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Effects of Fermented Rhus Verniciflua Stokes Extract on Diet-induced Hyperlipidemia in Rats (발효옻 추출물이 흰쥐의 식이성 고지혈증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jeung Beum;Kim, Tae Yeon
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.142-149
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    • 2016
  • This study was designed to investigate the antihyperlipidemic activity of Fermented Rhus Verniciflua Stokes Extract(FRVSE) on diet-induced hyperlipidemia in rats. The animals were divided into 4 groups of the normal group(fed with normal diet), control group(fed with high fat diet), sample A group(fed with high fat diet and medicated FRVSE 192 ㎎/㎏/day), sample B group(fed with high fat diet and medicated FRVSE 384 ㎎/㎏/day), and received oral administration of each prescription with diet for a period of six weeks. The changes in the body weight, the liver weight, the epididymal fat weight, and the plasma levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride(TG), high density lipoprotein(HDL) cholesterol and low density lipoprotein(LDL) cholesterol were measured. In sample A group, the weight of liver and plasma level of TG decreased significantly. There was a significant decrease in the plasma level of total cholesterol, TG and LDL cholesterol in the sample B group. These results suggest that the FRVSE have a good antihyperlipidemic activity and a potential to treat hyperlipidemia.

Effect of the Combination of Total Saponin of Red Ginseng and Coisis Semen for the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity (홍삼(紅蔘) 총사포닌과 의이인(薏苡仁) 혼합물이 비만(肥滿) 치료 및 억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, In-Kyoung;Min, Sang-Yeon;Kim, Jang-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: This study was on the pharmaceutical components in purified ginseng total saponin (GTS), coisis semen (CS), the combination of these drugs, and the major component of coicis coixol for the prevention and treatment of obesity. Methods: In this study, to evaluate the effect on the suppression of obesity, high fat diet-induced obese rats were treating with the drugs, the effects on the balance of energy and diet activity were examined, and the change of weight, the change of the intake of diet, body fat rate, etc. were assessed. Results: The results demonstrate that in high fat diet-induced obese white rats, the combination treatment of ginseng total saponin and coicis was effective in suppression of weight gain, reduction of intake of food, and reduction of body fat. Conclusions: The results suggest that a combination treatment with major components of red ginseng total saponin and coicis may be used therapeutically for the suppression and treatment of obesity.

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The Effect of Nutrition Education and the Diet Rice Bowl on Weight Control (영양교육과 다이어트 밥그릇을 이용한 체중조절 프로그램의 효과)

  • Kim, Young-Suk;Kim, Su-Kyung;Kim, Sin-Young;Hong, In-Sun;Chang, Un-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.287-297
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the effectiveness of nutrition education and program using the diet rice bowl during a four-week diet program. Thirty-eight female college students were randomly assigned to a nutrition education (NE) group or a nutrition education and diet rice bowl (ND) group. The mean energy intake of the NE and ND group during the program was 1,130.8 kcal and 1,287.4 kcal, respectively. The total energy intake of both groups were significantly decreased during the program. In addition, the change of body weight and fat in both groups significantly decreased during the program. The NE group lost 2.8 kg of body weight and 1.4% of body fat, while the ND group lost 2.5 kg of body weight and 1.2% of body fat. The changes in total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in both groups also significantly decreased during the program. However, there were no significant differences in the changes of body weight, body fat mass, the total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol between the two groups. This study could not identify a weight reduction effect of the diet rice bowl, however, this may be due to subjects' infrequent use of the diet rice bowl by their frequent meal skipping and eating-out in our study. Therefore, further studies regarding the compliance to the diet rice bowl should be conducted to examine its effectiveness on weight control.

