• Title, Summary, Keyword: tocopherol

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Effects of Addition of Milk mineral and α-tocopherol on the Lipid Oxidation and Mineral Contents of Emulsion-type Sausages (Milk mineral과 α-tocopherol 첨가가 유화형 소시지의 지방산화와 무기물 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • 이제룡
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of addition of milk minerals (2%) and α-tocopherol (0.03%) on lipid oxidation and minerals content of emulsion-type sausages. The pH values of sausage containing milk mineral alone and combined with milk mineral and α-tocopherol were significantly (P<0.05) higher than those for control and α-tocopherol. The POV values of sausage containing combined with milk mineral and α-tocopherol were significantly (P<0.05) lower than those of control and α-tocopherol during storage. The TBARS values of sausage containing milk mineral alone and combined with milk mineral and α-tocopherol were significantly (P<0.05) lower then those for control and α-tocopherol. The Mg, Ca and P content of sausage containing combined with milk mineral and α-tocopherol were significantly (P<0.05) higher than those of control and the other. The K content of sausage containing α-tocopherol were significantly (P<0.05) higher than those of control and the other. Milk mineral, when used with α-tocopherol, provided no additional effect on lipid oxidation, but mineral contents were higher than those of control.

Effect of Dietary Fat and Marginal Tocopherol Supplement on Plasma Lipid, Tocopherol Contet and Fatty acid Composition of Rat Tissues (식이지방과 Tocopherol 첨가가 혈액의 지질 및 조직의 Tocopherol 함량과 지방산조성에 미치는 영향)

  • 남정혜
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.304-314
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    • 1986
  • To observe the effect of the different level of PUFA and marginal tocopherol supplement on HDL-chol, tissue tocopherol content and fatty acid composition, the rats were supplied either safflower oil or conconut oil with or without tocopherol supplement to the experimental diet. Plasma tocopherol level was not greatly influenced by the different dietary fat and similar effect was observed in the liver but not in the adipose tissue. HDL-chol level was reduced in the high PUFA diet regardless of tocopherol content. No effect by tocopherol supplement was observed in the fatty acid composition of liver and adipose tissue lipid in both dietary PUFA levels . There was also no increase in the content of tissue polyenoid acid by tocopherol in the high PUFA diet . Fatty acid composition of tissue lipid was rather more influenced by dietary fat. Lauric and myristic acid contents were higher in the low PUFA diet and linoleic acd and total polynoic acid content were higher in the high PUFA diet. With tocopherol supplement tocopherol /PUFA ratio of tissue was increased but the ratio of high PUFA diet was significantly lower than that of low PUFA diet. Marginal tocopherol supplement could not reduce the peroxidizability index of high PUFA diet.

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Effects of Ethanol and Tocopherol on Hepatic Peroxidation and Mitochondrial Respiration in the Rat (에탄올과 토코페롤이 간조직의 지질산화와 미토콘트리아 산화능에 미치는 영향)

  • 최영선;서경희;조성희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.409-417
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    • 1991
  • To investigate effects of chronic alcohol consumption and tocopherol on lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial respiration 48 male rats of Sprague-Dawley strain were divided into 4 groups. Each group received for 3 weeks one of 4 experimental diets: tocopherol deficient control (TDC), tocopherol deficient-ethanol (TDE), tocopherol-supplemented control (TSC) and tocopherol-supplemented-ethanol (TSE). Composition of the diets was based on the Lieber and Decarli liquid diet and $\alpha$-tocopherol was supplemented at the level of 30mg/liter of diet, and ethanol supplied 36kcal%. TDC and TSC were pair-fed to TDE and TSE, respectively. Increase of body weight of tocopherol deficient-ethanol group was the lowest and the effect was diminished with tocopherol supplementation. Respiration of liver mitochondria was depressed in ethanol-administered groups and the effect became larger with tocopherol deficiency. Hepatic lipid peroxide level was not influenced by ethanol, but hepatic tocopherol content decreased with ethanol treatment. The result indicated that, although lipid perroxide level was unchanged with chronic ethanol consumption, oxidative stress exists in tissues of rate administered ethanol and may be relieved by tocopherol supplementation.

