• Title, Summary, Keyword: total phenol content

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Changes of Phenol Compounds according to Storing Years in Soybean

  • Kim, Seung-Hyun;Song, Hong-Keun;Ahn, Joung-Kuk;Kim, Jung-Tae;Hahn, Joon-Sang;Chung, Ill-Min
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.82-88
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    • 2004
  • The objective of this study was to determine the role of storing years with the variation of total phenol and individual phenolic compounds in soybean (Glycine max L.) seeds. The total phenol content varied from 0.36 to 0.42% over four years, with the highest value (0.42%) found at storage for two and three years. Among the nine soybean varieties examined, Daweonkong had the highest total average phenol content (0.58%). The total content of 11 phenolics varied from 730.0 to 1812.8 $\mu\textrm{g}\;\textrm{g}^{-1}$ over storage for four years, and the highest concentration (1812.8 $\mu\textrm{g}\;\textrm{g}^{-1}$) was found at storage for two years. Myeongjunamulkong (1465.4 $\mu\textrm{g}\;\textrm{g}^{-1}$) had the highest mean content among the nine soybean varieties. The total content of 11 phenolic compounds measured in this study occupied from 20.96 to 47.73% of the total phenol contents. The highest total phenol contents were in seeds with black coats (5279.4 $\mu\textrm{g}\;\textrm{g}^{-1}$), while the highest concentration of individual phenolic compounds were in seeds with green coats (1419.5 $\mu\textrm{g}\;\textrm{g}^{-1}$). Our study suggests that it may be feasible to improve soybean varieties with high functional substances such as phenolic compounds.

Effects of Various Extracts from Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) on Antioxidant Activity

  • Kim, Gyeong-Hwuii;Duan, Yishan;Kim, Han-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.521-528
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    • 2016
  • The antioxidant activity of 70% methanol, 70% ethanol and chloroform-methanol (CM, 2:1, v/v) extracts from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) was investigated in this study. The antioxidant potential of various extracts of turmeric was evaluated by using different antioxidant tests, namely DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity, ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt] radical scavenging activity, ferric reducing antioxidant power and ${\beta}$-carotene bleaching assays as well as total phenol content and total flavonoid content. All extracts exhibited abundant total phenol content, total flavonoid content and strong antioxidant activity. Particularly, higher activity was exhibited by CM extract with $46.32{\pm}0.35mgCAE/g$ and $15.58{\pm}0.39 mgQE/g$ of total phenol content and total flavonoid content. Generally, antioxidant activity of various extracts from turmeric increased in the following order: 70% methanol extract, 70% ethanol extract and CM extract, respectively. Results suggested that turmeric could be widely used as a source of antioxidant and a kind of functional material in food.

Screening of the total phenol content and analysis of phenolic compound in rice (Oryza saiva L.) genetic resources

  • Lee, Ji-Hee;An, Min-Jeong;Kim, Seung-Hyun;Chung, Ill-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.290-290
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    • 2017
  • Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most consumed staple food crop which is energy source as carbohydrate and also is considered as the important antioxidant sources including various phenolic compounds. According to the increasing demand of healthy life, the concern to antioxidant also is increasing because of its health-promoting effect. Phenolic compounds are one of the plant secondary metabolites class, which shows various benefits to preventing or treating chronic diseases. In this study, we have measured the total phenol content from total 647 rice samples using the Floin-Ciocalteau method, and then were selected 30 rice genetic resources classified with high, middle, and low group on the basis of total phenol content. The average of the total phenol content of each group was high-group ($6892.9{\pm}488.5{\mu}g\;GAE/g$) > middle-group ($1428.1{\pm}76.0{\mu}g\;GAE/g$) > low-group ($97.6{\pm}11.4{\mu}g\;GAE/g$). The selected rice samples were analyzed with LC-MS/MS to find the composition and concentration of individual phenolic in rice grain. High-group and middle-group contained large amounts of protocatechuic acid and (+)-catechin whereas low-group showed limited amount. Among high-group samples, rice samples with black pericarp color (IT 174089, IT 220079, and IT 259958) had high content of peonidin-3-O-glucoside. Further, these black rice samples were special since polydatin, rarely found stilbenoid in rice grain, was detected. Overall, both the sum of phenolic acid and the sum of flavonoid were high-group > middle-group > low-group. Also, each group exhibited different phenolic compositions; high-group consisted of flavonoid more than phenolic acid, middle-group and low-group was comprised of phenolic acid rather than flavonoid, and non-pigmented rice was composed by fully phenolic acid. The total phenol content had positive relationships with the sum of phenolic compound (r = 0.64), the sum of flavonoid (r = 0.74) at the significance level of p < 0.0001. In addition, protocatechuic acid and quercetin showed positive correlation with above phenolic composition parameters; in order, r = 0.98, 0.65 for protocatechuic acid and r = 0.73, 0.78 for quercetin (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, the total phenol content assay showed the possibility of utilization as a phenolic composition indicator in rice grain. Also, this result was suggested study pigment on other material.

