• 제목, 요약, 키워드: textural property

검색결과 113건 처리시간 0.026초

Sensory Property Improvement of Jokbal (Korean Pettitoes) Made from Frozen Pig Feet by Addition of Herbal Mixture

  • Hwang, Young-Jung;Hwang, Seol-A;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • 한국축산식품학회지
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.19-22
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to improve sensory quality of Jokbal (Korean Pettitoes) made from frozen pig feet by addition of herbal mixture (glasswort, raspberry and Sansa powders). After adding herbal mixture, lipid oxidation (2-thiobarbituric acid values, TBARS), sensory property, and textural property were determined. Herbs were individually added into cooking soup at concentration of 6% (low concentration treatment, LCT) or 12% (high concentration treatment, HCT) of raw pig feet. Refrigerated pig feet were used as control. Thawed feet without any herbal mixture were used as freezing treatment (FT). TBARS in LCT or HCT were lower than that in FT, and showed the similar to that in Control. Addition of the herbal mixture was effective in improving the flavor and textural property of thawed feet by inhibiting lipid oxidation and protein denaturation in a dose-dependent manner.

Textural Properties of Processed Foods Produced from Newly Developed Non-Glutinous Rice Cultivars

  • Ha, Mi-Sun;Roh, Yi-Woo;Hong, Kwon-Pyo;Kang, Yoon-Suk;Jung, Dong-Chae;Kim, Kwang-Ho;Park, Sang-Kyu;Ha, Sang-Do;Bae, Dong-Ho
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.789-795
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    • 2007
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the producibility of processed foods utilizing 6 newly developed non-glutinous rice cultivars. First, cooked rice, cake, cookies, bread, and slender rice cake sticks were prepared with the newly developed cultivars; then their physicochemical and textural properties were evaluated. The rice samples had similar pasting temperatures and peak times, but different viscosities and other pasting properties. The textural analysis results suggested that 'Chucheong' was appropriate for cooked rice due to its low amylose content; hardness, and springiness; 'Ilphumbyeo' for rice cakes due to its high amylose content, moderate cohesiveness and adhesiveness, and low hardness; 'Ilphumbyeo' for cookies due to its high amount of protein, and low cohesiveness and adhesiveness; 'Ilphumbyeo' for bread due to its high amylose content, moderate hardness, and low consistency; and 'Ilphumbyeo' for the slender rice cake sticks due to its low hardness, moderate breakdown, paste viscosity, and setback.

붕어고음 잔사분말을 첨가한 Cookies의 품질특성 (Protein Qualities and textural Properties of Cookies Containing Crucian Carp Extraction Residue)

  • 김오순;황은영;이진화;류홍수
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.482-487
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    • 2001
  • To find the possibility in utilizing the fish meat processing by-products, protein nutritional quality and textural properties of crucian carp extraction residue (CCER, feeze dired) incorporated into cookies were investigated. Moisture, ash and protein contents in cookies were increased with the higher residue treatments, but lipid contents were similar within all levels (3%, 9% and 15%). Major constitutional amino acids were revealed as glutamic acid, proline, leucine and arginine, and the sum of those amino acids was about 50% of total amino acid contents. Cookies with residue (CCER) had higher (80.74~84.50%) in vitro protein digestibility than standard cookies (83.32%), while slightly lower trypsin indigestible substrate (TIS) contents were showed in CCER containing cookies than control. CCER treatments resulted the decreased protein nutritional quality in C-PER (computed protein efficiency ratio) value from 2.41 (standard) to 1.15 (cinnamon flavored. 9% CCER), and those C-PER of all cookies were lower than ANRC casein (2.50). Lipophilic browning was developed steadily till 60 days storage and a significant (p<0.05) changes of browning ws not noteed between 60 days and 90 days storage. Color of cookies, expressed as L, a and b value, was significantly (p<0.05) lightened with the increased CCER. Similar trends by treatments were noted for hardness. Cookies containing 9% CCER were similar to control regarding textual and sensory properties.

