• Title, Summary, Keyword: triglyceride

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Characteristic of Oxidized Components Formed in Heated Soybean Oil and Lard (가열산화 대두유 및 돈지에서 생성된 산화물의 특성)

  • Kim, In-Hwan;Kim, Young-Soon;Bae, Song-Hwan;Ra, Kyung-Soo;Noh, Dong-Ouk
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.308-313
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    • 1999
  • Total polar lipid produced from the soybean oil and lard by heating with different surface area at $185^{\circ}C$ were measured by silica gel column chromatography. Further, the polar lipid was fractionated by high performance size exclusion chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPSEC-ELSD). The HPSEC system was composed of two GPC columns $(100\;{\AA}\;and\;500\;{\AA})$ and a THF mobile phase. With this system it was possible to fractionate into the free fatty acid, diglyceride, triglyceride monomer, triglyceride dimer and triglyceride polymers. The triglyceride monomer, triglyceride dimer and triglyceride polymers significantly increased as the heating time and surface area increased. But diglyceride and free fatty acid did not increased as the heating time and surface area increased. Triglyceride polymer (r>0.93), triglyceride dimer (r>0.97), triglyceride monomer (r>0.95) showed a high correlation with polar lipid content. On the other hand, diglyceride (r<0.68) and free fatty acid (r<0.76) were not significantly correlated with the polar lipid content. These results indicated that a major oxidative components formed during thermal oxidation were triglyceride polymers and triglyceride dimer and triglyceride monomer.

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Changes of Triglyceride Composition in Adlay Powder during Storage (율무가루 저장 중 Triglyceride 조성의 변화)

  • Han, Ji-Sook;Rhee, Sook-Hee;Cheigh, Hong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 1991
  • Raw adlay powder(RAP)was prepared and the changes of triglyceride composition in RAP lipid during storage at $35^{\circ}C$ for six months were studied. The RAP lipid consisted of 28 kinds of triglycerides and the major triglyceride in RAP lipid were those of OOL(24.14%), OLL(24.06%), OOO(12.58%), POL(9.01%), POO(8.87%), LLL(7.91%)and PLL(5.80%). During the storage at $35^{\circ}C$ for six months, the relative amounts of the triglyceride containing linoleic acid(OLL : 15.25%, LLL : 2.93%)considerably decreased, but those containing oleic acid(OOO : 23.77%. POO : 12.62%) increased. The triglycerides of LLA(0.44%)and PPLn(0.12%)disappeared during the storage.

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Molecular Species of Triglycerides in Safflower Oil (홍화유의 triglyceride 분자종에 관한 연구)

  • Cheon, Seok-Jo;Park, Yeung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.337-342
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    • 1987
  • Triglyceride molecular species of safflower oil was examined from the profiles of triglyceride composition and the fatty acid at ${\beta}-position$ of glycerol. From the results, triglycerides were found to be 26kinds in safflower oil. The major triglyceride molecular species in safflower oil were identified to be PLL; 10,4%, OLL; 22.3%, LLL; 31.95%. Triglyceride molecular species of safflower oil characterized that species occupied by unsaturated fatty acids at ${\beta}-position$ were more than 90%.

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The effects of Helium-Neon(He-Ne) laser irradiation on high-lvevel of Total Cholesterol and Triglyceride (혈관내(血管內) Helium-Neon Laser 조사(照射)가 혈중(血中) Total Cholesterol 및 Triglyceride 수치변화(數値變化)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Paik, Eun-Tan;Min, Jae-Young;Koog, Yun-Hyung;Oh, Sang-Deog;Ra, Su-Yoen;Lim, Seung-Man
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.799-803
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    • 2000
  • Objective : This study was designed to assess effects of He-Ne laser irradiation on high-level of Total Cholesterol and Triglyceride. Methods : The 76 patients who have been checked Total Cholesterol and Triglyceride high were divided into a study group of patient who were irradiated and into a control group of patients who did not receive irradiation.. Then, patients rechecked Total Cholesterol and Triglyceride after 1 month later. Results : In patients of study group, The level of Total Cholesterol and Triglyceride was decreased. But In comparison with control group, there was no significant effect of decrement of Total Cholesterol and Triglyceride. Conclusions : These results suggest that He-Ne laser irradiation may have no significant decrement effects on high-level of Total Cholesterol and Triglyceride.

