• Title, Summary, Keyword: tocotrienol

Search Result 47, Processing Time 0.033 seconds

Separation of ${\alpha}-,\;{\gamma}-,\;{\delta}-tocotrienol$ from latex (천연 latex로부터 ${\alpha}-,\;{\gamma}-,\;{\delta}-tocotrienol$의 분리)

  • Lee, Hyung-Ok
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.36 no.1
    • /
    • pp.29-32
    • /
    • 1993
  • 3 $Tocotrienol-{\alpha}-,\;{\gamma}-\;and\;{\delta}-tocotrienol-from$from latex(Hevea Brasiliensis) were isolated and the oily tocotrienol concentrates obtained. To isolate tocotrienols, the fractionation by semipreparative HPLC of the unsaponifiable fraction in the raw lipid extract from latex was carried out. By this method, the total content of tocotrienols in latex was ca. 400 ppm, and the purities of ${\alpha}-,\;{\gamma}-\;and\;{\delta}-tocotrienol$ were 98.3, 99.3 and 96.2%, respectively.

  • PDF

Effects of Dietary Tocotrienol Extracted from Rice Bran on Hematological and Histological Changes of the Mouse (동물 식이 실험을 통한 미강 추출 Tocotrienol의 생리활성 효과)

  • Woo, Ki-Min;Lee, Young-Sang;Kim, Yong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.104-112
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of dietary tocotrienol extracted from the rice bran on hematological and histological changes of the mouse. The mice were divided into seven groups (basal diet, cholesterol diet, tocopherol diet, and 4 different tocotrienol diets), and bred for a month. Tocotrienol diet was shown to have decreasing effects of serum triacylglycerol and LDL concentrations, whereas serum HDL concentrations were increased by tocotrienol diet. But serum cholesterol concentration was not statistically significant among the diet groups. Tocotrienol diet was shown to have decreasing effects of serum AST activities (P=0.0548) and LDH activities (P=0.0016), which are the standard indicators for liver damages or myocardial infarction. And tocotrienol diet has reduced the fat bodies accumulated in liver and heart caused from administration of rice bran oil. Also, the effects were shown as concentration-dependent manners. In conclusion, dietary tocotrienol extracted from rice bran has evident effects to protect or reduce lipid accumulation from blood, hepatocytes and heart muscles. It is also suggested as a good fortifying nutrition for the health and medical care.

Antioxidant Effects of Tocotrienol in Rice Bran (미강 함유 Tocotrienol의 항산화 효과)

  • Woo Ki-Min;Lee Young-Sang;Kim Yong-Ho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.50 no.spc1
    • /
    • pp.4-7
    • /
    • 2005
  • The pharmaceutical function of tocotrienol in rice bran was evaluated. Distinctive antioxidative effects by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) could be observed. Also, Superoxide Dismutase(SOD) and Glutathione Peroxidase(GPX) activities of the cultured cells such as human firbroblast and hepatocyte, were increased up to 2 fold by the treatment of tocotrienol. The effects on GPX activity were more evident than SOD activity, and the stimulation was up to 2 fold. The changes of gene expression patterns were examined by applying the cell extracts of fibroblast treated with the increasing concentrations of tocotrienol on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis(2-D gel electrophoresis). As the concentrations increasing, many proteins began to appear with the increasing amounts, while several proteins diminished or disappeared. From these results, tocotrienol was clearly shown to have abilities on protecting any oxidizing damages and stimulating anti-oxidizing activities of the organisms.

Optimization of Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Tocotrienol from Grape Seed (초임계유체 추출을 이용한 포도씨 tocotrienol 추출조건 최적화)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Mi;Woo, Koan Sik;Hwang, In-Guk;Lee, Youn-Ri;Lee, Jun-Soo;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.41 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-41
    • /
    • 2009
  • In this study, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction (SFE) was utilized for the extraction of tocotrienol from grape seeds. The optimal conditions for vitamin E and tocotrienol extraction were determined via response surface methodology (RSM). Central composite design was utilized to assess the effects of oven temperature (30-$50^{\circ}C$, X1), operating pressure (17-25 MPa, X2), and extraction time (1-5 hr, X3) of supercritical fluid extraction. Vitamin E and tocotrienol contents were 8.65 mg/100 g and 7.88 mg/100 g at $40^{\circ}C$, 20MPa and 5 hr, respectively. The predicted extraction condition was validated via actual experimentation. The predicted extraction conditions were $40^{\circ}C$, 3.8 hr, and 20.7MPa. The vitamin E and tocotrienol contents under these conditions were 8.20 mg/100 g and 7.42 mg/100 g, respectively. The vitamin E and tocotrienol contents of solvent extraction with hexane were 8.18 mg/100 g and 7.24 mg/100 g, respectively.

