• Title, Summary, Keyword: textural property

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Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Turnip Kimchi during Fermentation (품종별 순무 김치의 이화학적ㆍ관능적 특성)

  • 김미리
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.568-576
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    • 2000
  • Physicochemical and sensory properties of turnip kimchi prepared with traditional two cultivars were examined during fermentation at 0$\^{C}$ Greater decrease in pH and reducing sugar content, and higher increase of acidity' was observed in green-colored turnip kimchi than red-colored one. Lactobacilli number of green one was greater than that of red one. Antocyanin content increased upto day 45-50 and then decreased, the anthocyanin content of red one was higher than that of green one. The Hunter color L and a values increased gradually upto day 30 and then decreased, and the a value of green one was lower than that of red one. The hardness, fracturability and chewiness of turnip, determined by texture analyser, decreased during fermentation, and the values of textural parameters were smaller than those of red one. Sensory evaluation showed that the scores of 'sour odor', 'sour taste, 'sweet taste', 'savory taste, and carbonate taste' of green one were higher than those of red one, but the scores of 'hardness', 'fracturability' and 'chewiness' were lower than those of red one. Meanwhile there were no difference in 'juiciness'. Score of 'over-all acceptability' of green one was the highest with 8.8-8.9 on day 30, 40 and 45, but the score of red one was the highest with 8.5-9.1 at day 40 and 45. On the 70th day, this score of green one decreased to 2.2, but the red one maintained 6.3 on the 70th day of fermentation.

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Quality Characteristics of Cupcakes Added with Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten Powder (백년초열매 분말 첨가 컵케이크의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Na-Young;Cho, A-Ra;Jung, Su-Ji;Kim, Kyoung-Hee;Lee, Hyo-Jeong;Lee, Seul;Yook, Hong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.58-64
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    • 2007
  • Antioxidative activity and functional properties of the powder obtained from ground Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten fruit were studied. Cupcakes containing 1,3, and 5% (w/w) of O. ficus-indica vu. saboten powders were prepared and evaluated for their sensory property, textural quality, and shelf-life. The antioxidative activity, measured by DPPH radical scavenging activity of O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder, increased as the concentrations of O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder increased. No coliform bacteria, yeasts, and molds were detected in either the O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder or in the cupcakes. However, total aerobic bacteria counts were 4.41 log CFU/g in the O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder and were a negligible level (<$10^2$ CFU/g) in the cupcakes. Moisture content of the cupcakes was not significantly different in all samples. Lightness (L) and yellowness (b) of cupcake color decreased as the concentration of O. ficus-indicar var. saboten powder increased, whereas the redness (a) increased. Increasing the concentration of O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder, the mechanical characteristics of the cupcakes, such as hardness, gumminess, and chewiness, while decreasing cohesiveness and springiness. The sensory properties, such as color, flavor, taste, texture, and overall acceptability, of the cupcakes containing the 1% 0. ficus-indica var. saboten powder were superior to the control sample. The results exhibited that the adding the O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder into the cupcakes increased antioxidant activity and showed no effect on shelf-life of the cupcakes. The highest quality improvement was obtained by incorporating the 1% (w/w) of 0. ficus-indica var. saboten powder into the cupcake formula.

Physico-Chemical Properties of Aggregate By-Products as Artificial Soil Materials (골재 부산물의 용토재 활용을 위한 특성 분석)

  • Yang, Su-Chan;Jung, Yeong-Sang;Kim, Dong-Wook;Shim, Gyu-Seop
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.418-428
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    • 2007
  • Physical and chemical properties of the aggregate by-products including sludge and crushed dust samples collected from the 21 private companies throughout the country were analyzed to evaluate possible usage of the by-products as artificial soil materials for plantation. The pH of the materials ranged from 8.0 to 11.0. The organic matter content was $2.85g\;kg^{-1}$, and the total nitrogen content and available phosphate content were low as 0.7 percents and $12.98mg\;kg^{-1}$, respectively. Exchangeable $Ca^{2+}$, $Mg^{2+}$, $K^+$, and $Na^+$ were 2.29, 0.47, 0.02 and $0.05cmol\;kg^{-1}$, respectively. Heavy metal contents were lower than the limits regulated by environmental law of Korea. Textural analysis showed that most of the materials were silt loam with low water holding capacity ranged from 0.67 to 7.41 percents, and with low hydraulic conductivity ranged from 0.4 to $2.8m\;s^{-1}$. Mineralogical analysis showed that the aggregate by product materials were mostly composed of silicate, alumina and ferric oxides except calcium oxide dominant materials derived from limestones. The primary minerals were quartz, feldspars and dolomites derived from granite and granitic gneiss materials. Some samples derived from limestone material showed calcite and graphite together with the above minerals. According to the result, it can be concluded that the materials could be used as the artificial soil material for plantation after proper improvement of the physico-chemical properties and fertility.