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Molecular Species of Triglycerides in Sunflower Seed Oil (해바라기씨 기름의 triglyceride분자종에 관한 연구)

  • Cheon, Seok-Jo;Park, Yeung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.311-316
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    • 1987
  • From the results of triglyceride composition and the fatty acid at ${\beta}-position$ of glycerol, triglyceride molecular species of sunflower seed oil were found to be 26 kinds. The major triglyceride molecular species in sunflower seed oil were identified to PLL; 10.4%, OLL; 22.3%, and characterized that LLL species existed more than 31% of the total triglyceride molecular specie.

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Clinical Effect of Cupping Therapy on Cerebral Infarction Patients with Hyperlipidemia (뇌경색환자의 고지혈증에 대한 부항요법의 임상적 효과)

  • Park, Hoi-Jin;Hwang, Kyu-Sun;Park, Hyun-Ae;Lee, Chang-Hee;Park, Hyun-Ho;Song, Soo-Cheol;Jeon, Seong-Ha
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : This study was aimed at examining significant curative effects of Cupping therapy on Cerebral infarction patients with hyperlipidemia. Methods : The subjects in this study were fifty-two patients visited or admitted to Dong-seo Oriental Hospital who broke out with Cerebral infarction from March 2007 through February 2008, with high total cholesterol(240mg/$d\ell$ above) or high triglyceride(200mg/$d\ell$ above) or low density lipoprotein(160mg/$d\ell$ above) Before prescription, they were tested for total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein with fasting and were then rescribed the cupping therapy for 4 weeks(take an average ten times), after which they were retested for total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein. Results : 1. In the high total cholesterol group(triglyceride and low density lipoprotein are normal), statistical significance of total cholesterol changes was recognized before and after the treatment. 2. In the high triglyceride group(total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein are normal), statistical significance of triglyceride changes was recognized before and after the treatment. 3. In the high low density lipoprotein group(total cholesterol and triglyceride are normal), statistical significance of triglyceride changes was recognized before and after the treatment. 4. In the high total cholesterol and high triglyceride group(low density lipoprotein is normal), statistical significance of total cholesterol changes was recognized before and after the treatment. But, triglyceride changes was not that. 5. In the high total cholesterol and high low density lipoprotein group(triglyceride is normal), statistical significance of total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein changes were recognized before and after the treatment. 6. In the high triglyceride and high low density lipoprotein group(total cholesterol is normal), statistical significance of triglyceride changes was recognized before and after the treatment. But, low density lipoprotein changes was not that. 7. In the high total cholesterol and high triglyceride and high low density lipoprotein group, statistical significance of total cholesterol changes and low density lipoprotein changes were recognized before and after the treatment. But, triglyceride changes was not that. Conclusions : Cupping therapy decreased total cholesterol in whole hyperlipidemia group including high total cholesterol.

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Effect of Chicory Extract on Triglyceride Metabolism in Rats (흰쥐의 중성지질 대사에 미치는 치커리 추출물의 영향)

  • Cha Jae-Young;Park Chae-Kyu;Kang Ho Young;Cho Young-Su
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.613-618
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    • 2005
  • We investigated the effect of chicory (Chicorium intybus) extract on triglyceride concentration and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) activity in rats. The effect of water-soluble extract of chicory fed at the $2.0\%\;and\;4.0\%(w/w)$ levels for 2 weeks on the concentration of serum triglyceride and the activity of hepatic microsomal riglyceride transfer protein (MTP) was investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats. The triglyceride concentrations in serum of the chicory extract fed groups were significantly lower than in the control group. MTP activity, known to be essential for the assembly/secretion of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins, was also significantly lower in the chicory extract groups than in the control group. The concentrations of other lipids in serum and liver and the activity of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase, the rate-limiting enzyme in triglyceride synthesis, showed no significant differences among in the chicory fed groups. These results indicate that dietary chicory extract decrease hepatic MTP activity and serum triglyceride concentration, and therefore reduces hepatic lipoprotein assembly and secretion.

