• Title, Summary, Keyword: textural property

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Effects of Egg White Manufacturing Conditions on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Angel Food Cakes (난백분말 제조 조건에 따른 엔젤 푸드 케이크의 특성 변화)

  • Yang, Hae-Young;Kim, Min-Young;Kim, Jeong-Yeon;Shim, Jae-Yong;Imm, Jee-Young;Park, Ki-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.167-172
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    • 2009
  • The principal objective of this study was to determine the optimum manufacturing conditions of egg white with high foaming property for the production of angel food cakes. The egg whites were desugarized and powdered at predetermined pHs and drying temperatures. The physicochemical properties of the produced cakes were measured and sensory evaluations were conducted on a 9-point scale. The volume and textural properties of cakes produced from spray-dried egg whites did not differ from those of the cakes prepared from the control egg whites. The pH of batter and the specific gravity of foam and batter with egg white powder at pH 6.74/66.5$^{\circ}C$ did not differ from those of the control, whereas the one prepared with commercial powder lost the characteristics of cake to a significant degree. The overall acceptance scores of egg white powder of pH 6.74/66.5$^{\circ}C$ and commercial powder were 6.25 and 2.33 as compared to the control (6.42). These results indicate that the egg white powder that was desugarized, pH-adjusted to 6.74, and dried at 66.5$^{\circ}C$ might be utilized to prepare angel food cakes with the desirable physicochemical and sensory attributes.

Effect of Red Bean Protein and Microbial Transglutaminase on Gelling Properties of Myofibrillar Protein (적소두단백질(Red Bean Protein)과 Transglutaminase를 첨가한 돈육 근원섬유 단백질의 물성 증진 효과)

  • Jang, Ho-Sik;Chin, Koo-Bok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.782-790
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    • 2011
  • The effects of soy protein isolate (SPI) and red bean protein isolate (RBPI) on gelling properties of pork myofibrillar protein (MP) in the presence of microbial transglutaminase (MTG) were studied at 0.45 M NaCl. MP paste was incubated with MTG (0.1%) at various levels (0.1, 0.3, 0.5, and 1%) of SPI and RBPI before incubating at $4^{\circ}C$ for 4 h. The rheological property results showed that MP gel shear stress increased with increasing RBPI concentration. Cooking yield (CY) of the MP gel increased with increasing RBPI and SPI, whereas gel strength (GS) was not affected by adding RBPI or SPI. Thus, effects of incubation time (0, 4, 8, 10, and 12 h) were measured at 0.1% SPI and RBPI. GS values of the MP gel at 10 and 12 h were similar and were higher than those of the others. CY values were highest when RBPI (0.1%) was added, regardless of incubation time. The protein patterns indicated that incubating the MP with MTG for 10 h resulted in protein crosslinking between MP and RBPI or SPI. Based on these results, RBPI and SPI could be used as an ingredient to increase textural properties and cooking yield of meat protein gel.

Quality Properties of Jeung-pyun with Added Withprickly Pear (Cheonnyuncho) Powder (천년초(Opuntia humifusa) 열매 분말 첨가 증편의 품질 특성)

  • Cho, Eun-Ja;Kim, Min-Jong;Choi, Won-Seok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.903-910
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    • 2007
  • In order to make acquire a potential use for Opuntia humifusa as a natural functional food material, this study was performed to determine the quality properties of Jeung-pyun made with added Opuntia humifusa, or prickly pear powder. According to an analysis of its major components, we found that the prickly pear powder consisteds of nitrogen-free extracts (71.85%) and crude fiber (11.20%). Greater additions of prickly pear powder had resulted in significantly lower pH in the of Jeung-pyun. According to measurements on the degree of Jeung-pyun gelatinization, by means of ${\beta}$-amylase, greater additions of prickly pear powder led to the higher levels of isolated maltose, indicating that the gelatinization degree of the Jeung-pyun became higher. Also, samples with higher concentrations of prickly pear powder had a tendency toward lower water content, which allowed us to expect a longer storage duration for the Jeung-pyun. In the textural property tests the Jeung-pyun that had less hardness and greater adhesiveness (p<0.05) than the control group as the content of prickly pear powder became higher. Also, the Jeung-pyunhad lower gumminess and chewiness than the control group as the content of prickly pear powder became higher. Therefore, it is possible to prepare relatively soft Jeung-pyun using prickly pear powder. For the color differences of the Jeung-pyun samples, lower L- values, and higher a- and b -values (p<0.05) presented as the addition level of prickly pear powder became higher. According to SEM observations of the Jeung-pyun, the added prickly pear powder addition groups generally showed a smaller and more inconsistent pore size, but higher porosity, than the control group. According to sensory analyses of the Jeung-pyun, the P2 group scored highest for color item, and the P4 group generated the fermented scent. Higher additions content of prickly pear powder led to the lower score, but higher scores for adhesiveness. Finally, the P2 group achieved the highest score for overall taste.

