of China has restriction on the power and roles for previous prevention and oppression of terrorism, handling of people and property. This study reviewed the foreign countries' counter-terrorism laws and the way to connect the regulations on terrorism crimes of the revised Chinese criminal law and the anti-terrorism decision, when they enact the anti-terrorism laws in China in the future.

A Study on the Measures against Suicide Terrorism (자살테러에 대한 대책 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Tai
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.139-155
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    • 2006
  • Over the past two decades suicide terrorism has become an ever-widening phenomenon. When suicide terrorism was first introduced in the Middle East it seemed that this new phenomenon was invincible and that it might change the innate imbalance between terror groups and their rivalry governments. This did not in fact occur. Looking at history of terrorism, it can be seen that suicide attacks are in actuality a very old modus operandi. However, contemporary suicide terrorism differs from such historical tactics, just as the whole phenomenon of terrorism differs from ancient modes of warfare. Modern suicide terrorism is aimed at causing devastating physical damage. through which it inflicts profound fear and anxiety. Its goal is to produce a negative psychological effect on an entire population rather than just the victims of the actual attack. The relatively high number of casualties guaranteed in such attacks, which are usually carried out in crowded areas, ensures full media coverage. Thus, suicide terrorism, ranks with other spectacular modus operandi such as blowing up airplanes in mid air or the use of Weapons of Mass Destruction as a sure means to win maximum effect. For the purposes of this paper a suicide terror attack is defined as a politically motivated violent attack perpetrated by a self-aware individual (or individuals) who actively and purposely causes his own death through blowing himself up along with his chosen target. The perpetrator's ensured death is a precondition for the success of his mission. The greatest potential risk suicide terrorism may pose in future is if terrorists carry out operations combined with other spectacular tactics such as blowing up airplanes or the use of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Such a combination will increase immensely the death toll of a single terror attack and will have a shocking psychological effect on public moral. At this level suicide terrorism would constitute a genuine strategic threat and would probably be confronted as such. This study portrays a general overview of the modern history of suicide terror activity worldwide, focusing on its main characteristics and the various aims and motivations of the terror groups involved. In addition, This study provides an overview what is to be done to prevent such terrorist attacks.

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Suggestion on the Convention for Anti-Terrorism of North Eastern Asian Countries: Focusing on Tendency Analysis of Regional International Conventions (동북아시아 국가들의 대(對)테러리즘 관련 협약체결을 위한 제언: 지역별 국제협약의 경향분석을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Dae Sung;Ahn, Young Kyu
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2015
  • The threat of international terrorism has been increasing in international society. It could be no exception in northeastern Asian countries. First, north eastern Asian countries have exercised influences on many areas in international society such as politics, military and diplomacy. So international terrorism could occur in the countries. Second, as the north eastern Asian countries such as Korea, China, Russia and Japan have their own unique politics, religions, ethnic group and culture, terrorism have happened or could happen in their own countries. In this research, it will analyze the tendency of seven regional international conventions on anti-terrorism of international society. The result is as follows. It dealt with the following issues. 1. Reason and purpose of terrorism, 2. Contents of conventions on anti-terrorism, 3. Psychological and physical aspects of attacking types of terrorism, 4. Personal and physical aspects of damage of terrorism, 5. Hard targets and soft targets of victims of terrorism. It could be necessary for the north eastern Asian countries to review regional international convention on anti-terrorism based on this.

Tracking Recent Terrorism Trends in Europe and North America (최근 북미 및 유럽지역의 테러리즘 동향연구: 2012-2017)

  • Park, Gi-Bbeum;Lee, Chang-Han;Yu, Hyo-Eun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.53
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    • pp.109-133
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to provide a general trends in recent terrorism in North America and Europe over the last five years. In particular the terrorism which occurred after 2012 shows the transition in trends as terrorists attacks civilians and public places(soft target) rather than targeting national facilities or specific people. For instance, the Parris terror attack and Barcelona vehicle attack shows this changes clearly. The terrorists appeared to attack ordinary people in urban places with high population density. Although the trends are changing, there are still few studies focusing on the current situation, and most of the previous studies have focused on changing in strategies and counter-terrorism in each country after the 9.11 terror. Meanwhile, studies examining the trends of terrorism have been limited to analyzing few cases or using relatively monolithic data of Global Terrorism Data(GTD). While the types of terrorism that occur recent years including 'new terrorism' in many respects, it seems to be difficult to classify with GTD data and/or case studies. Therefore, it is necessary to construct new data that perhaps grasp the recent trend of terrorism from different perspectives. In this point of view, this Based on this, this study collects terrorism data from North America and Europe for the past five years, by using the National Intelligence Service's annual report on terrorism as a sampling framework and analyse the trends and changes. The result shows similarities in the methods of attack, and the type of weapon they used. As vehicle attacks has been raised in few years, damage area has been widen and casualties also have been increased.

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