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Antioxidant Activity and In Vitro Protein Digestibility of Bakery Products prepared from Korean Wheat with Functional Ingredients (기능성 소재를 첨가한 우리밀 제빵 제품의 항산화 활성과 단백질 소화도)

  • Han, Inhwa;Park, Byung Geon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.853-861
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    • 2014
  • Cookies, muffins and baguettes were formulated with Korean wheat flour and compared with those made from imported wheat flour in terms of total phenol content, antioxidant activity, and in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD). Chunnyencho and Honghawsi were added to improve quality of the bakery products. Addition of Chunnyencho did not show any significant improvement, whereas Honghawsi increased total phenol content of cookies. Total phenol content in 80% ethanol extract of muffins prepared with Korean wheat flour was 1.5 times higher than those made from imported wheat flour, whereas total phenol content was 1.2 times higher in the 80% methanol extract of baguettes prepared with imported wheat flour compared to those made with Korean wheat flour. Overall, total phenol content of Korean wheat flour was higher than that of imported wheat flour because total phenol content was higher in 80% ethanol extracts than in 80% methanol extracts. Antioxidant activity was not significantly different between ethyl acetate extracts of bakery products from imported wheat and Korean wheat, whereas antioxidant activity of 80% methanol extract of muffins with Korean wheat was 2.4 times higher than that from imported wheat. IVPD was not significantly different in any bakery products made from imported wheat or Korean wheat but was higher in baguettes than cookies or muffins. Conclusively, bakery products made from Korean wheat had higher total phenol content and antioxidant activity than imported wheat.

Post-Infectional Biochemical Changes in Mulberry Due to Xanthomonas campestris pv. mori Induced Bacterial Leaf Spot

  • Maji, M.D.;Sengupta, T.;Das, C.;Urs, S.Raje
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.255-259
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    • 2004
  • Post-infectional biochemical changes due to Xanthomonas campestris pv. mori (Xcm) infection in five elite mulberry varieties viz., $S_1$, $S_{1635}$, $V_1$, RF $S_{175}$ and JRH was studied under inoculated condition. It was revealed that total soluble sugar and protein content was significantly declined in all the varieties due to X. campestris infection. Total phenol content was at par prior to inoculation in all varieties, but it was significantly increased in $S_1$, RF $S_{175}$, $S_{1635}$ and JRH 7 days after inoculation. The correlation coefficient (r) between total soluble sugar and total phenol content was found positive (r = 0.825) and statistically significant. Similarly, correlation coefficient (r) between total soluble protein and phenol content was found positive (r = 0.897) and statistically significant. The present study indicates that X. campestris infected leaves are nutritionally inferior in quality and the duration of phenol production in a mulberry variety play decisive role on disease resistance.nce.

Comparative Studies for Component Analysis in Acorn Powders from Korea and China (국내산 및 중국산 도토리 가루의 성분분석에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Mee-Jung;Heo, Seong-Il;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.90-94
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    • 2007
  • This study was examined the chemical components and total phenol content in acorn powders of Korea and China. Korea acorn powder produced from consists of 6.85% crude protein, 3.57% crude fat and 3.33% crude ash. China acorn powder consists of 1.83% crude protein, 0.41% crude fat and 0.40% crude ash. The composition of unsaturated fatty acid of Korea acorn powder was slightly lower than China acorn powder, but there was no significant difference. The amino acid content of Korea acorn powder was higher than that of China acorn powder. Total phenol content of that Korea acorn powder was 20 mg/g, and that China acorn powder was 3.2 mg/g.