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Selective Catalytic Oxidation of Hydrogen Sulfide Using $V_{2}O_{5}-TiO_2$ Catalyst Prepared by Nonhydrolytic Sol-Gel Method (비가수분해 솔-젤법으로 제조한 $V_{2}O_{5}-TiO_2$ 촉매를 이용한 황화수소의 선택 산화반응)

  • Kim, Sang-Yun;Cho, Dal-Rae;Park, Dae-Won
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.204-210
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    • 2008
  • A series of $V_{2}O_{5}-TiO_2$ xerogel catalysts were prepared by nonhydrolytic sol-gel method and analysed by various characterization techniques. These catalysts showed much higher surface areas and total pore volumes than conventional V$V_{2}O_{5}-TiO_2$ xerogel and impregnated $V_{2}O_{5}/TiO_2$ catalysts. It was found that the textural property of $V_{2}O_{5}-TiO_2$ material varies with the method and conditions of synthesis. Surface vanadates and $TiO_2$ anatase phase are the crucial factors to obtain high catalytic activities. The selective oxidation of hydrogen sulfide in the presence of excess water and ammonia was studied over these catalysts. Xerogel catalysts prepared by non-hydrolytic sol-gel method showed very high conversion of $H_{2}S$ without harmful emission of $SO_2$. The highest catalytic activity shown by these $V_{2}O_{5}-TiO_2$ catalysts may be due to their high surface area and good dispersion of vanadia species in the titania matrix.

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Effect of rice mash on the quality characteristics of strawberry jam (쌀당화액 첨가량에 따른 딸기잼의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Mi Jin;Kim, Jin Sook;Chang, Young Eun
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.817-822
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the physical, textural, and sensory properties of strawberry jam with different amounts (0%, 14%, and 21%) of added rice mash. The soluble solids, pH, and total acidity values of the samples were found to be in the range of $53.00{\sim}65.33^{\circ}Brix$, 4.11~4.20 and 0.66~0.80%, respectively. Soluble solids and total acidity decreased significantly as the amount of rice mash was increased. The L-value, a-value, and b-value increased on increasing the amount of rice mash (p<0.05). The glucose contents of the samples ranged from 3.86 g to 4.13 g. The fructose, sucrose, and maltose contents significantly decreased (p<0.05). The organic acid content was measured and it was found that, oxalic acid was not in the control sample (0% rice mash). As the rice mash content was increased, the succinic acid content also increased (p<0.05), but the citric acid content decreased significantly (p<0.05). In the sensory evaluation, strawberry jam with rice mash showed superior spreading property than that of the control sample. Strawberry jam with 0% rice mash had the highest color and taste score. For the overall acceptability, strawberry jams with 0% and, 14% of rice mash were preferable to that with 21%.

Influence of Textural Structure by Heat-treatment on Electrochemical Properties of Pitch-based Activated Carbon Fiber (열처리 온도에 의한 피치계 활성탄소섬유의 기공구조 변화가 전기화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyung Hoon;Park, Mi-Seon;Jung, Min-Jung;Lee, Young-Seak
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.598-603
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    • 2015
  • In this study, electrochemical properties of pitch-based activated carbon fibers (ACFs) were investigated by different heat-treatment temperature of the pitch-based ACFs in order to improve the specific capacitance of electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC). The ACFs were prepared by different heat-treatment temperatures of 1050 and $1450^{\circ}C$, after activation with 4 M KOH at $800^{\circ}C$ using stabilized pitch fiber. The specific surface area of prepared ACFs increased from $828m^2/g$ to $987m^2/g$, also the micropore and mesopore volumes of prepared ACFs were increased. These results because pore was produced by desorbing oxygen and hydrogen elements within the ACFs, and pore size was increased by contraction ACFs by heat-treatment process. Because of the porous properties, the specific capacitance was increased from 73 F/g to 119 F/g using cyclic voltammetry with 1 M $H_2SO_4$ at scan rates of 5 mV/s.

