• Title, Summary, Keyword: tri-band

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Design of a Simultaneously Operable Tri-band Antenna for SATCOM (위성통신용 삼중대역 동시사용 안테나 설계)

  • Woo, Byung-Seok
    • The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2015
  • As satellite communications services are showing gradual growth, so are the needs for dual or tri-band antennas greater than performance of conventional single-band antennas. In this paper, a simultaneously operable tri-band antenna for SATCOM(Satellite Communications) is proposed. It is different from conventional methods of implementing tri-band through replaceable horns, while it is designed with a tri-band feed assembly composed of corrugated and dielectric horns and reflectors of gregorian type to transmit and receive tri-band of X, Ku and Ka band simultaneously. And simulated and measured values were compared and analyzed for characteristics of the proposed antenna. In the results, radiation patterns of the proposed tri-band antenna were close to the simulated ones and also met specifications.

Tri-band Microstrip Bandpass Filter Using Dual-Mode Stepped-Impedance Resonator

  • Liu, Haiwen;Lei, Jiuhuai;Zhao, Yulong;Xu, Wenyuan;Fan, Yichao;Wu, Tiantian
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.344-347
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    • 2013
  • This letter presents a compact dual-mode tri-band bandpass filter by using a short-circuited stub-loaded stepped-impedance resonator (SIR) and a short-circuited stub-loaded uniform impedance resonator. Also, a hairpin SIR geometry is introduced to miniature the size of this filter while maintaining excellent performance. The use of a short-circuited stub at the central point of the hairpin SIR can generate two resonant modes in two passbands. Its equivalent circuit structure is analyzed by using the even-odd mode theory. For demonstration purposes, a tri-band filter for the applications of the Global Positioning System at 1.57 GHz, Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access at 3.5 GHz, and wireless local area networks at 5.2 GHz is designed, fabricated, and measured.

SRR and CSRR Loaded UWB Antenna with Tri-Band Notch Capability (SRR과 CSRR을 이용한 삼중 대역 차단 초광대역 안테나)

  • Yoo, Min-Yeong;Lim, Sung-Joon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.320-327
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, a novel ultra wide band(UWB) antenna with tri-band notch capability is proposed. The proposed antenna can reject WiMAX(3.3~3.7 GHz), WLAN IEEE 802.11a/n(5.15~5.825 GHz), and ITU(8.025~8.4 GHz) bands. Band rejection capability is achieved only split ring resonators(SRRs) and complementary SRRs(CSRRs). The SRR under the radiating patch, the CSRR loaded on the radiating patch, and the CSRRs on the ground of the CPW feeding reject the WiMAX, WLAN, and ITU bands, respectively. The simulation and measurement results demonstrate the performances of the proposed antenna.

Compact tri-wideband bandpass filter with multiple transmission zeros

  • Xiong, Yang;Wang, LiTian;Gong, Li;He, KaiYong;Zhang, Man;Li, Hui;Zhao, XinJie
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2019
  • This paper presents a tri-wideband bandpass filter (TWB-BPF) with compact size, high band-to-band isolation, and multiple transmission zeros (TZs). The proposed TWB-BPF is based on a multiple-mode resonator (MMR), which is interpreted by the method of the even- and odd-mode analysis technique. The MMR can excite 11 resonant modes, where the first two modes comprise the first passband, the next four modes form the second passband, and the last five modes are used to generate the third passband. In addition, 10 TZs are yielded to obtain high band-to-band isolation and wide stopband suppression characteristics up to $14.95f_{c1}$ ($f_{c1}$ is the center frequency of the first passband). To verify the proposed filter, a TWB-BPF with 3-dB fractional bandwidths (FBWs) of 37.4%, 43.5%, and 40.4% is designed, fabricated, and measured.