Triglyceride Compositions of Peach Kernel and Apricot Kernel Oil (복숭아씨 및 살구씨기름의 triglyceride조성(組成))

  • Park, Yeung-Ho;Park, Jin-Woo;Kim, Tae-Soo;Choi, Su-An;Chun, Seok-Jo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.278-284
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    • 1984
  • The triglyceride compositions of peach kernel and apricot kernel oil have been investigated by a combination of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas liquid chromatography(GLC). The triglycerides of peach kernel and apricot kernel oil were first separated by thin layer chromatography(TLC), and fractionated on the basis of their partition number(PN) by HPLC on a C-18 ${\mu}-Bondapak$ column with methanol-chloroform solvent mixture. Each of these fractionated groups was purely collected and analyzed by GLC according to acyl carbon number(CN) of triglyceride. Also the fatty acid compositions of these triglycerides were determined by GLC. From the consecutive analyses of these three chromatography techniques, the possible triglyceride compositions of peach kernel and apricot kernel oil were combinated into fifteen and thirteen kinds of triglycerides, respectively. The major triglycerides of peach ternel oil were those of $(3{\times}C_{18:1}\;30.9%)$, $(2{\times}C_{18:1},\;C_{18:2},\;21.2%)$, $(C_{18:1},\;2{\times}C_{18:2}\;10.6%)$, $(3{\times}C_{18:2}\;3.8%)$, $(C_{18:0},\;2{\times}C_{18:1},\;1.8%)$, $(C_{16:0},\;C_{18:1},\;C_{18:2},\;1.5%)$, $(C_{18:0},\;C_{18:1},\;C_{18:2},\;1.1%)$ and those of apricot kernel oil were $(3{\times}C_{18:1},\;39.5%)$, $(2{\times}C_{18:1},\;C_{18:2},\;24.5%)$, $(C_{18:0},\;2{\times}C_{18:2},\;14.2%)$, $(3{\times}C_{18:2},\;2.0%)$.

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Studies on the Triglyceride Composition of Euodia daniellii $H_{EMSLEY}$ in Korea (III) (한국산(韓國産) 수유나무의 Triglyceride 조성(組成)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (III))

  • Chung, Bo-Sup;Ko, Young-Su
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.9-12
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    • 1979
  • The Korean Euodia daniellii $H_{EMSLEY}$ seed oil of triglyceride composition were analysed by thinchrography. Responses of sterol, triglyceride, sterol ester and acetate on a thin layer chromatographic apparatus, which was equipped with a flame ionization detector were determined. It was found that thinchrography is very superior and convenient means for the estimation of seed oil triglyceride compositions. The triglyceride compositions were tripalmitin 7.3%, tristearin 1.8%, triolein 21.1%, trilinolein 32.9%, trilinolenin 33.4% and unknown 3.5% in the case of Euodia daniellii seed oil in Korea.

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DIETARY MEDIUM CHAIN TRIGLYCERIDE INCREASE LIVER PROTEIN SYNTHESIS IN CHICKS

  • Kita, Kazumi;Mabayo, R.T.;Furuse, M.;Okumura, J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.339-342
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    • 1993
  • This influence of dietary medium chain triglyceride on liver protein synthesis in chicks was investigated using a large dose injection of $L-[4-^3H]$ phenylalanine. Dietary medium chain triglyceride increased liver weight and liver fat content of chicks compared to the long chain triglyceride group. Fractional synthesis rate of liver protein was increased by dietary medium chain triglyceride, which was accounted for not by elevating protein synthesized per unit RNA but by enhancing RNA: protein ratio.