A study of metabolic effect in high and low fat diet on Albino Rat (지방 함량에 따르는 흰쥐의 체내 대사 연구)

  • Kim, Sook-He;Jo, Myuong-Jook
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 1972
  • The present study was undertaken to determine the metabolic effect of various levels of fat in the diet. Forty males and the same number of females weighing $35{\pm}29$ were divided into three experimental groups and one control group, 10 rats each in both sexes. The dietary lipid contents were included in three levels, 2% as low, 30% as high and fat free diet in order to reflect the lipid consumption of present Korean diet. 20% sugar casein diet were employed as standard for control animals. This study was carried for 16 weeks. After these period animals were sacrificed to collect the internal organs and blood samples by heart puncture. In the result of this study, high fat diet group is lower than low fat diet group in the body weight gain, food efficiency ratio, protein efficiency ratio, urinary nitrogen and organ nitrogen contents were same trend but there is no significant difference in these respects. It was noteworty that high, and free fat diet group revealed more glucose total protein, albumin and globulin contents in the serum than other compared groups. It can be concluded that fat content whether low or high are free in the diet did not show significant effect on body nitrogen metabolism. But 30% high fat diet increased the total lipid and total cholesterol contents in the liver and the serum. This fact can be interpreted that 2% low fat diet and fat free diet do not need to increase the amount of fat content in the diet as high as 30% fat diet. This result might indicate the one possible reason to decide the recommanded dietary fat levels in Korean diet.

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A Study on Homeostasis in Albino Rats by Feeding on Imbalanced Protein Diet (불균형식이(不均衡食餌)에 의(依)한 백서체내(白鼠體內) Homeostasis에 대(對)한 연구(硏究))

  • Ryu, Tcheong-Kun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 1974
  • This Study was carried out to observe the effect of nutritional condition on the change of protein metabolism in the animal body by feeding on imbalanced protein diet. A total 242 growing male albino rats, weighing $115{\sim}120$ gm, were used for the experimental animals. The rats were fed on the standard diet(st), protein flee diet(pf) and imbalanced protein diet(ib) for twelve weeks respectively. Hemoglobin, packed cell volume in blood, and total nitrogen, amino acid nitrogen, urea-nitrogen, creatinine, transaminases(GPT, GOT) in liver and serum, and total nitrogen in small intestine, and total nitrogen, urea-nitrogen In small intestine, and total nitrogen, urea-nitrogen, creatinine, urea-nitrogen/creatinine ratio in urine were measured. The results obtained are as follows; 1. The gained body weight were lower in pf group and ib group than those of st group. The gained body weight fed for 12 weeks, were 80% lower in pf group than those of st group, and the body weight of pf group for $50{\sim}75$ days feeding were $40{\sim}60%$ decreased, compared with the stating weight, and then all of them died. 2. The change of the brain, liver, kidney, spleen and small intestine by feeding on imbalanced diet for 12 weeks were no remarkable difference with the starting weight, but those of protein free diet group were half or more decrease and those were significantly lower in spleen and small intestine especially than the other organ 3. The contents of hemoglobin in pf group for 8 weeks feeding, and the packed cell volume in pf group for 8 weeks feeding and in ib group for 12 weeks feeding were decreased. but those of the other feeding group were almost same value. 4. The total nitrogen in the liver, small intestine and serum of each diet group were no remarkable difference respectively. The contents of amino acid nitrogen in pf group for 2 and 6 weeks feeding were increased. 5. On transaminases: a) The cycle of increase and decrease of GPT activities were come periodically and the interval of cycle were fast in the early stage of feeding and slow there-after. b) The GPT activities were decreased gradually in pf group after feeding and those were increased in ib group for 6 weeks feeding but decreased there-after. The frequency of cycle were more GPT than GOT and specially those of GPT in early stage of feeding were two or three times while GOT was one. c) The interval of increase and decrease in GOT and amino acid nitrogen cycle were similar tendency. 6. The contents of total nitrogen, creatinine and urea-nitrogen of pf group in urine were decreased very sharply from sharting feeding to one week but increased dully from six weeks to eight weeks feeding. The contents of urea-nitrogen of ib group were increased dully by feeding on ten weeks but decreased by feeding on twelve weeks. From the above results, it is concluded that the trend of the metabolic change is maintained equally by homeostatic mechanism using the endogenous protein source during a certain period by imbalanced protein diet feeding. The homeostatic mechanism is come peridically, very fast in early stage of feeing and than slow there-after.