Multiband Microstrip-Fed Right Angle Slot Antenna Design for Wireless Communication Systems

  • Rakluea, Paitoon;Anantrasirichai, Noppin;Janchitrapongvej, Kanok;Wakabayashi, Toshio
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.271-281
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    • 2009
  • This paper presents a novel multiband microstrip-fed right angle slot antenna design technique for multiple independent frequency bands. The new technique uses various slot sizes at various appropriate positions. We first propose a tri-band slot antenna consisting of three right angle slots. Then, a quad-band slot antenna is developed with four right angle slots which achieves slant ${\pm}45^{\circ}$ linear polarization, omnidirectional pattern coverage, good antenna gain, and acceptable impedance bandwidths over all the operating frequency range. Moreover, an open-circuited tuning stub is introduced to achieve good impedance matching. Both proposed antennas are designed on a ground plane of RT/duroid 5880 substrate with a thickness of 1.575 mm. The real measurable results show that the desired frequencies used in wireless communication systems, namely, WLAN and WiMax, are efficiently achieved.

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A Study on Mobile Antenna System Design with Tri-band Operation for Broadband Satellite Communications and DBS Reception (광대역 위성 통신/방송용 삼중 대역 이동형 안테나 시스템 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Eom Soon-Young;Jung Young-Bae;Son Seong-Ho;Yun Jae-Seung;Jeon Soon-Ick
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.461-475
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, it is described about the tri-band mobile antenna system design to provide broadband multimedia and direct broadcasting services using goo-stationary Koreasat 3, simultaneously operated in Ka/K/Ku band. The radiating part of the antenna system with a fan beam characteristic in the elevation plane is composed of the quasi-offset dual shaped reflector and the tri-band feeder. The tri-band feeder is also composed of the Ka/K dual band feeder with the protruding dielectric rod, the circular polarizer, the ortho-mode transducer and the circular-polarized Ku band feed array. Especially, the Ka/K dual band circular polarizer was realized firstly using the comb-type structure. For fast satellite-tracking on the movement, the Ku band feed array has the structure of the $2{\times}2$ active phased array which can make electrical beams. And, the circular-polarized characteristic in the feed array was improved by $90^{\circ}$ rotating arrangement of four radiating elements polarized circularly by a $90^{\circ}$ hybrid coupler, respectively. Four beam forming channels to make electrical beams at Ku band are divided into the main beam channel and the tracking beam channel in the output, and noise temperature characteristics of each channel were analyzed on the basis of the contributions of internal sub_units. From the fabricated antenna system, the output power at $P_{1dBc}$ of Ka_Tx channel was measured more than 34.1 dBm and the measured noise figures of K/Ku_Rx channels were less than 2.4 dB and 1.5 dB, respectively, over the operating band. The radiation patterns with co- and cross-polarization in the tri-band were measured using a near-field measurement in the anechoic chamber. Especially, Ku radiation patterns were measured after correcting each initial phase of active channels with partial radiation patterns obtained from the independent excitation of each channel. The antenna gains measured in Ka/K/Ku band of the antenna system were more than 39.6 dBi, 37.5 dBi, 29.6 dBi, respectively. And, the antenna system showed good system performances such as Ka_Tx EIRP more than 43.7 dBW and K/Ku_Rx G/T more than 13.2 dB/K and 7.12 dB/K, respectively.

Tri-branched tri-anchoring organic dye for Visible light-responsive dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical water-splitting cells (염료감응형 광전기화학 물분해 전지용 Tri-branched tri-anchoring organic dye 개발)