Effect of Conjugated Linoleic Acid(CLA) Feeding Levels and Periods on Textural Property and Fatty Acid Composition of Pork (Conjugated Linoleic Acid(CLA) 급여수준과 급여기간이 돈육의 조직감과 지방산 조성에 미치는영향)

  • Lee, J.I.;Ha, Y.J.;Kwack, S.C.;Lee, J.D.;Kim, D.H.;Kang, G.H.;Hur, S.J.;Park, G.B.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.1047-1060
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    • 2003
  • To investigate the effects of conjugated linoleic acid added diet feeding on CLA accumulation and quality characteristics of pork meat. The CLA used to add in diet was chemically synthesized by alkaline isomerization method with corn oil. Pigs were divided into 5 treatment groups(4 pigs/group) and subjected to one of five treatment diets(0, 1.25% CLA for 2 weeks, 2.5% CLA for 2 weeks, 1.25% CLA for 4 weeks and 2.5% CLA for 4 weeks, CLA diets; total fed diets) before slaughter. Pork loin were collected from the animals(110 kg body weight) slaughtering at the commercial slaughter house. Pork loin meat were aerobic packaged and then stored during 2, 5, 8, 11 and 14 days at 4$^{\circ}C$. Samples were analyzed for shear force value, texture, TBARS, fatty acid composition, cholesterol and CLA content. CLA treatment groups showed significantly(p〈0.05) higher shear force value compared to those of control group at 11, 14 days of cold storage. All treatments were decreased significantly as the storage period passed. There was a not significantly difference in texture between control and CLA treatment groups. All CLA treatment groups showed significantly(p〈0.05) lower TBARS value than the control. TBARS value was increased significantly during storage in all treatment. CLA treatment groups showed significantly(p〈0.05) lower cholesterol content compared to those of control group. As dietary CLA was increased in feed, the content of CLA was increased, but the control was almost not detected. The contents of CLA were not significantly changed during chilled storage for 14 days. In the change of fatty acid composition, the contents of oleic, linoleic and arachidonic were decreased by dietary CLA-supplementation, whereas the increase level of CLA-supplementation resulted in the higher palmitic and stearic acid. In all results, CLA could be accumulated in pork meat and its antioxidant capability has been indicated. It was suggested that dietary CLA-supplementation could be produced high quality pork.

Effect of Lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica Mixtures Addition on Quality Characteristics of Sausages (렌틸과 백년초의 혼합첨가가 소시지의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Namrye;Kim, Kyoung Hee;Yook, Hong Sun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.431-440
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to evaluate the quality characteristics of sausages after addition of lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica ethanol extract. Seven sausages were prepared as follows : F0 (control), F1 (5% lentils), F2 (5% lentils + 1% Opuntia ficus-indica), F3 (5% lentils + 3% Opuntia ficus-indica), F4(10% lentils), F5 (10% lentils + 1% Opuntia ficus-indica), and F6 (10% lentils + 3% Opuntia ficus-indica). Addition of lentils increase dietary fiber and starch in sausage while lowering fat content. Starch is used in manufacturing sausage to stabilize and increase viscosity. Opuntia ficus-indica contains dietary fibers and therefore addition of it to sausage increases dietary fiber, much like lentil addition. Lightness decreased and yellowness increased in all treatments. Redness was lowered by lentil addition but enhanced by addition of Opuntia ficus-indica. Redness in F3 and F5 were similar with control. But, F5 was more similar with control in all colors. Addition of lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica improved texture in hardness, springiness, gumminess, and chewiness. In sensory evaluation, color was lowered but taste was heightened by adding lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica extract. From results of this study, we could conclude that addition of mixture of lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica made sausage low in fat, with high in dietary fibers and starch. In addition, texture was increased and taste was better. F5 had the most similar color to control. We found out the optimal amounts of the two ingredients, lentil and Opuntia ficus- indica extract, were 10% and 1%, respectively.