Absence of Tocotrienol Form of Vitamin E in Purple Perilla (Perilla frutescens var. acuta Kudo) Seeds Confirmed by Comparative Analysis Using HPLC and GC (GC 및 HPLC 비교분석에 기초한 차조기 종실내 tocotrienol 부재의 평가)

  • Lee, Young-Sang;Kim, Min-Kyoung
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.53 no.spc
    • /
    • pp.115-120
    • /
    • 2008
  • Lipid soluble vitamin E consists of tocopherols and tocotrienols depending upon double bonds in phytyl side chains attached to chromanol ring. Recent reports on antioxidative, anticancer, and cholesterol-lowering effects of tocotrienols have increased researches and commercialization of tocotrienols. Purple perilla (Perilla frutescens var. acuta Kudo) has been reported as a plant containing tocotrienols along with tocopherol forms of vitamin E based upon normal phase HPLC analysis. To confirm the existence or absence of tocotrienol form of vitamin E in purple perilla, comparative analysis using HPLC, GC/FID, and GC/MSD has been conducted for 14 purple perilla genetic accessions collected from Korea and Japan. Normal phase HPLC analysis showed ${\alpha}-$, ${\beta}-$, ${\gamma}-$, and ${\delta}-tocopherols$ along with peaks with retention times quite similar to ${\beta}-$ and ${\gamma}-tocotrienols$. Same purple perilla samples, analysed by GC exhibited ${\alpha}-$, ${\beta}-$, ${\gamma}-$, and ${\delta}-tocopherols$ quantitatively equivalent to HPLC results. However, no peaks for ${\beta}-$ and ${\gamma}-tocotrienols$ could be observed and unknown two peaks of similar retention times with ${\beta}-$ and ${\gamma}-tocotrienols$ were identified not corresponding tocotrienols by GC/MSD. These results suggest the absence of tocotrienol form of vitamin E in purple perilla as well as the necessity of using GC-based qualitative and quantitative vitamin E analysis to avoid misinterpretation of peaks with similar retention times as tocotrienol isomers when analysed by an HPLC.

Evaluation of Anticancer Activity and Toxicity of Tocotrienol Extracted from Rice Bran (미강 추출 Tocotrienol의 항암 및 독성 평가)

  • Lee, Young-Sang;Kim, Yong-Ho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.51 no.spc1
    • /
    • pp.1-6
    • /
    • 2006
  • Rice is the most important crop in Korea and its annual production of 5.2 million ton is followed by over 0.5 million ton of bran as by-products of milling process. Although rice bran contains various nutritious and pharmaceutical compounds, rice brans are rarely utilized as functional food sources in Korea. In recent, tocotrienols are well known having distinctive pharmaceutical effectiveness. So tocotrienols extracted from rice bran oil were evaluated about Pharmaceutical function. The $IC_{50}$ of tocotrienols products against liver cancer, HepG2 cells were $149mg\;mL^{-1}$, indicating anticancer activity of final products. By animal feeding tests, the final products containing tocotrienols did not induce any toxicity signs in mortality, Incidence of clinical signs, body weight, etc. after a single oral administration, which proved safety of the tocotrienol products. In conclusion, tocotrienol extracted from rice bran has pharmaceutical activity without any toxic effects, which is also suggested tocotrienol products may be a good fortifying nutrition far the health and medical care.

Oxidations product of ${\alpha}-,\;{\gamma}-tocopherol$ and ${\gamma}-tocotrienol$ (${\alpha}-,\;{\gamma}-Tocopherol$${\gamma}-tocotrienol$의 산화 생성물)

  • Lee, Hyung-Ok
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.36 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-37
    • /
    • 1993
  • Oxidations products of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$, ${\gamma}-tocopherol$ and ${\gamma}-tocotrienol$ in lipophilic reaction media were studied. ${\alpha}-Tocopherylquinone$, ${\gamma}-tocopherylquinone$ and ${\gamma}-tocotrienylquinone$ were fractionated using micro column, isolated and identified by HPLC and MS.

