• Title, Summary, Keyword: total acidity

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Visual Qulity Estimation of Strawberry (딸기의 육안적 품질평가)

  • 박인경;김미향;이명숙;김순동
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.107-119
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    • 1993
  • The objeative of this study was to investigate the possibility of estimation of internal quality by observing visible state of strawberry. Several tests such as color("L", "A", H,V,C), degree of blackred ness, opening state of calyx, vitamin C content, brix degree, acidity, freshness, overall quality, chlorophyll content, and anthocyanin content were performend during circulation at 20$^{\circ}C$. Acidity(R=-0.96), chloroph-yll content(r=-0.99), vitamin C content(r=-0.98), freshness(r=-0.96), and overall quality(-0.99), degree of blackredness(r=0.98) and opening state of calyx(=0.98), color saturation(r=0.99), degree of blackredness(r=0.98) and opening state of calyx(=0.98) increased during circulation at 20$^{\circ}C$. in correlation between visible indicators andd internal qualities, "L" valu and brix degree was r=-0.74, "a" and brix degree was r=0.93 Hue and anthocyanin content was r=0.74, value and chlorophyll content, brix degree were r=-0.91, r=-0.77, chroma and brix degree was r=0.96. The correlations between color saturation and vitamin C content(r=-0.96), chlorophyll content(r=-0.98), freshness(r=-0.98), overall quality(r=-0.94), loss of total polyphenol(0.94) and acidity(r=-0.94) showed high correlation. The correlatiions between degree of blackrednes and vitamin C content(r=-0.99), chlorophyll content(r=-0.94), anthocyanin content(=-0.74), freshness(r=-0.97) overall quality (r=-0.95), loss of total polyphenol(r=0.93) and acidity(r=-0.91) chlorophyll content(r=-0.99), freshness(r=-0.98), overall quality(r=-0.92), loss of total polyphenol(r=0.99) and acidity(r=0.83) showed high correlation.

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Quality Comparison of Commercial Cider Vinegars by Their Acidity Levels (시판 사과식초의 산도에 따른 품질특성 비교)

  • Jo, Deokjo;Park, Eun-Joo;Kim, Gui-Ran;Yeo, Soo-Hwan;Jeong, Yong-Jin;Kwon, Joong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.699-703
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    • 2012
  • The quality of commercial cider vinegars was compared according to their acidity levels (low, general, double strength and triple strength). The pH, reducing sugar content and brown color intensity decreased, while the total acidity increased with the increasing acidity levels, which may be resulted from difference in formulation and manufacturing procedures. The free sugars were mainly composed of fructose and glucose, which were the highest in low acidity vinegar, followed by double strength, general, and triple strength acidity vinegars. Acetic acids and malic acids were identified as the major organic acids. The citric acid concentration was the highest in triple strength vinegars. The contents of total phenolics and flavonoids were the highest in low acidity vinegars, which indicated their dependence on the apple juice content. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging abilities were the highest in low acidity vinegars, that showed high amounts of antioxidants.

Physicochemical and Microbiological Changes in Dongchlmi Juice during Fermentaion with the Addition of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (인삼을 첨가한 동치미 쥬스 발효중 이화학적 및 미생물의 변화)

  • 권수미;김용진
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 1996
  • This study was undertaken to examine the effects of fresh ginseng on the physicochemical and microbiological changes in dongchimi juice fermented under various conditions. The pH was somewhat lower in dongchimi juice added with 2.0% and 4.0% of fresh ginseng than that without ginseng, whereas the titratable acidity was higher in dongchimi juice with 2.0% and 4.0% of ginseng addition than the control. The addition of fresh ginseng to dongchimi preparation increased the numbers of total viable bacteria, lactic acid bacteria including Leuconostac mesenterotdes in dongchimi juice during fermentation. The changes in the counts of lactic acid bacteria were similar to those of total viable cells throughout the experiment except the initial stage of fermentation. However, the number of Leucosfastoc mesenternidgs decreased after the palatable stage. Key words : Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, dongchlmi juice, pH, titratable acidity, microbiological changes.

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Quality Characteristics of Small Package Kimchi according to Packing Material and Storage Temperature (포장재와 저장온도에 따른 소포장 김치의 품질특성)

