• Title, Summary, Keyword: total polyphenolic content

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Antioxidant Properties of Different Parts of Red and Black Adzuki Beans (적두 및 흑두의 부위별 항산화 특성)

  • Lee, Lan-Sook;Choi, Eun-Ji;Kim, Chang-Hee;Sung, Jung-Min;Kim, Young-Boong;Kum, Jun-Seok;Park, Jong-Dae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.8
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    • pp.1150-1156
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the polyphenolic compounds found in different parts of red and black adzuki beans and to determine the contribution of polyphenolic compounds to the antioxidant properties of adzuki beans. Total polyphenolic and proanthocyanidin contents were studied and their antioxidant activities were determined by ferric reducing antioxidant power, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt assay. The highest total polyphenolic content was found in seed coats (26.1~33.9 mg/g), followed by whole beans (6.9~8.0 mg/g) and dehulled beans (3.3~3.4 mg/g). The highest total proanthocyanidin content was also found in seed coat with 26.5~30.7 mg/g. Moreover, seed coats exhibited the highest antioxidant activity regardless of analytical methods. Antioxidant activity was positively and significantly correlated with total polyphenolic content with the exception of dehulled beans, in which there was no correlation with total polyphenolic content. In particular, the highest correlation was found between DPPH and total polyphenolic content (r=0.945, P<0.01) in whole beans.

Evaluation of Proanthocyanidin Contents in Total Polyphenolic Compounds of Pine (Pinus densiflora) Needle Extracts and Their Antioxidative Activities (적송잎 용매별 추출물의 총 폴리페놀성 성분에 대한 proanthocyanidin의 함량 분석 및 항산화 활성 검증)

  • Lee, Ok-Hee;Kim, Ki-Young;Jang, Min-Kyung;Yu, Ki-Hwan;Kim, Sung-Gu;Kim, Mi-Hyang;Lee, Sang-Hyeon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2008
  • Flavonoids in pine needles are known to be effective scavengers of free radical. Especially, proanthocyanidin, a kind of flavonoids possesses cardiovascular protection and antioxidative activities. Here, we evaluated proanthocyanidin contents in total polyphenolic compounds of pine needle extracts prepared by using hot water, ethanol, hexane or sub-supercritical $CO_2$. Analyses of total polyphenolic compounds and proanthocyanidin in each extracts indicated that hot water extract contained the highest concentrations, but sub-supercritical extract contained the lowest concentrations. On the other hand, evaluation of proanthocyanidin contents in total polyphenolic compounds in each extracts showed that sub-supercritical extract possessed the highest content, but hot water extract possessed the lowest content. These results indicate that extracts containing high concentrations of both total polyphenolic compounds and proanthocyanidin could be obtained by using hot water or ethanol extractions. Furthermore, extract containing high content of proanthocyanidin out of total polyphenolic compounds could be achieved by using sub-supercritical extraction. Measurement of antioxidative activities of extracts showed that hot water extract possessed the highest activity. In this study, we prepared extracts from pine needles by four different methods and evaluated the antioxidative compounds in extracts that could be used for effective components of functional food products.

Enzymatic Hydrolysis for Effective Extraction of Antioxidative Compounds from Hizikia fusiformis

  • Siriwardhana, Nalin;Jeon, You-Jin;Kim, Soo-Hyun;Ha, Jin-Hwan;Heo, Soo-Jin;Lee, Ki-Wan
    • ALGAE
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2004
  • Hizikia fusiformis hydroysates by five carbohydrases (Viscozyme, Celluclast, Termamyl and Ultraflo) and five proteases (Protamex, Kojizyme, Neutrase, Flavourzyme and Alcalase) were investigated for their extraction efficacy (yield and total total polyphenolic content) and antioxidative activity (DPPH radical and hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity). Termamyl and Ultraflo of the carbohydrases and Flavourzyme and Alcalase of proteases were selected by their high eficacy of extraction and antioxidative activity. Selected enzymes were used to investigate the optimum enzymatic reaction time and dosage (enzyme/substrate ratio) suitable for hydorolysis. Optimum reaction time for the enzymatic hydrolysis was 3 days and optimum dosage of hydrolysis was observed as 5%. Simultaneously, Ultraflo of the two carbohydrases and Alcalse of the two proteases were selected as the most effective enzymes. Combination of Ultraflo and Alcalase under optimum hydrolysis conditions could intensify the extraction efficacy of antioxidative materials form H. fusiformis. The hydrolysate obtained by combining the enzymes was separated into four different molecular weight fractions (<1kD, 1-10 kD, 10-30 kD and >30 kD) and recorded the polyphenolic content distribution and respective antioxidative ability. The fraction <1kD was identified as less effective and those fractions > 1kD indicated comparatively higher antioxidative activities related to their polyphenolic content.

