• Title, Summary, Keyword: total diet study

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Serum Cholesterol Lowering Effects of the Phytosterol Derivative (LPSS) in Rats (랫드에서 식물성스테롤 유도체(LPSS)의 혈중 콜레스테롤 저하효과에 관한 연구)

  • 제정환;정대원;노승권;이영순;박재학
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.535-539
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    • 1998
  • The present study was designed to investigate the serum cholesterol lowering effect oj the phytosterol derivative (LPSS) on high cholesterol (HC) diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in male weaning Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Rats were fed with HC diet containing 1 % cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid for 1 week. After 1 week, the LPSS oil suspension (0.32 g/kg B. W.) was orally administered to the rats fed with either basal diet or HC diet groups for 7 days. In addition, the LPSS powder (0.14%) mixed with basal diet or HC diet was Jed to the rats for 7 days. Serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol contents were not altered by administration of the LPSS oil suspension with basal diet. However, they were significantly decreased by administration of the LPSS oil suspension with HC diet at day 14. Also, they were significantly decreased by the LPSS powder mixed with basal diet or HC diet at day 9, 11, 14. HDL-cholesterol contents were not altered by the LPSS oil suspension or LPSS powder. These results indicated that the phytosterol derivative(LPSS) might decrease serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol contents in rats.

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Studies on the variation of diet fiber content according to pearling ratio of barley (보리의 도정율에 따른 식이섬유 함량 변이에 관한 연구)

  • 조미자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 1995
  • This study was carried out to know the proper pearling ratio for maximum utilizatio of barley diet fiber, especially bata-glucan. Beta-glucan content were 2.35%, 2.72% and 3.24% in pearling ratio of 75%, 70% and 65%, respectively, which means the lower of pearling ratio, the more chance for use of beta-glucan. The embryo was completely removed from barley grain in 65% pearling but it was partially removed or not removed in pearling ratio of 70% and 75%, respectively. Total diet fiber content was higher at 75% pearling ratio while beta-glucan content was the lowest. The higher level of total diet fiber in lower pearling ratio was due to relatively higher content of insoluble diet fiber. The difference of soluble fiber due to pearling ratio was negligible diet fiber. The difference of soluble fiber due to pearling ratio was negligible, however, bata-glucan content was higher in higher pearling ratio. The results implied that it is better way to lowering perling ratio for miximum use of bata-glucan in barley.

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Effects of Polygonati Rhizoma on the Diet-induced Hyperlipidemia in Rats (황정(黃精)이 흰쥐의 식이성 고지혈증에 미치는 영향)

  • Roh, Seung-Won;Kim, Jeong-Beom
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.1147-1151
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Polygonati Rhizoma on the diet-induced hyperlipidemia in rats. Rats were divided into 4 groups, normal group(supplied enough water and feeds only), high fat diet administered group(supplied high fat diet for 4 weeks, Control group) and Astragali Radix administered group(supplied high fat diet and Astragali Radix lyophilization extract for 4 weeks, 397.3 mg/kg(rat) in sample A, 662.5mg/kg(rat) in sample B). Body weight, liver weight and serum lipid levels were evaluated. The water extract of Polygonati Rhizoma decreased body weight, liver weight, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride and phospolipid in high fat diet induced hyperlipidemia in rats, and increased HDL-cholesterol.

Accuracy of 24-hour Diet Recalls for Estimating Energy Intake in Elderly Men using the Doubly Labeled Water Method (남자 노인에서 에너지 섭취 조사를 위한 24시간 회상법의 정확도 평가 -이중표식수법을 사용하여-)

  • Jeon, Ji-Hye;Go, Na-Young;Lee, Mo-Ran;Ndahimana, Didace;Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.516-524
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study assessed the accuracy of the 24-hour diet recall method for estimating the energy intake of elderly men using the doubly labeled water as a reference method. Methods: Seventeen subjects (mean age $72.5{\pm}3.9years$), who maintained the same body weight during the two weeks study period, were included in this study. Three 24-hour diet recalls (two weekdays and one weekend) were obtained over a 14 day period to estimate the mean energy intake. The total energy expenditure was measured over the same 14 days using the doubly labeled water method. The total energy intake and total energy expenditure were compared by paired t-test. Results: The total energy intake from the 24-hour diet recalls method was $2536.7{\pm}350.6kcal/day$, and the total energy expenditure from the doubly labeled water method was $2659.8{\pm}306.8kcal/day$. The total energy intake was slightly under-reported by $-123.2{\pm}260.8kcal/day$ (-4.4%). On the other hand, no significant difference was observed between the total energy intake and total energy expenditure of the subjects (p=0.069). The percentage of accurate predictions was 64.7%. The correlation between the total energy intake and total energy expenditure was statistically significant (r=0.697, p<0.005). Conclusions: The present study supports the use of the 24-hour diet recall method to estimate the mean energy intake in elderly men group. More studies are needed to assess the validity of 24-hour diet recall method in other population groups, including elderly women, adults and children.