  • Park, Jeong-Hyun;Kim, Jae-Hong;Ahn, Kwang-Soon
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.87-87
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    • 2010
  • Photoelectrochemical (PEC) systems are promising methods of producing H2 gas using solar energy in an aqueous solution. The photoelectrochemical properties of numerous metal oxides have been studied. Among them, the PEC systems based on TiO2 have been extensively studied. However, the drawback of a PEC system with TiO2 is that only ultraviolet (UV) light can be absorbed because of its large band gap (3.2 - 3.4 eV). Two approaches have been introduced in order to use PEC cells in the visible light region. The first method includes doping impurities, such as nitrogen, into TiO2, and this technique has been extensively studied in an attempt to narrow the band gap. In comparison, research on the second method, which includes visible light water splitting in molecular photosystems, has been slow. Mallouk et al. recently developed electrochemical water-splitting cells using the Ru(II) complex as the visible light photosensitizer. the dye-sensitized PEC cell consisted of a dye-sensitized TiO2 layer, a Pt counter electrode, and an aqueous solution between them. Under a visible light (< 3 eV) illumination, only the dye molecule absorbed the light and became excited because TiO2 had the wide band gap. The light absorption of the dye was followed by the transfer of an electron from the excited state (S*) of the dye to the conduction band (CB) of TiO2 and its subsequent transfer to the transparent conducting oxide (TCO). The electrons moved through the wire to the Pt, where the water reduction (or H2 evolution) occurred. The oxidized dye molecules caused the water oxidation because their HOMO level was below the H2O/O2 level. Organic dyes have been developed as metal-free alternatives to the Ru(II) complexes because of their tunable optical and electronic properties and low-cost manufacturing. Recently, organic dye molecules containing multi-branched, multi-anchoring groups have received a great deal of interest. In this work, tri-branched tri-anchoring organic dyes (Dye 2) were designed and applied to visible light water-splitting cells based on dye-sensitized TiO2 electrodes. Dye 2 had a molecular structure containing one donor (D) and three acceptor (A) groups, and each ended with an anchoring functionality. In comparison, mono-anchoring dyes (Dye 1) were also synthesized. The PEC response of the Dye 2-sensitized TiO2 film was much better than the Dye 1-sensitized or unsensitized TiO2 films.

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MINIATURIZED MICROSTRIP DUAL BAND-STOP FILTER USING STEPPED IMPEDANCE RESONATORS (P형 계단형 임피던스 공진기를 이용한 소형화된 마이크로스트립 이중 대역 저지 필터)

  • Park, Young-Bae;Kim, Gi-Rae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.43-46
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    • 2011
  • A novel circuit structure of dual-band bandstop filters is proposed in this paper. This structure comprises two shunt-connected tri-section stepped impedance resonators with a transmission line in between. Theoretical analysis from the equivalent circuit and design procedures are described. We represented graphs for filter design from the derived synthesis equations by resonance condition of circuits. Notably, advantages of the proposed filter structure are compact size in design, wide range of realizable resonance frequency ratio, and more realizable impedances.

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Effect of Trichloroethylene on the Induction of Rat Liver Microsomal Enzymes

  • Chang, Sung-Keun;Jeong, Hyo-Seok;Chai, Se-Ok;Kim, Ki-Woong;Park, Sang-Shin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.237-239
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    • 1997
  • The effects of trichloroethylene (TRI) on the induction of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) and several other related enzymes in Sprague Dawley rats were investigated Rats were treated with TRI 150. 300. 600 mg/kg body weight in corn oil intra peritoneally once a day for 2 days. The total contents of microsomal CYP and cytochrome $b_5\;(b_5)$ decreased with the increase of TRI concentration. but the activity of p-nitrophenol hydroxylase increased with the increase of TRI dosage (p<0.05). Western blot analysis which utilized monoclonal antibodies against CYP2E1 also showed a significant increase in the CYP2E band density. The increase of the activity of pentoxyresolufin-O-deethylase also was observed with the TRI treatment (p<0.05) although there was no significant increase in the cytochrome CYP2B1/2 in Western blotting The TRI did not affect the induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase. These findings suggest that the CYP2E1 is the primary enzyme which could be induced by TRI treatment in rats.

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Fatigue Damage Model Comparison with Tri-modal Spectrum under Stationary Gaussian Random Processes (정상 정규분포 확률과정의 삼봉형 스펙트럼에 대한 피로손상 모델 비교)

  • Park, Jun-Bum;Jeong, Se-Min
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2014
  • The riser systems for floating offshore structures are known to experience tri-modal dynamic responses. These are owing to the combined loadings from the low-frequency response due to riser tension behavior, middle-range frequency response coming from winds and waves, and high-frequency response due to vortex induced-vibration. In this study, fatigue damage models were applied to predict the fatigue damages in a well-separated tri-modal spectrum, and the resultant fatigue damages of each model were compared with the most reasonable fatigue damage calculated by the inverse Fourier transform of the spectrum, rain-flow counting method, and Palmgren-Miner rule as a reference. The results show that the fatigue damage models developed for a wide-band spectrum are applicable to the tri-modal spectrum, and both the Benasciutti-Tovo and JB models could most accurately predict the fatigue damages of the tri-modal spectrum responses.