Potential use of ultrasound in antioxidant extraction from Ecklonia cava

  • Lee, Seung-Hong;Kang, Min-Cheol;Moon, Sang-Ho;Jeon, Byong-Tae;Jeon, You-Jin
    • ALGAE
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.371-378
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    • 2013
  • Water and methanolic extracts of Ecklonia cava, a marine brown alga, were prepared by ultrasonic extraction (UE) and conventional extraction (CE) methods. The radical-scavenging activity and the inhibitory effects against hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$)-induced DNA damage of the extracts were investigated. All extracts prepared by CE exhibited higher total polyphenolic content than that in the extracts prepared by UE. Extraction yield and total phenolic content increased as the UE time increased. The radical-scavenging activities increased as the UE time increased. All extracts prepared by CE exhibited higher 1,1-diphenyl-2-pricrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radical-scavenging activities than did those prepared by UE. Extracts prepared by UE showed stronger scavenging activities on alkyl radical and $H_2O_2$ than those prepared by CE did. Methanolic extract with UE 12 h (100MEU-12h) and methanolic extract with CE 24 h (100MEC-24h) were selected and evaluated by comet assay for their inhibitory effect against $H_2O_2$-induced DNA damage. 100MEU-12h showed slightly greater protective effect against $H_2O_2$-induced DNA damage than 100MEC-24h. Thus, UE can be effectively used as a seaweed extraction technique, and there is potential for scale-up of the extraction process.

Antiplatelet Aggregation Activity of Walnut Hull Extract via Suppression of Reactive Oxygen Species Generation and Caspase Activation

  • Meshkini, Azadeh;Tahmasbi, Masoumeh
    • Journal of Acupuncture & Meridian Studies
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.193-203
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    • 2017
  • Walnut hull (wal hull) is an agricultural by-product that is widely used in traditional medicine for alleviating pain and treating skin diseases, however, recently it has gained much attention in modern pharmacology due to its antioxidant properties. The current study was aimed to determine the total phenolic, flavonoid, and tannin content of Persian wal hull extract and evaluate its biological effects on platelet function. Experimental data showed that acetone extract of wal hulls has a high content of polyphenolic compounds and antioxidant properties. The analytical study of crude extract by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry demonstrated different types of high- and low-molecular-weight compounds that are basically and biologically important. Moreover, an in vitro study revealed that wal hull extract at a concentration of $50{\mu}g/mL$ inhibited thrombin-induced platelet aggregation and protein secretion by 50%, without any cytotoxic effects on platelets. The examined extract suppressed reactive oxygen species generation and also caspase activation in thrombin-stimulated platelets. Identically, N-acetylcysteine inhibited the increase of reactive oxygen species level induced by thrombin in platelets, and supported a link between cellular redox status and caspase activation in activated platelets. Presumably, the antiplatelet activity of wal hull extract is related to its polyphenolic compounds and their antioxidant properties. Therefore, wal hulls can be considered as a candidate for thrombotic disorders.

Yield and Quality Characteristics of Ginseng's First Byproducts (인삼 1차 부산물의 생산량 및 기능성 성분 특성)

  • Kim, Gwan-Hou;Seong, Bong-Jae;Kim, Sun-Ick;Han, Seung-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Ho;Lee, Ka-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.313-318
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to utilize the byproducts (flower, immature and mature berry, leaf and stem) of ginseng. Yield of byproducts were $32.7{\pm}9.8g$ in flower, $68.2{\pm}2.2g$ in immature berry, $48.5{\pm}4.3g$ in mature berry, $316.2{\pm}20.5g$ in leaf, and $296.6{\pm}15.4g$ in stem per $3.3m^2$ ($180{\times}90cm$, ginseng root $675.5{\pm}35.7g$/drybasis. The total saponin contents of ginseng byproducts and root are $52.36{\pm}1.24$, $68.71{\pm}1.98$, $168.89{\pm}0.57$, $68.26{\pm}1.32$, $7.85{\pm}0.61$ and $35.08{\pm}0.96$ mg/g, respectively. The main ginsenoside of all byproducts was Re and the highest content was $132.23{\pm}1.56$ mg/g in mature berry. But flower and berry was not detected Rf and Rh1, respectively. Total polyphenolic compound content on mature berry was the highest, $2.242{\pm}0.140%$, after, immature berry > leaf > flower > root > stem order. The DPPH radical scavenging activity on mature berry was the highest, $0.115{\pm}0.004$ mg/mL($IC_{50}$), and the others were the same order of polyphenolic compound and ginsenoside content on byproducts.