Total antioxidant capacity of the Korean diet

  • Han, Jeong-Hwa;Lee, Hye-Jin;Cho, Mi Ran;Chang, Namsoo;Kim, Yuri;Oh, Se-Young;Kang, Myung-Hee
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to measure and/or estimate the total antioxidant capacity of the Korean diet. MATERIALS/METHODS: Eighty-one plant foods that were expected to exhibit rather high antioxidant activities were selected from the Korean diet using the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES V). These foods were categorized into 11 food groups: cereals, potatoes, legumes, nuts, vegetables, kimchies, mushrooms, fruits, fruit juices, sea weeds, and oils. The foods were mixed in the proportions specified in traditional Korean recipes and analyzed. The measured indicators for antioxidant capacities were total phenolics, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC). RESULTS: Total phenolics were high in the fruit juices, nuts, vegetables, and fruits; and the average DPPH, ORAC, and TEAC values were high in the vegetables, fruits, fruit juices, and nuts. The correlation coefficient between the content of total phenolics of each food and the in vitro antioxidant capacity was relatively high at 0.851. The intake of total phenolics per capita per day in the Republic of Korea was estimated to be 127 mg. The total dietary antioxidant capacity (TDAC) values, which were obtained from the total antioxidant capacity of each food, taking into account the intake of each food, were 20,763, 54,335, and $876.4{\mu}mol$ of Trolox equivalents using the DPPH, ORAC, and TEAC methods, respectively. The food group that contributed the most to the Korean TDAC was cereals at 39.7%, followed by fruits and vegetables at 27.8% and 13.9%, respectively. The contribution of legumes, nuts, fruit juices, and mushrooms was quite minimal at less than 2% each. CONCLUSIONS: The content of total phenolics and the antioxidant capacity of the Korean diet are significantly correlated and the high contributing food groups are cereals, fruits, and vegetables.

A Study on Plant Diet Resource of Nutria(Myocastor coypus) Habitat in Nakdong-river (낙동강에 서식하는 뉴트리아(Myocastor coypus)의 식물 먹이 자원에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Do-Hun;Lee, Chang-Woo;Kil, Jihyon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.491-511
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    • 2013
  • In this study, three survey areas in Changnyeong, Miryang and Jinju of the confirmed the habitation of nutria and carried out the performance on the plant diet resource. From the habitat trace survey in the nutria habitat, a total of 336 trace points was shown. There were 181 trace points (54%) confirmed from St. 1 as the highest showing, followed by 52 trace points (15.4%) from St. 2, and 103 trace points (30.6)% from St. 3. The vascular plants distributed in the habitat area were a total of 182 taxonomic group with 57 families, 99 genus, 16 hybrids, and 1 race. The vascular plant living types in the habitat area are 1-year plant (Th, Th(w)) for 63class groups (34.6%), hemicryptophyte (H) for 42class groups(23.1%). plants, trees, crop plants were included. As a result of analyzing the overseas research cases on the diet plants of nutria, there are 195 taxonomic groups in a total of 39 families, 126 genus, 183 breeds, and 12 hybrids. In the study areas, feeding the plants was confirmed by the 7 taxonomic groups, aquatic plant, terrestrial From the total of 182 taxonomic groups discovered in the habitat area, 20 class groups, in 3 habitation region, 10 class groups of commonly appearing 49 class groups were shown to be the breed confirmed for diet in existing case studies, and assuming from it basis, the nutria habitating in the survey area is considered to have the supply of diverse diet resource to have flawless habitation. This is implication of having potential breeding possibility.

An Assessment of diet quality in the Postmenopausal Women (폐경 후 여성을 대상으로 한 식사의 질 평가 연구)

  • 최윤정
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.304-313
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    • 2000
  • This study was performed to assess diet quality in the postmenopausal women. The data of dietary intakes were obtained using food frequency questionnaires which were collected from 151 postmenopausal women in urban area. We evaluated nutrient intake and diet quality. Diet quality was assessed by NAR(nutrient adequacy ratio), FGIP(food group intake pattern), DDS(dietary diversity score), DVS(dietary variety score), FGS(food group score), DQI(diet quality index). Nutrient intakes of the subjects were close to Korean RDA. Nutrient composition of the diet(in percentage of total energy) was 64% carbohydrate, 15% protein, and 19% protein, and 19% total fat, that was close to 65 : 15 : 20. NAR of most nutrients, except vitamin A, E, were higher than 0.75 and MAR was 0.88. NAR and MAR of the subjects in theis study were higher than those of the subjects of rural area in other studies. The subjects who consumed the five food groups were 60.9%. The mean of DDS was 4.5. The subjects who consumed more than 61 dish items during a month were 61.5%. The mean of DVS was 62.4 and it was significantly higher in the elder age group. 67.6% of the subjects were below FGS of 12. The mean of FGS was 10.6 and few subjects consumed serving numbers of each food groups which were recommended for Koreans. 55.0% of the subjects were DQI scores of 0, 1, and 2. The mean of DQI was 2.3 and few subjects followed the five dietary guidelines for Korean.

