• Title, Summary, Keyword: tower stiffness

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The Influence of the Loading Sizes on Natural Frequency of the Advanced Composite Material Structures (복합신소재구조물의 고유진동수에 대한 하중크기의 영향)

  • Han, Bong Koo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2013
  • Simple Iteration Method for calculating the natural frequency is presented in this paper. This method is simple but exact method of calculating natural frequencies corresponding to the modes of vibration of beams and tower structures with irregular cross sections and arbitrary boundary conditions. This method consists of determining the deflected mode shape of the member due to the inertia force under resonance condition. Finite difference method is used for this purpose. The influence of the $D_{22}$ stiffness on the natural frequency is rigorously investigated. In this paper, the influence of the loading sizes, different cross section on the natural frequency of vibration of some structural elements is presented. This method extends to two dimensional problems including advanced composite material structures.

Dynamic Characteristics of Helicopter Bearingless Main Rotor (헬리콥터 무베어링 주로터의 동특성 시험)

  • Yun, Chul Yong;Song, Keun Woong;Kim, Deog-Kwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.439-446
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    • 2016
  • The characteristics of bearingless main rotor of helicopter are investigated through non-rotating tests and rotating tests. The stiffness and natural frequencies of rotor blades, flexbeam, and torque tube which are core components of baearingless rotor are measured to obtain input material properties for rotor analysis. The functional test on ground for assembly of one hub with damper, snubber, and no blade is carried out to check interfaces between components, kinematics of components, and pitch motion ranges under applied loads including centrifugal load. The 4-bladed bearingless rotor with 5.82m of rotor radius is tested on the whirl tower with rotation plane of 9.65m height. The thrust and power are measured to obtain hover performance and the frequencies and dampings of the rotor are obtained by excitation of cyclic pitch by hydraulic actuators.

Impact of spar-nacelle-blade coupling on the edgewise response of floating offshore wind turbines

  • Dinh, Van-Nguyen;Basu, Biswajit;Nielsen, Soren R.K.
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.231-253
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    • 2013
  • The impact of spar-nacelle-blade coupling on edgewise dynamic responses of spar-type floating wind turbines (S-FOWT) is investigated in this paper. Currently, this coupling is not considered explicitly by researchers. First of all, a coupled model of edgewise vibration of the S-FOWT considering the aerodynamic properties of the blade, variable mass and stiffness per unit length, gravity, the interactions among the blades, nacelle, spar and mooring system, the hydrodynamic effects, the restoring moment and the buoyancy force is proposed. The aerodynamic loads are combined of a steady wind (including the wind shear) and turbulence. Each blade is modeled as a cantilever beam vibrating in its fundamental mode. The mooring cables are modeled using an extended quasi-static method. The hydrodynamic effects calculated by using Morison's equation and strip theory consist of added mass, fluid inertia and viscous drag forces. The random sea state is simulated by superimposing a number of linear regular waves. The model shows that the vibration of the blades, nacelle, tower, and spar are coupled in all degrees of freedom and in all inertial, dissipative and elastic components. An uncoupled model of the S-FOWT is then formulated in which the blades and the nacelle are not coupled with the spar vibration. A 5MW S-FOWT is analyzed by using the two proposed models. In the no-wave sea, the coupling is found to contribute to spar responses only. When the wave loading is considered, the coupling is significant for the responses of both the nacelle and the spar.

Design and calibration of a semi-active control logic to mitigate structural vibrations in wind turbines

  • Caterino, Nicola;Georgakis, Christos T.;Spizzuoco, Mariacristina;Occhiuzzi, Antonio
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.75-92
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    • 2016
  • The design of a semi-active (SA) control system addressed to mitigate wind induced structural demand to high wind turbine towers is discussed herein. Actually, the remarkable growth in height of wind turbines in the last decades, for a higher production of electricity, makes this issue pressing than ever. The main objective is limiting bending moment demand by relaxing the base restraint, without increasing the top displacement, so reducing the incidence of harmful "p-delta" effects. A variable restraint at the base, able to modify in real time its mechanical properties according to the instantaneous response of the tower, is proposed. It is made of a smooth hinge with additional elastic stiffness and variable damping respectively given by springs and SA magnetorheological (MR) dampers installed in parallel. The idea has been physically realized at the Denmark Technical University where a 1/20 scale model of a real, one hundred meters tall wind turbine has been assumed as case study for shaking table tests. A special control algorithm has been purposely designed to drive MR dampers. Starting from the results of preliminary laboratory tests, a finite element model of such structure has been calibrated so as to develop several numerical simulations addressed to calibrate the controller, i.e., to achieve as much as possible different, even conflicting, structural goals. The results are definitely encouraging, since the best configuration of the controller leaded to about 80% of reduction of base stress, as well as to about 30% of reduction of top displacement in respect to the fixed base case.