Analysis of Total Phenol, Flavonoid content and Antioxidant Activity of Various Extraction Solvents Extracts from Onion (Allium cepa L.) Peels

  • Duan, Yishan;Jin, Dong-Hyeok;Kim, Han-Soo;Seong, Jong-Hwan;Lee, Young-Guen;Kim, Dong-Seob;Chung, Hun-Sik;Jang, Seong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.418-426
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    • 2015
  • Total phenol contents, total flavonoid contents and antioxidant activity of 70% methanol, 70% ethanol and chloroform-methanol (CM, 2:1, v/v) extracts from onion (Allium cepa L.) peels were studied. The $IC_{50}$ values of DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical and ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt] radical scavenging activity in 70% ethanol extract were remained to be lowest followed by 70% methanol extract and CM extract. And the total phenol content ($113.56{\pm}0.86mg\;CAE/g$), total flavonoid content (49.63 mg QE/g) and ferric reducing antioxidant power value were also found to be the highest. In contrast, 70% methanol extract possessed the strongest antioxidant activity by ${\beta}$-carotene bleaching assay. CM extract displayed the lowest antioxidant activity compared with other extracts. Onion peels exhibited strong antioxidant activity and abundant phytochemicals, which could be used in a various food products to add phytochemicals and promote good health.

Effect of Ethanol Solvent Concentration on Antioxidant Activity of Dolwoe (Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino) Leaves Extracts (돌외 잎 추출물의 항산화 활성에 미치는 에탄올 용매 농도의 영향)

  • Kim, Kyeoung Cheol;Kim, Ju-Sung
    • Journal of Advanced Engineering and Technology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.197-203
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to the extraction availability of Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves on different ethanol concentration extraction solvent were compared and analyzed. We prepared extracts of different solvents. Total phenol and flavonoid contents of each extract were measured. These extracts were evaluated for antioxidant activity by measuring trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAC), oxygen radical absorption capacity (ORAC), DPPH, nitric oxide, superoxide and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. The total phenol contents of extracts was 44.16~66.34 mg QAE/g, and the total phenol content in the extracts was significantly increased when ethanol concentration of 60% or more was used. Total flavonoid content was 6.98~16.89 mg QE/g and 60, 80% ethanol extracts were significantly higher. In the antioxidant experiments, 60% ethanol extracts showed high activity in nitric oxide, superoxide radical scavenging activity, TEAC and ORAC which showed correlation with total phenol and flavonoid contents. The optimal ethanol concentration used for the extraction of antioxidant-related components from Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves is considered to be about 60%, antioxidant activity was thought to be related to total phenol and flavonoid contents.

Preparation of Chocolate Added with Yuza (Citrus junos Seib ex TANAKA) and Its Antioxidant Characteristics (유자 분말을 첨가한 초콜릿의 제조 및 항산화 특성)

  • Yoo, Kyung-Mi;Lee, Choong-Hwan;Hwang, In-Kyeong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.222-227
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity of yuza chocolate,and to determine the optimum ratio of yuza powder for its preparation. Yuza peel and flesh powders were added to chocolate at weight percentages of 0, 3, and 6%, respectively. Color values (L-value, redness, and yellowness), total phenol content, total antioxidant capacity, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and sensory characteristics were then measured in the samples of yuza-containing chocolate. As the amount of yuza powder increased, total phenol content, antioxidant capacity, and radical scavenging activity increased. Depending on the level of yuza powder, significant differences (p <0.05) were shown in aroma, taste, bitterness, and overall acceptability however, there were no significant differences in texture. In terms of sensory acceptability, the addition of 3% yuza peel powder to chocolate was optimal.

Investigation of Antioxidative Activity from Apple (Malus pumila Miller) Peel by Various Extraction Solvents

  • Kim, Gyeong-Hwuii;Duan, Yishan;Gwon, Soon-Hee;Kim, Han-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.186-194
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    • 2016
  • Consumption of fruits and vegetables has been conducted to be effective in the prevention of chronic diseases. In this study, 70% methanol, 70% ethanol and chloroform-methanol mixture (CM, 2:1, v/v) were used as solvents in the extraction of apple peels. The total phenol content, total flavonoid content and antioxidant activity of various extracts were investigated using in vitro assays. The extract obtained by 70% methanol showed the highest total phenol content ($20.87{\pm}0.17mgCAE/g$), ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt] radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power. However, 70% ethanol extract possessed the strongest antioxidant activity assayed by DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity and ${\beta}$-carotene bleaching method. And CM extract was found to show the highest total flavonoid content with the value of $9.26{\pm}0.06mgQE/g$. These results indicated that apple peels can be used in dietary applications with a potential to reduce oxidative stress.