• Title, Summary, Keyword: track recording car

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Comparison of Track Recording with Surveying in Track irregularity Measurement (궤도틀림의 검측값과 측량결과 비교)

  • Lee, Jee-Ha;Choi, Ii-Yoon;Kim, Bak-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1090-1095
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    • 2008
  • Track geometry changes by traffic loads. The bigger the changes are, the worse the riding comfort and running stability of train. This is so-called track irregularity and is the most important quality parameters of ballasted track. To objectively assess track irregularity, track geometry should be able to be measured. Practically, railway companies use moving chord method, which determine versine values via a chord. The versine is the vertical distance to curve measured in the middle of the chord. This type of method measures only versine of track irregularity curve by transfer function from the characteristics of measuring device. In this report, review the characteristics of two types of measuring tools by comparing the measurements. The one is GRP-1000 system, optical surveying system with Total station and lazar prism trolley. This calculates track geometry by surveying absolute coordinates of two points each on both rail heads. The other is EM-120, measures versine with 10m of symmetrical chord length.

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Characteristics of Track Irregularities on Kyoungbu High-speed Line (경부고속선 궤도틀림 분포특성)

  • Choi, Il-Yoon;Lee, Jun S.;Um, Ju-Hwan;Kang, Tae-Ku;Choi, Min-Ji
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2015
  • Track irregularities have a strong influence on the safety and the ride comfort of trains as well as track maintenance work. A statistical analysis was conducted for track irregularities data measured in Kyoungbu high speed line using a track recording car(EM120). First, the characteristics of EM120, which adopted versine measurement system, were investigated and the transfer function of EM120 was examined. The distributions of the surface and the alignment which have short wavelength were considerably high and the distribution decreased as wavelength increases. A distribution analysis of the wavelength was carried out according to EN standards and most of the track irregularities were in a D1 wavelength range. The distributions of the amplitude of track irregularities were also investigated and the results show that the distributions of track irregularities decrease rapidly as amplitude increases. These results may be helpful in making track maintenance plans and revising track irregularities criteria.

Analysis of the Influence of Track Alignment on Ride Comfort and Safety of KTX (방향틀림이 KTX 주행거동에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Choi, Il-Yoon;Um, Ju-Hwan;Kim, Man-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.110-116
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    • 2013
  • Track irregularities is one of the key factors influencing the running behavior of trains. In order to ensure safety and ride comfort of train, the criteria for track irregularities should be adequately established regarding vehicle velocity, vehicle characteristics, characteristics of the track recording car, and measurement interval. Also, track maintenance should be carried out thoroughly according to the criteria for managing track irregularities. Numerical analysis was conducted to investigate the influence of track alignment on the running behavior of Korean high speed train(KTX). Various wavelengths and amplitudes of lateral alignment were considered as parameters for this study using the Vampire program, a vehicle dynamics modeling package in railway environment. Derailment, lateral load, bogie acceleration and body acceleration of numerical analysis results due to alignment were investigated. Finally, the influence of the alignment on safety and ride comfort for the KTX was evaluated. This study indicates that alignment irregularities have significant impacts on running safety, and that the criteria used to manage alignment irregularities should be restrictive to ensure the running safety of the KTX.

Background and Local Histogram-Based Object Tracking Approach (도로 상황인식을 위한 배경 및 로컬히스토그램 기반 객체 추적 기법)

  • Kim, Young Hwan;Park, Soon Young;Oh, Il Whan;Choi, Kyoung Ho
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2013
  • Compared with traditional video monitoring systems that provide a video-recording function as a main service, an intelligent video monitoring system is capable of extracting/tracking objects and detecting events such as car accidents, traffic congestion, pedestrian detection, and so on. Thus, the object tracking is an essential function for various intelligent video monitoring and surveillance systems. In this paper, we propose a background and local histogram-based object tracking approach for intelligent video monitoring systems. For robust object tracking in a live situation, the result of optical flow and local histogram verification are combined with the result of background subtraction. In the proposed approach, local histogram verification allows the system to track target objects more reliably when the local histogram of LK position is not similar to the previous histogram. Experimental results are provided to show the proposed tracking algorithm is robust in object occlusion and scale change situation.