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The Effect of Ginseng Saponin Fraction on Antioxidant Activity of $\alpha$-Tocopherol ($\alpha$-tocopherol의 항산화작용에 미치는 인삼사포닌분획의 영향)

  • 주충노;곽한식
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.128-134
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    • 1988
  • The effect of the saponin fraction extracted from Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer on the antioxidant activity of $\alpha$-tocopherol was investigated in vitro as well as in vivo. Microsomal preparation of rat(Winter, 180-200g) liver was incubated in the mixture containing NADPH, $Fe^{3+}$, ATP, $\alpha$-tocopherol with and/or without ginseng saponin fraction for 30 minutes and the malondialdehyde formed was assayed and found that the saponin fraction stimulated the antioxidant activity of $\alpha$-tocopherol cooperatively. It was also realized that the cooperative stimulation of the antioxidant activity of $\alpha$-tocopherol was most eminent when the concentration of the saponin fraction was around $10^{-5}$% in the reaction mixture. Alcoholic suspension of $\alpha$-tocopherol with and f or without ginseng saponin fraction was administered orally to rats in which the lipid preoccupation was induced by ethanol administration and the lipid peroxide contents of the liver were assayed at certain periods of time after $\alpha$-tocopherol administration in this animal. From the previous work and present experimental results, it seemed that the saponin fraction accelerated the absorption of $\alpha$-tocopherol and therefore stimulated the antioxidant activity of $\alpha$-tocopherol more effectively in the animal body.

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Tocopherol Content and Composition in Peanut

  • Yun, Song-Joong;Park, Myoung-Ryoul;Baek, So-Hyeon;Cheong, Young-Keun;Lee, Myung-Chul;Park, Kyeong-Gu
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.279-283
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    • 2001
  • The content and composition of tocopherol were analyzed in peanuts produced in Korea. The tocopherol assay was consisted of an extraction with n-hex-ane:isopropanol mixture followed by high pressure liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Tocopherol content was higher in leaves and seeds but lower in seed coats and shells. $\alpha$-/${\gamma}$- Tocopherol ratio was as low as 0.53 in seeds and as high as 22.5 in shells. Tocopherol content in seeds of nine varieties ranged from 142 to 220 ng/mg dry weight, and the $\alpha$-/${\gamma}$-tocopherol ratio from 0.40 to 0.75. Tocopherol content decreased by 18% but $\alpha$-/${\gamma}$-tocopherol ratio increased by 44% in roasted seeds. The results indicate that the level of tocopherol in Korean peanut varieties is moderate and the ratio of $\alpha$- to ${\gamma}$-tocopherol is low.

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Alpha-Tocopherol Contents of Peanut Seeds Depend on Varieties and Processing Methods

  • Doo, Hong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.553-557
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to establish an extraction and analysis method for $\alpha$-tocopherol, and to then distinguish among varieties. The $\alpha$-tocopherol contents of 22 varieties of peanut seeds were analyzed by HPLC. Peanut seeds of cv. Palkwang were processed in two ways, by boiling and roasting. The $\alpha$-tocopherol contents of the two types of peanuts were compared with fresh seeds without any processing. $\alpha$-Tocopherol was detected at a retention time of 2.95 minutes. Five standards of $\alpha$-tocopherol covering a range of $20{\sim}100{\mu}g/ml$ were made up in 2% isopropyl alcohol/n-hexane and analyzed in duplicate. The $\alpha$-tocopherol contents differed according to extraction temperature. The contents were $85{\mu}g/g$ or less at $10^{\circ}C\;and\;20^{\circ}C$ and $94{\mu}g/g$ at $30^{\circ}C$, but they were decreased at $40^{\circ}C$ or higher. The $\alpha$-tocopherol contents in 22 peanut varieties were $61.36{\sim}96.80{\mu}g/g$ according to variety. Fresh peanuts contained $106.7{\mu}g/g$ of $\alpha$-tocopherol, while boiled peanuts contained $108.8{\mu}g/g$ of $\alpha$-tocopherol, and roasted peanuts contained $109.2{\mu}g/g$ of $\alpha$-tocopherol.

THE EFFECT OF THE SAPONIN FRACTION OF PANAX GINSENG C.A. MEYER ON THE ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF TOCOPHEROL (한국산 인삼(Panax ginseng C. A, Meyer)의 사포닌 성분이 ${\alpha}-tocopherol$의 항산화작용에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong Sa-Duk;Koo Ja-Don;Park Gyeong Suk;Hong Jeong Tae
    • Proceedings of the Ginseng society Conference
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 1984
  • The effect of the saponin fraction extracted from Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer on the antioxidant activity of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ was investigated in vitro as well as in vivo. Microsomal preparation of albino rat (Sprague-Dawley, 180-200g) was incubated in the mixture containing NADPH, $Fe^{3+},$ ATP, ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ with and/or without ginseng saponin fraction for 30 minutes and the malondialdehyde formed was assayed and found that the saponin fraction stimulated the antioxidant activity of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ cooperatively. It was also realized that the cooperative stimulation of the antioxidant activity of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ was most eminent when the concentration of the saponin fraction was around $10^{-5}\%$ in the reaction mixture. Alcoholic suspension of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ with and/or without ginseng saponin fraction was administered orally to rats in which the lipid peroxidation was induced by ethanol administration and the lipid peroxide contents of the liver were assayed at certain periods of time after ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ administration in this animal. It was reported that the saponin fraction stimulated the absorption of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ in rats and this was confirmed again in the present work. From the previous work and present experimental results, it seemed that the saponin fraction accelerated the absorption of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ and therefore stimulated the antioxidant activity of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ more effectively in the animal body.