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Effect of Schizandra chinensis Extract in Hyperlipidemic Rats (오미자 추출물이 고지혈증 흰쥐에 미치는 영향)

  • 옥은성
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.658-662
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Schizandra chinensis extract on the serum and hepatic lipids inhyperlipidemic rats fed with high-fat diet. The Schizandra chinensis extract decreased significantly in total serum cholesterol, serum triacylglycerol and heptic triacylglycerol but not in the total hepatic cholesterol. The Schizandra chinensis extract also decreased in very low density lipoprotein increased by the highfat diet without affecting high density lipoprotein cholesterol. These results suggest that Schizandra chinensis extract may be benificial for the regulation of hyperlipidemia.

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Effects of Cellulose and Pectin on Postprandial Blood Glucose and Plasma Lipid Concentration (셀룰로오스 및 펙틴이 식후 혈당과 혈장 지질 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Sun-Woo;Ro Hee-Kyong;Choi In-Seon;Oh Seune-Ho
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.244-251
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of cellulose and pectin on glucose and plasma lipid concentrations in healthy women. Eight female collage students were participated voluntarily. All subjects received a fiber-free control diet (CD), cellulose diet (CED), pectin diet (PTD) with each diet for a period of three days with a 4 day interval. The food intake of subjects were monitored every day and plasma level of glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol were determined at last day. Blood glucose, plasma triglyceride, total cholesterol were measured at fasting state and 30, 60, 90, 120, and 180 minute after consuming each diet. Plasma glucose concentrations (AUC: Area Under the Curve) of pectin diet was $122.7{\pm}4.0mg/dl$ and that of cellulose diet was $147.6{\pm}8.4mg/d$, but they were significantly lower than in comparison with those of control diet ($197.1{\pm}11.6mg/dl$) (p<0.05) Plasma triglyceride concentrations of the CED ($-83.9{\pm}22.2mg/dl$) PTD ($-9.7{\pm}26.1mg/dl$) showed gradual decrease after each test diet feeding but not significantly different in each dietary fiber added diet (p<0.05). Plasma cholesterol concentrations of the CD was not significantly different in PTD, but PTD was significantly lower than the CED until 3 hours after consuming each test meal (p<0.05). In conclusion, in spite of total cholesterol was reduced only by pectin, glucose and triglyceride were lower than control diet in dietary fiber intake. But there were no significant differences each dietary fiber.

Supplementary Effect of the High Dietary Fiber Rice on Lipid Metabolism in Diabetic KK Mice (고식이섬유쌀의 급여가 KK 당뇨 마우스의 체내 지질 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성현;박홍주;조소영;한귀정;전혜경;황흥구;최해춘
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to investigate the supplementary effects of Suwon 464 developed by Rural Development Administration, which has over two times of dietary fiber content compared with normal rice (Ilpum), on lipid metabolism in diabetic mice. We supplied 5 kinds of experimental diets (com starch diet as a control (CO), Ilpum polished rice diet (IP), Ilpum brown rice diet (IB), polished rice diet (SP) and brown rice diet (SB) of Suwon 464) to diabetic mice for 8 weeks, after analyzing dietary fiber contents of 5 experimental diets. Diet intake, body weight, organ weights, and lipids levels of serum, liver and feces were measured. The dietary fiber contents in CO, IP, IB, SP, and SB diets were 1.0, 1.2, l.4, 1.4, and 2.0% respectively. Body weight and liver and epididymal fat pad weights were lower in SB group than the other groups though there was no significant difference in diet intake among experimental groups. The concentrations of serum triglyceride was lower in SP and SB groups than CO and IP groups. The levels of hepatic total lipid and total cholesterol were significantly lower in SP and SB groups than CO group, and the level of hepatic triglyceride was lower in IB, SP and SB groups than CO group. The levels of total lipid and triglyceride excreted in feces were higher in IB, SP and SB, and the level of total cholesterol in feces was higher in SP and SB groups than CO group. These results suggested that the high dietary fiber rice (Suwon 464) decrease the triglyceride or total cholesterol concentrations of serum and liver by increasing of fecal lipid excretion in diabetic mice. (Korean J Nutrition 37(2): 81∼87, 2004)