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Acceptance Level of Forecasted Fashion Trends by National Brand Casual Wear in the Late of 1990s

  • Lee, Woon-Hyun;Hwang, Choon-Sup
    • The International Journal of Costume Culture
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.229-240
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of the present study was to analyze the acceptance level of forecasted information of casual wear in tate 1990s in Korea and the way of utilizing fashion trends information by casual wear industries. The Present study was implemented by content analysis and descriptive survey using questionnaire and interview. Trends information in fashion journals published by fashion institute and articles in daily newspapers were analyzed in terms of fashion image, color, fabric, and silhouette. The data collected from questionnaire and interview with 113 fashion specialists were analyzed through frequency, percentage. The results indicated that among the forecasted information regarding fashion image, romantic and feminine images showed a high level of acceptance to national brand women's casual wear in the late 1990s, while mannish image showed a low level of acceptance. For men's casual wear in the same time period, androgynous trends appeared most frequently, not only in forecasted information, but also in actual trend. it was forecasted that yellow, white, and gray would be in trend and those colors appeared frequently in actual trend. On the other hand pastel tone appeared much more frequently than forecasted. Natural, thin - transparent (S/S) and stretch fabrics (F/W) were in actual trend as it was forecasted. Fit and Pare (woman), and long and slim (man) silhouettes were in actual trend as if was forecasted, but barrel silhouette appeared only in forecasted information. Most of the information forecasting fashion trends for next season were applied to the product planning of the season, right after the information comes out.

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Technical Trends in Next-Generation GaN RF Power Devices and Integrated Circuits (차세대 GaN RF 전력증폭 소자 및 집적회로 기술 동향)

  • Lee, S.H.;Lim, J.W.;Kang, D.M.;Baek, Y.S.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2019
  • Gallium nitride (GaN) can be used in high-voltage, high-power-density/-power, and high-speed devices owing to its characteristics of wide bandgap, high carrier concentration, and high electron mobility/saturation velocity. In this study, we investigate the technology trends for X-/Ku-band GaN RF power devices and MMIC power amplifiers, focusing on gate-length scaling, channel structure, and power density for GaN RF power devices and output power level and output power density for GaN MMIC power amplifiers. Additionally, we review the technology trends in gallium arsenide (GaAs) RF power devices and MMIC power amplifiers and analyze the technology trends in RF power devices and MMIC power amplifiers based on both GaAs and GaN. Furthermore, we discuss the current direction of national research by examining the national and international technology trends with respect to X-/Ku-band power devices and MMIC power amplifiers.

Long-term Trends of Daily Maximum and Minimum Temperatures for the Major Cities of South Korea and their Implications on Human Health (한국의 주요 대도시에 대한 일 최고 및 최저 기온의 장기변동 경향과 건강에 미치는 영향 전망)

  • Choi, Byoung-Cheol;Kim, Jiyoung;Lee, Dae-Geun;Kysely, Jan
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.171-183
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    • 2007
  • Trends of daily maximum and minimum temperatures in major cities of South Korea (Seoul, Busan, Incheon, Daegu, and Ulsan) during the past 40 years (1961-2000) were investigated. Temperature records for the Chupungryeong station were compared with those of the large cities because of the rural environment of the station. There were distinct warming trends at all stations, although the warming rates depend on each station's local climate and environment. The warming rates in Korea are much greater than the global warming trends, by a factor of 3 to 4. The most increasing rate in daily maximum temperature was at Busan with $0.43^{\circ}C$ per decade, the most increasing rate in daily minimum temperature was at Daegu with $0.44^{\circ}C$ per decade. In general, the warming trends of the cities were most pronounced in winter season with an increasing rate of $0.5^{\circ}C$/decade at least. Diurnal temperature range shows positive or negative trends according to the regional climate and environmental change. The frequency distribution of the daily temperatures for the past 40 years at Seoul and Chupungryeong shows that there have been reductions in cold day frequencies at both stations. The results imply that the impacts on human health might be positive in winter and adverse in summer if the regional warming scenario by the current regional climate model reflects future climate change in Korea.