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Dose-Response Effects of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Supplement on the Metabolism of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats (n-3 고도불포화 지방상 수준을 달리한 식이가 Streptozotocin으로 유발된 당뇨쥐의 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Suk;Choi, Eun-Jin;Joh, Yong-Gae
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 1992
  • This study was aimed to observe dose-response effects of squid liver oil enriched in n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(n-3 PUFA) on the metabolism of streptozotocint(STZ)-induced diabetic rats. In this experiment, 24 STZ-induced diabetic male rats of Sprague Dawley strain were divided into 4 groups and fed for 4 weeks with basal diet(0%). 33%,67% and 100% squid liver oil(SLO) of total fat content, and 6 normal rats were fed with 0% SLO diet at the same time. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Rat group fed with 33% SLO diet showed the least body weight loss and changes in blood glucose, while ones of 100% SLO diet showed the highest level. 2. Serum total protein and ratio of albumin to globulin of all the groups were below the standard level, but did not show significantly different among diet groups. 3. Serum creatinine concentration of all the groups were stayed whthin normal range, but BUN were 3 to 4 times higher than normal rats. BUN concentration of rats fed with 0% and 33% SLO diet was significantly lower than those of others. 4. Total-cholesterol level of serum increased in all the groups except 33% SLO diet, but since HDL-chol, levels and TG concentration went up with an incerase of SLO in the diets, the ratio of HDL-chol. to total-chol, of rats fed with 67% and 100% SLO diet showed higher than those with 0%, and 33% SLO, and TG concentration of rats fed with 67% and 100% SLO diet decreased significantly.

Effects of Soyoligosaccharide on Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed the High Fat or Low Fat Diet (저지방 또는 고지방 섭취 시 대두올리고당의 섭취가 흰쥐의 지방대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 방명희;김우경;김주현;이정숙;이다희;김숙희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.266-272
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    • 2004
  • This study investigated the effects of soyoligosaccharide consumption on lipid profile of plasma, liver and feces and immune responses in Sprague-Dawley male rats. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats 4-wk-old were provided the soyo-ligosaccharide containing diets for 4 weeks (0, 100 g/kg diet); each of these diets was supplemented with either 70 or 200 g fat/kg diet, giving a total of 4 experimental groups. The effect of weight reduction was most significantly observed in the group fed low fat and soyoligosacchairde diet. The plasma total lipid and cholesterol contents were not changed by either fat proportion or soyoligosaccharide supplementation in the diets. Also the plasma triglyceride lowering effect by soyoligosaccharide was not observed in rats fed either low fat or high fat diet. However, the significant decrease in TG contents was found with rats fed high fat diets compared to the control/no soyoligosaccharide diet. Elevation of plasma LDL-cholesterol and reduction of HDL-cholesterol by feeding high fat diet was not altered by supplementing soyoligosaccharide. This was also applied to the liver lipid profiles. The significant increases in liver total lipid, trigly-cerides and cholesterol by high fat diet was not abolished by feeding soyoligosaccharide. However, the desirable effects of feeding soyoligosaccharide were found with total lipid and cholesterol excretion through feces in rats fed high fat diets. Immune organ weights and spleen cell proliferations did not affected by experimental diets. These results de-monstrated that soyoligosaccharide intakes increased the lipid output via feces, especially in rats fed the high fat diet, but more researches are needed on immune responses.

