• Title, Summary, Keyword: triphenyl phosphite(TPP)

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Effects of Phosphite Compounds on the Thermal Properties of PTT/PET Melt Blends (포스파이트 화합물이 PTT/PET 용융 블렌드의 열적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ham, Myong-Jo;Pang, Kyeong;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2008
  • The effects of triphenyl phosphite (TPP) and bis(2,4-di-t-butylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite (BPDP) on the transesterification and thermal properties of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) melt blends were investigated. PTT/PET melt blends containing small amount of TPP or BPDP were prepared by mixing them at $280^{\circ}C$ for different times using a twin screw type internal mixer, and their thermal properties were investigated by using a DSC. With addition of phosphite compounds, TPP or BPDP, during the melt blending, the trans esterification reaction was retarded and the melting point depression decreased. TPP was more effective than BPDP in decreasing the transesterification during the melt blending. NMR analysis showed that the randomness of PTT/PET blend containing 1% of TPP prepared at the same melt mixing conditions was much lower than the one without TPP, which confirmed the effectiveness of TPP in suppressing the transesterification reaction of the PTT/PET blends.

Crystallization Behavior of Poly(lactic acid) / Poly($\varepsilon$-caprolactone) Blends (폴리락트산/폴리카프로락톤 블렌드의 결정화 거동)

  • 이종록;천상욱;강호종
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.285-292
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    • 2003
  • The compatibility of poly(lactic acid)/poly($\varepsilon$-caprolactone) (PLA/PCL) blends as a function of blend composition was studied and triphenyl phosphite (TPP) was applied to PLA/PCL blends as a reactive compatibilizer. Especially the effect of compatibility on the crystallization behavior in both PLA/PCL blends and PLA/PCL blends with TPP was considered. PLA/PCL blends were immiscible based on thermal characteristics of PLA/PCL blends and the miscibility was depend upon the blend composition. The enhancement of compatibility was found in PLA/PCL blends with TPP depend upon its content. The rate of crystallization in PLA/PCL blend varied with blend composition. This was understood as the development of nucleation at the interface of PLA-PCL due to the immiscibility. TPP was acting as a compatibilizer as well as an agent for the acceleration of spherulite growth In PLA. As a result, the crystallization rate increased and the size of spherulite became larger than that of PLA/PCL blend without TPP.

Development of Synthetic Sizing Agent Using Recycling Polyethylene Terephthalate and its Sizing Efficiency (Part 2) - Sizing efficiency of modified PET - (재활용 PET를 활용한 합성 사이즈제 개발 및 종이의 내수성 부여에 관한 연구 (제2보) - 개질 PET의 내수특성 평가 -)

  • Park, Jae-Seok;Kim, Hyoung-Jin
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2010
  • For the development of higher-sizing performance of paper, a sizing agent using recycled PET was synthesised. Polyester resin was extracted from wasted PET by subcritical hydrolysis and finally modified to synthetic sizing agent by mixing water-disperse PET with triphenyl phosphite(TPP). The modified PET was considered as an internal sizing agent in different wet-end papermaking conditions. The optimum condition in sizing efficiency was obtained in initial pH of 6.5 in case of rosin+alum system, and 7.5 in case of rosin+alum+PET system, respectively, and in addition amount of PET 3%. The sizing efficiency was also closely related according to the fiber properties of wet-end slurry, such as virgin fibres from UKP and recycled fibres from KOCC. The application of modified PET was good in strength improvement of paper, specially in tensile strength.

Optically Active and Organosoluble Poly(amide-imide)s Derived from N,N'-(Pyromellitoyl)bis-L-histidine and Various Diamines: Synthesis and Characterization

  • Faghihi, Khalil;Shabanian, Meisam;Hajibeygi, Mohsen
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.912-918
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    • 2009
  • An optically active diacid containing the L-histidine moiety was prepared by reacting pyromellitic dianhydride (1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid 1,2,4,5-dianhydride) 1 with L-histidine 2 in acetic acid, and was polymerized with several aromatic diamines 5a-g to obtain a new series of optically active poly(amide-imide)s (PAIs) using two different methods, such as direct polycondensation in a medium consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)/triphenyl phosphite (TPP)/calcium chloride ($CaCl_2$)/pyridine (Py) and direct polycondensation in a tosyl chloride (TsCl)/pyridine (Py)/N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) system as a condensation agent. The resulting new polymers 6a-g with inherent viscosity was obtained in good yield. The polymers were readily soluble in polar organic solvents, such as N,N-dimethyacetamide (DMAc), N,N-dimethyformamide (DMF), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The obtained polymers were characterized by FTIR, specific rotation, elemental analysis as well as $^1$H-NMR spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The thermal stability of the resulting PAIs was evaluated with thermogravimetric analysis techniques under a nitrogen atmosphere.

Synthesis and Properties of Novel Flame-Retardant and Thermally Stable Poly(amideimide)s from N,N'-(bicyclo[2,2,2]oct-7-ene-tetracarboxylic)-bis-L-amino Acids and Phosphine Oxide Moiety by Two Different Methods

  • Faghihi, Khalil;Hajibeygi, Mohsen;Shabanian, Meisam
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.739-745
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    • 2009
  • N,N'-(bicyclo[2,2,2]oct-7-ene-tetracarboxylic)-bis-L-amino acids 3a-g were synthesized by the condensation reaction of bicyclo[2,2,2]oct-7-ene-2,3,5,6-tetracarboxylic dianhydride 1 with two equimolars of Lalanine 2a, L-valine 2b, L-leucine 2c, L-isoleucine 2d, L-phenyl alanine 2e, L-2-aminobutyric acid 2f and L-histidine 2g in an acetic acid solution. Seven new poly(amide-imide)s PAIs 5a-g were synthesized through the direct polycondensation reaction of seven chiral N,N'-(bicyclo[2,2,2]oct-7-ene-tetracarboxylic)-bis-L-amino acids 3a-g with bis(3-amino phenyl) phenyl phosphine oxide 4 by two different methods: direct polycondensation in a medium consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)/triphenyl phosphite (TPP)/calcium chloride ($CaCl_2$/pyridine (py), and direct polycondensation in a tosyl chloride (TsCl)/pyridine (py)/N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) system. The polymerization reaction produced a series of flame-retardant and thermally stable poly(amide-imide)s 5a-g with high yield. The resulted polymers were fully characterized by FTIR, $^1H$ NMR spectroscopy, elemental analyses, inherent viscosity, specific rotation and solubility tests. Data obtained by thermal analysis (TGA and DTG) revealed that the good thermal stability of these polymers. These polymers can be potentially utilized in flame retardant thermoplastic materials.