Genetic Parameters and Annual Trends for Birth and Weaning Weights of a Northeastern Thai Indigenous Cattle Line

  • Intaratham, W.;Koonawootrittriron, S.;Sopannarath, P.;Graser, H.-U.;Tumwasorn, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.478-483
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    • 2008
  • Records of a Northeastern Thai indigenous cattle line population were used to estimate genetic parameters and annual trends for calf weights. The data set comprised records of 1,922 and 1,489 animals for birth and weaning weight, respectively born from 1993 to 2004. A bivariate analysis was carried out for variance and covariance components estimations using average information restricted maximum likelihood procedure. Average estimated breeding value and maternal breeding value of the animals born in 1993 were set to zero as a base group. Genetic trends of each trait were calculated by regressing average estimated breeding values and maternal breeding values on birth year of calves. Phenotypic trends for each trait were calculated by regressing the yearly adjusted weight on birth year of calves. The results revealed that the estimate of direct heritability, maternal heritability and maternal permanent environmental variance as a proportion of phenotypic variance for birth and weaning weight was 0.40, 0.14 and 0.04; 0.27, 0.05 and 0.23, respectively. Direct heritability was moderately heritable and genetic improvement through selection can be achieved. The estimate of phenotypic, direct genetic, maternal genetic and maternal permanent environmental correlation between birth and weaning weight was 0.48, 0.65, 0.98 and 0.73, respectively. The phenotypic trend, genetic trends of estimated breeding value and maternal breeding value for birth weight was 0.18, 0.04 and 0.01 kg/year, respectively. The phenotypic trend, genetic trends of estimated breeding value and maternal breeding value for weaning weight was -1.36, 0.32 and 0.03 kg/year, respectively. As maternal genetic effect was considerably less important than direct genetic effect, selection for improved weaning weight of this Northeastern Thai indigenous cattle line can place more emphasis on the direct genetic effect.

Does Rain Really Cause Toothache? Statistical Analysis Based on Google Trends

  • Jeon, Se-Jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 2021
  • Background: Regardless of countries, the myth that rain makes the body ache has been worded in various forms, and a number of studies have been reported to investigate this. However, these studies, which depended on the patient's experience or memory, had obvious limitations. Google Trends is a big data analysis service based on search terms and viewing videos provided by Google LLC, and attempts to use it in various fields are continuing. In this study, we endeavored to introduce the 'value as a research tool' of the Google Trends, that has emerged along with technological advancements, through research on 'whether toothaches really occur frequently on rainy days'. Methods: Keywords were selected as objectively as possible by applying web crawling and text mining techniques, and the keyword "bi" meaning rain in Korean was added to verify the reliability of Google Trends data. The correlation was statistically analyzed using precipitation and temperature data provided by the Korea Meteorological Agency and daily search volume data provided by Google Trends. Results: Keywords "chi-gwa", "chi-tong", and "chung-chi" were selected, which in Korean mean 'dental clinic', 'toothache', and 'tooth decay' respectively. A significant correlation was found between the amount of precipitation and the search volume of tooth decay. No correlation was found between precipitation and other keywords or other combinations. It was natural that a very significant correlation was found between the amount of precipitation, temperature, and the search volume of "bi". Conclusion: Rain seems to actually be a cause of toothache, and if objective keyword selection is premised, Google Trends is considered to be very useful as a research tool in the future.

Trends in the Prevalence of Health Risk Behaviors among Korean Adolescents, 2005-2009: The Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (청소년건강행태온라인조사 자료를 활용한 국내 청소년 건강행태 동향 분석)

  • Kim, Keon-Yeop;Park, Soon-Woo;Kim, Jong-Yeon;Bae, Ji-Suk;Lee, Won-Kee;Jeong, Seong-Hwa;Kim, Ki-Su;Kim, Yeon-Hee;Park, Sun-Min
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to measure secular trends in health risk behaviors among middle and high school students in Korea between 2005 and 2009 by using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey(KYRBS). Methods: The analyses were performed using data from the 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 KYRBS, which included a nationally representative sample of middle and high school students. A total of 34 health behavior indices were used for the assessment of secular trends in health risk behaviors. Logistic regression models were used to identify statistically significant secular trends in health risk behaviors, after adjusting for gender and grade. Linear and higher-order time variables were simultaneously entered into the statistical models. Results: There was evidence of small, but statistically significant increasing or decreasing trends in certain health risk behaviors. Secular trends in health risk behaviors varied by gender. Conclusions: This study indicates that between 2005 and 2009, changes in health risk behaviors among Korean adolescents were generally small, but represented statistically significant increases or decreases. Further research should explore why certain health risk behaviors are increasing or decreasing and what types of interventions are most effective.