Effect of Water Extract from Hordeum vulgare L. with Medicinal Herb on Plasma Lipid Status and Glucose in Rats Fed High Fat Diet (맥아와 한약재추출물이 고지방 식이를 섭취시킨 흰쥐의 혈장지질 및 혈당농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hyun-Suk;Yang, Kyung-Mi;Jung, Ji-Wook
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effect of water extract from Paeonia Lactiflora Pasll. with medicinal herb on plasma lipid and glucose in rats fed high fat diet. Methods : Experimental groups were divided into control diet group(C), high fat diet group(HF), high fat diet and 5% water extracts from Paeonia Lactiflora Pasll. with medicinal herb group(HFE I), high fat diet and 10% water extract from Paeonia Lactiflora Pasll. with medicinal herb group(HFE II). Weight gain, food intake, food efficiency, plasma lipid concentration and glucose were determined for 10 weeks during high fat diet. Results : In this experiment, body weight and food efficiency were significantly increase in high fat diet. High fat diet group showed elevated levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and free fatty acid. Consumption of 10% water extract Paeonia Lactiflora Pasll. with medicinal herb lowers level of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and free fatty acid. But levels of plasma triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol and glucose did not affect by high fat diet and water extract Paeonia Lactiflora Pasll. with medicinal herb Conclusions : In these results, water extract Paeonia Lactiflora Pasll. with medicinal herb in high fat diet group decreased plasma total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and free fatty acid. Thus the Paeonia Lactiflora Pasll. with medicinal herb might be useful in the treatment of hyperlipemia.

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Evaluation of dietary quality of adolescents using Healthy Eating Index

  • Tek, Nilufer Acar;Yildiran, Hilal;Akbulut, Gamze;Bilici, Saniye;Koksal, Eda;Karadag, Makbule Gezmen;Sanher, Nevin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.322-328
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    • 2011
  • The aim of this study was to use the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005) to assess diet quality and determine the relationship between the HEI-2005 and the energy and nutrient intakes of adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,104 healthy adolescents, mean age of $15.8{\pm}1.24$ years. Dietary intake was measured with the 24-hour dietary recall method, and dietary quality was assessed by means of the HEI-2005. Diet quality scores ranged from 23.7 to 77.5. The mean score was found to be $51.5{\pm}9.07$ according to the HEI-2005. There were no differences according to gender, 42.8% had a poor diet and 57.2% had a diet that needs improvement. No subjects had a "good diet". Lower mean subgroup scores were found for whole grains, total vegetables, total fruits, dairy products, and meat and beans. Fruits and vegetables scores were significantly high in girls, whereas sodium, oil, and meat and beans scores were significantly high in boys. Total HEI-2005 scores were increasingly associated with parental education level when age and gender were adjusted. There was a negative correlation between HEI-2005 scores and age, total energy intake, and fat intake. Positive correlation was only observed in the HEI-2005 scores for protein and dietary fibre intakes. Consequently, the overall diet quality and nutritional habits of Turkish adolescents need modification and improvement. In the family, measures should be initiated by the government, including advertisements and campaigns.

프락토 올리고당과 프락토 올리고당을 함유한 스폰지 케?이 흰쥐의 혈청지질과 장기능 및 단쇄지방산 생성에 미치는 효과

  • 이선영;조정화;이경애
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.344-351
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to elucidate effects of fructooligosaccharide on gastrointestinal tract and blood lipids of rats when this was supplied as purchased condition or oligosaccharide containing sponge cake. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of 3 treatments 1) control diet 2) 7.5% fructooligosaccharide containing diet (FOS diet) 3) lyophilized sponge cake powder containing diet (FOS-C diet). The sponge cake was made with fractooligosaccharide which replaced 40% of its surose, and the final concentration of fructooligosaccharide in FOS-C diet was 7.5%. Cecal and fecal water contents, amount of cecal content, and cecal wall weight were higher from fructooligosaccharide consumption, whereas total gut transit time was longer in rats consuming fructooligosaccharide compared with those fed control diet. Cecal and fecal pH were lower in FOS and FOS-C groups than in control group. Total cecal SCFA pools were higher from ingesting fructooligosaccharide containing diets compared with control diet. Serum triglyceride levels were lower in rats fed FOS and FOS-C diet than those fed control diet, while serum cholesterol levels were unaffected by treatment. Therefore the effects of fructooligosaccharide in sponge cake on serum lipids and gastrointestinal tract were similar to those of intact fructooligosaccharide. Also, adding 7.5% of FOS accompanied diarrhea symptom which suggests some precaution are needed when using FOS.