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부추첨가 김치의 발효과정 중 chitinase 활성과 조직감 (Chitinase Activity and Textural Property of Leek Added Kimchi During Fermentation)

  • 김유경;이귀주
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.102-107
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    • 1999
  • 김치재료들의 chitinase 활성을 측정하고, 부추의 첨가량을 달리한 김치를 제조하여 15$^{\circ}C$에서 9일간의 숙성과정 중 김치의 chitinase 활성과 조직감의 변화를 측정한 결과는 다음과 같았다. 김치의 주요 재료들은 쪽파(특히 잎부분)>마늘>부추>대파(특히 잎부분) 순으로 chitinase 활성을 나타내었다. 김치숙성 중의 chitinase 활성은 김치액이 김치조직 보다 월등히 높게 나타났으며 각 김치시료간의 효소활성 차이도 김치액에서 더 뚜렷하게 나타났다. 김치액에서의 chitinase 활성은 숙성이 진행됨에 따라 점차적으로 감소한 반면, 김치조직에서의 chitinase 활성은 숙성 3일 또는 5일까지 증가한 후 감소하였다. 그러나 김치조직과 김치액 모두에서 대조구보다 부추첨가구가 더 높은 chitinase 활성을 나타내었으며 부추첨가구에서는 부추첨가량이 증가할수록 높은 chitinase 활성을 보였다. 숙성이 진행됨에 따라 모든 시료구에서는 김치조직의 침투관통력은 감소하였으며 부추첨가량에 따른 차이는 미미하였으나 대조구가 숙성 전 기간동안 가장 낮은 침투관통력을 보였다. 이상의 결과를 종합해보면 부추첨가는 김치 숙성 중 부추의 chitinase 활성에 의해 새우젓 등의 키틴질을 분해하여 chitosan을 형성하므로서 김치의 조직을 향상시키는 것으로 생각된다.

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묵의 구조와 텍스쳐 (Structure and Textural Property of Mook)

  • 배광순;손경희;문수재
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 1984
  • 전분 젤의 특성을 정토하기 위하여 녹두, 감자, 고구마로 제조한 전분 겔 및 감자, 고구마 전분에 녹두 전분을 혼합하여 제조한 전분 겔의 구조 및 텍스쳐를 측정하고. 관능검사에 의해 전분 겔의 수응력을 평가하였다. 균일하고 porous한 구조를 보인 녹두 겔이 텍스쳐 측정치가 높은 값을 나타냈으며 관능검사에서도수응력이 높게 평가되었다.

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Adsorption of Phenol on Mesoporous Carbon CMK-3: Effect of Textural Properties

  • Haque, Enamul;Khan, Nazmul Abedin;Talapaneni, Siddulu Naidu;Vinu, Ajayan;JeGal, Jong-Geon;Jhung, Sung-Hwa
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.1638-1642
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    • 2010
  • Mesoporous carbon CMK-3s with different textural properties have been used for the adsorption of phenol to understand the necessary physicochemical properties of carbon for the efficient removal of phenol from contaminated water. The kinetic constants (both pseudo-second order and pseudo-first-order kinetics) increase with increasing pore size of carbons. The maximum adsorption capacities correlate well with micropore volume compared with surface area or total pore volume even though large pore (meso or macropore) may contribute partly to the adsorption. The pore occupancies also explain the importance of micropore for the phenol adsorption. For efficient removal of phenol, carbon adsorbents should have large micropore volume and wide pore size for high uptake and rapid adsorption, respectively.

칼슘의 첨가에 따른 라면의 조직감과 관능적 특성 (Effects of Calcium on Textural and Sensory Properties of Ramyon)

  • 정재홍
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.252-257
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    • 1999
  • In an attempt to evaluate the effects of calcium on paste or gelatinization properties by amylograph and mixing properties by farinograph of wheat flour and on viscosity property cooking quality textural and sensory properties of Ramyon were examined. The contents of calcium used were from 1.0% to 3.0% based on flour weight. The viscosity property of wheat flour with calcium was increased the initial past-ing temperature but the amylograph peak viscosity were decreased in vice versa. The farinograph absorp-tion stability and breakdown were increased by calcium. The shear extrusion force and hardness of Ram-yon manufactured with calcium were shown much higher value than those of control. At cooking quality examination of Ramyon manufactured with calcium weight of cooked Ramyon was increased by volume was decreased. Extraction amounts of Ramyon manufactured with calcium during cooking were much smaller than those of control. These changes will provided many advantages in the preparation of Ram-yon. The I2 reaction value of Ramyon manufactured with calcium and control were shown to almost same values. Sensory properties of cooked Ramyon which was manufactured with calcium showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test addition of 0.3% calcim to wheat flour may be suitable for processing Ramyon.