  • Park, Hye-Young;Ahn, Ji-A;Seo, Hae-Jung;Choi, Hye-Sun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2011
  • Cabbage (Baechu) Kimchi in its truncated form was placed in four different packing materials, Ny/PE/LLDP, OPP/AL/PE, PP and PET, and quality changes were observed during storage. Changes in pH and total acidity showed an x-shaped cross-curve as pH decreased and total acidity increased during storage. PP tray showed the slowest change at $5^{\circ}C$ with time. The pH was initially 6.25, but decreased to 4.12~4.16 at 20 days, and total acidity showed a 4 to 4.8-fold increase after 20 days of storage compared to the initial value. During storage at $5^{\circ}C$, total bacterial count and lactic acid bacterial count rapidly increased after 4 days. The total bacterial quantity decreased after a period of time and there were differences according to packaging material; OPP/AL/PE packaging showed the most dramatic decrease. Change in microbial count mostly followed a similar pattern to that of total acidity for all packaging materials. Changes in the color of Kimchi liquid, when examined by color index in $L{\cdot}b$/a form, rapidly decreased over time, similar to pH. Small Ny/PE/PP and OPP/AL/PE packages of Kimchi were examined for changes in free volume inside the packaging. After 13 days of storage at $5^{\circ}C$, the volume was 243 mL, but storage at $20^{\circ}C$ resulted in a volume of 372 mL, a more than 1.5-fold increase in free volume. There were changes in the quality characteristics of small package Kimchi according to storage temperature and packaging material, and large changes in pH, total acidity, and microbial count were evident upon storage at $5^{\circ}C$ for 8 days, which was the optimum palatability period. Mostly, PP treatment showed the slowest quality changes upon storage at $5^{\circ}C$. However, due to small package Kimchi's fast consumption system, the appropriate choice of packaging material must consider the product's turnover ratio. Further, the varieties of small package Kimchi should be diversified according to different consumer preferences by offering Kimchi with different maturity levels. Further, since the leading consumer base ranges in age from the teens to thirties, the development of various products targeting such consumers is necessary.

The Efficiency of Dohwa-tang on Peptic Ulcer of Rat and Transportability in the Large Intestine of Mouse (도화탕(桃花湯)이 백서(白鼠)의 소화성(消化性) 궤양(潰瘍) 및 장관수송능(腸管輸送能)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Soo-Jung;Kim, Jin-Kyu;Back, Jung-Han;Kang, Seok-Bong;Lee, Ik-Haeing
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : In order to study the clinical efficiency of Dohwatang, based on Oriental Medical References, using experimental animals, we studied ulcers, gastric juice secretion, free acidity, total acidity, and the action of transport rates in the intestine. Methods : We used rats administered with the above herbs. Results : Dohwa-tang showed remarkable inhibitory effects on peptic ulcers, gastric juice secretion, free acidity, and total acidity in pyloricligated rat. It also showed remarkable inhibitory effects on the transportability in the large intestine of rats. But Dohwa-tang didn't show any remarkable difference on stressed rats. Conclusions : Dohwatang works better for chronic pyloristenosis-peptic ulcer and for diarrhea than acute stress ulcer.

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Study on the Development of Short-term Green Gochujang using Chengyang Green Pepper Powder and Meju Powder (청양 고춧가루와 메주가루를 이용한 단기속성 청고추장 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Kyung-Eun;Choi, Soo-Keun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.844-852
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum chemical composition, color value, salinity, pH, total acidity, and texture for the production of short-term Green Gochujang using Cheongyang pepper powder and Meju powder. The results were as follows. The moisture content for Green Gochujang made from Cheongyang pepper powder was 33.50% for CON, and 27.21% for GG1. Crude fat and crude protein contents increased as the amount of added Meju powder increased (p<0.001). GG1 and CON contained 9.47% and 9.05% crude ash contents. Water activity was between 0.89 to 0.90. A higher amount of added Meju powder resulted in an increased color L value (p<0.001). CON showed the highest a value and b value compared to GG4, which had the lowest a and b values. Salinity was between 5.10% to 5.83%, which was lower compared to a former study. CON had a pH of 5.25, and GG4 had a pH of 6.06. Regarding total acidity, CON had a total acidity of 0.85, and GG4 had a total acidity of 0.44. Hardness value was highest in GG1 (1535.63), and lowest in CON (422.07) (p<0.001). GG1 showed the highest value in the adhesiveness property test, whereas CON showed the lowest value. GG1, which contained the highest amount of Cheongyang pepper powder showed the highest gumminess value (698.47). In an acceptance test, CON and GG3 showed the best appearance and scent value. GG3 received the highest interest in taste, texture, and overall quality. Through these results, GG3 made with 150 g of Chengyang Green pepper powder, 200 g of Meju powder, 600 g of starch syrup, 500 g of water, and 75 g of salt showed fine overall sensory interest, and therefore can be used for the production of fine Green Gochujang and Gochujang sauce.