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Oxidation Products from the Mixture of $\alpha$-Tocopherol and ${\gamma}$-Tocopherol during Autoxidation of Methly Linoleate (Methyl Linoleate의 자동산화에 따른 $\alpha$-Tocopherol과 ${\gamma}$-Tocopherol 혼합계의 산화생성물)

  • 하귀현
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.239-247
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    • 1990
  • The oxidation products from the mixture of a-tocopherol (a-Toc) and γ-tocopherol)(γ-Toc) during autoxidation of methyl linoleate were isolated and identified. The sturctures of the oxida-tion products were characterized by UV, IR, 1H and 13CNMR and mass spectrometry 5-[2-(a-tocopherol-5'-yl)ethyl]-a-tocopherylquinone 5-[2-(a-tocopherol-5'-yl)ethyl]-8a-hydroxy-a-tocopherone and O-[8-(5-ethoxymethyl-7-methyltocol) methyl] a-tocopherol were obained from the mixture as the oxidation products derived from γ-Toc However oxidation product composed of both a-ToC and γ-Toc was detected in oxidation products of the misture. These results support the facts that at first oxidation of a-Toc proceeds during autoxidation of lipids and then γ-Toc decomposes after approximate consumption of a-Toc.

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Characterization of Thermal Products of Alpha-Tocopherol

  • Chung, Hee-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.295-299
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    • 2004
  • Alpha-tocopherol was thermally oxidized and degraded at high temperatures and the resulting products were chromatographically separated and identified by LC-MS. Alpha-tocopherol dissolved in glycerol was heated at 200^{\circ}C for 30 min. The thermal products were separated by hexane extraction and analyzed by HPLC using a reversed phase $\mu$-Bondapak $C_{18}-column$ with two kinds of elution solvents: a mixture of acetonitrile and methanol (3:2), and of acetonitrile, methanol, 2-propanol, chloroform and methylene chloride (3:2:5:0.5:0.5) in a gradient mode. The isolated thermal. products of alpha-tocopherol were more viscous than alpha-tocopherol, and dark brown in color. Major thermal degradation products of alpha-tocopherol were identified by LC-MS, and the structures of thermal products were proposed. Alpha-tocopherol and its thermal degradation products were degraded into fragments, mainly at the non-aromatic parts. The degradation products of alpha-tocopherol. were combined with oxidized product (tocopherylquinone) to make thermal. products through dimerization.

Effect of Tocopherol Supplementation on HDL Subfraction and Lipoprotein Pattern in Rabbits Fed High Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (Tocopherol 첨가가 고불포화지방 식이를 먹인 토끼의 HDL Subfraction과 Lipoprotein Pattern에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Bum-Soon;Park, Hyun-Suh
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 1985
  • This study was designed to evaluate the effects of tocopherol supplementation on serum $HDL_{2}$ and $HDL_{3}$ subfraction and lipoprotein pattern of young rabbits fed the different levels of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids. White male rabbits with an average bo요 weight of 90kg were assigned into 4 groups : LP( Low PUFA) ; HP( High PUFA) ; LPT( Tocopheror added to LP), HPT(Tocopherol added to HP) by feeding safflower oil or coconut oil at loft( w/w )in addition to thew diet with or without tocopherol for 4 weeks. HDL-Chol and HDL subfractions were determined by polyanionic precipitation method, and the relative amount of lipoprotein by electrophoresis. Serum total cholesterol and TG wer slightly lowered in the group of high PUFA diet and its effect was more in the case of tocopherol supplemented. HDL-Chol level was reduced in the high PUFA diet with or without tocopherol, but overall, HDL-Chol level was not influenced by tocopherol addition and also no significant change in lipoprotein pattern when tocopherol added to the HP diet. $HDL_{2}$ level was increased in HPT group but not in LPT group when tocopherol was added to each HP and LP group, respectively. $HDL_{3}$ levels of both LP and HP groups were reduced with tocopherol supplement, but the reduction was less in the high PUFA groups so that $HDL_{2}$ : $HDL_{3}$ ratio of HP was rather close to that of LP, but it was increased when tocopherol supplemented to the HP diet. Therefore, high PUFA diet could improve the anti atherogenic factor when tocopherol supplemented.

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