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인삼첨가 Long Life 면의 조직감과 관능적 특성 (Effects of Ginseng on Textural and Sensory Properties of Long Life Noodles)

  • 심창주
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.523-528
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    • 1999
  • The influence of ginseng on the paste or gelatinization properties by amylograph and mixing properties by farinograph of wheat flour and on quality properties color cooking quality textural and sensory properties and reducing microbial population of LL(Long Life) noodles was studied. The contents of ginseng used were from 5% to 10% based on flour weight. The viscosity property of wheat flour with ginseng was increased the initial pasting temperature but the amylograph peak viscosity were decreased in vice versa. The farinograph absorption stability and breakdown were increased by ginseng. The whiteness of Ll nodles manufactured with ginseng was lower than that of control The shear extrusion force and hardness of LL noodles manufactured with ginseng were shown much higher value than those of control. At cooking quality examination of LL noodles manufactured with ginseng weight of cooked LL noodles was decreased but volum was appeared in ice versa,. Extraction amounts of LL noodles manufactured with ginseng during cooking were much smaller than those of control Total count of microorganism of Ll noodles manufactured with ginseng were decreased during storage at 3$0^{\circ}C$ Sensory properties of cooked LL noodles which was manufactured with ginseng showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test addition of 7.0% ginseng to wheat flour may be suitable for processing LL noodles.

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저장 온도 및 가열 방법이 밀가루겔 및 식빵의 조직 특성에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Storage Temperatures and Heating Methods on the Textural characteristics of Wheat Flour Gels and Loaf Bread)

  • 고하영;윤계순
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.566-571
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    • 1999
  • Effects of storage temperature at 18oC and 5oC for 9 days and heating conditions on textural char acteristics in strong wheat flour gels were investigated using a Instron after microwave (2450MHz, 700W). Heating condition did not affect the texture property in the wheat flour gels, but the frozen storage was very effective to prevent the hardening of the samples. Hardness, adhesiveness, and gumminess in the wheat flour gels decreased in increasing moisture content from 45% to 55%, but there was little change in cohesiveness. The storage at room temperature for 2 hours resulted in increased hardness in the heated wheat flour gels. PE wrap package of the wheat flour gels prevented weight loss by 3~6% and hardening effectively. Sugar, or sugar and shotening resulted in increased hardness in loaf bread. The hardness and weight loss in loaf breads were markedly changed by the heating time with microwave. The most critical time point was around 4 minutes following the heating.

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한국인의 조직감 표현용어에 관한 연구 (Studies on the Texture Describing Terms of Korean)

  • 이철호;박상희
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.21-29
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    • 1982
  • 우리나라 주요식품에 대한 조직감 표현은 다양하며 이들을 정리, 분류함으로써 각 식품에 대한 우리나라 사람들의 조직감 기호를 조사할 수 있었다. 밥류에서는 견고성, 응집성, 탄력성, 부착성이 특히 중요하였으며 입자의 형태, 크기, 배열과 수분 및 지방함량들도 중요하게 나타났다. 이중에서 탄력성이 높고 씹힘성이 큰 쫄깃쫄깃한 성질에 대한 기호도가 높으며 응집성과 견고성이 낮은 푸석푸석한 성질에 대하여 싫어하는 경향이 뚜렷이 나타났다. 국수류에서도 견고성, 응집성, 탄력성이 중요한 성질로 나타났으며 특히 견고성, 응집성, 탄력성이 큰 쫄깃쫄깃한 성질과 탄력성이 큰 말랑말랑한 성질에 대한 선호도가 컸으며 견고성이 너무 강하거나 약한 것에 대하여 싫어하는 경향이 나타났다. 김치류에서도 견고성, 응집성, 탄력성이 중요한 조직감 요소임을 알 수 있었으며 특히 견고성이 크나 응집성이 약한 성질 즉 아삭아삭, 사각사각 등으로 표현되는 깨어지는 성질에 대한 선호도가 크게 나타났으며 견고성이 너무 약화되는 것에 대하여 싫어하는 경향이 뚜렷이 나타났다.

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