Quality Characteristics of Soybean Paste Added with Krill (크릴이 첨가된 된장의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Ji-Sang;Moon, Gap-Soon;Lee, Young-Soon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.776-782
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to develop functional soybean paste with krill (Euphausiacea) as compared to a conventional soybean paste (S1). Soybean containing 10%, 20% and 30% (w/w) krill (S2~S4, respectively) was prepared and quality characteristics (moisture, crude fat, crude protein, ash, reducing sugar, pH, titratable acidity, total acidity and buffering power) were assessed during fermentation for 150 days. As well, antioxidative activities of krill soybean paste were compared to those of control soybean paste based on total phenolic compound content and free radical scavenging activity, including the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazil (DPPH) scavenging activity and the thiobarbituric acid value (TBA value). The moisture content of all samples decreased to 41.91~53.47% during fermentation, while the crude fat increased to 1.98~5.21% with increasing addition of krill. Additionally, crude protein increased slightly to 8.24~14.08% with increasing addition of krill after 120 days of fermentation. Ash content was 15.96~18.92%. The reducing sugar content of S2, S3 and S4 was higher than those of S1 with increasing length of fermentation. S2, S3, and S4 displayed progressive decreases in pH and progressive increases in titratable acidity compared to S1. The total acidity of all samples was increased, while the buffering power was decreased with increasing fermentation. Especially, the buffering power of S1 was lower than that of S2, S3 and S4. DPPH radical scavenging activity of lipophilic extracts from S2, S3 and S4 was slightly higher than those of S1. However, the radical scavenging activity of hydrophilic extracts from all samples had similar tendencies, regardless of the krill content or fermentation period. Total phenolics increased with increasing fermentation time and TBA value increased with increasing fermentation time and krill content.

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Changes in Fermentation Characteristics of Kimchi Added with Leek (부추첨가 김치의 발효특성 변화)

  • 이귀주;김유경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.780-785
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    • 1999
  • The effect of addition in different amounts of leek(4, 8, 12% respectively) during fermentation of kimchi was investigated. Fermentation characteristics such as pH, acidity and total reducing sugars as well as microbiological properties were determined. During fermentation, pH was more slowly lowered in kimchi added with leek than in control and titrable acidity of these kimchi was lower than that of control. Viable cells of total bacteria and lactic acid bacteria in these kimchi were higher than that of control during fermentation. Content of total reducing sugars was higher than that of control. Three kinds of reducing sugars such as fructose, glucose and galactose were detected and the dominant one appeared to be fructose. These results suggested that addition of leek seems to retard fermentation of kimchi due to their anti microbial actvity.

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Winemaking from New Wild Grape (개량머루를 이용한 발효제품의 제조)

  • 김성렬;김승겸
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.254-262
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    • 1997
  • new wild grape(NWG) cultivated in north Kyungki province in Korea, was tested by analyzing the proximate and physicochemical components of fresh fruit, the chemical components and sensory evaluation of wines made from the grape. NWG contained about 10% seed, and about 70% of juice. Total sugar content, total acidity and pH of the fruit juice were 17.50, 1.14 and 3.48%, respectively. Tartaric acid and malic acid contents of the NWG juice were 0.396 and 0.509%, respectively. Ethanol fermentation of the NWG by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Montrachet was rapid. The ethanol content, total acidity and pH of pink wine made from the NWG juice showed 11.88, 0.85 and 3.55%, respectively. Tartaric acid and malic acid contents of pink wine were 0.208 and 0.421%, respectively. Total anthocyanin content(A520) and color intensity(A520+A420) of pink wine were 5.46 and 9.39, showing greatly higher total anthocyanin content and color intensity than those of European red wines. Total phenol contents of NWG wine were 2, 300~3, 800mg/$\ell$. The pink wine made from the fruit juice was better than the red wine in their quality parameters and sensory scores.

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Evaluation of Heat Processing Temperature and Time on Functional Properties of Garlic Juice

  • Lee, Youn-Ri;Lee, Yun-Kyoung;Hwang, In-Guk;Woo, Koan-Sik;Han, Chung-Su;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.327-333
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    • 2008
  • To develop a functional juice using garlic (Allium sativum L.), heated garlic juice was investigated using a central composite design set with variables of treatment temperature (110, 115, 120, 125, and $130^{\circ}C$) and time (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 hr) using high temperature and pressure treatment apparatuses. Total soluble solid, total acidity, reducing sugar, total pholyphenol contents, electron donating activity (EDA), and ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant capacity (AEAC) in heated garlic juice were increased with increasing heating temperature and time. The highest total soluble solid content was $17.81\;^{\circ}brix$ at $123.10^{\circ}C$ for 1.10 hr. The highest total acidity was 1.43% at $127.35^{\circ}C$ for 4.35 hr. The highest reducing sugar content was 86.67 mg/mL at $119.90^{\circ}C$ for 4.35 hr. The highest total polyphenol content was 8.42 mg/mL at $127.75^{\circ}C$ for 4.26 hr. The highest EDA and AEAC were 60.09%, and 7.40 mg AA eq/mL at $127.85^{\circ}C$ for 4.23 hr, and $128.10^{\circ}C$ for 4.18 hr, respectively.