  • PDF

Effects of Roasting Condition on the Quality Characteristics and Oxidative Stabilities of Rice Germ (볶음 조건이 쌀눈의 품질 특성 및 산화안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Soon-Nam;Kim, Chul-Jin;Kim, In-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.347-352
    • /
    • 2003
  • In order to compare quality characteristics and oxidative stabilities of rice germs prepared under different roasting conditions, sensory evaluation, color value, tocols (tocopherol+tocotrienol) contents, and peroxide value were investigated. Optimum roasting temperatures for the best acceptability were 20, 10, and 6 min at 170, 180 and 190, respectively. Hunter color a values of rice germ increased as roasting temperature and time increased, whereas L value decreased. Peroxide values of unroasted, and roasted rice germs at $170^{\circ}C$ for 20 min, $180^{\circ}C$ for 10 min, and $190^{\circ}C$ for 6 min were 2.0, and 145.6, 169.5, and 182.9 meq/kg, respectively, after 9 days storage at $60^{\circ}C$. Four tocopherol and three tocotrienol isomers were identified, whereas no ${\beta}$-tocotrienol was detected. The major tocopherol and tocotrienol isomers in rice germ were ${\alpha}$-tocopherol and ${\alpha}$-tocotrienol, respectively. ${\alpha}$-Tocopherol content in roasted rice germ decreased significantly during storage, whereas those of ${\beta}$- and ${\gamma}$-tocopherols slowly decreased. ${\delta}$-Tocopherol had the highest stability among tocopherol isomers in roasted rice germ. Similar trends were observed in tocotrienol isomers.

Antioxidant Effect of Tocopherols and Tocotrienols and cis/trans-, trans/trans-Hydroperoxide Isomer from Linoleic Acid Methylester (토코페롤류의 항산화작용과 Linoleic Acid Methylester에서 생성된 cis/trans-, trans/trans-Hydroperoxide Isomer)

  • Lee, Hyung-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.307-312
    • /
    • 1993
  • Antioxdant effect was studied in model system with linoleic acid methylester and tocochromanols $({\alpha}-,\;{\beta}-,\;{\gamma}-,\;{\delta}-tocopherol\;and \;{\alpha}-,\;{\gamma}-,\;{\delta}-tocotrienol)$ under definite autoxidation condition-temperature $(40,\;60,\;80^{\circ}C),\;O_2\;(0,\;10,\;20%\;O_2\;in\;N_2)$. 13-Hydroperoxy-9-cis-11-trans-, 13-hydroperoxy-9-trans-11-trans-, 9-hydroperoxy-10-trans-12-cis-, 9-hydroperoxy-10-trans-12-trans-octadecadienoic acid methylester as the major oxidation product were produced from linoleic acid methylester by autoxidation, analyzed with HPLC and antioxidant activities were compared by their quantitative changes. Experimental results showed that all added tocochromanols except ${\alpha}-tocotrienol$ had antioxidant effect at $60^{\circ}C$, and also ${\alpha}-tocopherol$, ${\alpha}-tocotrienol$ and ${\delta}-tocotrienol$ had prooxidant effect at $80^{\circ}C$. And cis/trans-hydroperoxide was predominantly produced at $40^{\circ}C$, but trans/trans-hydroperoxide at $80^{\circ}C$. Except no reproductive experimental data in produced hydroperoxides amount, the production ratio of cis/trans-:trans/trans-hydroperoxides in the autoxidation condition of range from $40^{\circ}C/10%,\;O_2\;to\;60^{\circ}C/20%\;O_2$ were as follows: ${\alpha}-T>{\alpha}-T_3>{\gamma}-T>{\beta}-T>{\gamma}-T_3>{\delta}-T>{\delta}-T_3$. This result showed that ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ among tocochromanols had the lowest antioxidant effect.

  • PDF

Vitamin E protects neurons against kainic acid-induced neurotoxicity in organotypic hippocampal slice culture (뇌 해마 절편 배양 모델에서 흥분 독성에 대한 비타민 E의 신경 보호 효과)

  • Kim, Ga-Min;Jung, Na-Young;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Hyung-A;Kim, Un-Jeng;Lee, Bae-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.190-192
    • /
    • 2009
  • Kainic acid (KA), an agonist for kainate and AMPA receptors, is an excitatory neurotoxic substance. Vitamin E such as alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocotrienol is a chain-breaking antioxidant, preventing the chain propagation step during lipid peroxidation. In the present study, we have investigated the neuroprotective effects of alphatocopherol and alpha-tocotrienol on KA-induced neuronal death using organotypic hippocampal slice culture (OHSC). After 15h KA treatment, delayed neuronal death was detected in CA3 region. Alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocotrienol increased cell survival and reduced the number of TUNEL-positive cells in CA3 region. These data suggest that alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocotrienol treatment have protective effects on KA-induced cell death

  • PDF