Processing of Water Activity Controlled Fish Meat Paste by Dielectric Heating 2. Storage Stability of the Product (내부가열을 이용한 보장성어육(고등어) 연제품의 가공 및 제품개발에 관한 연구 2. 제품저장중의 품질변화)

  • LEE Kang-Ho;LEE Byeong-Ho;You Byeong-Jin;SUH Jae-Soo;JO Jin-Ho;JEONG In-Hak;JEA Yoi-Guan
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.361-367
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    • 1984
  • In previous paper(Lee et al., 1984), preparation formula and processing conditions of the fish meat (mackerel) paste using dielectric heating were described, that included the proper shape and size of product and the conditions of dielectric heating, hot air dehydration, and heating with electric heater to yield the minimum expansion and case hardening during heating and to controll the final rater activity of 0.86 to 0.83 accompanying with a complete reduction of viable cells and good texture. In present study, changes in VBN, pH, total plate count, water activity, texture, the loss of available lysine, color indexes, TBA value, and the content of TI were determined to assess the quality stability and shelf-life of the product during the storage for 35 days at $5^{\circ}C\;and\;25^{\circ}C$, respectively. And the effect of vacuum sealing and hot water treatment before storage on the storage stability of product was also mentioned. As the product was vacuum packed in K-flex film bag, heat treated in boiling water for 6 minutes, and stored, water activity was maintained 0.86 to 0.84 for 35 days regardless of storage temperature, and the increase of total plate count was negligible in case of $5^{\circ}C$ storage while tended to gain slightly after 25 days at $25^{\circ}C$ storage. Changes in VBN was also minimum with an increase of 1.5 mg/100g at $5^{\circ}C$ and 7.0mg/100g at $25^{\circ}C$, but in case of unpacked sample, it was 24.5mg/100g at $5^{\circ}C$ and 42.4 mg/100g at $25^{\circ}C$ even after 7 days. In textural property hardness tended to increase after 28 days and folding test score was down to A or B from AA grade. The loss of available lysine was $7.5\%\;at\;5^{\circ}C$ and $17.0\%\;at\;25^{\circ}C$ but brown color was not deeply developed as the color index score indicated. TBA value was not increased at $5^{\circ}C$ while it tended to increase rapidly after 30 days at $25^{\circ}C$. Changes in TI content was not obvious except that it showed a tendency of increase at the end of storage as well as in the change of lysine and TBA value. It is concluded from the results that the quality of the product, pasteurized and water activity controlled by dielectric heating, and vacuum packed in K-flex film would be stable for more than 35 days at $5^{\circ}C$ and at least 25 days even at room temperature.

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Processing of Ready-to-Cook Food Materials with Dark Fleshed Fish 1, Processing of Ready-to-Cook Sardine Meat "Surimi" (일시다획성 적색육어류를 이용한 중간식품소재 개발에 관한 연구 1. 정어리 연육의 가공)

  • LEE Byeong-Ho;LEE Kang-Ho;YOU Byeong-Jin;SUH Jae-Soo;JEONG In-Hak;JUNG Woo-Jin;KANG Jeong-Oak
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 1985
  • In order to develop new types of product which can offer a sanitary and preservative duality, and convenience to consumers in marketing and cooking particularly in urban area, two processing methods of ready-to-cook food materials with dark fleshed fishes like sardine and mackerel were investigated. A method applied, in this work, is processing of ready-to-cook sardine meat "surimi" in which sardine meat is treated with alkaline solution to stabilize myofibrillar proteins, washed thoroughly with water to remove soluble components, and added with a proper amount of polyphosphate and sorbitol to enforce the functional property of meat such as water holding capasity, elasticity, and gel strength. The textural properties of fish meat paste made from the "surimi" meat were greatly dependent upon the stability of myofibrillar proteins and the elimination of water soluble components. The salt soluble proteins of sardine meat were so unstable in post-mortem stage that the gel forming ability was lost within 3 days at $5^{\circ}C$ storage and 2 to 3 weeks even at $-20^{\circ}C$ although the freshness was well kept for a week at $5^{\circ}C$ and several months of storage at $-20^{\circ}C$. A proper way of treatment to keep the proteins stable was that fish meat must be washed with $0.4\%$ sodium bicarbonate solution followed by 3 to 4 times washing with water. This resulted in removal of $80\%$ water soluble proteins and 50 to $60\%$ lipids. The addition of polyphosphate and sorbitol affected the stability of proteins during the storage of "surimi" meat. When phosphate and sorbitol were added in the ratio of $0.3\%:\;0.3\%,\;0.6\%:\;3\%,\;0.6\%:\;6\%,\;0:\,0.3\%\;and\;0.3\%:\;0$, the gel forming ability terminated in 35 days, 21 days, 14 days, 14 days, and 14 days of storage at $-30^{\circ}C$, respectively, while that of the control was 7 days. And it was also noteworthy that at least 8.0 mg/g of salt soluble protein nitrogen content was required for gel formation.

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