A Study on the Development Prospects of Building Construction Productivity through Construction Status Analysis (건설업 실태분석을 통한 건설업생산성의 발전전망에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hong Tae;Jeon, Jun Tai;Lee, Yang Kyu
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.242-257
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    • 2012
  • Korea's population change trend is the aging and feminization as Reduction in mortality, average life extension. and is further increased Reduction of birth rate and aging population. if Our country concluded FTA(Free Trade Agreement) with the United States, Europe and China etc. labor-intensive industries will be the decline. Then, the construction workers' jobs are continually reduced. This is critical to the nation's economic, social and environmental influences due to Shortage of construction workforce and increasing labor costs. Eventually this is a major factor in reduced construction productivity. Therefore, this study is presented as a construction productivity development prospects on the value-added analysis per Labour productivity employee from Construction market trends, industry-specific productivity index, industry trends Employed, age tiered workforce trends, women's workforce trends, labor time trend, foreign workers, workforce trends, analysis of trends in construction contract, awarded by Company Size trends, construction management analysis index.

Trends in Obesity Prevalence by Occupation Based on Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey From 1998 to 2015

  • Lee, Jae Yong;Lee, Yi-Ryoung;Kim, Hyoung-Ryoul;Myong, Jun-Pyo;Kang, Mo-Yeol
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2020
  • Background: It is well known that the prevalence of obesity in Korea is increasing over time, however it is not known how the trends among occupational groups and sex differ in such increasing trends. This study was designed to provide recent trends of obesity among workers in Korea and to identify whether there were differences among occupational groups. Methods: We used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, Phases I to VI (19982015), to analyze trends in the prevalence of obesity in adult Korean workers. Obesity was defined as a body mass index of 25 kg/㎡ or higher. Occupations were classified into 3 groups: (a) nonmanual workers, (b) service/sales workers, and (c) manual workers. Results: During the period of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Phases I to VI, the prevalence of obesity in male workers increased in all occupations (31.1% to 39.5% in manual workers, 32.3% to 38.2% in service/sales workers, and 25.3% to 39.7% in manual workers). However, female workers did not show any particular tendency toward obesity, except for a significant decrease in the prevalence rate in service/sales workers (30.8% to 23.9%, p for trend = 0.0048). Conclusion: The trends of obesity prevalence by sex and occupation were different. For male manual workers, the prevalence rate increased steadily during the data period, while it decreased steadily in female sales/service workers.

Domestic and Overseas Research Trends Analysis of Archives and Records Management based on Online Public International Journals (온라인 공개 국제학술지 기반 국내·외 기록관리학 연구동향 분석 - 지리적 시간적 비교 -)

  • Kim, Sung-Hwan;Oh, Hyo-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.165-189
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    • 2018
  • The goal of this study is to determine domestic and overseas research trends of archives and records management. To overcome limitations of existing research trends analysis, we selected 8 international journals and visualized impact factors geographically based on published articles from 2000 to 2017. And then we performed timeline based contents analysis. To compare with domestic and overseas trends, we selected 6 domestic journals of archives and records management and analyzed by same ways. Based on the results, we investigated the marco trends in archives and records management, identified the difference among countries, and finally predicted the future research trends.

Trends in the Incidence of 15 Common Cancers in Hong Kong, 1983-2008

  • Xie, Wen-Chuan;Chan, Man-Him;Mak, Kei-Choi;Chan, Wai-Tin;He, Miao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.3911-3916
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    • 2012
  • Background: The objective of this study WAS to describe cancer incidence rates and trends among THE Hong Kong population for the period 1983-2008. Methods: Incident cases and population data from 1983 to 2008 were obtained from the Hong Kong Cancer Registry and the Census and Statistics Department, respectively. Agestandardized incidence rates (ASIR) were estimated and joinpoint regression was applied to detect significant changes in cancer morbidity. Results: For all cancers combined, the ASIR showed declining trends (1.37% in men, 0.94% in women), this also being the case for cancers of lung, liver, nasopharynx, stomach, bladder, oesophagus for both genders and cervix cancer for women. With cancer of thyroid, prostate, male colorectal, corpus uteri, ovary and female breast cancer an increase was evident throughout the period. The incidence for leukemia showed a stable trend since early 1990s, following an earlier decrease. Conclusion: Although overall cancer incidence rates and certain cancers showed declining trends, incidence trends for colorectal, thyroid and sex-related cancers continue to rise. These trends in cancer morbidity can be used as an important resource to plan and develop effective programs aimed at the control and prevention of the spread of cancer amongst the Hong Kong population. It is particularly useful in allowing projection of future burdens on the society with the increase in certain cancer incidences.