The Antifungal Activity of Coffee Ground Compost Extract against Plant Pathogens (커피박 퇴비 추출물의 식물병원균에 대한 항균력 검정)

  • Kim, Min-Jeong;Shim, Chang-Ki;Kim, Yong-Ki;Park, Jong-Ho;Han, Eun-Jung;Kim, Seok-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to characterize the coffee ground and its possibility to develop the antifungal activity. pH, EC, and Zn contents of the coffee ground from coffee shops were higher than those of commercial coffee ground, but there was no significant difference in $K_2O$, CaO, MgO, $Na_2O$, Mn contents. The antimicrobial activity of the water soluble extracts from the coffee shop and the commercial coffee ground were tested for six major plant pathogens, Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Fusarium oxysporum, Phytophthora capsici, Alternaria alternata, and Botrytis cinerea. The result showed that there was reliable antifungal activity against all of tested plant pathogenic fungi. The inhibition effects of coffee ground compost extract on the spore germination and zoospore formation were investigated. Water soluble extracts of the coffee ground compost mixture added with 10% sesame oil cake were significantly inhibited the growth of conidia germination of A. altanata and zoospore formation of P. capsici in vitro. For investigating the functional materials of coffee ground compost, it was measured the total polyphenolic compounds contents with 30 days interval during decomposing coffee ground for 90 days. The total polyphenolic content increased with decomposing periods, and it observed that the highest total polyphenolic content was $0.35{\pm}0.03mg\;GAE/g$ on the 90th day in the coffee ground compost added with 10% sesame oil cake.

Research for the Development of Oriental and Western Convergence Prevention Food of Tangerine Peel Powdered Chocolate with Antioxidant Activity (항산화 활성을 지닌 귤피 분말을 이용한 초콜릿의 동서 융복합적 예방식품개발 연구)

  • Park, Sung-Hye;Cha, Kyoung-Ok;Park, Hae-Ryoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.531-540
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    • 2015
  • Traditionally we consider the food and the medicine have common roots, that is, energies from them share the same source, and it brought us an unique food culture of our own, and nurtured an unique academic area of oriental medicated dietary therapy. Thus we devise chocolate based on oriental theory and western food and convergence prevention nutritional approach. The study analyzed and examined the nutritional composition, physical properties and analysis DPPH radical scvenging, total polyphenolic compound contents, total flavonoids contents of chocolate added with 5% tangerine peel powder(TPC). Total polyphenolic compound content of TPC was 394.1 mg GAE/100g and DPPH radical scvenging activity was 68.66% and total flavonoid content was 148.88 mg QE/100g. Antioxidative activity of TPC was significantly higher than that of come into the market milk chocolate(p<0.05). In sensory evaluation, significantly difference(p<0.05)of TPC were surface color, flavor, overall acceptance.

Fluctuations in Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Capacity of Green Vegetable Juices during Refrigerated Storage

  • Kim, Seong Yeong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2015
  • Shinseoncho and kale were made into green vegetable juices by building block [shinsenocho branch (SB), shinsenocho leaf (SL), kale branch (KB), and kale leaf (KL)]. Fluctuations in their phenolic contents and antioxidant capacities were analyzed during refrigerated storage at $4^{\circ}C$ for 28 days. Total polyphenolic contents of leaf parts showed a decreasing tendency after 4 days (SL) or 7 days (KL), whereas branch parts showed fluctuating values during the entire storage period. The 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging capacity was rapidly decreased in SB and in SL at 28 days (P<0.001), whereas KL showed a slightly increasing tendency after 14 days. For the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging capacity, SL showed a sharp fall at 28 days (P<0.001), and KL showed a decreasing tendency after 14 days (P<0.001). SB showed a steady decrease during the entire storage period and KB indicated a nearly zero (0.97%) at 28 days. Pearson's coefficients for the correlation between antioxidant capacities measured by the ABTS and DPPH assays, and the total polyphenolic contents were determined. The results showed that the ABTS assay (r=0.934, P<0.001) was more strongly positively correlated with the total phenolic contents than the DPPH assay (r=0.630, P<0.001). In conclusion, when considering all building blocks, green vegetable juices, including kale and shinseoncho may have kept antioxidant capacities for up to 14 days under refrigeration, and the ABTS assay better reflects a positive correlation with the total phenolic contents when compared to the DPPH assay.

The Comparison of Antioxidative Activities of Sprouts Extract (발아 채소 추출물의 항산화 활성 비교)

  • Woo, Nariyah;Song, Eun-Seung;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Seo, Mi-Sook;Kim, Ae-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.356-362
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried to develop the new material of functional food which antioxidant of natural substances of sprouts. We compared antioxdiative activity and antioxidant substances exist in sprouts. Antioxidaive activities of sprouts were measured by total polyphenolic acid contents, electron donating activity(EDA), SOD-liked activity and hydroxyl radical scavenging ability. Total polyphenolic acid content was very higher in Rape sprouts extract(Rap) than other sprout extracts. Also Rape extract was showed the most excellent antioxdiative activity in SOD liked activity at 86.94%. The EDA was ordered Rape sprouts extract(Rap)>Tatsoi sprouts extract(Tat)>Broccoli sprouts extract(Bro)>Alfalfa sprout extract(Alf). Hydroxy radical scavenging ability was the most effective in Rape sprouts extract(Rap). Therefore we could be certain that Rape sprouts extract(Rap) was the most effective in antioxidative activity from sprouts.